PART II AND III 2 tm2020031d1_partiiandiii.htm PART II AND III

 

Post-Qualification Offering Circular Amendment No. 1

File No. 024-10970

 

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 21, 2020

 

PART II – INFORMATION REQUIRED IN OFFERING CIRCULAR

 

Preliminary Offering Circular dated May 21, 2020

 

An offering statement pursuant to Regulation A of the Securities Act of 1933 relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Information contained in this Preliminary Offering Circular is subject to completion or amendment. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted before the offering statement filed with the Commission is qualified. This Preliminary Offering Circular does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor may there be any sales of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful before registration or qualification under the laws of any such state. We may elect to satisfy our obligation to deliver a Final Offering Circular by sending you a notice within two business days after the completion of our sale to you that contains the URL where the Final Offering Circular or the offering statement in which such Final Offering Circular was filed may be obtained.

 

OFFERING CIRCULAR

 

 

Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC

 

(the “Growth eREIT® 2019”)

Sponsored by

Rise Companies Corp.

 

Up to $3,936,982 in Common Shares

 

Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC (the “Growth eREIT 2019”, the “Company”, “us”, “we”, “our” and other similar terms) is a Delaware limited liability company formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties. Through May 13, 2020, our ongoing offering has raised approximately $46.0 million in capital (not including the approximate $100,000 received in private placements to our sponsor, Rise Companies Corp., and Fundrise, L.P., an affiliate of our sponsor). We expect to use substantially all of the net proceeds from this offering to originate, acquire and structure a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate debt securities (including commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”), collateralized debt obligations (“CDOs”), and REIT senior unsecured debt) and other real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of commercial real estate properties. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns.

 

We are externally managed by Fundrise Advisors, LLC (our “Manager”), which is an investment adviser registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and a wholly-owned subsidiary of our sponsor, Rise Companies Corp. (our “sponsor”), the parent company of Fundrise, LLC, our affiliate. Registration with the SEC does not imply a certain level of skill or training. Fundrise, LLC owns and operates an online investment platform www.fundrise.com (the “Fundrise Platform”) that allows investors to hold interests in real estate opportunities that may have been historically difficult to access for some investors. Through the use of the Fundrise Platform, investors can browse and screen real estate investments, view details of an investment and sign legal documents online. We elected to be treated as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for U.S. federal income tax purposes beginning with our taxable year ended December 31, 2019.

 

We are continuing to offer up to $3,936,982 in our common shares, which represents the value of the shares available to be offered as of May 13, 2020 out of the rolling 12-month maximum offering amount of $50 million in our common shares. The minimum investment in our common shares for initial purchases is $1,000 worth of common shares. However, in certain instances, we may revise the minimum purchase requirements in the future or elect to waive the minimum purchase requirement, such as for individuals who participate in different plans established by our Manager through which they can invest in our common shares. We expect to offer common shares in this offering until we raise the maximum amount being offered, unless terminated by our Manager at an earlier time. The per share purchase price for our common shares in this offering is currently $10.00 per share. The per share purchase price in this offering is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of every semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually), as of January 1st and July 1st of each year (or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter), and will equal the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) the sum of our net asset value (“NAV”), divided by the number of our common shares outstanding as of the end of the prior semi-annual period (“NAV per share”). Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription. Although we do not intend to list our common shares for trading on a stock exchange or other trading market, we have adopted a redemption plan designed to provide our shareholders with limited liquidity for their investment in our shares.

 

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Accordingly, all redemption requests, including outstanding redemption requests as of March 31, 2020, may be, at a later date, either (i) considered and processed or (ii) rejected. We intend to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume.

 

We intend to continue to distribute our shares primarily through the Fundrise Platform.

 

Investing in our common shares is speculative and involves substantial risks. You should purchase these securities only if you can afford a complete loss of your investment. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 27 to read about the more significant risks you should consider before buying our common shares. These risks include the following:

 

Global economic, political and market conditions and economic uncertainty caused by the recent outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We depend on our Manager to select our investments and conduct our operations. We pay fees and expenses to our Manager and its affiliates that were not determined on an arm’s length basis, and therefore we do not have the benefit of arm’s length negotiations of the type normally conducted between unrelated parties. These fees increase your risk of loss.

 

We have a limited operating history. Our prior performance may not predict our future results. Therefore, there is no assurance that we will achieve our investment objectives.

 

Our Manager’s executive officers and key real estate professionals are also officers, directors, managers and/or key professionals of our sponsor and its affiliates. As a result, they face conflicts of interest, including time constraints, allocation of investment opportunities and significant conflicts created by our Manager’s compensation arrangements with us and other affiliates of our sponsor.

 

Our sponsor has sponsored and may in the future sponsor other companies that compete with us, and our sponsor does not have an exclusive management arrangement with us; however, our sponsor has adopted a policy for allocating investments between different companies that it sponsors with similar investment strategies.

 

This offering is being made pursuant to recently adopted rules and regulations under Regulation A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). The legal and compliance requirements of these rules and regulations, including ongoing reporting requirements related thereto, are relatively untested.

 

 • If we raise substantially less than the maximum offering amount, we may not be able to acquire a diverse portfolio of investments and the value of your shares may vary more widely with the performance of specific assets.

 

 • If we internalize our management functions, your interest in us could be diluted and we could incur other significant costs associated with being self-managed.

 

 • We may change our investment guidelines without shareholder consent, which could result in investments that are different from those described in this offering circular.

 

We do not expect to declare any distributions until the proceeds from our public offering are invested and generating operating cash flow. While our goal is to pay distributions from our cash flow from operations, we may use other sources to fund distributions, including offering proceeds, borrowings or sales of assets. We have not established a limit on the amount of proceeds we may use to fund distributions. If we pay distributions from sources other than our cash flow from operations, we will have less funds available for investments and your overall return may be reduced. In any event, we intend to make annual distributions as required to comply with REIT distribution requirements and avoid U.S. federal income and excise taxes on retained income.

 

Our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team calculates our NAV on a semi-annual basis using valuation methodologies that involve subjective judgments and estimates. As a result, our NAV may not accurately reflect the actual prices at which our commercial real estate assets and investments, including related liabilities, could be liquidated on any given day.

 

 

 

 

Our operating agreement does not require our Manager to seek shareholder approval to liquidate our assets by a specified date, nor does our operating agreement require our Manager to list our shares for trading by a specified date. No public market currently exists for our shares. Until our shares are listed, if ever, you may not sell your shares. If you are able to sell your shares, you may have to sell them at a substantial loss.

 

If we fail to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes and no relief provisions apply, we would be subject to entity-level U.S. federal corporate income tax and, as a result, our cash available for distribution to our shareholders and the value of our shares could materially decrease.

 

Real estate investments are subject to general downturns in the industry as well as downturns in specific geographic areas. We cannot predict what the occupancy level will be in a particular building or that any tenant or mortgage or other real estate-related loan borrower will remain solvent. We also cannot predict the future value of our properties. Accordingly, we cannot guarantee that you will receive cash distributions or appreciation of your investment.

 

Our investments in commercial real estate and other select real estate-related assets are subject to risks relating to the volatility in the value of the underlying real estate, default on underlying income streams, fluctuations in interest rates, and other risks associated with real estate investment generally. These investments are only suitable for sophisticated investors with a high-risk investment profile.

 

 •  We expect our property portfolio, to be comprised of commercial real estate properties. As a result, we will be subject to risks inherent in investments in such types of property. Because a number of our investments may be in the residential sector, the potential effects on our revenue and profits resulting from a downturn or slowdown in the residential sector could be more pronounced than if we more fully diversified our investments.

 

The United States Securities and Exchange Commission does not pass upon the merits of or give its approval to any securities offered or the terms of the offering, nor does it pass upon the accuracy or completeness of any offering circular or other solicitation materials. These securities are offered pursuant to an exemption from registration with the Commission; however, the Commission has not made an independent determination that the securities offered are exempt from registration.

 

The use of projections or forecasts in this offering is prohibited. No one is permitted to make any oral or written predictions about the cash benefits or tax consequences you will receive from your investment in our common shares.

 

   Per Share   Total Maximum 
Public Offering Price(1)  $10.00   $3,936,982(2)
Underwriting Discounts and Commissions(3)  $   $ 
Proceeds to Us from this Offering to the Public (Before Expenses)  $10.00   $3,936,982(2)

 

(1) The price per share is adjusted every semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by the Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually) and will be based on the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share.

 

(2) This is a “best efforts” offering. See “How to Subscribe”.

 

(3) Investors do not pay upfront selling commissions in connection with the purchase of our common shares. We reimburse our Manager for organization and offering costs, which are expected to be approximately an additional $45,000. Reimbursement payments are made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this ongoing offering; provided, however, our Manager has agreed to a limitation that no reimbursement may be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full. As of December 31, 2019, approximately $136,000 in organizational and offering costs have been incurred by our Manager, and $0 reimbursed to our Manager in connection with our ongoing offering. See “Management Compensation” for a description of additional fees and expenses that we will pay our Manager.

 

We offer our common shares in this offering on a best efforts basis primarily through the online Fundrise Platform. Neither Fundrise, LLC nor any other affiliated entity involved in the offer and sale of the shares being offered hereby is a member firm of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”), and no person associated with us will be deemed to be a broker solely by reason of his or her participation in the sale of our common shares.

 

 

 

 

Generally, no sale may be made to you in this offering if the aggregate purchase price you pay is more than 10% of the greater of your annual income or net worth. Different rules apply to accredited investors and non-natural persons. Before making any representation that your investment does not exceed applicable thresholds, we encourage you to review Rule 251(d)(2)(i)(C) of Regulation A. For general information on investing, we encourage you to refer to www.investor.gov.

 

This offering circular follows the Form S-11 disclosure format.

 

The date of this offering circular is [DATE]

 

 

 

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS OFFERING CIRCULAR

 

Please carefully read the information in this offering circular and any accompanying offering circular supplements, which we refer to collectively as the offering circular. You should rely only on the information contained in this offering circular. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information. This offering circular may only be used where it is legal to sell these securities. You should not assume that the information contained in this offering circular is accurate as of any date later than the date hereof or such other dates as are stated herein or as of the respective dates of any documents or other information incorporated herein by reference.

 

This offering circular is part of an offering statement that we filed with the SEC, using a continuous offering process. Periodically, as we make material investments, update our NAV per share amount, or have other material developments, we will provide an offering circular supplement that may add, update or change information contained in this offering circular. Any statement that we make in this offering circular will be modified or superseded by any inconsistent statement made by us in a subsequent offering circular supplement. The offering statement we filed with the SEC includes exhibits that provide more detailed descriptions of the matters discussed in this offering circular. You should read this offering circular and the related exhibits filed with the SEC and any offering circular supplement, together with additional information contained in our annual reports, semi-annual reports and other reports and information statements that we will file periodically with the SEC. See the section entitled “Additional Information” below for more details.

 

The offering statement and all supplements and reports that we have filed or will file in the future can be read at the SEC website, www.sec.gov, or on the Fundrise Platform website, www.fundrise.com. The contents of the Fundrise Platform website (other than the offering statement, this offering circular and the appendices and exhibits thereto) are not incorporated by reference in or otherwise a part of this offering circular.

 

Our sponsor and those selling shares on our behalf in this offering are permitted to make a determination that the purchasers of shares in this offering are “qualified purchasers” in reliance on the information and representations provided by the shareholder regarding the shareholder’s financial situation. Before making any representation that your investment does not exceed applicable thresholds, we encourage you to review Rule 251(d)(2)(i)(C) of Regulation A. For general information on investing, we encourage you to refer to www.investor.gov.

 

i 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS OFFERING CIRCULAR   i 
STATE LAW EXEMPTION AND PURCHASE RESTRICTIONS   iii 
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THIS OFFERING   1 
OFFERING SUMMARY   13 
RISK FACTORS   27 
STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION   58 
ESTIMATED USE OF PROCEEDS   60 
MANAGEMENT   62 
MANAGEMENT COMPENSATION   68 
PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS   70 
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST   71 
INVESTMENT OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGY   76 
PLAN OF OPERATION   85 
DESCRIPTION OF OUR COMMON SHARES   90 
U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS   104 
ERISA CONSIDERATIONS   122 
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION   125 
HOW TO SUBSCRIBE   127 
LEGAL MATTERS   129 
EXPERTS   129 
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION   129 
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF FUNDRISE GROWTH eREIT 2019, LLC   130 
APPENDIX A: FORM OF SUBSCRIPTION AGREEMENT   B-1 

 

ii 

 

 

STATE LAW EXEMPTION AND PURCHASE RESTRICTIONS

 

Our common shares are being offered and sold only to “qualified purchasers” (as defined in Regulation A). As a Tier 2 offering pursuant to Regulation A, this offering is exempt from state law “Blue Sky” review, subject to meeting certain state filing requirements and complying with certain anti-fraud provisions, to the extent that our common shares offered hereby are offered and sold only to “qualified purchasers” or at a time when our common shares are listed on a national securities exchange. “Qualified purchasers” include: (i) “accredited investors” under Rule 501(a) of Regulation D and (ii) all other investors so long as their investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the greater of their annual income or net worth (for natural persons), or 10% of the greater of annual revenue or net assets at fiscal year-end (for non-natural persons). However, our common shares are being offered and sold only to those investors that are within the latter category (i.e., investors whose investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the applicable amount), regardless of an investor’s status as an “accredited investor”. Accordingly, we reserve the right to reject any investor’s subscription in whole or in part for any reason, including if we determine in our sole and absolute discretion that such investor is not a “qualified purchaser” for purposes of Regulation A.

 

To determine whether a potential investor is an “accredited investor” for purposes of satisfying one of the tests in the “qualified purchaser” definition, the investor must be a natural person who has:

 

  1. an individual net worth, or joint net worth with the person’s spouse, that exceeds $1,000,000 at the time of the purchase, excluding the value of the primary residence of such person; or

 

  2. earned income exceeding $200,000 in each of the two most recent years or joint income with a spouse exceeding $300,000 for those years and a reasonable expectation of the same income level in the current year.

 

If the investor is not a natural person, different standards apply. See Rule 501 of Regulation D for more details.

 

For purposes of determining whether a potential investor is a “qualified purchaser”, annual income and net worth should be calculated as provided in the “accredited investor” definition under Rule 501 of Regulation D. In particular, net worth in all cases should be calculated excluding the value of an investor’s home, home furnishings and automobiles.

 

iii 

 

 

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THIS OFFERING

 

The following questions and answers about this offering highlight material information regarding us and this offering that is not otherwise addressed in the “Offering Summary” section of this offering circular. You should read this entire offering circular, including the section entitled “Risk Factors”, before deciding to purchase our common shares.

 

Q: What is Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC?

 

A: Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC is a Delaware limited liability company, formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate debt securities (including CMBS, CDOs, and REIT senior unsecured debt) and other real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of commercial real estate properties. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns.

 

Q: How much have you raised in your offering?

 

A: Through May 13, 2020, our ongoing offering has raised an aggregate of approximately $46.0 million in capital pursuant to Regulation A (not including the approximate $100,000 received in private placements to our sponsor, Rise Companies Corp., and an affiliate of our sponsor).    

 

Q: What is a real estate investment trust, or REIT?

 

A: In general, a REIT is an entity that:

 

  • combines the capital of many investors to acquire or provide financing for a diversified portfolio of real estate investments under professional management;

 

  • is able to qualify as a “real estate investment trust” under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), for U.S. federal income tax purposes and is therefore generally entitled to a deduction for the dividends it pays and not subject to U.S. federal corporate income taxes on its net income that is distributed to its shareholders. This treatment substantially eliminates the “double taxation” (taxation at both the corporate and shareholder levels) that generally results from investments in a corporation; and

 

  • generally pays distributions to investors of at least 90% of its annual ordinary taxable income.

 

  In this offering circular, we refer to an entity that qualifies to be taxed as a real estate investment trust for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a REIT. We elected to be treated as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Q: What is an eREIT®?

 

A: An “eREIT®” is a type of real estate investment trust sponsored by Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor, and offered directly to investors through the Fundrise Platform, owned and operated by Fundrise, LLC, without any brokers or selling commissions. Each eREIT® intends to invest in a diversified pool of commercial real estate assets, such as apartments, hotels, shopping centers, and office buildings from across the country.

 

Q: Who chooses which investments you make?

 

A: We are externally managed by Fundrise Advisors, LLC, our Manager, an investment adviser registered with the SEC. Registration with the SEC does not imply a certain level of skill or training. Our Manager makes all of our investment decisions.

 

Q: Who is Rise Companies Corp.?

 

A: Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor and the parent company of our Manager, is also the parent company of Fundrise, LLC, our affiliate. Fundrise, LLC owns and operates the Fundrise Platform.

 

Q: What is the Fundrise Platform?

 

A: The Fundrise Platform is an online investment platform for commercial real estate. Fundrise gives investors the ability to:

 

  • browse investment offerings based on investment preferences including location, asset type, risk and return profile;

 

1

 

 

  • transact entirely online, including digital legal documentation, funds transfer, and ownership recordation;

 

  • manage and track investments easily through an online portfolio; and

 

  • receive automated distributions and/or interest payments, and regular financial reporting.

 

Q: What competitive advantages do you achieve through your relationship with your sponsor?

 

A: Our Manager utilizes the personnel and resources of our sponsor to select our investments and manage our day-to-day operations. Our sponsor’s corporate, investment and operating platforms are well established, allowing us to realize economies of scale and other benefits including the following:

 

  Experienced Management Team — Our sponsor has a highly experienced management team of real estate professionals, led by Benjamin S. Miller, its Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer. The senior investment executives of our sponsor have dedicated their entire careers to the commercial real estate sector. These executives provide stability in the management of our business and allow us to benefit from the knowledge and industry contacts they have gained through numerous real estate cycles. Please see “Management —Executive Officers of our Manager” for biographical information regarding these individuals.

 

  Real Estate Investment Experience — As of December 31, 2019, our sponsor facilitated or originated approximately 316 real estate assets through the various Fundrise Platform investment opportunities with aggregate purchase prices of approximately $4.9 billion, excluding 3 World Trade Center (we exclude this asset because while the amount of equity invested in the project was similar to other investments made by our sponsor, the aggregate purchase price of 3 World Trade Center was much greater relative to our sponsor’s other investments, and would greatly inflate the aggregate purchase price of the other assets disclosed). Of the $4.9 billion aggregate real estate purchase prices, our sponsor offered through the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities approximately $1.1 billion, consisting of approximately $371 million of commercial real estate loan assets, $290 million of investments in commercial real estate (primarily through majority-owned subsidiaries with rights to receive preferred economic returns), and $488 million of commercial real estate common equity investments, including direct equity purchases. The portfolios included in the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities are diversified by investment size, security type, property type and geographic region. As a result of the depth and thoroughness of its underwriting process, the extensive investing experience of its management team and its strong performance record in managing a diverse portfolio of assets, we believe our sponsor has earned a reputation as a leading real estate manager, which has allowed it to access funding from a broad base of investors.

 

  Market Knowledge and Industry Relationships — Through its active and broad participation in real estate capital markets, our sponsor benefits from market information that enables it to identify attractive commercial real estate investment opportunities and to make informed decisions with regard to the relative valuation of financial assets and capital allocation. We believe that our sponsor’s extensive industry relationships with a wide variety of commercial real estate owners and operators, brokers and other intermediaries and third party commercial real estate debt originators provide us with a competitive advantage in sourcing attractive investment opportunities to meet our investment objectives.

 

  Related Party Loans — If we have sufficient funds to acquire only a portion of a real estate investment then, in order to cover the shortfall, we may obtain a related party loan from, or issue a participation interest to an affiliate. Our operating agreement expressly authorizes us to enter into such related party loans and to issue such participation interests. Alternatively, an affiliate may close and fund each real estate investment prior to it being acquired by us. This ability to warehouse investments allows us the flexibility to deploy our offering proceeds as funds are raised. We may then acquire such investment at a price equal to the fair market value of such investment, provided that its fair market value is materially equal to its cost (i.e., the aggregate equity capital invested by an affiliate in connection with the acquisition of such investments, plus assumption of debt and any costs, such as accrued property management fees and transfer taxes, incurred during or as a result of, with respect to debt, the principal balance plus accrued interest net of any applicable special servicing fees). See “Plan of Operation – Related Party Loans”.

 

    Regulation A Experience — Our sponsor’s executive team was one of the first groups to sponsor a real estate investment opportunity through a Regulation A offering, having sponsored three Regulation A offerings from August 2012 through February 2014, and, as of January 2020, filed and qualified 16 additional offerings similar to this one under the revised Regulation A rules effective as of June 2015 (commonly referred to as “Regulation A+”). In addition, our sponsor, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, runs an active online investment platform that utilizes private offering exemptions under the Securities Act to sell real estate-related securities to investors. Its management team is skilled in reporting and compliance obligations related to Regulation A and the Securities Act, and has well-developed compliance and investor relations functions.

 

2

 

 

Q: Why should I invest in commercial real estate investments?

 

A: Our goal is to provide a professionally managed, diversified portfolio consisting primarily of high-quality commercial real estate assets to investors who generally have had very limited access to such investments in the past. Allocating some portion of your portfolio to a direct investment in high-quality commercial real estate assets may provide you with:

 

  • diversification of your portfolio, by investing in an asset class that historically has not been correlated with the stock market generally; and

 

  • the opportunity for capital appreciation.

 

Q: Why should I invest specifically in a company that is focused primarily on commercial real estate?

 

A: We believe that there is a dearth of capital in the commercial real estate industry below the radar of traditional institutional real estate investors, which market inefficiency can result in attractive risk-adjusted returns. Conventional commercial real estate capital sources use little-to-no technology and therefore generally apply outmoded and more costly human resources to originate, process, and service real estate deals. The consequence is that established real estate funds prefer to focus on larger real estate properties, equity investments of at least $10 million, which allow them to amortize their overhead across a larger investment denominator and generate more substantial fees. Particularly since the 2008 financial crisis, this bias has been exacerbated by the tendency for institutional investors to prefer to invest with fund managers with the longest track record, which tends to be the largest funds. As such, the largest real estate investors have grown even larger and target transactions usually requiring at least $50 million of equity, if not more. Our operating experience has shown us that there is a significant segment of smaller commercial real estate transactions that, by and large, have been neglected by the major real estate capital players.

 

Q: What kind of offering is this?

 

A:

We are primarily offering through the Fundrise Platform, a maximum of $3,936,982 in our common shares to the public on a “best efforts” basis at $10.00 per share, which represents the value of shares available to be offered as of the date of this offering circular out of the rolling 12-month maximum offering amount of $50 million in our common shares.

 

This offering is being conducted as a continuous offering pursuant to Rule 251(d)(3) of Regulation A, meaning that while the offering of securities is continuous, active sales of securities may happen sporadically over the term of the offering. Further, the acceptance of subscriptions, whether via the Fundrise Platform or otherwise, may be briefly paused at times to allow us to effectively and accurately process and settle subscriptions that have been received.

 

Q: How is an investment in your common shares different from investing in shares of a listed REIT?

 

A:

The fundamental difference between our common shares and a listed REIT is the daily liquidity available with a listed REIT. Although we have adopted a redemption plan that generally allows investors to redeem shares on a quarterly basis, for investors with a short-term investment horizon, a listed REIT may be a better alternative than investing in our common shares. However, we believe our common shares are an alternative way for investors to deploy capital into a diversified pool of real estate assets, with a lower correlation to the general stock market than listed REITs. In addition, the overall listed-REIT sector has been trading at all-time highs, with the FTSE NAREIT All REIT Index yielding generally less than 5% from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016.  We believe such pricing suggests that a substantial portion of the price of listed REITs is attributable to a built-in liquidity premium, since recent unlevered capitalization rates on real estate transactions in the private sector have averaged 4-6%, according to the most recent publicly available report published by CBRE U.S. Cap Rate Data from January 2017.

 

Additionally, listed REITs are subject to more demanding public disclosure and corporate governance requirements than we are subject to. While we are subject to the scaled reporting requirements of Regulation A, such periodic reports are substantially less onerous than what is required of a listed REIT.

 

Q: How is an investment in your common shares different from investing in shares of a traditional non-exchange traded REIT?

 

A: We neither charge nor pay any broker-dealer distribution fees, saving investors in upfront expenses as compared to a traditional non-exchange traded REIT. Traditional non-exchange traded REITs use a highly manpower-intensive method with hundreds to thousands of sales brokers calling on investors to sell their offerings. Our sponsor has pioneered a low cost digital platform, which we intend to leverage in conducting this offering, thus reducing the financial burdens to us of offering our common shares.

 

3

 

 

Q: How is an investment in your common shares different from investing in shares of other real estate investment opportunities offered on the Fundrise Platform or on similar online investment platforms?

 

A: We are one of the few non-exchange traded REITs offered directly to all potential investors primarily over the internet. Most other similar online investment platforms that we are aware of typically offer individual property investments as private placements to accredited investors only. We intend to own a more diversified portfolio, with certain tax advantages unique to REITs, that is accessible to both accredited and non-accredited investors at a low investment minimum.

 

Q: What is the purchase price for your common shares?

 

A: Our Manager set our initial offering price at $10.00 per share. As of January 1, 2020, our per share purchase price continued to be equal to $10.00 per share. The per share purchase price in this offering is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of every semi-annual period (or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter), and will be equal to the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share. Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription. Our website, www.fundrise.com, will identify the current NAV per share. Any subscriptions that we receive during a semi-annual period will be executed at the purchase price in effect at the time such subscription is received. Subscribers may generally withdraw their subscription prior to settlement, which typically occurs between 3-5 days after the submission of the subscription. So, for example, if the purchase price were to change as a result of NAV, a subscriber may withdraw their subscription and submit a new subscription so long as they perform this action prior to the settlement of the first subscription. If a material event occurs in between updates of NAV that would cause our NAV per share to change by 5% or more from the last disclosed NAV, we will disclose the updated price and the reason for the change in an offering circular supplement as promptly as reasonably practicable, and will update the NAV information provided on our website. See “Description of Our Common Shares—Share Price Adjustments” for more details.

 

Q: How will your NAV per share be calculated?

 

A:

At the end of each semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by the Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually), our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team calculate our NAV per share using a process that reflects several components, including (1) estimated values of each of our commercial real estate assets and investments, as determined by such asset management team, including related liabilities, based upon (a) market capitalization rates, comparable sales information, interest rates, net operating income, (b) with respect to debt, default rates, discount rates and loss severity rates, (c) for properties that have development or value add plans, progress of such development or value add plan, and (d) in certain instances, reports of the underlying real estate provided by an independent valuation expert, (2) the price of liquid assets for which third party market quotes are available, (3) accruals of our periodic distributions, and (4) estimated accruals of our operating revenues and expenses. For joint venture or direct equity investments, our sponsor primarily relies on the discounted cash flow method. Under the discounted cash flow method, our sponsor’s asset management team calculates the distributions due to the respective investment based on a property-level pro forma measured against ongoing actual performance over the projected likely-hold period. The sponsor’s asset management team will then discount future cash-flow projections at an appropriate market levered-discount rate to determine present value, which value is considered the net asset value of the investment. The sponsor may alternatively apply the hypothetical sales method to value its investments. Under this approach, our sponsor’s asset management team will assume (i) the sale of the property at a price equal to the concluded property value, (ii) the liquidation of any additional assets after paying all liabilities, and (iii) the distribution of the net sale proceeds to investors. The distributed amount is considered the net asset value of each respective investment. For debt and fixed-return preferred equity investment, assuming no material adverse change in the property, the sponsor’s asset management team marks these investments to their cost basis (including any accrued unpaid interest). If there were to be material adverse changes in these properties, the asset management team intends to value these investments using the hypothetical sales method described above. For our investments that have closed within three to nine months and no material changes have occurred from the original underwriting, our sponsor’s asset management team will typically apply the original property purchase price (or pre-closing third party appraisal value) for the property valuation, and the investment cost basis for the investment-level valuation.

 

Note, however, that the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”), and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. In instances where an appraisal of the real estate asset is necessary, including, but not limited to, instances where our Manager is unsure of its ability on its own to accurately determine the estimated values of our commercial real estate assets and investments, or instances where third party market values for comparable properties are either nonexistent or extremely inconsistent, we will engage an appraiser that has expertise in appraising commercial real estate assets, to act as our independent valuation expert. The independent valuation expert is not responsible for, nor prepares, our NAV per share. See “Description of our Common Shares—Valuation Policies” for more details about our NAV and how it will be calculated.

 

4

 

 

Q: How exact will the calculation of the NAV per share be?

 

A: As there is no market value for our common shares as they are not expected to be listed or traded on any stock exchange or other marketplace, our goal is to provide a reasonable estimate of the value of our common shares as of the end of each semi-annual period (or such other period as may be determined by the Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually). Our assets consist principally of commercial real estate equity investments and other real estate investments.  Our sponsor’s internal accountants’ valuation of the real estate assets is subject to a number of judgments and assumptions that may not prove to be accurate.  The use of different judgments or assumptions would likely result in different estimates of the value of our real estate assets.  Moreover, although we evaluate and provide our NAV per share on a semi-annual basis, our NAV per share may fluctuate daily, so that the NAV per share in effect for any semi-annual period may not reflect the precise amount that might be paid for your shares in a market transaction.  Further, our published NAV per share may not fully reflect certain material events to the extent that they are not known or their financial impact on our portfolio is not immediately quantifiable.  Any resulting potential disparity in our NAV per share may be in favor of either shareholders who redeem their shares, or shareholders who buy new shares, or existing shareholders. In addition, the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. See “Description of our Common Shares—Valuation Policies” for more details about our NAV and how it will be calculated.

 

Q: Will I have the opportunity to redeem my common shares?

 

A:Yes, but as of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to suspend the processing and payment of redemptions, including outstanding redemption requests, under our redemption plan until further notice.

 

Our common shares are currently not listed on a national securities exchange or included for quotation on a national securities market, and currently there is no intention to list our common shares. In order to provide our shareholders with some limited liquidity, we have adopted a redemption plan, which, as noted above, is suspended as of the date of this offering circular, to enable shareholders to redeem their common shares in limited circumstances.

 

We will not solicit redemptions under this redemption plan, other than through our offering circular and any supplements or amendments thereto disclosing our NAV per share. Shareholders desiring to request redemption of their common shares must do so of their own volition and not at our behest, invitation or encouragement. Our role in effectuating redemptions under the redemption plan will solely be ministerial.

 

While shareholders should view this investment as long-term, we have adopted a redemption plan whereby, on a quarterly basis, an investor has the opportunity to obtain liquidity. Our Manager has designed our redemption plan with a view towards providing investors with an initial period with which to decide whether a long-term investment in our Company is right for them. In addition, despite the illiquid nature of the assets expected to be held by our Company, our Manager believes it is best to provide the opportunity for quarterly liquidity in the event shareholders need it. The terms under which we may redeem shares may differ between redemption requests upon the death or “qualifying disability” of a shareholder (“exceptional redemptions”), as further discussed below, and all other redemption requests. Investors should note, however, that even during the Introductory Period discussed below or exceptional redemption events, the redemption plan may not be available due to our Manager’s ability to amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time.

 

Pursuant to our redemption plan, a shareholder may only (a) have one outstanding redemption request at any given time and (b) request that we redeem up to the lesser of 5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares per redemption request. However, we reserve the right to waive these limitations for any reason.  In addition, the redemption plan is subject to certain liquidity limitations, which may fluctuate depending on the liquidity of the real estate assets held by us.

 

The calculation of the redemption price will depend, in part, on whether a shareholder requests redemption within the first eighty-nine (89) days of first acquiring the shares (the “Introductory Period”) or thereafter (the “Post-Introductory Period”).

 

During the Introductory Period, the per share redemption price will be equal to the purchase price of the shares being redeemed reduced by (i) the aggregate sum of distributions paid with respect to such shares, rounded down to the nearest cent and (ii) the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, declared but unpaid on the shares subject to the redemption request. In other words, a shareholder would receive back their original investment amount, from the redemption price paid, prior distributions received and distributions that have been declared (and that will be received when paid), but would not receive any amounts in excess of their original investment amount.

 

During the Post-Introductory Period, except in the case of exceptional redemptions, the per share redemption price will be calculated based on a declining penalty to the NAV per share for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request, and rounded down to the nearest cent. During the Post-Introductory Period, the redemption price with respect to the common shares that are subject to the redemption request will not be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, that have been (i) paid with respect to such shares prior to the date of the redemption request or (ii) declared but unpaid on such shares with record dates during the period between the redemption request date and the redemption date (i.e., the last day of the applicable quarter).

 

5

 

 

Holding Period from Date of Settlement 

Effective Redemption Price

(as percentage of per share

redemption price) (1)

 
Less than 90 days, including the settlement date (Introductory Period)   100.0 %(2)(3)
90 days until 3 years   97.0 %(4)
3 years to 4 years   98.0 %(5)
4 years to 5 years   99.0 %(6)
More than 5 years   100.0 %(7)
Exceptional redemptions   100.0 %(8)

 

(1) The Effective Redemption Price will be rounded down to the nearest $0.01.
   
(2) The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period is calculated based upon the purchase price of the shares, not the per share price in effect at the time of the redemption request.
   
(3) The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period will be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions paid or payable on such shares, the amount of which we are unable to calculate at this time.
   
(4) For shares held at least  ninety (90) days but less than three (3) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 3% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
   
(5) For shares held at least three (3) years but less than four (4) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 2% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
   
(6) For shares held at least four (4) years but less than five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 1% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
   
(7) For shares held at least five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
   
(8) For exceptional redemptions, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

Whether a redemption request is deemed to be in the Introductory Period or the Post-Introductory Period will be determined as of the date the redemption request is made, not the date the redemption request is honored. Meaning, for example, if a redemption request is submitted during the Introductory Period, but honored after the Introductory Period, the effective redemption price will be determined using the Introductory Period methodology.

 

Furthermore, any shareholder requesting redemption will be responsible for any third-party costs incurred in effecting such redemption, including but not limited to, bank transaction charges, custody fees, and/or transfer agent charges. The redemption plan may be changed or suspended at any time without notice. See “Description of Our Common Shares—Redemption Plan” for more details.

 

6

 

 

Q: What is the number and percentage of common shares that have been submitted for redemption and redeemed, respectively?
   
A:

As of December 31, 2019, approximately 75,000 common shares have been submitted for redemption through our redemption plan and 100% of such redemption requests have been honored.

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, we redeemed approximately 58,000 common shares pursuant to our share redemption plan in place through December 31, 2019. Effective January 1, 2020 we revised our redemption plan to reflect the following changes: (1) quarterly instead of monthly redemption requests and elimination of the 60-day waiting period; and (2) separate redemption rights in the case of death or “qualifying disability” that eliminate any penalty for redemption in such circumstances and permit the redemption of shares at 100% of the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

As of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Accordingly, all redemption requests, including outstanding redemption requests as of March 31, 2020, may be, at a later date, either (i) considered and processed or (ii) rejected. We intend to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume.

 

Q: Are there any limits on my ability to redeem my shares?

 

A:

Yes. While we designed our redemption plan to allow shareholders to request redemptions on a quarterly basis, we need to impose limitations on the size of individual redemption requests and the total amount of net redemptions per calendar quarter in order to maintain sufficient sources of liquidity to satisfy redemption requests without impacting our ability to invest in commercial real estate assets and maximize investor returns.

 

In addition, in the event our Manager determines, in its sole discretion, that we do not have sufficient funds available to redeem all of the common shares for which redemption requests have been submitted during any given month, such pending requests will be honored on a pro-rata basis, if at all. In the event that not all redemptions are being honored in a given month, the redemption requests not fully honored will have the remaining amount of such redemption requests considered during the next month in which redemptions are being honored. Accordingly, all unsatisfied redemption requests will be treated as requests for redemption on the next date on which redemptions are being honored, with redemptions processed on a pro-rata basis, if at all. If funds available for the redemption plan are not sufficient to accommodate all redemption requests on such future redemption date, common shares will be redeemed on a pro-rata basis, if at all.

 

We intend to limit shareholders to one (1) redemption request outstanding at any given time, meaning that, if a common shareholder desires to request more or less shares to be redeemed, such common shareholder must first withdraw the first redemption request, which may affect whether the request is considered in the “Introductory Period” or “Post-Introductory Period”. For investors who hold common shares with more than one record date, redemption requests will be applied to such common shares in the order in which they settled, on a last in first out basis – meaning, those common shares that have been continuously held for the shortest amount of time will be redeemed first. In addition, we intend to limit individual redemption requests to the lesser of 5,000 shares or $50,000 per each redemption request, which may affect whether the entirety of a redemption request will be considered to be in the “Introductory Period” or “Post-Introductory Period”.

 

In accordance with the SEC’s current guidance on redemption plans, we generally intend to limit redemptions in any calendar month to shares whose aggregate value (based on the repurchase price per share in effect as of the redemption date) is less than or equal to 0.5% of the NAV of all of our outstanding shares as of the first day of such calendar month, and generally intend to limit the amount redeemed in any calendar quarter to shares whose aggregate value (based on the repurchase price per share in effect as of the redemption date) is 1.25% of the NAV of all of our outstanding shares as of first day of the last month of such calendar quarter (e.g., March 1, June 1, September 1, or December 1), with excess capacity carried over to later calendar quarters in that calendar year. However, as we make a number of commercial real estate investments of varying terms and maturities, our Manager may elect to increase or decrease the amount of common shares available for redemption in any given month or quarter, as these commercial real estate assets are paid off or sold, but we do not intend to redeem more than 5.00% of the common shares outstanding during any calendar year. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not obligated to redeem common shares under the redemption plan.

 

Further, our Manager may in its sole discretion, amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time (including during the Introductory Period) without prior notice, including to protect our operations and our non-redeemed shareholders, to prevent an undue burden on our liquidity, to preserve our status as a REIT, following any material decrease in our NAV, or for any other reason. However, in the event that we amend, suspend or terminate our redemption plan, we will file an offering circular supplement and/or Form 1-U, as appropriate, and post such information on the Fundrise Platform to disclose such amendment. Our Manager may also, in its sole discretion, decline any particular redemption request if it believes such action is necessary to preserve our status as a REIT. See “Description of Our Common Shares—Redemption Plan” for more details.

 

7

 

 

As of the date of this offering circular, of the sponsor’s 19 programs with redemption plans, 16 have suspended the processing and payment of redemptions, including ours.

 

Q: Will I still be entitled to distributions after I submit a request for redemption?
   
A: Yes. You will continue to receive distributions with respect to the common shares that are subject to a redemption request between the time you make such redemption request and the effective date of the redemption. However, if you redeem your shares during the Introductory Period, those distributions will be credited against the redemption price otherwise payable to you such that your redemption price will be no greater than your original investment.

 

Q: Will I be charged upfront selling commissions?

 

A: No. Investors will not pay upfront selling commissions as part of the price per common share purchased in this offering. Additionally, there is no dealer manager fee or other service-related fee in connection with the offering and sale of our common shares through the Fundrise Platform.

 

Q: Who pays your organization and offering costs?

 

A:

Our Manager or its affiliates have paid and will continue to pay on our behalf all costs incurred in connection with our organization and the offering of our common shares. See “Estimated Use of Proceeds” for more information about the types of costs that may be incurred, including those expenses described in the next answer. Following the completion of our initial offering, we began to reimburse our Manager, without interest, for these organization and offering costs incurred both before and after such date. Reimbursement payments are made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this ongoing offering; provided, however, our Manager has agreed to a limitation that no reimbursement may be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full.

 

As of December 31, 2019, approximately $136,000 in organizational and offering costs have been incurred by our Manager, and $0 has been reimbursed to our Manager in connection with our ongoing offering.

 

Q: What fees and expenses do you pay to your Manager or any of its affiliates?

 

A:

We pay our Manager a quarterly asset management fee currently equal to an annualized rate of 0.85% based on our NAV at the end of each prior semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by the Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually). This rate is determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but cannot exceed an annualized rate of 1.00%. The amount of the asset management fee may vary from time to time, and we will publicly report any changes in the asset management fee. Upon liquidation of any of our equity investments in real estate, we may reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with such liquidation and we may pay our Manager up to 1.50% of the gross proceeds from such liquidation if our Manager is acting as the developer or is engaged by the developer to sell the project.

 

Our Manager, or an affiliate of the Manager, is entitled to a quarterly development fee of 5.00% of the total development costs, excluding property; however, we do not charge such development fee unless it is net of the fee being charged by the developer of the project or there is no outside developer of the project. In addition, our Manager, or an affiliate of our Manager, is entitled to a reimbursement for any special servicing expenses for any non-performing asset as well as acquisition and origination fees that may be paid by the co-investor, joint venture, borrower or property holding entity.

 

We reimburse our Manager for the organization and offering expenses that the Manager has paid or will pay on our behalf, including expenses in connection with marketing this offering. We also reimburse our Manager for out-of-pocket expenses in connection with the origination of our investments, although with respect to our debt investments, it is expected that those expenses will be reimbursed by the borrower. Additionally, we reimburse our Manager for out-of-pocket expenses paid to third parties in connection with providing services to us. This does not include the Manager’s overhead, employee costs borne by the Manager, utilities or technology costs. The expense reimbursements that we pay to our Manager include expenses incurred by our sponsor in the performance of services under the shared services agreement between our Manager and our sponsor. See “Management—Shared Services Agreement”.

 

8

 

 

The payment by us of fees and expenses will reduce the cash available for investment and distribution and will directly impact our NAV. See “Management Compensation” for more details regarding the fees that will be paid to our Manager and its affiliates.

 

Q: Will you use leverage?
   
A: Yes, we may employ leverage to enhance total returns to our shareholders through a combination of senior financing on our real estate acquisitions, secured facilities, and capital markets financing transactions.  Our targeted portfolio-wide leverage, after we have acquired a substantial portfolio, is between 50-85% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. During periods when we are growing our portfolio, we may employ greater leverage on individual assets (that will also result in greater leverage of the portfolio) in order to quickly build a diversified portfolio of assets. Please see “Investment Objectives and Strategy” for more details.
   
Q: How often will I receive distributions?
   
A:

We expect that our Manager will declare and make distributions on a quarterly basis, or more or less frequently as determined by our Manager, in arrears. Any distributions we make will be at the discretion of our Manager, and will be based on, among other factors, our present and reasonably projected future cash flow. We expect that our Manager will set the rate of distributions at a level that will be reasonably consistent and sustainable over time, which will be fully dependent on the yields generated by our assets.

 

Our Manager’s discretion as to the payment of distributions is limited by the REIT distribution requirements, which generally require that we make aggregate annual distributions to our shareholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain. Moreover, even if we make the required minimum distributions under the REIT rules, we will be subject to U.S. federal income and excise taxes on our undistributed taxable income and gains, if any.  As a result, the Manager intends to make additional distributions, beyond the minimum REIT distribution, to avoid such potential income and excise taxes. See “Description of Our Common Shares — Distributions” and “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”.

 

Any distributions that we make will directly impact our NAV, by reducing the amount of our assets. Our goal is to provide a reasonably predictable and stable level of current income, through quarterly distributions, while at the same time maintaining a fair level of consistency in our NAV. Over the course of your investment, your distributions plus the change in NAV per share (either positive or negative) will produce your total return.

 

Q: What is the source of your distributions?
   
A: While our goal is to pay distributions from our cash flow from operations, we may use other sources to fund distributions. Until the proceeds from our public offering are invested and generating operating cash flow, some or all of our distributions may be paid from other sources, including the net proceeds of this offering, cash advances by our Manager, cash resulting from a waiver of fees or reimbursements due to our Manager, borrowings in anticipation of future operating cash flow and the issuance of additional securities. Use of some or all of these sources may reduce the amount of capital we invest in assets and negatively impact the return on your investment and the value of your investment. We have not established a limit on the amount of proceeds we may use to fund distributions. We can provide no assurances that future cash flow will support payment of distributions or the maintenance of distributions at any particular level or at all.

 

Q: Will the distributions I receive be taxable as ordinary income?
   
A:

Unless your investment is held in a qualified tax-exempt account or we designate certain distributions as capital gain dividends, distributions that you receive generally will be taxed as ordinary income to the extent they are from current or accumulated earnings and profits. However, for taxable years beginning before January 1, 2026, subject to certain limitations, non-corporate taxpayers are generally eligible for a deduction of up to 20% on most ordinary REIT dividends.

 

The portion of your distribution in excess of current and accumulated earnings and profits is considered a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes and will reduce the tax basis of your investment, rather than result in current tax, until your basis is reduced to zero. Return of capital distributions made to you in excess of your tax basis in our common shares will be treated as sales proceeds from the sale of our common shares for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Distributions we designate as capital gain dividends are generally taxable at long-term capital gains rates for U.S. federal income tax purposes. However, because each investor’s tax considerations are different, we recommend that you consult with your tax advisor. You also should review the section of this offering circular entitled “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”, including the discussion of the special rules applicable to distributions in redemption of shares and liquidating distributions.

 

9

 

 

Q: May I reinvest my cash distributions in additional shares?
   
A: Yes. While we have not adopted a distribution reinvestment plan whereby investors may elect to have their cash distributions automatically reinvested in additional common shares, so long as this offering remains ongoing, you may choose to use the proceeds of any distribution to purchase additional shares hereunder at the then-current purchase price either directly or through a program established by our Manager. The current purchase price for such shares is $10.00. The per share purchase price for our common shares is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of each semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually) as of January 1st and July 1st of each year (or as soon as commercially reasonable and announced by us thereafter), to the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share. Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription. Note, however, that under the rules applicable to us under Regulation A, we are only permitted to publicly offer up to $50 million of our common shares in any twelve-month period.
   
Q: Who might benefit from an investment in your shares?
   
A: An investment in our shares may be beneficial for you if you seek to diversify your personal portfolio with a public commercial real estate investment vehicle focused primarily on commercial real estate equity investments and other select real estate-related assets, seek to receive current income, seek to preserve capital and are able to hold your investment for a time period consistent with our liquidity strategy. On the other hand, we caution persons who require immediate liquidity or guaranteed income, or who seek a short-term investment, that an investment in our shares will not meet those needs.
   
Q: Are there any risks involved in buying your shares?
   
A: Investing in our common shares involves a high degree of risk. If we are unable to effectively manage the impact of these risks, we may not meet our investment objectives, and therefore, you should purchase these securities only if you can afford a complete loss of your investment. See “Risk Factors” for a description of the risks relating to this offering and an investment in our shares.

 

Q: How does a “best efforts” offering work?
   
A: When common shares are offered to the public on a “best efforts” basis, we are only required to use our best efforts to sell our common shares. Neither our sponsor, Manager nor any other party has a firm commitment or obligation to purchase any of our common shares.

 

Q: Who can buy shares?
   
A: Generally, you may purchase shares if you are a “qualified purchaser” (as defined in Regulation A). “Qualified purchasers” include:
   
  • “accredited investors” under Rule 501(a) of Regulation D; and
   
  • all other investors so long as their investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the greater of their annual income or net worth (for natural persons), or 10% of the greater of annual revenue or net assets at fiscal year-end (for non-natural persons).
   
 

However, our common shares are being offered and sold only to those investors that are within the latter category ( i.e., investors whose investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the applicable amount), regardless of an investor’s status as an “accredited investor”.

 

Net worth in all cases should be calculated excluding the value of an investor’s home, home furnishings and automobiles. We reserve the right to reject any investor’s subscription in whole or in part for any reason, including if we determine in our sole and absolute discretion that such investor is not a “qualified purchaser” for purposes of Regulation A. Please refer to the section above entitled “State Law Exemption and Purchase Restrictions” for more information.

   
Q: How do I buy shares?
   
A: You may purchase our common shares in this offering by creating a new account, or logging into your existing account, at the Fundrise Platform. You will need to fill out a subscription agreement like the one attached to this offering circular as Appendix A for a certain investment amount and pay for the shares at the time you subscribe.

 

10

 

 

Q: Is there any minimum investment required?
   
A:

Yes. If you are a first time investor in our common shares, you must initially purchase at least $1,000 worth of common shares. There is no minimum investment requirement on additional purchases after you have purchased a minimum of $1,000 worth of shares. However, in certain instances, we may revise the minimum purchase requirements in the future or elect to waive the minimum purchase requirement, such as for individuals who participate in different plans established by our Manager through which they can invest in our common shares.

 

In addition, in order to help protect us from the risk of chargebacks, we intend to require that any subscription in excess of $125,000 of our shares be funded through a bank wire transfer and not an ACH electronic fund transfer.

   
Q: May I make an investment through my IRA or other tax-deferred retirement account?
   
A: Generally, yes. We currently accept investments through IRAs maintained with certain custodians, although we intend to limit the amount of IRA investments to less than 25 percent of our shares. However, IRAs or other tax-deferred retirement accounts that invest in our shares generally are subject to tax on any “unrelated business taxable income” under the Code.

 

Q: What will you do with the proceeds from your offering?
   
A: We have used, and intend to continue to use, substantially all of the net proceeds from this offering (after paying or reimbursing organization and offering expenses) to invest in and manage a diverse portfolio of commercial real estate properties. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate debt securities (including CMBS, CDOs, and REIT senior unsecured debt) and other select real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of commercial real estate properties. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns. We expect that any expenses or fees payable to our Manager for its services in connection with managing our daily affairs, including but not limited to, the selection and acquisition or origination of our investments, will be paid from cash flow from operations. If such fees and expenses are not paid from cash flow (or waived) they will reduce the cash available for investment and distribution and will directly impact our NAV. See “Management Compensation” for more details regarding the fees that are paid to our Manager and its affiliates.
   
  We may not be able to promptly invest the net proceeds of this offering in commercial real estate and other select real estate-related assets. In the interim, we may invest in short-term, highly liquid or other authorized investments. Such short-term investments will not earn as high of a return as we expect to earn on our real estate-related investments.
   
Q: How long will this offering last?
   
A: We currently expect that this offering will remain open for investors until we raise the maximum amount being offered, unless terminated by us at an earlier time. We reserve the right to terminate this offering for any reason at any time.
   
Q: Will I be notified of how my investment is doing?
   
A: Yes, we will provide you with periodic updates on the performance of your investment in us, including:
   
  • an annual report;
   
  • a semi-annual report;
   
  • current event reports for specified material events within four business days of their occurrence;
   
  • supplements to the offering circular, if we have material information to disclose to you; and
   
  • other reports that we may file or furnish to the SEC from time to time.
   
  We will provide this information to you by posting such information on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov, on the Fundrise Platform at www.fundrise.com, or via e-mail.
   
Q: When will I get my detailed tax information?
   
A: Your IRS Form 1099-DIV tax information, if required, will be provided by January 31 of the year following each taxable year.

 

11

 

 

Q: Who can help answer my questions about the offering?
   
A: If you have more questions about the offering, or if you would like additional copies of this offering circular, you should contact us by email at investments@fundrise.com or by mail at:

 

Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC

 

11 Dupont Circle NW

9th FL

Washington, D.C. 20036

Attn: Investor Relations

 

12

 

 

OFFERING SUMMARY

 

This offering summary highlights material information regarding our business and this offering that is not otherwise addressed in the “Questions and Answers About this Offering” section of this offering circular. Because it is a summary, it may not contain all of the information that is important to you. To understand this offering fully, you should read the entire offering circular carefully, including the “Risk Factors” section before making a decision to invest in our common shares.

 

Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC

 

Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC is a Delaware limited liability company formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate debt securities and other select real estate-related assets. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns. We intend to operate in a manner that will allow us to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2019. Among other requirements, REITs are required to distribute to shareholders at least 90% of their annual REIT taxable income (computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain).

 

Our office is located at 11 Dupont Circle NW, 9th FL, Washington, D.C. 20036. Our telephone number is (202) 584-0550. Information regarding our Company is also available on our web site at www.fundrise.com.

 

Recent Developments

 

Redemption Plan Update

 

Given the unprecedented level of disruption and ongoing uncertainty caused by the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, effective as of March 31, 2020, our Manager, in an effort to protect the interests of all of our existing shareholders, has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice.

 

Fundamentally, we, and therefore our investors, own real property, which is simply not liquid. Furthermore, in conditions such as those we face today, we believe that fulfilling redemption requests would materially increase the risk of unnecessary loss or otherwise avoidable problems for the vast majority of our investors who have not requested to redeem and intend to stay invested for the long term.

 

At this time, investors may continue to submit redemption requests, but should know that such redemption requests may not be processed and, ultimately, may be rejected.

 

Accordingly, all redemption requests, including outstanding redemption requests as of March 31, 2020, may be, at a later date, either (i) considered and processed or (ii) rejected. We intend to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume.

 

Capital Raised

 

Through May 13, 2020 our ongoing offering has raised an aggregate of approximately $46.0 million in capital pursuant to Regulation A (not including the approximate $100,000 received in private placements to our sponsor and Fundrise, L.P., an affiliate of our sponsor). In the 12 month period prior to May 13, 2020, we had settled subscriptions for approximately $46,063,018. We are continuing to offer up to $3,936,982 in our common shares, which represents the value of the shares available to be offered as of May 13, 2020 out of the rolling 12-month maximum offering amount of $50 million in our common shares.

 

Assets Acquired or Redeemed

 

See “Plan of Operation—Our Investments” for a detailed summary of our assets.

 

Net Asset Value as of December 31, 2019

 

As of December 31, 2019, our NAV per common share is $10.00.

 

13

 

 

Share Redemption Plan Status

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, we redeemed approximately 58,000 common shares pursuant to our share redemption plan in place through December 31, 2019. Effective January 1, 2020 we revised our Redemption Plan to reflect the following changes: (1) quarterly instead of monthly redemption requests and elimination of the 60 day waiting period; and (2) separate redemption rights in the case of death or “qualifying disability” that eliminate any penalty for redemption in such circumstances and permit the redemption of shares at 100% of the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

As of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Accordingly, all redemption requests, including outstanding redemption requests as of March 31, 2020, may be, at a later date, either (i) considered and processed or (ii) rejected. We intend to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume.

 

Investment Strategy

 

We have used, and continue to expect to use substantially all of the proceeds of this offering to originate, acquire, asset manage, operate, selectively leverage, syndicate and opportunistically sell commercial real estate properties. We intend to acquire and operate real estate and real estate-related assets on an opportunistic basis. Our management has extensive experience investing in numerous types of properties. Thus, we may acquire a wide variety of commercial properties, including office, industrial, retail, hospitality, recreation and leisure, single-tenant, multifamily and other real properties. These properties may be existing, income-producing properties, newly constructed properties or properties under development or construction and may include multifamily properties purchased for conversion into condominiums and single-tenant properties that may be converted for multifamily use. We focus on acquiring properties with significant possibilities for capital appreciation, such as those requiring development, redevelopment or repositioning, those located in markets with high growth potential and those available from sellers who are distressed or face time-sensitive deadlines. We also may invest in real estate-related securities, including securities issued by other real estate companies, either for investment or in change of control transactions completed on a negotiated basis or otherwise, and in bridge and mezzanine loans that may lead to an opportunity to purchase a real estate interest. In addition, to the extent that our Manager and its investment committee determines that it is advantageous, we also may make or invest in commercial mortgage-backed securities, mortgage loans and tenant-in-common interests. We expect that our portfolio of debt investments, if any, will be secured primarily by U.S. based collateral and diversified by security type, property type and geographic location.

 

We may enter into one or more joint ventures, tenant-in-common investments or other coownership arrangements for the acquisition, development or improvement of properties with third parties or affiliates of our Manager, including present and future real estate investment offering and REITs sponsored by affiliates of our sponsor. We also may serve as mortgage lender to, or acquire interests in or securities issued by, these joint ventures, tenant-in-common investments or other joint venture arrangements.

 

Investment Objectives

 

Our primary investment objectives are:

 

  to realize growth in the value of our investments within approximately five years of the termination of our offering;

 

  to grow net cash from operations so that an increasing amount of cash flow is available for distributions to investors over the long term;

 

  to enable investors to realize a return on their investment by beginning the process of liquidating and distributing cash to investors within approximately five years of the termination of this offering, or providing liquidity through alternative means such as in-kind distributions of our own securities or other assets; and

 

  to preserve, protect and return your capital contribution.

 

We also seek to realize growth in the value of our investments by timing their sale to maximize value. However, there is no assurance that our investment objectives will be met.

 

Market Opportunities

 

The direct and indirect impact of COVID-19 on the real estate markets are unprecedented. Given the prospect of negative growth for the economy in the near term and anemic growth for the mid-to-long term, we favor a strategy weighted toward maintaining large cash reserves and targeting equity investments in troubled or defaulted properties in need of recapitalization at a significant discount to replacement cost or cost basis as compared to prices in 2019. We also believe that due to government lockdowns and other effects of COVID-19 there is compelling need and favorable risk-adjusted returns for capital to fund construction projects partway through development requiring additional funding as a result of a general pull back in financing from the banking industry, project delays, budget overruns in order to complete and stabilize. In contrast, returns typically associated with core real estate properties in major gateway markets, and stabilized trophy assets have generally become overpriced in a pursuit of safety over value. We believe that our investment strategy combined with the experience and expertise of our Manager’s management team will provide opportunities to originate investments with attractive long-term equity returns and strong structural features directly with local brokers and joint venture real estate companies, thereby taking advantage of disrupted market conditions in order to seek the best risk-return dynamic for our shareholders.

 

14

 

 

 

Our Manager

 

Fundrise Advisors, LLC, our Manager, manages our day-to-day operations. Our Manager is an investment adviser registered with the SEC and a wholly-owned subsidiary of our sponsor. Registration with the SEC does not imply a certain level of skill or training. A team of real estate professionals, acting through our Manager, makes all the decisions regarding the selection, negotiation, financing and disposition of our investments, subject to the limitations in our operating agreement. Our Manager also provides asset management, marketing, investor relations and other administrative services on our behalf with the goal of maximizing our operating cash flow and preserving our invested capital. Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor, is able to exercise significant control over our business.

 

About the Fundrise Platform

 

We are also an affiliate of Fundrise, LLC, the owner and operator of the Fundrise Platform, an online financial platform focused on real estate, which may be found on the website: www.fundrise.com. Fundrise, LLC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor.

 

Benjamin S. Miller, the co-founder and Chief Executive Officer of Rise Companies Corp., is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations of Rise Companies Corp. and its affiliates, including Fundrise, LLC.

 

Our Structure

 

The chart below shows the relationship among various Rise Companies Corp. affiliates and our Company as of the date of this offering circular.

 

 

 

*      As we raise sufficient offering proceeds to acquire investments, we may obtain a related party loan from, or issue a participation interest to, an affiliate. See “Plan of Operation – Related Party Loans”.

 

15

 

 

**    Pursuant to our operating agreement, the Manager receives an asset management fee and a special servicing fee. See “Management Compensation”.

 

Management Compensation

 

Our Manager and its affiliates receive fees and expense reimbursements for services relating to this ongoing offering and the investment and management of our assets. The items of compensation are summarized in the following table. Neither our Manager nor its affiliates receive any selling commissions or dealer manager fees in connection with the offer and sale of our common shares. See “Management Compensation” for a more detailed explanation of the fees and expenses payable to our Manager and its affiliates.

 

Form of Compensation and Recipient   Determination of Amount   Estimated Amount
         
    Organization and Offering Stage    
         
Reimbursement of Organization and Offering Expenses — Manager (1)   Our Manager pays organization and offering expenses on our behalf in connection with the offering of our shares.  We reimburse our Manager for these costs and future organization and offering costs it may incur on our behalf.   Our organization and offering expenses paid by our Manager, as of December 31, 2019, were approximately $136,000. We expect to incur an additional $45,000 in expenses in connection with the continuation of this offering.
         
    Acquisition and Development Stage    
         
Acquisition / Origination Fee — Sponsor or its Affiliate (2)   Up to 2.00% of any amounts funded by us, our sponsor or affiliates of our sponsor to acquire or originate real estate properties, excluding any acquisition and origination expenses and any debt attributable to such investments. To the extent we invest in commercial real estate loans, the borrower will pay up to 2.00% of the amount funded by us, our sponsor or affiliates of our sponsor to acquire or originate such commercial real estate loans. We will not be entitled to these fees.  

Paid by the co-investors, joint-venture, borrower or property holding entity at closing.

 

Actual amounts are dependent upon the total equity and debt capital we raise; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

         
Reimbursement of Acquisition / Origination Expenses — Manager   We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred in connection with the selection, acquisition or origination of an investment, to the extent not reimbursed by the borrower in connection with any debt investments we may make, whether or not we ultimately acquire or originate the investment.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the offering proceeds we raise (and any leverage we employ); we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

         
    Operational Stage    
         
Asset Management Fee — Manager (3)   Quarterly asset management fee currently equal to an annualized rate of 0.85%, which is based on our NAV at the end of each prior semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by the Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually). This rate is determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but cannot exceed an annualized rate of 1.00%. The amount of the asset management fee may vary from time to time, and we will publicly report any changes in the asset management fee. Our Manager may, in its sole discretion, waive its asset management fee, in whole or in part. The Manager will forfeit any portion of the asset management fee that is waived.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the offering proceeds we raise (and any leverage we employ) and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.
         
Reimbursement of Other Operating Expenses — Manager  

We reimburse our Manager for out-of-pocket expenses paid to third parties in connection with providing services to us. This does not include the Manager’s overhead, employee costs borne by the Manager, utilities or technology costs.

 

The expense reimbursements that we will pay to our Manager also include expenses incurred by our sponsor in the performance of services under the shared services agreement between our Manager and our sponsor, including any increases in insurance attributable to the management or operation of our Company.

  Actual amounts are dependent upon the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

16

 

 

(1)       At the election of our Manager we will start to reimburse our Manager, without interest, for these organization and offering costs incurred both before and after such date. Reimbursement payments will be made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this and our prior offering; provided, however, no reimbursement will be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full.

 

(2)       The acquisition/origination fee paid to our sponsor by the joint venture, co-investors, borrowers or property holding entity, is a percentage of the purchase price of an investment or the amount funded by us to acquire or originate a loan.

 

(3)       Our Manager in its sole discretion may defer or waive any fee or reimbursements payable to it under the operating agreement. All or any portion of any deferred fees or reimbursements will be deferred without interest and paid when the Manager determines.

 

As part of its mission to drive down the overall costs regarding the construction, real estate development, special servicing, and sale of assets, the Manager intends to perform some or all of these functions in house in-lieu of outsourcing to a third-party consultant. In the event that the Manager performs these tasks, it will be entitled to receive compensation as described below, which the Manager believes is at or below the cost that would be incurred by retaining an independent third-party. See “Management Compensation” for a more detailed explanation of the fees and expenses payable to our Manager and its affiliates.

 

         
    Operational Stage    
         
Construction and Development Fee - Manager or Other Party   A construction oversight and development management fee of 5.00% of the total development costs, excluding property; however, we do not intend to charge such development management fee unless it is net of the fee being charged by the developer of the project.  Our Manager may, in its sole discretion, waive its development management fee, in whole or in part. The Manager will forfeit any portion of the development management fee that is waived.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the development costs of the individual projects; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.
         
Reimbursement of Special Servicing Expenses – Manager or Other Party   We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with the special servicing of non-performing assets, including, but not limited to, reimbursement of non-ordinary expenses and employee time required to special service a non-performing asset. Whether an asset is deemed to be non-performing is in the sole discretion of our Manager.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the occurrence of an asset becoming non-performing, the original value of such asset, and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.
         
    Liquidation/Listing Stage    
         
Disposition Fees – Manager or Other Party   We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with the liquidation of equity investments in real estate, and we will pay up to 1.50% of the gross proceeds from such sale if our Manager is acting as the real estate developer or is engaged by the developer to sell the project. Whether to liquidate an equity investment in real estate is in the sole discretion of our Manager.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the price at which we sell or otherwise liquidate our investments; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

17

 

 

Summary of Risk Factors

 

Investing in our common shares involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully review the “Risk Factors” section of this offering circular, beginning on page 27, which contains a detailed discussion of the material risks that you should consider before you invest in our common shares.

 

Conflicts of Interest

 

Our Manager and its affiliates experience conflicts of interest in connection with the management of our business. Some of the material conflicts that our Manager and its affiliates face include the following:

 

  · The asset management fee paid to our Manager is based on our NAV, which is calculated by our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team. Our Manager may benefit by us retaining ownership of our assets at times when our shareholders may be better served by the sale or disposition of our assets in order to avoid a reduction in our NAV.

 

  · In the ordinary course of their business, our Manager and its affiliates may engage in activities in which their interests or the interests of other clients conflict with or are adverse to our interests. In addition, such clients may utilize the services of the Manager or its affiliates for which they will pay fees and expenses which will not be shared with us.

 

  · Our sponsor has previously organized, as of the date of this offering circular, the following similar programs (eREITs® and eFundsTM):

 

  · Fundrise Real Estate Investment Trust, LLC (the “Income eREIT®”), Fundrise Income eREIT II, LLC (the “Income eREIT® II”), Fundrise Income eREIT III, LLC (the “Income eREIT® III”), Fundrise Income eREIT 2019, LLC (the “Income eREIT® 2019”), Fundrise Income eREIT V, LLC (the “Income eREIT® V”), and Fundrise Income eREIT VI, LLC (the “Income eREIT® VI”), which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate investments through the acquisition of commercial real estate loans;

 

  · Fundrise Equity REIT, LLC (the “Growth eREIT®”), Fundrise Growth eREIT II, LLC (the “Growth eREIT® II”), Fundrise Growth eREIT III, LLC, (the “Growth eREIT® III”), Fundrise Growth eREIT V, LLC (the “Growth eREIT® V”), and Fundrise Growth eREIT VI, LLC (the “Growth eREIT® VI”), which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties and have investment objectives and strategies that are similar to ours;

 

  · Fundrise Balanced eREIT, LLC (the “Balanced eREIT® I”), which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in commercial real estate properties and development projects, as well as commercial real estate loans and commercial real estate debt securities.

 

  · Fundrise West Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC (the “West Coast eREIT®”), which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Los Angeles, CA, San Francisco, CA, San Diego, CA, Seattle, WA, and Portland, OR metropolitan statistical areas;

 

  · Fundrise Midland Opportunistic REIT, LLC (the “Heartland eREIT®”), which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Houston, TX, Dallas, TX, Austin, TX, Chicago, IL, and Denver, CO metropolitan statistical areas;

 

  · Fundrise East Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC (the “East Coast eREIT®”), which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the metropolitan statistical areas of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA.

 

18

 

 

  · Fundrise For-Sale Housing eFUND – Los Angeles CA, LLC (the “LA Homes eFundTM”), which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Los Angeles, CA metropolitan statistical area;

 

  · Fundrise For-Sale Housing eFUND – Washington DC, LLC (the “DC Homes eFundTM”), which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Washington, DC metropolitan statistical area;

 

  · Fundrise National For-Sale Housing eFUND, LLC (the “National eFundTM”), which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the metropolitan statistical areas in which our sponsor is not currently sponsoring another regionally or locally focused eFundTM, or to otherwise acquire assets that other eFundsTM are not currently focused on; and

 

  · Fundrise Opportunity Fund, LP, which is a private placement that was formed to acquire properties located in “qualified opportunity zones” as designated under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”).

 

These additional Fundrise Platform investment opportunities may have investment criteria that compete with us.

 

The approximate cash and cash equivalents balances for the eREITs® with similar investment objectives as of December 31, 2019, is as follows:

 

eREITs® 

Approximate Cash

and Cash Equivalents

 
Fundrise Equity REIT, LLC  $10,435,000.00 
Fundrise Growth eREIT II, LLC  $1,847,000.00 
Fundrise Growth eREIT III, LLC  $2,475,000.00 
Fundrise Growth eREIT V, LLC  $33,363,000.00 
Fundrise Growth eREIT VI, LLC  $15,000.00 

 

Each of the foregoing entities intends to continue raising up to $50 million in any given 12-month period as permitted under Regulation A.

 

  Our sponsor’s real estate professionals acting on behalf of our Manager have to allocate their time among us, our sponsor’s business and other programs and activities in which they are involved.

 

  The terms of our operating agreement (including the Manager’s rights and obligations and the compensation payable to our Manager and its affiliates) were not negotiated at arm’s length.

 

  Our shareholders may only remove our Manager for “cause” following the affirmative vote of shareholders holding two-thirds of the outstanding common shares. Unsatisfactory financial performance does not constitute “cause” under the operating agreement.

 

  At some future date after we have acquired a substantial investment portfolio that our Manager determines would be most effectively managed by our own personnel, we may seek shareholder approval to internalize our management by acquiring assets and employing the key real estate professionals performing services to us on behalf of our Manager for consideration that would be negotiated at that time. The payment of such consideration could result in dilution to your interest in us and could reduce the net income per share and funds from operations per share attributable to your investment. Additionally, in an internalization transaction, our sponsor’s real estate professionals that become our employees may receive more compensation than they previously received from our sponsor or its affiliates. These possibilities may provide incentives to these individuals to pursue an internalization transaction, even if an alternative strategy might otherwise be in our shareholder’s best interests.

 

  Our Manager may, without shareholder consent unless otherwise required by law, determine that we should merge or consolidate through a roll-up or other similar transaction involving other entities, including entities affiliated with our Manager, into or with such other entities.

 

  As a non-listed company conducting an exempt offering pursuant to Regulation A, we are not subject to a number of corporate governance requirements, including the requirements for a board of directors or independent board committees.

 

19

 

 

Historical NAV

 

Below is the semi-annual NAV per common share, as determined in accordance with our valuation policies, for each fiscal quarter from the first date it was calculated December 31, 2019. Linked in the table is the relevant Form 1-U detailing each NAV evaluation method, incorporated by reference herein.

 

Date   NAV Per Share   Link
December 31, 2019   $ 10.00   Form 1-U

 

Distributions

 

We do not expect to declare any distributions until the proceeds from our public offering are invested and generating operating cash flow. In addition, to the extent we invest in development or redevelopment projects or in properties that have significant capital requirements, these properties may not immediately generate cash flow from operations. Thus, our ability to make distributions may be negatively impacted, especially during our early periods of operation.

 

Once we begin to make distributions, we expect that our Manager will declare and make them on a quarterly basis, or more or less frequently as determined by our Manager, in arrears. Any distributions we make will be at the discretion of our Manager, and will be based on, among other factors, our present and reasonably projected future cash flow. We expect that the Manager will set the rate of distributions at a level that will be reasonably consistent and sustainable over time. Distributions will be paid to shareholders as of the record dates selected by the Manager.

 

The Manager’s discretion as to the payment of distributions is limited by the REIT distribution requirements, which generally require that we make aggregate annual distributions to our shareholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain. Moreover, even if we make the required minimum distributions under the REIT rules, we are subject to U.S. federal income and excise taxes on our undistributed taxable income and gains. As a result, the Manager also intends to make such additional distributions, beyond the minimum REIT distribution, to avoid such potential taxes. See “Description of Our Common Shares — Distributions” and “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”.

 

While our goal is to pay distributions from our cash flow from operations, we may use other sources to fund distributions. Until the proceeds from our public offering are invested and generating operating cash flow, some or all of our distributions may be paid from other sources, including the net proceeds of this offering, cash advances by our Manager, cash resulting from a waiver of fees or reimbursements due to our Manager, borrowings in anticipation of future operating cash flow and the issuance of additional securities. Use of some or all of these sources may reduce the amount of capital we invest in assets and negatively impact the return on your investment and the value of your investment. We have not established a limit on the amount of proceeds we may use to fund distributions. We can provide no assurances that future cash flow will support payment of distributions or maintaining distributions at any particular level or at all.

 

Any distributions we make are at the discretion of our Manager, and are based on, among other factors, our present and reasonably projected future cash flow. Distributions are paid to shareholders as of the record dates selected by the Manager. In addition, the Manager’s discretion as to the payment of distributions is limited by the REIT distribution requirements, which generally require that we make aggregate annual distributions to our shareholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain. Moreover, even if we make the required minimum distributions under the REIT rules, we are subject to U.S. federal income and excise taxes on our undistributed taxable income and gains. As a result, the Manager intends to continue to make additional distributions, beyond the minimum REIT distribution, to avoid such taxes. See “Description of Our Common Shares — Distributions” and “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”.

 

While our goal is to pay distributions from our cash flow from operations, we may use other sources to fund distributions. Until the proceeds from our public offering are invested and generating operating cash flow, some or all of our distributions may be paid from other sources, including the net proceeds of this offering, cash advances by our Manager, cash resulting from a waiver of fees or reimbursements due to our Manager, borrowings in anticipation of future operating cash flow and the issuance of additional securities. Use of some or all of these sources may reduce the amount of capital we invest in assets and negatively impact the return on your investment and the value of your investment. We have not established a limit on the amount of proceeds we may use to fund distributions. We can provide no assurances that future cash flow will support payment of distributions or maintaining distributions at any particular level or at all.

 

Any distributions that we make directly impacts our NAV, by reducing the amount of our assets. Our goal is to provide a reasonably predictable and stable level of current income, through quarterly or other periodic distributions, while at the same time maintaining a fair level of consistency in our NAV. Over the course of your investment, your distributions plus the change in NAV per share (either positive or negative) will produce your total return.

 

20

 

 

Our distributions generally will constitute a return of capital to the extent that they exceed our current and accumulated earnings and profits as determined for U.S. federal income tax purposes. To the extent that a distribution is treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes, it will reduce a holder’s adjusted tax basis in the holder’s shares, and to the extent that it exceeds the holder’s adjusted tax basis, it will be treated as gain resulting from a sale or exchange of such shares.

 

Borrowing Policy

 

We may employ conservative levels of borrowing in order to provide additional funds to support our investment activities. Our target portfolio-wide leverage after we have acquired an initial substantial portfolio of diversified investments is between 50-85% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. During periods when we are growing our portfolio, we may employ greater leverage on individual assets (that will also result in greater leverage of our portfolio) in order to quickly build a diversified portfolio of assets. Our Manager may from time to time modify our leverage policy in its discretion in light of then-current economic conditions, relative costs of debt and equity capital, market values of our properties, general conditions in the market for debt and equity securities, growth and acquisition opportunities or other factors. However, other than during a period when we are significantly growing our portfolio, it is our policy to not borrow more than 75% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. We cannot exceed the leverage limit of our leverage policy unless any excess in borrowing over such level is approved by our Manager’s investment committee. See “Investment Objectives and Strategy” for more details regarding our leverage policies.

 

Valuation Policies

 

We intend to engage an independent valuation expert with expertise in appraising commercial real estate loans and assets or receive an independent valuation expert report at the time each loan or asset is acquired in order to provide valuations of certain commercial real estate assets and investments, including related liabilities, that are set forth in reports of the underlying real estate, and to adjust those valuations for events known to the independent valuation expert that it believes are likely to have a material impact on previously provided estimates of the value, to the extent applicable, of the affected commercial real estate assets and investments and related liabilities. Our real estate assets will consist primarily of a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate loans, commercial real estate and other real estate-related assets where the underlying collateral is typically commercial real estate or security interests therein. Our commercial real estate related liabilities will consist primarily of related party loans and participation interests. In addition, our assets will include liquid assets and securities classified as held to maturity, which are not valued by our independent valuation expert, and cash and cash equivalents. We will amortize asset acquisition costs over the duration of the real estate asset. In the instances of assets with uncertain durations, we will amortize asset acquisition costs over five years. Our liabilities will include accrued fees and operating expenses, accrued distributions payable, accrued management fees and, to the extent we are using margin, trade payables incurred in the ordinary course of business, which are estimated by our Manager. Our Manager will be responsible for ensuring that the independent valuation expert discharges its responsibilities in accordance with our valuation guidelines, and will periodically receive and review such information about the valuation of our assets and liabilities as it deems necessary to exercise its oversight responsibility.

 

At the end of each semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually), our sponsor’s internal accountants calculate our NAV per share using a process that reflects (1) estimated values of each of our commercial real estate assets and investments, including related liabilities, based upon (a) market capitalization rates, comparable sales information, interest rates, net operating income, (b) with respect to debt, default rates, discount rates and loss severity rates, (c) for properties that have development or value add plans, progress along such development or value add plan, and (d) in certain instances, reports of the underlying real estate provided by an independent valuation expert, (2) the price of liquid assets for which third party market quotes are available, (3) accruals of our periodic distributions and (4) estimated accruals of our operating revenues and expenses. For joint venture or direct equity investments, the sponsor primarily relies on the discounted cash flow method. Under the discounted cash flow method, our sponsor’s asset management team will calculate the distributions due to the respective investment based on a property-level pro forma measured against ongoing actual performance over the projected likely-hold period. The sponsor’s asset management team will then discount future cash-flow projections at an appropriate market levered-discount rate to determine present value, which value is considered the net asset value of the investment. The sponsor may alternatively apply the hypothetical sales method to value its investments. Under this approach, our sponsor’s asset management team will assume (i) the sale of the property at a price equal to the concluded property value, (ii) the liquidation of any additional assets after paying all liabilities, and (iii) the distribution of the net sale proceeds to investors. The distributed amount is considered the net asset value of each respective investment. For debt and fixed-return preferred equity investment, assuming no material adverse change in the property, the sponsor’s asset management team will mark these investments to their cost basis (including any accrued unpaid interest). If there were to be material adverse changes in these properties, the asset management team intends to value these investments using the hypothetical sales method described above. For our investments that have closed within three to nine months and no material changes have occurred from the original underwriting, our sponsor’s asset management team will typically apply the original property purchase price (or pre-closing third party appraisal value) for the property valuation, and the investment cost basis for the investment-level valuation.

 

21

 

 

Note, however, that the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. In instances where we determine that an appraisal of the real estate asset is necessary, including, but not limited to, instances where our Manager is unsure of its ability on its own to accurately determine the estimated values of our commercial real estate assets and investments, or instances where third party market values for comparable properties are either nonexistent or extremely inconsistent, we will engage an appraiser that has expertise in appraising commercial real estate assets, to act as our independent valuation expert. The independent valuation expert is not responsible for, nor for preparing, our NAV per share. If a material event occurs between scheduled annual valuations that our Manager believes may materially affect the value of any of our commercial real estate assets and investments, including related liabilities, our Manager anticipates informing the independent valuation expert so that, if appropriate, the independent valuation expert can adjust the most recent valuations provided in the applicable report, if any, to account for the estimated impact. Our sponsor’s internal accountants determine our NAV per share by dividing our NAV by the number of our common shares outstanding as of the end of such period, prior to giving effect to any share purchases or redemptions to be effected for such period.

 

As there is no market value for our common shares as they are not expected to be listed or traded on any stock exchange or other marketplace, our goal is to provide a reasonable estimate of the value of our common shares on a semi-annual basis (or such other periodic basis as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually). However, the majority of our assets will consist of commercial real estate loans and, as with any commercial real estate valuation protocol, the conclusions reached by our sponsor’s internal asset management team or internal accountants, as the case may be, are based on a number of judgments, assumptions and opinions about future events that may or may not prove to be correct. The use of different judgments, assumptions or opinions would likely result in different estimates of the value of our commercial real estate assets and investments. In addition, for any given period, our published NAV per share may not fully reflect certain material events, to the extent that the financial impact of such events on our portfolio is not immediately quantifiable. Note, however, that the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. As a result, the calculation of our NAV per share may not reflect the precise amount that might be paid for your shares in a market transaction, and any potential disparity in our NAV per share may be in favor of either shareholders who redeem their shares, or shareholders who buy new shares, or existing shareholders. However, to the extent quantifiable, if a material event occurs in between updates of NAV that would cause our NAV per share to change by 5% or more from the last disclosed NAV, we will disclose the updated price and the reason for the change in an offering circular supplement as promptly as reasonably practicable, and will update the NAV information provided on our website.

 

Share Price Adjustments

 

Our Manager set our initial offering price at $10.00 per share. As of January 1, 2020, our per share purchase price continued to be equal to $10.00 per share. The per share purchase price for our common shares is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of each semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter)to be equal to the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share, in each case prior to giving effect to any share purchases or redemptions to be effected on such day. Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription.

 

We file with the SEC on a semi-annual or other periodic basis an offering circular supplement disclosing the determination of our NAV per share that will be applicable for such period (a “pricing supplement”). We file the pricing supplement at the beginning of such period. We also post that period’s NAV on the public Fundrise Platform, www.fundrise.com. The Fundrise Platform also contains this offering circular, including any supplements and amendments. We disclose, on a periodic basis in an offering circular supplement filed with the SEC, the principal valuation components of our NAV. In addition, if a material event occurs in between updates of NAV that would cause our NAV per share to change by 5% or more from the last disclosed NAV, we will disclose the updated price and the reason for the change in an offering circular supplement as promptly as reasonably practicable, and will update the NAV information provided on our website.

 

Any subscriptions that we receive during a semi-annual period will be executed at the purchase price in effect at the time such subscription is received. Thus, even if settlement occurs in the following semi-annual period, the purchase price for the shares will be the price in effect at the time the subscription was received. See “Description of Our Common Shares—Share Price Adjustments” for more details.

 

Redemption Plan

 

Our common shares are currently not listed on a national securities exchange or included for quotation on a national securities market, and currently there is no intention to list our common shares. In order to provide our shareholders with some limited liquidity, we have adopted a redemption plan to enable shareholders to redeem their common shares in limited circumstances. However, as of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to suspend the processing and payment of redemptions, including outstanding redemption requests, under our redemption plan until further notice.

 

22

 

 

We will not solicit redemptions under this redemption plan, other than through our offering circular and any supplements or amendments thereto disclosing our NAV per share. Shareholders desiring to request redemption of their common shares must do so of their own volition and not at our behest, invitation or encouragement. Our role in effectuating redemptions under the redemption plan will solely be ministerial.

 

While shareholders should view this investment as long-term, we have adopted a redemption plan whereby, on a quarterly basis, an investor has the opportunity to obtain liquidity. Our Manager has designed our redemption plan with a view towards providing investors with an initial period with which to decide whether a long-term investment in our Company is right for them. In addition, despite the illiquid nature of the assets expected to be held by our Company, our Manager believes it is best to provide the opportunity for quarterly liquidity in the event shareholders need it. The terms under which we may redeem shares may differ between redemption requests upon the death or “qualifying disability” of a shareholder (“exceptional redemptions”), as further discussed below, and all other redemption requests. Investors should note, however, that even during the Introductory Period or exceptional redemption events, the redemption plan may not be available due to our Manager’s ability to amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time.

 

Pursuant to our redemption plan, a shareholder may only (a) have one outstanding redemption request at any given time and (b) request that we redeem up to the lesser of 5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares per redemption request. However, we reserve the right to waive these limitations for any reason. In addition, the redemption plan is subject to certain liquidity limitations, which may fluctuate depending on the liquidity of the real estate assets held by us.

 

The calculation of the redemption price will depend, in part, on whether a shareholder requests redemption within the first eighty-nine (89) days of first acquiring the shares (the “Introductory Period”) or thereafter (the “Post-Introductory Period”).

 

During the Introductory Period, the per share redemption price will be equal to the purchase price of the shares being redeemed reduced by (i) the aggregate sum of distributions paid with respect to such shares, rounded down to the nearest cent and (ii) the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, declared but unpaid on the shares subject to the redemption request. In other words, a shareholder would receive back their original investment amount, from the redemption price paid, prior distributions received and distributions that have been declared (and that will be received when paid), but would not receive any amounts in excess of their original investment amount.

 

During the Post-Introductory Period, except in the case of exceptional redemptions, the per share redemption price will be calculated based on a declining penalty to the NAV per share for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request, and rounded down to the nearest cent. During the Post-Introductory Period, the redemption price with respect to the common shares that are subject to the redemption request will not be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, that have been (i) paid with respect to such shares prior to the date of the redemption request or (ii) declared but unpaid on such shares with record dates during the period between the redemption request date and the redemption date (i.e., the last day of the applicable quarter).

 

Holding Period from Date of Settlement 

Effective Redemption Price

(as percentage of per share

redemption price) (1)

  
Less than 90 days, including the settlement date (Introductory Period)   100.0  %(2)(3)
90 days until 3 years   97.0  %(4)
3 years to 4 years   98.0  %(5)
4 years to 5 years   99.0  %(6)
More than 5 years   100.0  %(7)
Exceptional redemptions   100.0  %(8)

 

23

 

 

 (1) The Effective Redemption Price will be rounded down to the nearest $0.01.
 (2) The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period is calculated based upon the purchase price of the shares, not the per share price in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (3) The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period will be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions paid or payable on such shares, the amount of which we are unable to calculate at this time.
 (4) For shares held at least  ninety (90) days but less than three (3) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 3% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (5) For shares held at least three (3) years but less than four (4) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 2% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (6) For shares held at least four (4) years but less than five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 1% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (7) For shares held at least five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (8) For exceptional redemptions, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

Whether a redemption request is deemed to be in the Introductory Period or the Post-Introductory Period will be determined as of the date the redemption request is made, not the date the redemption request is honored. Meaning, for example, if a redemption request is submitted during the Introductory Period, but honored after the Introductory Period, the effective redemption price will be determined using the Introductory Period methodology.

 

If we agree to honor redemption requests, such redemption of our common shares will be made quarterly upon written request to us prior to the end of the applicable quarter; provided, however, written requests for common shares to be redeemed during the Introductory Period must be delivered to our Manager prior to the end of such shareholder's Introductory Period. Shareholders may withdraw their redemption request at any time prior to the end of the applicable quarter. If we agree to honor redemption requests, such redemption requests will be effective as of the last day of the applicable quarter, and funds shall be remitted within twenty-one (21) days following the end of the applicable quarter. If we agree to honor a redemption request, the common shares to be redeemed will cease to accrue distributions or have voting rights as of the last day of the applicable quarter. We reserve the right to redeem shares pursuant to an exceptional redemption request outside of our quarterly redemption process.

 

We cannot guarantee that the funds set aside for the redemption plan will be sufficient to accommodate all requests made in any given time period. In the event our Manager determines, in its sole discretion, that we do not have sufficient funds available to redeem all of the common shares for which redemption requests have been submitted during any given quarter, such pending requests will be honored on a pro-rata basis, if at all, and priority will be given to exceptional redemptions. In the event that not all redemptions are being honored in a given quarter, the redemption requests not fully honored will have the remaining amount of such redemption requests considered on the next quarter in which redemptions are being honored. Accordingly, all unsatisfied redemption requests will be treated as requests for redemption on the next date on which redemptions are being honored, with redemptions processed pro-rata, if at all, and priority will be given to exceptional redemptions. If funds available for the redemption plan are not sufficient to accommodate all redemption requests, common shares will be redeemed on a pro-rata basis, if at all, and priority will be given to exceptional redemptions.

 

We intend to limit common shareholders to one (1) redemption request outstanding at any given time, meaning that, if a common shareholder desires to request more or less shares be redeemed, such common shareholder must first withdraw the first redemption request, which may affect whether the request is considered in the “Introductory Period” or “Post-Introductory Period”. For investors who hold common shares with more than one record date, redemption requests will be applied to such common shares in the order in which they settled, on a last in first out basis – meaning, those common shares that have been continuously held for the shortest amount of time will be redeemed first. In addition, we intend to limit shareholders to redemption requests to the lesser of 5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares, which may affect whether the entirety of a redemption request will be considered to be in the “Introductory Period” or “Post-Introductory Period”.

 

In light of the SEC’s current guidance on redemption plans, we intend to limit redemptions in any calendar quarter to shares whose aggregate value (based on the redemption price per share in effect as of the first day of the last month of such calendar quarter) is 1.25% of the NAV of all of our outstanding shares as of the first day of the last month of such calendar quarter (e.g., March 1, June 1, September 1, or December 1), with excess capacity carried over to later calendar quarters in that calendar year. However, as we make a number of commercial real estate investments of varying terms and maturities, our Manager may elect to increase or decrease the amount of common shares available for redemption in any given quarter, as these commercial real estate assets are paid off or sold, but in no event will we redeem more than 5.00% of the common shares outstanding during any calendar year. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not obligated to redeem common shares under the redemption plan.

 

24

 

 

In addition, our Manager may, in its sole discretion, amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time without prior notice, including to protect our operations and our non-redeemed shareholders, to prevent an undue burden on our liquidity, to preserve our status as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, following any material decrease in our NAV, or for any other reason. However, in the event that we suspend our redemption plan, we expect that we will reject any outstanding redemption requests and do not intend to accept any new redemption requests until after the next NAV adjustment. In the event that we amend, suspend or terminate our redemption plan, we will file an offering circular supplement and/or Form 1-U, as appropriate, and post such information on the Fundrise Platform to disclose such amendment. Our Manager may also, in its sole discretion, decline any particular redemption request if it believes such action is necessary to preserve our status as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes (for example, if a redemption request would cause a non-redeeming shareholder to violate the ownership limits in our operating agreement or if a redemption constitutes a “dividend equivalent redemption” that could give rise to a preferential dividend issue, to the extent applicable). Therefore, you may not have the opportunity to make a redemption request prior to any potential termination of our redemption plan.

 

Investors should note that effective as of March 31, 2020 for certain of our sponsor's offerings qualified under Regulation A (including ours), our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under the redemption plans until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Our Manager intends to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under these redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume. As of the date of this offering circular, of the sponsor's 19 programs with redemption plans, 16 have suspended the processing and payment of redemptions, including ours.

 

Please refer to the section entitled “Description of Our Common Shares—Redemption Plan” for more information.

 

Liquidity Event

 

Subject to then existing market conditions, we may consider alternatives to our liquidation as a means for providing liquidity to our shareholders within approximately five to seven years from the one year anniversary of the qualification of our initial offering. While we expect to seek a liquidity transaction in this time frame, there can be no assurance that a suitable transaction will be available or that market conditions for a transaction will be favorable during that time frame. Our Manager has the discretion to consider a liquidity transaction at any time if it determines such event to be in our best interests. A liquidity transaction could consist of a sale or partial sale of our assets, a sale or merger of our Company, a consolidation transaction with other companies managed by our Manager or its affiliates, a listing of our shares on a national securities exchange or a similar transaction. We do not have a stated term, as we believe setting a finite date for a possible, but uncertain future liquidity transaction may result in actions that are not necessarily in the best interest or within the expectations of our shareholders.

 

Voting Rights

 

Our common shareholders have voting rights only with respect to certain matters, primarily relating to amendments to our operating agreement that would adversely change the rights of the common shares, removal of our Manager for “cause”, and the dissolution of the Company (only if the Manager has been removed for “cause”). Each outstanding common share entitles the holder to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of common shareholders. Our shareholders do not elect or vote on our Manager, and, unlike the holders of common shares in a corporation, have only limited voting rights on matters affecting our business, and therefore limited ability to influence decisions regarding our business. For additional information, see “Description of Our Common Shares—Voting Rights”.

 

Other Governance Matters

 

Other than the limited shareholder voting rights described above, our operating agreement vests most other decisions relating to our assets and to the business of our Company, including decisions relating to acquisitions, originations and dispositions, the engagement of asset managers, the issuance of securities in our Company including additional common shares, mergers, dispositions, roll-up transactions, and other decisions relating to our business, in our Manager. See “Management” for more information about the rights and responsibilities of our Manager.

 

25

 

 

Investment Company Act Considerations

 

We intend to continue to conduct our operations so that neither we, nor any of our subsidiaries, is required to register as investment companies under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the Investment Company Act. Section 3(a)(1)(A) of the Investment Company Act defines an investment company as any issuer that is or holds itself out as being engaged primarily in the business of investing, reinvesting or trading in securities. Section 3(a)(1)(C) of the Investment Company Act defines an investment company as any issuer that is engaged or proposes to engage in the business of investing, reinvesting, owning, holding or trading in securities and owns or proposes to acquire investment securities having a value exceeding 40% of the value of the issuer’s total assets (exclusive of U.S. Government securities and cash items) on an unconsolidated basis, which we refer to as the 40% test. Excluded from the term “investment securities”, among other things, are U.S. Government securities and securities issued by majority-owned subsidiaries that are not themselves investment companies and are not relying on the exception from the definition of investment company set forth in Section 3(c)(1) or Section 3(c)(7) of the Investment Company Act.

 

We anticipate that we will continue to hold real estate and real estate-related assets described below (i) directly, (ii) through wholly-owned subsidiaries, (iii) through majority-owned joint venture subsidiaries, and, (iv) to a lesser extent, through minority-owned joint venture subsidiaries. We will limit what we buy and hold through minority-owned joint venture subsidiaries because assets held in such subsidiaries will not be deemed investment securities.

 

We intend, directly or through our subsidiaries, to continue to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate investments. We expect to use substantially all of the net proceeds from this offering to originate, acquire and structure a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate-related debt securities and other real estate-related assets.

 

We will monitor our compliance with the 40% test and the holdings of our subsidiaries to ensure that each of our subsidiaries is in compliance with an applicable exemption or exclusion from registration as an investment company under the Investment Company Act.

 

The securities issued by any wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary that we may form and that are excluded from the definition of “investment company” based on Section 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) of the Investment Company Act, together with any other investment securities we may own, may not have a value in excess of 40% of the value of our total assets on an unconsolidated basis.

 

The Investment Company Act defines a majority-owned subsidiary of a person as a company 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of which are owned by such person, or by another company which is a majority-owned subsidiary of such person. We treat companies in which we own at least a majority of the outstanding voting securities as majority-owned subsidiaries. The determination of whether an entity is a majority-owned subsidiary of our Company is made by us. We also treat subsidiaries of which we or our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is the manager (in a manager-managed entity) or managing member (in a member-managed entity) or in which our agreement or the agreement of our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is required for all major decisions affecting the subsidiaries (referred to herein as “Controlled Subsidiaries”), as majority-owned subsidiaries even though none of the interests issued by such Controlled Subsidiaries meets the definition of voting securities under the Investment Company Act. We reached our conclusion on the basis that the interests issued by the Controlled Subsidiaries are the functional equivalent of voting securities. We have not asked the SEC staff for concurrence of our analysis and it is possible that the SEC staff could disagree with any of our determinations. If the SEC staff were to disagree with our treatment of one or more companies as majority-owned subsidiaries, we would need to adjust our strategy and our assets. Any such adjustment in our strategy could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

We believe that neither we nor certain of our subsidiaries will be considered investment companies for purposes of Section 3(a)(1)(A) of the Investment Company Act because we and they will not engage primarily or hold themselves out as being primarily engaged in the business of investing, reinvesting or trading in securities. Rather, we and such subsidiaries will be primarily engaged in non-investment company businesses related to real estate. Consequently, we and our subsidiaries expect to be able to conduct our operations such that none will be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act.

 

Certain of our subsidiaries may also rely upon the exclusion from the definition of investment company under Section 3(c)(5)(C) of the Investment Company Act. Section 3(c)(5)(C), as interpreted by the staff of the SEC, requires an entity to invest at least 55% of its assets in “mortgages and other liens on and interests in real estate”, which we refer to as “qualifying real estate interests”, and at least 80% of its assets in qualifying real estate interests plus “real estate-related assets”.

 

Qualification for exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act will limit our ability to make certain investments. To the extent that the SEC staff provides more specific guidance regarding any of the matters bearing upon such exclusions, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly. Any additional guidance from the SEC staff could provide additional flexibility to us, or it could further inhibit our ability to pursue the strategies we have chosen.

 

The loss of our exclusion from regulation pursuant to the Investment Company Act could require us to restructure our operations, sell certain of our assets or abstain from the purchase of certain assets, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. See “Risk Factors—Risks related to Our Organizational Structure—Maintenance of our Investment Company Act exemption imposes limits on our operations, which may adversely affect our operations”.

 

26

 

 

RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in our common shares involves substantial risks. You should carefully consider the following risk factors in addition to the other information contained in this offering circular before purchasing shares. The occurrence of any of the following risks might cause you to lose a significant part of your investment. The risks and uncertainties discussed below are not the only ones we face, but do represent those risks and uncertainties that we believe are most significant to our business, operating results, prospects and financial condition. Some statements in this offering circular, including statements in the following risk factors, constitute forward-looking statements. Please refer to the section entitled “Statements Regarding Forward-Looking Information”.

 

Risks Related to an Investment in Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC

 

We have a limited prior operating history, and the prior performance of our sponsor or other real estate investment opportunities sponsored by our sponsor may not predict our future results.

 

We have a limited operating history. You should not assume that our performance will be similar to the past performance of our sponsor or other real estate investment opportunities sponsored by our sponsor. Our limited operating history significantly increases the risk and uncertainty you face in making an investment in our shares.

 

Because no public trading market for your shares currently exists, it will be difficult for you to sell your shares and, if you are able to sell your shares, you will likely sell them at a substantial discount to the public offering price.

 

Our operating agreement does not require our Manager to seek shareholder approval to liquidate our assets by a specified date, nor does our operating agreement require our Manager to list our shares for trading on a national securities exchange by a specified date. There is no public market for our shares and we currently have no plans to list our shares on a stock exchange or other trading market. Until our shares are listed, if ever, you may not sell your shares unless the buyer meets the applicable suitability and minimum purchase standards. In addition, our operating agreement prohibits the ownership of more than 9.8% in value or number of our shares, whichever is more restrictive, or more than 9.8% in value or number of our common shares, whichever is more restrictive, unless exempted by our Manager, which may inhibit large investors from purchasing your shares. In its sole discretion, including to protect our operations and our non-redeemed shareholders, to prevent an undue burden on our liquidity or to preserve our status as a REIT, our Manager could amend, suspend or terminate our redemption plan without notice. Further, the redemption plan includes numerous restrictions that would limit your ability to sell your shares. We describe these restrictions in more detail under “Description of Our Common Shares —Redemption Plan”. Therefore, it will be difficult for you to redeem and/or sell your shares promptly or at all. If you are able to sell your shares, you would likely have to sell them at a substantial discount to their public offering price. It is also likely that your shares would not be accepted as the primary collateral for a loan. Because of the illiquid nature of our shares, you should purchase our shares only as a long-term investment and be prepared to hold them for an indefinite period of time.

 

If we are unable to find suitable investments, we may not be able to achieve our investment objectives or pay distributions.

 

Our ability to achieve our investment objectives and to pay distributions depends upon the performance of our Manager in the acquisition of our investments and the ability of our Manager to source investment opportunities for us. The more money we raise in this offering, the greater our challenge will be to invest all of the net offering proceeds on attractive terms. Except for investments that may be described in supplements to this offering circular prior to the date you subscribe for our shares, you will have no opportunity to evaluate the economic merits or the terms of our investments before making a decision to invest in our Company. You must rely entirely on the management abilities of our Manager. We cannot assure you that our Manager will be successful in obtaining suitable investments on financially attractive terms or that, if our Manager makes investments on our behalf, our objectives will be achieved. If we, through our Manager, are unable to find suitable investments promptly, we will hold the proceeds from this offering in an interest-bearing account or invest the proceeds in short-term assets in a manner that is consistent with our qualification as a REIT. If we would continue to be unsuccessful in locating suitable investments, we may ultimately decide to liquidate. In the event we are unable to timely locate suitable investments, we may be unable or limited in our ability to pay distributions and we may not be able to meet our investment objectives.

 

If we pay distributions from sources other than our cash flow from operations, we will have less funds available for investments and your overall return will be reduced.

 

Although our distribution policy is to use our cash flow from operations to make distributions, our organization documents permit us to pay distributions from any source, including offering proceeds, borrowings, or sales of assets. Until the proceeds from this offering are fully invested and from time to time during the operational stage, we may not generate sufficient cash flow from operations to fund distributions. If we pay distributions from financings, the net proceeds from this or future offerings or other sources other than our cash flow from operations, we will have less funds available for investments in real estate properties and other real estate-related assets and the number of real estate properties that we invest in and the overall return to our shareholders may be reduced. If we fund distributions from borrowings, our interest expense and other financing costs, as well as the repayment of such borrowings, will reduce our earnings and cash flow from operations available for distribution in future periods, and accordingly your overall return may be reduced. If we fund distributions from the sale of assets or the maturity, payoff or settlement of debt investments, this will affect our ability to generate cash flows from operations in future periods.

 

27

 

 

Future disruptions in the financial markets or deteriorating economic conditions or public health crises could adversely impact the commercial real estate market as well as the market for equity-related investments generally, which could hinder our ability to implement our business strategy and generate returns to you.

 

We intend to continue to originate and acquire a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate equity investments. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate debt securities (including CMBS, CDOs, and REIT senior unsecured debt) and other real estate-related assets. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns. Economic conditions greatly increase the risks of these investments (see “— Risks Related to Our Investments”). The success of our business is significantly related to general economic conditions and, accordingly, our business could be harmed by an economic slowdown and downturn in real estate asset values, property sales and leasing activities. Periods of economic slowdown or recession, significantly rising interest rates, declining employment levels, decreasing demand for real estate, declining real estate values, or the public perception that any of these events may occur, can reduce volumes for many of our business lines. These economic conditions could result in a general decline in acquisition, disposition and leasing activity, as well as a general decline in the value of real estate and in rents, which in turn would reduce revenue from property management fees and brokerage commissions derived from property sales, leases and mortgage brokerage as well as revenues associated with investment management and/or development activities. In addition, these conditions could lead to a decline in property sales prices as well as a decline in funds invested in existing commercial real estate assets and properties planned for development.

 

Future disruptions in the financial markets, deteriorating economic conditions or public health crises may also impact the market for our investments and the volatility of our investments. The returns available to investors in our targeted investments are determined, in part, by: (i) the supply and demand for such investments and (ii) the existence of a market for such investments, which includes the ability to sell or finance such investments. During periods of volatility, the number of investors participating in the market may change at an accelerated pace. If either demand or liquidity increases, the cost of our targeted investments may increase. As a result, we may have fewer funds available to make distributions to investors.

 

During an economic downturn, it may also take longer for us to dispose of real estate investments or the selling prices may be lower than originally anticipated. As a result, the carrying value of our real estate investments may become impaired and we could record losses as a result of such impairment or we could experience reduced profitability related to declines in real estate values. Further, as a result of our target leverage, our exposure to adverse general economic conditions is heightened.

 

These negative general economic conditions could reduce the overall amount of sale and leasing activity in the commercial real estate industry, and hence the demand for our services. We are unable to predict the likely duration and severity of disruptions in financial markets and adverse economic conditions in the United States and other countries. Our revenues and profitability depend on the overall demand for our services from our clients. While it is possible that the increase in the number of distressed sales and resulting decrease in asset prices will eventually translate to greater market activity, an overall reduction in sales transaction volume could materially and adversely impact our business.

 

All of the factors described above could adversely impact our ability to implement our business strategy and make distributions to our investors and could decrease the value of an investment in us. In addition, in an extreme deterioration of our business, we could have insufficient liquidity to meet our debt service obligations when they come due in future years. If we fail to meet our payment or other obligations under our credit agreement, the lenders under the agreement will be entitled to proceed against the collateral granted to them to secure the debt owed.

 

We may suffer from delays in locating suitable investments, which could limit our ability to make distributions and lower the overall return on your investment.

 

We rely upon our Manager’s real estate professionals, including Mr. Benjamin S. Miller, its Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, to identify suitable investments. Our sponsor and other Fundrise entities also rely on Mr. Miller for investment opportunities. To the extent that our Manager’s real estate professionals face competing demands upon their time in instances when we have capital ready for investment, we may face delays in execution.

 

Additionally, the current market for properties that meet our investment objectives is highly competitive, as is the leasing market for such properties. The more shares we sell in this offering, the greater our challenge will be to invest all of the net offering proceeds on attractive terms. Except for investments that may be described in supplements to this offering circular prior to the date you subscribe for our shares, you will have no opportunity to evaluate the terms of transactions or other economic or financial data concerning our investments. You must rely entirely on the oversight and management ability of our Manager and the performance of any property manager. We cannot be sure that our Manager will be successful in obtaining suitable investments on financially attractive terms.

 

28

 

 

We could also suffer from delays in locating suitable investments as a result of our reliance on our Manager at times when its officers, employees, or agents are simultaneously seeking to locate suitable investments for other Fundrise sponsored programs, some of which have investment objectives and employ investment strategies that are similar to ours. Furthermore, where we acquire properties prior to the start of construction or during the early stages of construction, it will typically take several months to complete construction and rent available space. Therefore, you could suffer delays in the receipt of distributions attributable to those particular properties.

 

Further, because we are raising a “blind pool” without any pre-selected assets, it may be difficult for us to invest the net offering proceeds promptly and on attractive terms. Delays we encounter in the selection and origination of income-producing loans and other assets would likely limit our ability to pay distributions to our shareholders and lower their overall returns. Similar concerns arise when there are prepayments, maturities or sales of our investments.

 

You may be more likely to sustain a loss on your investment because our sponsor does not have as strong an economic incentive to avoid losses as do sponsors who have made significant equity investments in their companies.

 

Fundrise, L.P., an affiliate of our sponsor, and our sponsor have only invested approximately $100,000 in us through the purchase of 10,000 of our common shares at $10.00 per share. Therefore, if we are successful in raising enough proceeds to be able to reimburse our sponsor for our organization and offering expenses, our sponsor will have little exposure to loss in the value of our shares. Without this exposure, our investors may be at a greater risk of loss because our sponsor does not have as much to lose from a decrease in the value of our shares as do those sponsors who make more significant equity investments in their companies.

 

Because we are limited in the amount of funds we can raise, we will be limited in the number and type of investments we make and the value of your investment in us will fluctuate with the performance of the specific assets we acquire.

 

This offering is being made on a “best efforts” basis. Further, under Regulation A, we are only allowed to raise up to $50 million in any 12 month period (although we may raise capital in other ways). We expect the size of the investments that we make to be between $3.0 million to $10.0 million per asset. As a result, the amount of proceeds we raise in this offering may be substantially less than the amount we would need to achieve a diversified portfolio of investments, even if we are successful in raising the maximum offering amount. If we are unable to raise substantial funds, we will make fewer investments resulting in less diversification in terms of the type, number and size of investments that we make. In that case, the likelihood that any single asset’s performance would adversely affect our profitability will increase. Your investment in our shares will be subject to greater risk to the extent that we lack a diversified portfolio of investments. Further, we have certain fixed operating expenses, including certain expenses as a public reporting company, regardless of whether we are able to raise substantial funds in this offering. Our inability to raise substantial funds would increase our fixed operating expenses as a percentage of gross income, reducing our net income and limiting our ability to make distributions.

 

Any adverse changes in our sponsor’s financial health or our relationship with our sponsor or its affiliates could hinder our operating performance and the return on your investment.

 

Our Manager manages our operations and our portfolio of commercial real estate equity investments and other select real estate-related assets. Our Manager has no employees, and utilizes our sponsor’s personnel to perform services on its behalf for us. Our ability to achieve our investment objectives and to pay distributions is dependent upon the performance of our sponsor and its affiliates as well as our sponsor’s real estate professionals in the identification and acquisition or origination of investments, the management of our assets and operation of our day-to-day activities. Any adverse changes in our sponsor’s financial condition or our relationship with our sponsor could hinder our Manager’s ability to successfully manage our operations and our portfolio of investments.

 

Our ability to implement our investment strategy is dependent, in part, upon our ability to successfully conduct this offering through the Fundrise Platform, which makes an investment in us more speculative.

 

We will continue to conduct this offering primarily through the Fundrise Platform, which is owned by Fundrise, LLC. Only a limited number of real estate investment opportunities have been offered through the Fundrise Platform prior to this offering. Our sponsor has sponsored other real estate investment opportunities under other formats prior to this offering. The success of this offering, and our ability to implement our business strategy, is dependent upon our ability to sell our shares to investors through the Fundrise Platform. If we are not successful in selling our shares through the Fundrise Platform, our ability to raise proceeds through this offering will be limited and we may not have adequate capital to implement our investment strategy. If we are unsuccessful in implementing our investment strategy, you could lose all or a part of your investment.

 

29

 

 

If we do not successfully implement a liquidity transaction, you may have to hold your investment for an indefinite period.

 

Although we presently intend to complete a transaction providing liquidity to shareholders within approximately five to seven years from the one year anniversary of the qualification of our initial offering, our operating agreement does not require our Manager to pursue such a liquidity transaction. Market conditions and other factors could cause us to delay the listing of our shares on a national securities exchange or delay the commencement of a liquidation or other type of liquidity transaction, such as a merger or sale of assets, beyond five to seven years from the one year anniversary of the qualification of our initial offering. If our Manager does determine to pursue a liquidity transaction, we would be under no obligation to conclude the process within a set time. If we adopt a plan of liquidation, the timing of the sale of assets will depend on real estate and financial markets, economic conditions in areas in which properties are located, and the U.S. federal income tax effects on shareholders, that may prevail in the future. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to liquidate all assets. After we adopt a plan of liquidation, we would likely remain in existence until all our investments are liquidated. If we do not pursue a liquidity transaction, or delay such a transaction due to market conditions, your shares may continue to be illiquid and you may, for an indefinite period of time, be unable to convert your investment to cash easily and could suffer losses on your investment.

 

We may change our targeted investments and investment guidelines without shareholder consent.

 

Our Manager may change our targeted investments and investment guidelines at any time without the consent of our shareholders, which could result in our making investments that are different from, and possibly riskier than, the investments described in this offering circular. A change in our targeted investments or investment guidelines may increase our exposure to interest rate risk, default risk and real estate market fluctuations, all of which could adversely affect the value of our common shares and our ability to make distributions to you.

 

The market in which we participate is competitive and, if we do not compete effectively, our operating results could be harmed.

 

We compete with many other entities engaged in real estate investment activities, including individuals, corporations, bank and insurance company investment accounts, other REITs, private real estate funds, and other entities engaged in real estate investment activities as well as online real estate platforms that compete with the Fundrise Platform. This market is competitive and rapidly changing. We expect competition to persist and intensify in the future, which could harm our ability to increase volume on the Fundrise Platform. In particular, our investment objectives and strategies are similar to other Fundrise eREITs®, such as Fundrise Equity REIT, LLC, Fundrise Growth eREIT II, LLC, Fundrise Growth eREIT III, LLC, Fundrise Growth eREIT V, LLC and Fundrise Growth eREIT VI, LLC, which are also managed by our Manager. See “Conflicts of Interest” for more information.

 

Competition could result in reduced volumes, reduced fees or the failure of the Fundrise Platform to achieve or maintain more widespread market acceptance, any of which could harm our business. In addition, in the future we and the Fundrise Platform may experience new competition from more established internet companies possessing large, existing customer bases, substantial financial resources and established distribution channels. If any of these companies or any major financial institution decided to enter the online investment business, acquire one of our existing competitors or form a strategic alliance with one of our competitors, our ability to compete effectively could be significantly compromised and our operating results could be harmed.

 

Most of our current or potential competitors have significantly more financial, technical, marketing and other resources than we do and may be able to devote greater resources to the development, promotion, sale and support of their platforms and distribution channels. Larger real estate programs may enjoy significant competitive advantages that result from, among other things, a lower cost of capital and enhanced operating efficiencies. In addition, the number of entities and the amount of funds competing for suitable properties may increase. Any such increase would result in increased demand for these assets and therefore increased prices paid for them. If we pay higher prices for properties and other investments, our profitability will be reduced and you may experience a lower return on your investment.

 

Our potential competitors may also have longer operating histories, more extensive customer bases, greater brand recognition and broader customer relationships than we have. These competitors may be better able to develop new products, to respond quickly to new technologies and to undertake more extensive marketing campaigns. The online real estate investing industry is driven by constant innovation. If we or the Fundrise Platform are unable to compete with such companies and meet the need for innovation, the demand for the Fundrise Platform could stagnate or substantially decline.

 

We rely on third-party banks and on third-party computer hardware and software. If we are unable to continue utilizing these services, our business and ability to service the corresponding project loans and equity investments may be adversely affected.

 

We and the Fundrise Platform rely on third-party and FDIC-insured depository institutions to process our transactions, including payments of corresponding loans and equity investments, processing of subscriptions under this offering and distributions to our shareholders. Under the Automated Clearing House (ACH) rules, if we experience a high rate of reversed transactions (known as “chargebacks”), we may be subject to sanctions and potentially disqualified from using the system to process payments. The Fundrise Platform also relies on computer hardware purchased and software licensed from third parties. This purchased or licensed hardware and software may be physically located off-site, as is often the case with “cloud services”. This purchased or licensed hardware and software may not continue to be available on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. If the Fundrise Platform cannot continue to obtain such services elsewhere, or if it cannot transition to another processor quickly, our ability to process payments will suffer and your ability to receive distributions will be delayed or impaired.

 

30

 

 

If our Manager fails to retain its key personnel, we may not be able to achieve our anticipated level of growth and our business could suffer.

 

Our future depends, in part, on our Manager’s ability to attract and retain key personnel. Our future also depends on the continued contributions of the executive officers and other key personnel of our Manager, each of whom would be difficult to replace. In particular, the Founder/Chief Executive Officer Benjamin S. Miller of our parent company and sponsor, Rise Companies Corp., who is the Chief Executive Officer of our Manager, is critical to the management of our business and operations and the development of our strategic direction. The loss of the services of Mr. Benjamin S. Miller or other executive officers or key personnel of our Manager and the process to replace any of our Manager’s key personnel would involve significant time and expense and may significantly delay or prevent the achievement of our business objectives.

 

Employee misconduct and unsubstantiated allegations against us and misconduct by employees of our sponsor could expose us to significant reputational harm.

 

We are vulnerable to reputational harm, as we operate in an industry where integrity and the confidence of our investors are of critical importance. If an employee of our sponsor or its affiliates were to engage in illegal or suspicious activities, or if unsubstantiated allegations are made against us or our sponsor by such employees, stockholders or others, our sponsor and we may suffer serious harm to our reputation (as a consequence of the negative perception resulting from such activities or allegations), financial position, relationships with key persons and companies in the real estate market, and our ability to attract new investors. Our business often requires that we deal with confidential information. If employees of our sponsor were to improperly use or disclose this information, we could suffer serious harm to our reputation, financial position and current and future business relationships.

 

It is not always possible to deter employee misconduct, and the precautions our sponsor takes to detect and prevent this activity may not be effective in all cases. Misconduct by our sponsor’s employees, or even unsubstantiated allegations of misconduct, could subject our sponsor and us to regulatory sanctions and result in an adverse effect on our reputation and our business.

 

If our techniques for managing risk are ineffective, we may be exposed to unanticipated losses.

 

In order to manage the significant risks inherent in our business, we must maintain effective policies, procedures and systems that enable us to identify, monitor and control our exposure to market, operational, legal and reputational risks. Our risk management methods may prove to be ineffective due to their design or implementation or as a result of the lack of adequate, accurate or timely information. If our risk management efforts are ineffective, we could suffer losses or face litigation, particularly from our clients, and sanctions or fines from regulators.

 

Our techniques for managing risks may not fully mitigate the risk exposure in all economic or market environments, or against all types of risk, including risks that we might fail to identify or anticipate. Any failures in our risk management techniques and strategies to accurately quantify such risk exposure could limit our ability to manage risks or to seek positive, risk-adjusted returns. In addition, any risk management failures could cause fund losses to be significantly greater than historical measures predict. Our more qualitative approach to managing those risks could prove insufficient, exposing us to unanticipated losses in our net asset value and therefore a reduction in our revenues.

 

This offering is focused on attracting a large number of investors that plan on making relatively small investments. An inability to attract such investors may have an adverse effect on the success of our offering, and we may not raise adequate capital to implement our business strategy.

 

Our common shares are being offered and sold only to “qualified purchasers” (as defined in Regulation A). “Qualified purchasers” include: (i) “accredited investors” under Rule 501(a) of Regulation D (which, in the case of natural persons, (A) have an individual net worth, or joint net worth with the person’s spouse, that exceeds $1,000,000 at the time of the purchase, excluding the value of the primary residence of such person, or (B) earned income exceeding $200,000 in each of the two most recent years or joint income with a spouse exceeding $300,000 for those years and a reasonable expectation of the same income level in the current year) and (ii) all other investors so long as their investment in the particular issuer does not represent more than 10% of the greater of their annual income or net worth (for natural persons), or 10% of the greater of annual revenue or net assets at fiscal year-end (for non-natural persons). However, we intend to continue to offer and sell our common shares only to those investors that are within the latter category (i.e., investors whose investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the applicable amount), regardless of an investor’s status as an “accredited investor”.  Therefore, our target investor base inherently consists of persons that may not have the high net worth or income that investors in a traditional initial public offerings have, where the investor base is typically composed of “accredited investors”.

 

31

 

 

Our reliance on attracting investors that may not meet the net worth or income requirements of “accredited investors” carries certain risks that may not be present in traditional initial public offerings. For example, certain economic, geopolitical and social conditions may influence the investing habits and risk tolerance of these smaller investors to a greater extent than “accredited investors”, which may have an adverse effect on our ability to raise adequate capital to implement our business strategy. Additionally, our focus on investors that plan on making, or are able to make, relatively small investments requires a larger investor base in order to meet our annual goal of raising $50 million in our offering. We may have difficulties in attracting a large investor base, which may have an adverse effect on the success of this offering, and a larger investor base involves increased transaction costs, which will increase our expenses.

 

Risks Related to our Sponsor and the Fundrise Platform

 

Our sponsor is a development stage company with limited operating history and no profits to date. As a company in the early stages of development, our sponsor faces increased risks, uncertainties, expenses and difficulties.

 

In order for us to be successful, the volume of investments originated through the Fundrise Platform will need to increase, which will require our sponsor to increase its facilities, personnel and infrastructure to accommodate the greater obligations and demands on the Fundrise Platform. The Fundrise Platform is dependent upon the website to maintain current listings and transactions in real estate-related assets. Our sponsor also expects to constantly update its software and website, expand its customer support services and retain an appropriate number of employees to maintain the operations of the Fundrise Platform. If our business grows substantially, our sponsor may need to make significant new investments in personnel and infrastructure to support that growth. If our sponsor is unable to increase the capacity of the Fundrise Platform and maintain the necessary infrastructure, or if our sponsor is unable to make significant investments on a timely basis or at reasonable costs, you may experience delays in receipt of distributions on our common shares, periodic downtime of the Fundrise Platform or other disruptions to our business and operations.

 

Our sponsor will need to raise substantial additional capital to fund its operations, and if it fails to obtain additional funding, it may be unable to continue operations.

 

Prior to January 2017, our sponsor had funded substantially all of its operations with proceeds from private financings from individual investors. On January 31, 2017, our sponsor began an initial offering of shares of its class B common stock to the public. As of May 13, 2020, our sponsor had raised approximately $66.9 million through such equity offering. To continue the development of the Fundrise Platform, our sponsor will require substantial additional funds. To meet such financing requirements in the future, our sponsor may raise funds through equity offerings, debt financings or strategic alliances. Raising additional funds may involve agreements or covenants that restrict our sponsor’s business activities and options. Additional funding may not be available to it on favorable terms, or at all. If our sponsor is unable to obtain additional funds for the operation of the Fundrise Platform, it may be forced to reduce or terminate its operations, which may adversely affect our business and results of operations.

 

Our sponsor is currently incurring net losses and expects to continue incurring net losses in the future.

 

Our sponsor is currently incurring net losses and expects to continue incurring net losses in the future. Its failure to become profitable could impair the operations of the Fundrise Platform by limiting its access to working capital to operate the Fundrise Platform. In addition, our sponsor expects its operating expenses to increase in the future as it expands its operations. If our sponsor’s operating expenses exceed its expectations, its financial performance could be adversely affected. If its revenue does not grow to offset these increased expenses, our sponsor may never become profitable. In future periods, our sponsor may not have any revenue growth, or its revenue could decline.

 

If our sponsor were to enter bankruptcy proceedings, the operation of the Fundrise Platform and the activities with respect to our operations and business would be interrupted and subscription proceeds held in a segregated account may be subject to the bankruptcy.

 

If our sponsor were to enter bankruptcy proceedings or cease operations, we would be required to find other ways to meet obligations regarding our operations and business. Such alternatives could result in delays in the disbursement of distributions or the filing of reports or could require us to pay significant fees to another company that we engage to perform services for us.

 

32

 

 

If the security of our investors’ confidential information stored in our sponsor’s systems is breached or otherwise subjected to unauthorized access, your secure information may be stolen.

 

The Fundrise Platform may store investors’ bank information and other personally-identifiable sensitive data. The Fundrise Platform is hosted in data centers that are compliant with payment card industry security standards and the website uses daily security monitoring services provided by Symantec Corporation. However, any accidental or willful security breach or other unauthorized access could cause your secure information to be stolen and used for criminal purposes, and you would be subject to increased risk of fraud or identity theft. Because techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or to sabotage systems change frequently and generally are not recognized until they are launched against a target, the Fundrise Platform and its third-party hosting facilities may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures. In addition, many states have enacted laws requiring companies to notify individuals of data security breaches involving their personal data. These mandatory disclosures regarding a security breach are costly to implement and often lead to widespread negative publicity, which may cause our investors and real estate companies to lose confidence in the effectiveness of our data security measures. Any security breach, whether actual or perceived, would harm our reputation, resulting in the potential loss of investors and adverse effect on the value of your investment in us.

 

Any significant disruption in service on the Fundrise Platform or in its computer systems could reduce the attractiveness of the Fundrise Platform and result in a loss of users.

 

If a catastrophic event resulted in a platform outage and physical data loss, the Fundrise Platform’s ability to perform its functions would be adversely affected. The satisfactory performance, reliability, and availability of our sponsor’s technology and its underlying hosting services infrastructure are critical to our sponsor’s operations, level of customer service, reputation and ability to attract new users and retain existing users. Our sponsor’s hosting services infrastructure is provided by a third party hosting provider (the “Hosting Provider”). Our sponsor also maintains a backup system at a separate location that is owned and operated by a third party. The Hosting Provider does not guarantee that users’ access to the Fundrise Platform will be uninterrupted, error-free or secure. Our sponsor’s operations depend on the Hosting Provider’s ability to protect its and our sponsor’s systems in its facilities against damage or interruption from natural disasters, power or telecommunications failures, air quality, temperature, humidity and other environmental concerns, computer viruses or other attempts to harm our systems, criminal acts and similar events. If our sponsor’s arrangement with the Hosting Provider is terminated, or there is a lapse of service or damage to its facilities, our sponsor could experience interruptions in its service as well as delays and additional expense in arranging new facilities. Any interruptions or delays in our sponsor’s service, whether as a result of an error by the Hosting Provider or other third-party error, our sponsor’s own error, natural disasters or security breaches, whether accidental or willful, could harm our ability to perform any services for corresponding project investments or maintain accurate accounts, and could harm our sponsor’s relationships with users of the Fundrise Platform and our sponsor’s reputation. Additionally, in the event of damage or interruption, our sponsor’s insurance policies may not adequately compensate our sponsor for any losses that we may incur. Our sponsor’s disaster recovery plan has not been tested under actual disaster conditions, and it may not have sufficient capacity to recover all data and services in the event of an outage at a facility operated by the Hosting Provider. These factors could prevent us from processing or posting payments on the corresponding investments, damage our sponsor’s brand and reputation, divert our sponsor’s employees’ attention, and cause users to abandon the Fundrise Platform.

 

We do not own the Fundrise name, but were granted a license by our sponsor to use the Fundrise name. Use of the name by other parties or the termination of our license agreement may harm our business.

 

We have entered into a license agreement with our sponsor, pursuant to which our sponsor has granted us a non-exclusive, royalty-free license to use the name “Fundrise”. Under this agreement, we have a right to use the “Fundrise” name as long as our Manager continues to manage us. Our sponsor has retained the right to continue using the “Fundrise” name. Our sponsor is not precluded from licensing or transferring the ownership of the “Fundrise” name to third parties, some of whom may compete against us. Consequently, we will be unable to prevent any damage to the goodwill associated with our name that may occur as a result of the activities of our sponsor or others related to the use of our name. Furthermore, in the event the license agreement is terminated, we will be required to change our name and cease using the “Fundrise” name. Any of these events could disrupt our recognition in the market place, damage any goodwill we may have generated and otherwise harm our business.

 

Risks Related to Compliance and Regulation

 

We intend to continue to offer our common shares pursuant to recent amendments to Regulation A promulgated pursuant to the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and we cannot be certain if the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to Tier 2 issuers will make our common shares less attractive to investors as compared to a traditional initial public offering.

 

As a Tier 2 issuer, we are subject to scaled disclosure and reporting requirements, which may make our common shares less attractive to investors as compared to a traditional initial public offering, which may make an investment in our common shares less attractive to investors who are accustomed to enhanced disclosure and more frequent financial reporting. In addition, given the relative lack of regulatory precedence regarding the recent amendments to Regulation A, there is a significant amount of regulatory uncertainty in regard to how the SEC or the individual state securities regulators will regulate both the offer and sale of our securities, as well as any ongoing compliance that we may be subject to. If our scaled disclosure and reporting requirements, or regulatory uncertainty regarding Regulation A, reduces the attractiveness of our common shares, we may be unable to raise the necessary funds necessary to commence operations, or to develop a diversified portfolio of real estate investments, which could severely affect the value of our common shares.

 

33

 

 

Under Section 107 of the JOBS Act, we are permitted to use the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. This permits us to delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to use the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until the earlier of the date that we (i) are no longer an emerging growth company or (ii) affirmatively and irrevocably opt out of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B). By electing to extend the transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with all public accounting standards.

 

Our use of Form 1-A and our reliance on Regulation A for this offering may make it more difficult to raise capital as and when we need it, as compared to if we were conducting a traditional initial public offering on Form S-11.

 

Because of the exemptions from various reporting requirements provided to us under Regulation A and because we are only permitted to raise up to $50 million in any 12 month period under Regulation A (although we may raise capital in other ways), we may be less attractive to investors and it may be difficult for us to raise additional capital as and when we need it. Investors may be unable to compare our business with other companies in our industry if they believe that our financial accounting is not as transparent as other companies in our industry. If we are unable to raise additional capital as and when we need it, our financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

 

There may be deficiencies with our internal controls that require improvements, and if we are unable to adequately evaluate internal controls, we may be subject to sanctions.

 

As a Tier 2 issuer, we do not need to provide a report on the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting, and we are exempt from the auditor attestation requirements concerning any such report so long as we are a Tier 2 issuer. We are in the process of evaluating whether our internal control procedures are effective and therefore there is a greater likelihood of undiscovered errors in our internal controls or reported financial statements as compared to issuers that have conducted such evaluations.

 

Non-compliance with laws and regulations may impair our ability to arrange, service or otherwise manage our loans and other assets.

 

Failure to comply with the laws and regulatory requirements applicable to our business may, among other things, limit our, or a collection agency’s, ability to collect all or part of the payments on our investments. In addition, our non-compliance could subject us to damages, revocation of required licenses or other authorities, class action lawsuits, administrative enforcement actions, and civil and criminal liability, which may harm our business.

 

Some states, including California, require nonfinancial companies, such as Fundrise Lending, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Rise Companies Corp. (“Fundrise Lending”) that work with our Manager to originate loans and other real estate investments, to obtain a real estate or other license in order to make commercial loans on a regular basis. Fundrise Lending has a California Finance Lenders Law License with California’s Department of Business Oversight that satisfies the requirements in California. Fundrise Lending does not intend to finance loans in states where such licenses are required until it obtains the required license. Fundrise Lending may, in the future, affiliate itself with third parties such as financial institutions in order to be able to arrange loans in jurisdictions where it might otherwise be restricted.

 

Maintenance of our Investment Company Act exemption imposes limits on our operations, which may adversely affect our operations.

 

We intend to continue to conduct our operations so that neither we nor any of our subsidiaries is required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act. We anticipate that we will hold real estate and real estate-related assets described below (i) directly, (ii) through wholly-owned subsidiaries, (iii) through majority-owned joint venture subsidiaries, and, (iv) to a lesser extent, through minority-owned joint venture subsidiaries. We will limit what we buy and hold through minority-owned joint venture subsidiaries because assets held in such subsidiaries will not be deemed investment securities.

 

We intend, directly or through our subsidiaries, to continue to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate investments. We expect to use substantially all of the net proceeds from this offering to originate, acquire and structure a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate-related debt securities and other real estate-related assets.

 

In connection with the Section 3(a)(1)(C) analysis, the determination of whether an entity is a majority-owned subsidiary of our Company is made by us. The Investment Company Act defines a majority-owned subsidiary of a person as a company 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of which are owned by such person, or by another company which is a majority-owned subsidiary of such person. The Investment Company Act further defines voting security as any security presently entitling the owner or holder thereof to vote for the election of directors of a company. We treat companies in which we own at least a majority of the outstanding voting securities as majority-owned subsidiaries. We also treat subsidiaries of which we or our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is the manager (in a manager-managed entity) or managing member (in a member-managed entity) or in which our agreement or the agreement of our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is required for all major decisions affecting the subsidiaries (referred to herein as “Controlled Subsidiaries”), as majority-owned subsidiaries even though none of the interests issued by such Controlled Subsidiaries meets the definition of voting securities under the Investment Company Act. We reached our conclusion on the basis that the interests issued by the Controlled Subsidiaries are the functional equivalent of voting securities. We have not asked the SEC staff for concurrence of our analysis, our treatment of such interests as voting securities, or whether the Controlled Subsidiaries, or any other of our subsidiaries, may be treated in the manner in which we intend, and it is possible that the SEC staff could disagree with any of our determinations. If the SEC staff were to disagree with our treatment of one or more companies as majority-owned subsidiaries, we would need to adjust our strategy and our assets. Any such adjustment in our strategy could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

34

 

 

Certain of our subsidiaries may rely on the exclusion provided by Section 3(c)(5)(C) under the Investment Company Act. Section 3(c)(5)(C) of the Investment Company Act is designed for entities “primarily engaged in the business of purchasing or otherwise acquiring mortgages and other liens on and interests in real estate”. This exclusion generally requires that at least 55% of the entity’s assets on an unconsolidated basis consist of qualifying real estate assets and at least 80% of the entity’s assets consist of qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets. These requirements limit the assets those subsidiaries can own and the timing of sales and purchases of those assets.

 

To classify the assets held by our subsidiaries as qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets, we rely on no-action letters and other guidance published by the SEC staff regarding those kinds of assets, as well as upon our analyses (in consultation with outside counsel) of guidance published with respect to other types of assets. There can be no assurance that the laws and regulations governing the Investment Company Act status of companies similar to ours, or the guidance from the SEC or its staff regarding the treatment of assets as qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets, will not change in a manner that adversely affects our operations. In fact, in August 2011, the SEC published a concept release in which it asked for comments on this exclusion from regulation. To the extent that the SEC staff provides more specific guidance regarding any of the matters bearing upon our exemption from the need to register or exclusion under the Investment Company Act, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly. Any additional guidance from the SEC staff could further inhibit our ability to pursue the strategies that we have chosen.

 

Furthermore, although we intend to monitor the assets of our subsidiaries regularly, there can be no assurance that our subsidiaries will be able to maintain their exclusion from registration. Any of the foregoing could require us to adjust our strategy, which could limit our ability to make certain investments or require us to sell assets in a manner, at a price or at a time that we otherwise would not have chosen. This could negatively affect the value of our common shares, the sustainability of our business model and our ability to make distributions.

 

Registration under the Investment Company Act would require us to comply with a variety of substantive requirements that impose, among other things:

 

  limitations on capital structure;

 

  restrictions on specified investments;

 

  restrictions on leverage or senior securities;

 

  restrictions on unsecured borrowings;

 

  prohibitions on transactions with affiliates; and

 

  compliance with reporting, record keeping, voting, proxy disclosure and other rules and regulations that would significantly increase our operating expenses.

 

If we were required to register as an investment company but failed to do so, we could be prohibited from engaging in our business, and criminal and civil actions could be brought against us.

 

Registration with the SEC as an investment company would be costly, would subject us to a host of complex regulations and would divert attention from the conduct of our business, which could materially and adversely affect us. In addition, if we purchase or sell any real estate assets to avoid becoming an investment company under the Investment Company Act, our NAV, the amount of funds available for investment and our ability to pay distributions to our shareholders could be materially adversely affected.

 

We are not subject to the banking regulations of any state or federal regulatory agency.

 

We are not subject to the periodic examinations to which commercial banks and other thrift institutions are subject. Consequently, our financing decisions and our decisions regarding establishing loan loss reserves are not subject to periodic review by any governmental agency. Moreover, we are not subject to regulatory oversight relating to our capital, asset quality, management or compliance with laws.

 

Recent legislative and regulatory initiatives have imposed restrictions and requirements on financial institutions that could have an adverse effect on our business.

 

The financial industry is becoming more highly regulated. There has been, and may continue to be, a related increase in regulatory investigations of the trading and other investment activities of alternative investment funds. Such investigations may impose additional expenses on us, may require the attention of senior management of our Manager and may result in fines if we are deemed to have violated any regulations.

 

35

 

 

As Internet commerce develops, federal and state governments may adopt new laws to regulate Internet commerce, which may negatively affect our business.

 

As Internet commerce continues to evolve, increasing regulation by federal and state governments becomes more likely. Our and the Fundrise Platform’s business could be negatively affected by the application of existing laws and regulations or the enactment of new laws applicable to our business. The cost to comply with such laws or regulations could be significant and would increase our operating expenses, which could negatively impact our ability to acquire commercial real estate equity investments and other real estate investments. In addition, federal and state governmental or regulatory agencies may decide to impose taxes on services provided over the Internet. These taxes could discourage the use of the Internet as a means of raising capital, which would adversely affect the viability of the Fundrise Platform.

 

Laws intended to prohibit money laundering may require Fundrise to disclose investor information to regulatory authorities.

 

The Uniting and Strengthening America By Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the “PATRIOT Act”) requires that financial institutions establish and maintain compliance programs to guard against money laundering activities, and requires the Secretary of the U.S. Treasury (“Treasury”) to prescribe regulations in connection with anti-money laundering policies of financial institutions. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”), an agency of the Treasury, has announced that it is likely that such regulations would subject certain pooled investment vehicles to enact anti-money laundering policies. It is possible that there could be promulgated legislation or regulations that would require Fundrise or its service providers to share information with governmental authorities with respect to prospective investors in connection with the establishment of anti-money laundering procedures. Such legislation and/or regulations could require us to implement additional restrictions on the transfer of our common shares to comply with such legislation and/or regulations. We reserve the right to request such information as is necessary to verify the identity of prospective shareholders and the source of the payment of subscription monies, or as is necessary to comply with any customer identification programs required by FinCEN and/or the SEC. In the event of delay or failure by a prospective shareholder to produce any information required for verification purposes, an application for, or transfer of, our common shares may be refused. We do not have the ability to reject a transfer of our common shares where all necessary information is provided and any other applicable transfer requirements, including those imposed under the transfer provisions of our operating agreement, are satisfied.

 

Risks Related to Conflicts of Interest

 

There are conflicts of interest between us, our Manager and its affiliates.

 

Our Manager’s executive officers, including our Manager’s Chief Executive Officer, Benjamin S. Miller, are principals in the Manager’s parent company, Rise Companies Corp., which provides asset management and other services to our Manager and us. Prevailing market rates are determined by Management based on industry standards and expectations of what Management would be able to negotiate with a third party on an arm’s length basis. All of the agreements and arrangements between such parties, including those relating to compensation, are not the result of arm’s length negotiations. Some of the conflicts inherent in our Company’s transactions with the Manager and its affiliates, and the limitations on such parties adopted to address these conflicts, are described below. Our Company, Manager and their affiliates try to balance our interests with their own. However, to the extent that such parties take actions that are more favorable to other entities than us, these actions could have negative impact on our financial performance and, consequently, on distributions to shareholders and the value of our common shares. We have adopted a conflicts of interest policy and certain conflicts will be reviewed by the Independent Representative (defined below). See “Conflicts of Interest—Certain Conflict Resolution Measures—Independent Representative” and “—Our Policies Relating to Conflicts of Interest”.

 

Our Manager faces a conflict of interest because the asset management fee it receives for services performed for us is based on our NAV, which employees of our sponsor, the parent company of our Manager, are ultimately responsible for determining.

 

Our Manager, a wholly-owned subsidiary of our sponsor, is paid an asset management fee which is based on our NAV as calculated by our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team. The calculation of our NAV involves certain subjective judgments with respect to estimating, for example, the value of our commercial real estate assets and investments and accruals of our operating revenues and expenses, and therefore, our NAV may not correspond to the realizable value upon a sale of those assets. Because the calculation of NAV involves subjective judgment, there can be no assurance that the estimates used by our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team to calculate our NAV, or the resulting NAV, will be identical to the estimates that would be used, or the NAV that would be calculated, by an independent consultant. In addition, our Manager may benefit by us retaining ownership of our assets at times when our shareholders may be better served by the sale or disposition of our assets in order to avoid a reduction in our NAV. Finally, the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions.

 

36

 

 

 

Our Manager faces a conflict of interest because the disposition fees it may receive upon liquidation of certain investments will be based on whether our Manager determines, in its sole discretion, to liquidate such investments.

 

Our Manager will be paid a disposition fee of up to 1.50% of the gross proceeds from the liquidation of our investments if our Manager is acting as the real estate developer or is engaged by the developer to sell the project. Our Manager has sole discretion over whether to liquidate a given investment. As such, our Manager faces a conflict of interest because it may benefit financially by deciding to liquidate an investment, when our shareholders may be otherwise better served by us retaining ownership of such property.

 

The interests of the Manager, the principals and its other affiliates may conflict with your interests.

 

The operating agreement provides our Manager with broad powers and authority which may result in one or more conflicts of interest between your interests and those of the Manager, the principals and its other affiliates. This risk is increased by the Manager being controlled by Benjamin Miller, who is a principal in our sponsor and who participates, or expects to participate, directly or indirectly in other offerings by our sponsor and its affiliates. Potential conflicts of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

  the Manager, the principals and/or its other affiliates are offering, and may continue to originate and offer other real estate investment opportunities, including additional equity and debt offerings similar to this offering, primarily through the Fundrise Platform, and may make investments in real estate assets for their own respective accounts, whether or not competitive with our business;

 

  the Manager, the principals and/or its other affiliates are not required to disgorge any profits or fees or other compensation they may receive from any other business they own separately from us, and you will not be entitled to receive or share in any of the profits return fees or compensation from any other business owned and operated by the Manager, the principals and/or its other affiliates for their own benefit;

 

  we may engage the Manager or affiliates of the Manager to perform services at prevailing market rates. Prevailing market rates are determined by the Manager based on industry standards and expectations of what the Manager would be able to negotiate with third party on an arm’s length basis; and

 

  the Manager, the principals and/or its other affiliates are not required to devote all of their time and efforts to our affairs.

 

We have agreed to limit remedies available to us and our shareholders for actions by our Manager that might otherwise constitute a breach of duty.

 

Our Manager maintains a contractual, as opposed to a fiduciary relationship, with us and our shareholders. Accordingly, we and our shareholders only have recourse and are able to seek remedies against our Manager to the extent it breaches its obligations pursuant to our operating agreement. Furthermore, we have agreed to limit the liability of our Manager and to indemnify our Manager against certain liabilities. These provisions are detrimental to shareholders because they restrict the remedies available to them for actions that without those limitations might constitute breaches of duty, including fiduciary duties. By purchasing our common shares, you will be treated as having consented to the provisions set forth in the operating agreement. In addition, we may choose not to enforce, or to enforce less vigorously, our rights under the operating agreement because of our desire to maintain our ongoing relationship with our Manager.

 

Risks Related to Our Investments

 

Our commercial real estate and real estate-related assets will be subject to the risks typically associated with real estate.

 

Our commercial real estate and real estate-related assets are subject to the risks typically associated with real estate. The value of real estate may be adversely affected by a number of risks, including:

 

  · public health crises, pandemics and epidemics, such as those caused by new strains of viruses such as H5N1 (avian flu), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and, most recently, the novel coronavirus (COVID-19);

 

  · natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes and floods;

 

  · acts of war or terrorism, including the consequences of terrorist attacks, such as those that occurred on September 11, 2001;

 

37

 

 

  · adverse changes in national and local economic and real estate conditions;

 

  · an oversupply of (or a reduction in demand for) space in the areas where particular properties are located and the attractiveness of particular properties to prospective tenants;

 

  · changes in governmental laws and regulations, fiscal policies and zoning ordinances and the related costs of compliance therewith and the potential for liability under applicable laws;

 

  · costs of remediation and liabilities associated with environmental conditions affecting properties; and

 

  · the potential for uninsured or underinsured property losses.

 

The value of each property is affected significantly by its ability to generate cash flow and net income, which in turn depends on the amount of rental or other income that can be generated net of expenses required to be incurred with respect to the property. Many expenditures associated with properties (such as operating expenses and capital expenditures) cannot be reduced when there is a reduction in income from the properties.

 

In addition, our commercial real estate loans and other debt-related assets will generally be directly or indirectly secured by a lien on real property that, upon the occurrence of a default on the loan, could result in our acquiring ownership of the property. We will not know whether the values of the properties ultimately securing our loans will remain at the levels existing on the dates of origination of those loans. If the values of the mortgaged properties drop, our risk will increase because of the lower value of the security associated with such loans. In this manner, real estate values could impact the values of our loan investments. Our investments in commercial real estate-related debt securities may be similarly affected by real estate property values.

 

These factors may have a material adverse effect on the value that we can realize from our assets.

 

The actual rents we receive for the properties in our portfolio may be less than estimated market rents, and we may experience a decline in realized rental rates from time to time, which could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flow.

 

As a result of potential factors, including competitive pricing pressure in our markets, a general economic downturn and the desirability of our properties compared to other properties in our markets, we may be unable to realize our estimated market rents across the properties in our portfolio. Depending on market rental rates at any given time as compared to expiring leases in our portfolio, from time to time rental rates for expiring leases may be higher than starting rental rates for new leases. If we are unable to obtain sufficient rental rates across our portfolio, then our ability to generate cash flow growth will be negatively impacted.

 

Properties that have significant vacancies could be difficult to sell, which could diminish the return on these properties.

 

A property may incur vacancies either by the expiration of tenant leases or the continued default of tenants under their leases. If vacancies continue for a long period of time, we may suffer reduced revenues resulting in less cash available for distribution to our shareholders. In addition, the resale value of the property could be diminished because the market value of our properties will depend principally upon the value of the cash flow generated by the leases associated with that property. Such a reduction in the resale value of a property could also reduce the value of our shareholders’ investment.

 

Further, a decline in general economic conditions in the markets in which our investments are located or in the U.S. generally could lead to an increase in tenant defaults, lower rental rates and less demand for commercial real estate space in those markets. As a result of these trends, we may be more inclined to provide leasing incentives to our tenants in order to compete in a more competitive leasing environment. Such trends may result in reduced revenue and lower resale value of properties, which may reduce your return.

  

We may enter into long-term leases with tenants in certain properties, which may not result in fair market rental rates over time.

 

We may enter into long-term leases with tenants of certain of our properties, or include renewal options that specify a maximum rate increase. These leases would provide for rent to increase over time; however, if we do not accurately judge the potential for increases in market rental rates, we may set the terms of these long-term leases at levels such that, even after contractual rent increases, the rent under our long-term leases is less than then-current market rates. Further, we may have no ability to terminate those leases or to adjust the rent to then-prevailing market rates. As a result, our cash available for distribution could be lower than if we did not enter into long-term leases.

 

38

 

 

Certain property types or portfolios of such properties that we acquire may not have efficient alternative uses and we may have difficulty leasing them to new tenants and/or have to make significant capital expenditures to them to do so.

 

Certain property types, such as industrial properties, can be difficult to lease to new tenants, should the current tenant terminate or choose not to renew its lease. These properties generally have received significant tenant-specific improvements and only very specific tenants may be able to use such improvements, making the properties very difficult to re-lease in their current condition. Additionally, an interested tenant may demand that, as a condition of executing a lease for the property, we finance and construct significant improvements so that the tenant could use the property. This expense may decrease cash available for distribution, as we likely would have to (i) pay for the improvements up-front or (ii) finance the improvements at potentially unattractive terms.

 

Any retail tenants we may have will face competition from numerous retail channels and retail tenants may be disproportionately affected by current economic conditions. These events could reduce our profitability at any retail properties we acquire and affect our ability to pay distributions.

 

Retailers face continued competition from discount or value retailers, factory outlet centers, wholesale clubs, mail order catalogues and operators and television shopping networks. In addition, improvements in technology and faster delivery speeds have spurred the increased popularity of shopping via the Internet. As a result, the “brick and mortar” retail industry is facing lower demand, reductions in sales revenues and increased bankruptcies throughout the United States. Such conditions could adversely affect any retail tenants we may have and, consequently, our funds available for distribution.

 

We depend on tenants for our revenue, and lease defaults or terminations could reduce our net income and limit our ability to make distributions to our shareholders.

 

The success of our investments materially depends on the financial stability of our tenants. A default or termination by a tenant on its lease payments to us would cause us to lose the revenue associated with such lease and require us to find an alternative source of revenue to meet mortgage payments and prevent a foreclosure, if the property is subject to a mortgage. In the event of a tenant default or bankruptcy, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment and re-leasing our property. If a tenant defaults on or terminates a lease, we may be unable to lease the property for the rent previously received or sell the property without incurring a loss. These events could cause us to reduce the amount of distributions to you.

 

To the extent we acquire retail properties, our revenue will be significantly impacted by the success and economic viability of our retail anchor tenants. Our reliance on a single tenant or significant tenants in certain buildings may decrease our ability to lease vacated space and adversely affect the returns on our shareholders’ investment.

 

In the retail sector, a tenant occupying all or a large portion of the gross leasable area of a retail center, commonly referred to as an anchor tenant, may become insolvent, may suffer a downturn in business and default on or terminate its lease, or may decide not to renew its lease. Any of these events would result in a reduction or cessation in rental payments to us from that tenant and would adversely affect our financial condition. A lease termination by an anchor tenant could result in lease terminations or reductions in rent by other tenants whose leases may permit cancellation or rent reduction if an anchor tenant’s lease is terminated. In such event, we may be unable to re-lease the vacated space. Similarly, the leases of some anchor tenants may permit the anchor tenant to transfer its lease to another retailer. The transfer to a new anchor tenant could cause customer traffic in the retail center to decrease and thereby reduce the income generated by that retail center. A lease transfer to a new anchor tenant could also allow other tenants, under the terms of their respective leases, to make reduced rental payments or to terminate their leases. In the event that we are unable to re-lease the vacated space to a new anchor tenant, we may incur additional expenses in order to renovate and subdivide the space to be able to re-lease the space to more than one tenant.

 

We have no established investment criteria limiting the geographic concentration of our investments in commercial real estate and real estate-related assets. If our investments are concentrated in an area that experiences adverse economic conditions, our investments may lose value and we may experience losses.

  

Certain of our investments in commercial real estate and real estate-related assets may be in one geographic location or secured by a single property or properties in one geographic location. These investments may carry the risks associated with significant geographical concentration. We have not established and do not plan to establish any investment criteria to limit our exposure to these risks for future investments. As a result, our investments may be overly concentrated in certain geographic areas, and we may experience losses as a result. A worsening of economic conditions in the geographic area in which our investments may be concentrated could have an adverse effect on our business, including reducing the demand for new financings, limiting the ability of customers to pay financed amounts and impairing the value of our collateral.

 

39

 

 

Potential development and construction delays and resultant increased costs and risks may hinder our operating results and decrease our net income.

 

From time to time we may acquire unimproved real property or properties that are under development or construction. Investments in such properties will be subject to the uncertainties associated with the development and construction of real property, including those related to re-zoning land for development, environmental concerns of governmental entities and/or community groups and our builders’ ability to build in conformity with plans, specifications, budgeted costs and timetables. If a builder fails to perform, we may resort to legal action to rescind the purchase or the construction contract or to compel performance. A builder’s performance may also be affected or delayed by conditions beyond the builder’s control. Delays in completing construction could also give tenants the right to terminate preconstruction leases. We may incur additional risks when we make periodic progress payments or other advances to builders before they complete construction. These and other factors can result in increased costs of a project or loss of our investment. In addition, we will be subject to normal lease-up risks relating to newly constructed projects. We also must rely on rental income and expense projections and estimates of the fair market value of property upon completion of construction when agreeing upon a purchase price at the time we acquire the property. If our projections are inaccurate, we may pay too much for a property, and the return on our investment could suffer. In addition, to the extent we make or acquire loans to finance construction or renovation projects, risks of cost overruns and non-completion of the construction or renovation of the properties underlying loans we make or acquire may materially adversely affect our investment.

 

Actions of any joint venture partners that we may have in the future could reduce the returns on joint venture investments and decrease our shareholders’ overall return.

 

We may enter into joint ventures to acquire properties and other assets. We may also purchase and develop properties in joint ventures or in partnerships, co-tenancies or other co-ownership arrangements. Such investments may involve risks not otherwise present with other methods of investment, including, for example, the following risks:

 

  · that our co-venturer, co-tenant or partner in an investment could become insolvent or bankrupt;

 

  · that such co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may at any time have economic or business interests or goals that are or that become inconsistent with our business interests or goals;

 

  · that such co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may be in a position to take action contrary to our instructions or requests or contrary to our policies or objectives; or

 

  · that disputes between us and our co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase our expenses and prevent our officers and directors from focusing their time and effort on our operations.

 

Any of the above might subject a property to liabilities in excess of those contemplated and thus reduce our returns on that investment and the value of your investment.

 

Costs imposed pursuant to governmental laws and regulations may reduce our net income and the cash available for distributions to our shareholders.

 

Real property and the operations conducted on real property are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to protection of the environment and human health. We could be subject to liability in the form of fines, penalties or damages for noncompliance with these laws and regulations. These laws and regulations generally govern wastewater discharges, air emissions, the operation and removal of underground and above-ground storage tanks, the use, storage, treatment, transportation and disposal of solid and hazardous materials, the remediation of contamination associated with the release or disposal of solid and hazardous materials, the presence of toxic building materials and other health and safety-related concerns.

 

Some of these laws and regulations may impose joint and several liability on the tenants, owners or operators of real property for the costs to investigate or remediate contaminated properties, regardless of fault, whether the contamination occurred prior to purchase, or whether the acts causing the contamination were legal. Activities of our tenants, the condition of properties at the time we buy them, operations in the vicinity of our properties, such as the presence of underground storage tanks, or activities of unrelated third parties may affect our properties.

  

The presence of hazardous substances, or the failure to properly manage or remediate these substances, may hinder our ability to sell, rent or pledge such property as collateral for future borrowings. Any material expenditures, fines, penalties or damages we must pay will reduce our ability to make distributions and may reduce the value of your investment.

 

40

 

 

The costs of defending against claims of environmental liability, of complying with environmental regulatory requirements, of remediating any contaminated property or of paying personal injury or other damage claims could reduce the amounts available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

Under various federal, state and local environmental laws, ordinances and regulations, a current or previous real property owner or operator may be liable for the cost of removing or remediating hazardous or toxic substances on, under or in such property. These costs could be substantial. Such laws often impose liability whether or not the owner or operator knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of such hazardous or toxic substances. Environmental laws also may impose liens on property or restrictions on the manner in which property may be used or businesses may be operated, and these restrictions may require substantial expenditures or prevent us from entering into leases with prospective tenants that may be impacted by such laws. Environmental laws provide for sanctions for noncompliance and may be enforced by governmental agencies or, in certain circumstances, by private parties. Certain environmental laws and common law principles could be used to impose liability for the release of and exposure to hazardous substances, including asbestos-containing materials and lead-based paint. Third parties may seek recovery from real property owners or operators for personal injury or property damage associated with exposure to released hazardous substances and governments may seek recovery for natural resource damage. The costs of defending against claims of environmental liability, of complying with environmental regulatory requirements, of remediating any contaminated property, or of paying personal injury, property damage or natural resource damage claims could reduce the amounts available for distribution to you.

 

We expect that all of our properties will be subject to Phase I environmental assessments at the time they are acquired; however, such assessments may not provide complete environmental histories due, for example, to limited available information about prior operations at the properties or other gaps in information at the time we acquire the property. A Phase I environmental assessment is an initial environmental investigation to identify potential environmental liabilities associated with the current and past uses of a given property. If any of our properties were found to contain hazardous or toxic substances after our acquisition, the value of our investment could decrease below the amount paid for such investment. In addition, real estate-related investments in which we invest may be secured by properties with recognized environmental conditions. Where we are secured creditors, we will attempt to acquire contractual agreements, including environmental indemnities, that protect us from losses arising out of environmental problems in the event the property is transferred by foreclosure or bankruptcy; however, no assurances can be given that such indemnities would fully protect us from responsibility for costs associated with addressing any environmental problems related to such properties.

 

Costs associated with complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act may decrease cash available for distributions.

 

Our properties may be subject to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended, or the ADA. Under the ADA, all places of public accommodation are required to comply with federal requirements related to access and use by disabled persons. The ADA has separate compliance requirements for “public accommodations” and “commercial facilities” that generally require that buildings and services be made accessible and available to people with disabilities. The ADA’s requirements could require removal of access barriers and could result in the imposition of injunctive relief, monetary penalties or, in some cases, an award of damages. Any funds used for ADA compliance will reduce our net income and the amount of cash available for distributions to you.

 

Uninsured losses relating to real property or excessively expensive premiums for insurance coverage could reduce our cash flows and the return on our shareholders’ investment.

 

There are types of losses, generally catastrophic in nature, such as losses due to wars, acts of terrorism, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, pollution or environmental matters, that are uninsurable or not economically insurable, or may be insured subject to limitations, such as large deductibles or co-payments. Insurance risks associated with potential acts of terrorism could sharply increase the premiums we pay for coverage against property and casualty claims. Additionally, mortgage lenders in some cases insist that commercial property owners purchase coverage against terrorism as a condition for providing mortgage loans. Such insurance policies may not be available at reasonable costs, if at all, which could inhibit our ability to finance or refinance our properties. In such instances, we may be required to provide other financial support, either through financial assurances or self-insurance, to cover potential losses. We may not have adequate coverage for such losses. If any of our properties incurs a casualty loss that is not fully insured, the value of our assets will be reduced by any such uninsured loss, which may reduce the value of your investment. In addition, other than any working capital reserve or other reserves we may establish, we have no source of funding to repair or reconstruct any uninsured property. Also, to the extent we must pay unexpectedly large amounts for insurance, we could suffer reduced earnings that would result in lower distributions to you.

  

In addition, insurance may not cover all potential losses on properties underlying mortgage loans that we may originate or acquire, which may impair our security and harm the value of our assets. We will require that each of the borrowers under our mortgage loan investments obtain comprehensive insurance covering the mortgaged property, including liability, fire and extended coverage. However, there are certain types of losses, generally of a catastrophic nature, such as earthquakes, floods and hurricanes that may be uninsurable or not economically insurable. We may not require borrowers to obtain terrorism insurance if it is deemed commercially unreasonable. Inflation, changes in building codes and ordinances, environmental considerations, and other factors also might make it infeasible to use insurance proceeds to replace a property if it is damaged or destroyed. Under such circumstances, the insurance proceeds, if any, might not be adequate to restore the economic value of the mortgaged property, which might impair our security and decrease the value of the property.

 

41

 

 

The commercial real estate loans we may originate or invest in could be subject to delinquency, foreclosure and loss, which could result in losses to us.

 

Commercial real estate loans are secured by multifamily or commercial property and are subject to risks of delinquency and foreclosure. The ability of a borrower to repay a loan secured by an income-producing property typically is dependent primarily upon the successful operation of such property rather than upon the existence of independent income or assets of the borrower. If the net operating income of the property is reduced, the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired. Net operating income of an income-producing property can be affected by, among other things: tenant mix, success of tenant businesses, property management decisions, property location and condition, competition from comparable types of properties, changes in laws that increase operating expenses or limit rents that may be charged, any need to address environmental contamination at the property, the occurrence of any uninsured casualty at the property, changes in national, regional or local economic conditions and/or specific industry segments, declines in regional or local real estate values, declines in regional or local rental or occupancy rates, increases in interest rates, real estate tax rates and other operating expenses, changes in governmental rules, regulations and fiscal policies, including environmental legislation, natural disasters, terrorism, social unrest and civil disturbances. In addition, to the extent we originate or acquire adjustable rate mortgage loans, such loans may contribute to higher delinquency rates because borrowers with adjustable rate mortgage loans may be exposed to increased monthly payments if the related mortgage interest rate adjusts upward from the initial fixed rate.

 

In the event of any default under a mortgage loan held directly by us, we will bear a risk of loss of principal to the extent of any deficiency between the value of the collateral and the principal and accrued interest of the mortgage loan, which could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow from operations. We expect that many of the commercial real estate loans that we may originate will be fully or substantially non-recourse. In the event of a default by a borrower on a non-recourse loan, we will only have recourse to the underlying asset (including any escrowed funds and reserves) collateralizing the loan. If a borrower defaults on one of our commercial real estate loans and the underlying asset collateralizing the commercial real estate loan is insufficient to satisfy the outstanding balance of the commercial real estate loan, we may suffer a loss of principal or interest. In addition, even if we have recourse to a borrower’s assets, we may not have full recourse to such assets in the event of a borrower bankruptcy.

 

Foreclosure of a mortgage loan can be an expensive and lengthy process that could have a substantial negative effect on our anticipated return on the foreclosed mortgage loan. In the event of the bankruptcy of a mortgage loan borrower, the mortgage loan to such borrower will be deemed to be secured only to the extent of the value of the mortgaged property at the time of bankruptcy (as determined by the bankruptcy court), and the lien securing the mortgage loan will be subject to the avoidance powers of the bankruptcy trustee or debtor-in-possession to the extent the lien is unenforceable under state law. The resulting time delay could reduce the value of our investment in the defaulted mortgage loans, impede our ability to foreclose on or sell the mortgaged property or to obtain proceeds sufficient to repay all amounts due to us on the mortgage loan.

 

Our investments in subordinated commercial real estate loans may be subject to losses.

 

We may acquire or originate subordinated commercial real estate loans. In the event a borrower defaults on a subordinated loan and lacks sufficient assets to satisfy our loan, we may suffer a loss of principal or interest. In the event a borrower declares bankruptcy, we may not have full recourse to the assets of the borrower, or the assets of the borrower may not be sufficient to satisfy the loan. If a borrower defaults on our loan or on debt senior to our loan, or in the event of a borrower bankruptcy, our loan will be satisfied only after the senior debt is paid in full. Where debt senior to our loan exists, the presence of intercreditor arrangements may limit our ability to amend our loan documents, assign our loans, accept prepayments, exercise our remedies (through “standstill periods”), and control decisions made in bankruptcy proceedings relating to borrowers.

 

The mezzanine loans in which we may invest involve greater risks of loss than senior loans secured by the same properties.

 

We may invest in mezzanine loans that take the form of subordinated loans secured by a pledge of the ownership interests of either the entity owning the real property or an entity that owns (directly or indirectly) the interest in the entity owning the real property. These types of investments may involve a higher degree of risk than long-term senior mortgage lending secured by income-producing real property because the investment may become unsecured as a result of foreclosure by the senior lender. In the event of a bankruptcy of the entity providing the pledge of its ownership interests as security, we may not have full recourse to the assets of such entity, or the assets of the entity may not be sufficient to satisfy our mezzanine loan. If a borrower defaults on our mezzanine loan or debt senior to our loan, or in the event of a borrower bankruptcy, our mezzanine loan will be satisfied only after the senior debt. As a result, we may not recover some or all of our investment. In addition, mezzanine loans may have higher loan-to-value ratios than conventional mortgage loans, resulting in less equity in the real property and increasing the risk of loss of principal.

  

Majority-owned subsidiaries we may invest in will be subject to specific risks relating to the particular subsidiary.

 

We may invest in majority-owned subsidiaries owning real estate where we are entitled to receive a preferred economic return. Such investments may be subordinate to debt financing. These investments involve special risks relating to the particular subsidiary, including the financial condition and business outlook of the subsidiary. To the extent these investments are subordinate to debt financing, they will also be subject to risks of (i) limited liquidity in the secondary trading market, (ii) substantial market price volatility resulting from changes in prevailing interest rates, (iii) subordination to the prior claims of banks and other senior lenders to the issuer, (iv) the operation of mandatory sinking fund or call or redemption provisions during periods of declining interest rates that could cause the subsidiary to reinvest any redemption proceeds in lower yielding assets, (v) the possibility that earnings of the subsidiary may be insufficient to meet any distribution obligations and (vi) the declining creditworthiness and potential for insolvency of the subsidiary during periods of rising interest rates and economic downturn. As a result, we may not recover some or all of our capital, which could result in losses.

 

42

 

 

Investments in non-conforming or non-investment grade rated loans involve greater risk of loss.

 

Some of our debt investments may not conform to conventional loan standards applied by traditional lenders and either are not rated or are rated as non-investment grade by the rating agencies. The non-investment grade ratings for these assets typically result from the overall leverage of the loans, the lack of a strong operating history for the properties underlying the loans, the borrowers’ credit history, the properties’ underlying cash flow or other factors. As a result, these investments may have a higher risk of default and loss than investment grade rated assets. Any loss we incur may be significant and may reduce distributions to our shareholders and adversely affect the value of our common shares.

 

Changes in interest rates and/or credit spreads could negatively affect the value of any debt investments we may make, which could result in reduced earnings or losses and negatively affect the cash available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

We may invest in fixed-rate debt investments with fixed distribution amounts. Under a normal yield curve, an investment in these instruments will decline in value if long-term interest rates increase or if credit spreads widen. We may also invest in floating-rate debt investments, for which decreases in interest rates or narrowing of credit spreads will have a negative effect on value and interest income. Even though a loan or other debt investment may be performing in accordance with its loan agreement and the underlying collateral has not changed, the economic value of the loan may be negatively impacted by the incremental interest foregone from the changes in interest rates or credit spreads. Declines in market value may ultimately reduce earnings or result in losses to us, which may negatively affect cash available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

Prepayments can adversely affect the yields on any debt investments we may make.

 

Prepayments on debt instruments, where permitted under the debt documents, are influenced by changes in current interest rates and a variety of economic, geographic and other factors beyond our control, and consequently, such prepayment rates cannot be predicted with certainty. If we are unable to invest the proceeds of such prepayments received, the yield on our portfolio will decline. In addition, we may acquire assets at a discount or premium and if the asset does not repay when expected, our anticipated yield may be impacted. Under certain interest rate and prepayment scenarios we may fail to recoup fully our cost of acquisition of certain investments.

 

Hedging against interest rate exposure may adversely affect our earnings, limit our gains or result in losses, which could adversely affect cash available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

We may enter into interest rate swap agreements or pursue other interest rate hedging strategies. Our hedging activity, if any, will continue to vary in scope based on the level of interest rates, the type of portfolio investments held, and other changing market conditions. Interest rate hedging may fail to protect or could adversely affect us because, among other things:

 

  interest rate hedging can be expensive, particularly during periods of rising and volatile interest rates;

  

  available interest rate hedging may not correspond directly with the interest rate risk for which protection is sought;

 

  the duration of the hedge may not match the duration of the related liability or asset;

 

  our hedging opportunities may be limited by the treatment of income from hedging transactions under the rules determining REIT qualification;

 

  the credit quality of the party owing money on the hedge may be downgraded to such an extent that it impairs our ability to sell or assign our side of the hedging transaction;

 

  the party owing money in the hedging transaction may default on its obligation to pay; and

 

  we may purchase a hedge that turns out not to be necessary, i.e., a hedge that is out of the money.

 

Any hedging activity we engage in may adversely affect our earnings, which could adversely affect cash available for distribution to our shareholders. Therefore, while we may enter into such transactions to seek to reduce interest rate risks, unanticipated changes in interest rates may result in poorer overall investment performance than if we had not engaged in any such hedging transactions. In addition, the degree of correlation between price movements of the instruments used in a hedging strategy and price movements in the portfolio positions being hedged or liabilities being hedged may vary materially. Moreover, for a variety of reasons, we may not seek to establish a perfect correlation between such hedging instruments and the portfolio holdings being hedged. Any such imperfect correlation may prevent us from achieving the intended hedge and expose us to risk of loss.

 

43

 

 

Many of our investments are illiquid and we may not be able to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic and other conditions.

 

Many factors that are beyond our control affect the real estate market and could affect our ability to sell properties and other investments for the price, on the terms or within the time frame that we desire. These factors include general economic conditions, the availability of financing, interest rates and other factors, including supply and demand. Because real estate investments are relatively illiquid, we have a limited ability to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic or other conditions. Further, before we can sell a property on the terms we want, it may be necessary to expend funds to correct defects or to make improvements. However, we can give no assurance that we will have the funds available to correct such defects or to make such improvements. Moreover, the senior mortgage loans, subordinated loans, mezzanine loans and other loans and investments we may originate or purchase will be particularly illiquid investments due to their short life and the greater difficulty of recoupment in the event of a borrower’s default. In addition, some of the commercial real estate-related securities that we may purchase may be traded in private, unregistered transactions and may therefore be subject to restrictions on resale or otherwise have no established trading market. As a result, we continue to expect that many of our investments will be illiquid, and if we are required to liquidate all or a portion of our portfolio quickly, we may realize significantly less than the value at which we have previously recorded our investments and our ability to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic and other conditions may be relatively limited, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Declines in the market values of our investments may adversely affect periodic reported results of operations and credit availability, which may reduce earnings and, in turn, cash available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

Some of our assets may be classified for accounting purposes as “available-for-sale”. These investments are carried at estimated fair value and temporary changes in the market values of those assets will be directly charged or credited to shareholders’ equity without impacting net income on the income statement. Moreover, if we determine that a decline in the estimated fair value of an available-for-sale security falls below its amortized value and is not temporary, we will recognize a loss on that security on the income statement, which will reduce our earnings in the period recognized.

 

A decline in the market value of our assets may adversely affect us particularly in instances where we have borrowed money based on the market value of those assets. If the market value of those assets declines, the lender may require us to post additional collateral to support the loan. If we were unable to post the additional collateral, we may have to sell assets at a time when we might not otherwise choose to do so. A reduction in credit available may reduce our earnings and, in turn, cash available for distribution to shareholders.

 

Further, credit facility providers may require us to maintain a certain amount of cash reserves or to set aside unlevered assets sufficient to maintain a specified liquidity position, which would allow us to satisfy our collateral obligations. As a result, we may not be able to leverage our assets as fully as we would choose, which could reduce our return on equity. In the event that we are unable to meet these contractual obligations, our financial condition could deteriorate rapidly.

  

Market values of our investments may decline for a number of reasons, such as changes in prevailing market rates, increases in defaults, increases in voluntary prepayments for those investments that we have that are subject to prepayment risk, widening of credit spreads and downgrades of ratings of the securities by ratings agencies.

 

Some of our portfolio investments are carried at estimated fair value as determined by us and, as a result, there may be uncertainty as to the value of these investments.

 

Some of our portfolio investments are in the form of securities that are recorded at fair value but that have limited liquidity or are not publicly traded. The fair value of securities and other investments that have limited liquidity or are not publicly traded may not be readily determinable. We estimate the fair value of these investments on a semi-annual basis. Because such valuations are inherently uncertain, may fluctuate over short periods of time and may be based on numerous estimates, our determinations of fair value may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these securities existed. The value of our common shares could be adversely affected if our determinations regarding the fair value of these investments are materially higher than the values that we ultimately realize upon their disposal.

 

44

 

 

Competition with third parties in acquiring properties and other investments may reduce our profitability and the return on your investment.

 

We have significant competition with respect to our acquisition of properties and other investments with many other companies, including other REITs, insurance companies, commercial banks, private investment funds, hedge funds, specialty finance companies, online investment platforms and other investors, many of which have greater resources than us. We may not be able to compete successfully for investments. In addition, the number of entities and the amount of funds competing for suitable investments may increase. If we acquire properties and other investments at higher prices than our competitors and/or by using less than ideal capital structures, our returns will be lower and the value of our assets may not increase or may decrease significantly below the amount we paid for such assets. If such events occur, you may experience a lower return on your investment.

 

A prolonged economic slowdown, a lengthy or severe recession or declining real estate values could harm our operations.

 

Many of our investments may be susceptible to economic slowdowns or recessions, which could lead to financial losses in our investments and a decrease in revenues, net income and assets. An economic slowdown or recession, in addition to other non-economic factors such as an excess supply of properties, could have a material negative impact on the values of both commercial real estate and residential real estate properties. Declining real estate values will likely reduce our level of new mortgage loan originations, since borrowers often use increases in the value of their existing properties to support the purchase or investment in additional properties. Borrowers may also be less able to pay principal and interest on our loans if the real estate economy weakens. Further, declining real estate values significantly increase the likelihood that we will incur losses on our loans in the event of default because the value of our collateral may be insufficient to cover our cost on the loan. Any sustained period of increased payment delinquencies, foreclosures or losses could adversely affect both our net interest income from loans in our portfolio as well as our ability to originate, sell and securitize loans, which would significantly harm our revenues, results of operations, financial condition, business prospects and our ability to make distributions to you.

 

If we sell a property by providing financing to the purchaser, we will bear the risk of default by the purchaser, which could delay or reduce the distributions available to our shareholders.

 

If we decide to sell any of our properties, we intend to use our best efforts to sell them for cash; however, in some instances, we may sell our properties by providing financing to purchasers. When we provide financing to a purchaser, we will bear the risk that the purchaser may default, which could reduce our cash distributions to shareholders. Even in the absence of a purchaser default, the distribution of the proceeds of the sale to our shareholders, or the reinvestment of the proceeds in other assets, will be delayed until the promissory note or other property we may accept upon a sale are actually paid, sold, refinanced or otherwise disposed.

 

If we overestimate the value or income-producing ability or incorrectly price the risks of our investments, we may experience losses.

 

Analysis of the value or income-producing ability of a commercial property is highly subjective and may be subject to error. Our Manager values our potential investments based on yields and risks, taking into account estimated future losses on select commercial real estate equity investments, and the estimated impact of these losses on expected future cash flows and returns. In the event that we underestimate the risks relative to the price we pay for a particular investment, we may experience losses with respect to such investment.

 

We are exposed to environmental liabilities with respect to properties to which we take title.

  

In the course of our business, we may take title to real estate, and, if we do take title, we could be subject to environmental liabilities with respect to these properties. In such a circumstance, we may be held liable to a governmental entity or to third parties for property damage, personal injury, and investigation and clean-up costs incurred by these parties in connection with environmental contamination, or may be required to investigate or clean up hazardous or toxic substances, or chemical releases, at a property. The costs associated with investigation or remediation activities could be substantial. If we ever become subject to significant environmental liabilities, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

 

A number of our investments are concentrated in the residential sector and our business would be adversely affected by an economic downturn in that sector.

 

A number of our investments in real estate assets are primarily concentrated in the residential sector. This concentration may expose us to the risk of economic downturns in this sector to a greater extent than if our business activities included a more significant portion of other sectors of the real estate industry.

 

45

 

 

Risks Relating to Economic Conditions

 

Economic recessions or downturns may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Economic recessions or downturns may result in a prolonged period of market illiquidity, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Unfavorable economic conditions also could reduce investments on the Fundrise Platform by investors and engagement by real estate operators. Periods of economic slowdown or recession, significantly rising interest rates, declining employment levels, decreasing demand for real estate, or the public perception that any of these events may occur, have resulted in and could continue to result in a general decline in acquisition, disposition and leasing activity, as well as a general decline in the value of real estate and in rents. These events could adversely affect our demand among investors, which will impact our results of operations.

 

During an economic downturn, it may also take longer for us to dispose of real estate investments, or the disposition prices may be lower than originally anticipated. As a result, the carrying value of such real estate investments may become impaired and we could record losses as a result of such impairment or could experience reduced profitability related to declines in real estate values. These events could adversely affect our performance and, in turn, our business, and negatively impact our results of operations.

 

Negative general economic conditions could continue to reduce the overall amount of sale and leasing activity in the commercial real estate industry, and hence the demand for our securities, which may in turn adversely affect our revenues. We are unable to predict the likely duration and severity of the current disruption in financial markets and adverse economic conditions in the United States and other countries.

 

Further downgrades of the U.S. credit rating, impending automatic spending cuts or a government shutdown could negatively impact our liquidity, financial condition and earnings.

 

Recent U.S. debt ceiling and budget deficit concerns have increased the possibility of additional credit rating downgrades and economic slowdowns, or a recession in the United States. Although U.S. lawmakers passed legislation to raise the federal debt ceiling on multiple occasions, ratings agencies have lowered or threatened to lower the long-term sovereign credit rating on the United States. The impact of this or any further downgrades to the U.S. government’s sovereign credit rating or its perceived creditworthiness could adversely affect the United States and global financial markets and economic conditions. With the improvement of the U.S. economy, the Federal Reserve may continue to raise interest rates, which would increase borrowing costs and may negatively impact our ability to access the debt markets on favorable terms. In addition, disagreement over the federal budget has caused the U.S. federal government to essentially shut down for periods of time. Continued adverse political and economic conditions could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Global economic, political and market conditions and economic uncertainty caused by the recent outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The current worldwide financial market situation, various social and political tensions in the United States and around the world, and the recent public health crisis caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), may continue to contribute to increased market volatility, may have long-term effects on the United States and worldwide financial markets, and may cause further economic uncertainties or deterioration in the United States and worldwide. Economic uncertainty can have a negative impact on our business through changing spreads, structures and purchase multiples, as well as the overall supply of investment capital. Since 2010, several European Union, or EU, countries, including Greece, Ireland, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, have faced budget issues, some of which may have negative long-term effects for the economies of those countries and other EU countries. Additionally, the precise details and the resulting impact of the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the EU, commonly referred to as “Brexit”, are impossible to ascertain at this point. The effect on the United Kingdom’s economy will likely depend on the nature of trade relations with the EU following its exit, a matter to be negotiated. The decision may cause increased volatility and have a significant adverse impact on world financial markets, other international trade agreements, and the United Kingdom and European economies, as well as the broader global economy for some time. Further, there is continued concern about national-level support for the Euro and the accompanying coordination of fiscal and wage policy among European Economic and Monetary Union member countries. In addition, the fiscal policy of foreign nations, such as China, may have a severe impact on the worldwide and United States financial markets.  Finally, public health crises, pandemics and epidemics, such as those caused by new strains of viruses such as H5N1 (avian flu), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and, most recently, the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), are expected to increase as international travel continues to rise and could adversely impact our business by interrupting business, supply chains and transactional activities, disrupting travel, and negatively impacting local, national or global economies.  We do not know how long the financial markets will continue to be affected by these events and cannot predict the effects of these or similar events in the future on the United States economy and securities markets or on our investments. As a result of these factors, there can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully monitor developments and manage our investments in a manner consistent with achieving our investment objectives.

 

46

 

 

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and measures intended to prevent its spread could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused, and is likely to continue to cause, severe economic, market and other disruptions worldwide. We cannot assure you that conditions in the bank lending, capital and other financial markets will not continue to deteriorate as a result of the pandemic, or that our access to capital and other sources of funding will not become constrained, which could adversely affect the availability and terms of future borrowings, renewals or refinancings. In addition, the deterioration of global economic conditions as a result of the pandemic may ultimately decrease occupancy levels and pricing across our portfolio and may cause one or more of our tenants to be unable to meet their rent obligations to us in full, or at all, or to otherwise seek modifications of such obligations.  In addition, governmental authorities may enact laws that will prevent us from taking action against tenants who do not pay rent.

 

The extent of the COVID-19 pandemic’s effect on our operational and financial performance will depend on future developments, including the duration, spread and intensity of the outbreak, all of which are uncertain and difficult to predict. Due to the speed with which the situation is developing, we are not able at this time to estimate the effect of these factors on our business, but the adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows could be material.

 

Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure

 

Our shareholders do not elect or vote on our Manager and have limited ability to influence decisions regarding our business.

 

Our operating agreement provides that the assets, affairs and business of our Company are managed under the direction of our Manager. Our shareholders do not elect or vote on our Manager, and, unlike the holders of common shares in a corporation, have only limited voting rights on matters affecting our business, and therefore limited ability to influence decisions regarding our business. In addition, our operating agreement provides that the Manager generally operates in a manner that is appropriate to maintain our REIT status, which may further limit decisions regarding our business.

 

Our common shareholders have limited voting rights and may be bound by either a majority or supermajority vote.

 

Our common shareholders have voting rights only with respect to certain matters, primarily relating to amendments to our operating agreement that would adversely change the rights of the common shares, removal of our Manager for “cause”, and the dissolution of the issuer (only if the Manager has been removed for “cause”). Each outstanding common share entitles the holder to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of common shareholders. Generally, matters to be voted on by our shareholders must be approved by a majority of the votes cast by all common shares present in person or represented by proxy, although the vote to remove the Manager for “cause” requires a two-thirds vote. If any vote occurs, you will be bound by the majority or supermajority vote, as applicable, even if you did not vote with the majority or supermajority.

 

As a non-listed company conducting an exempt offering pursuant to Regulation A, we are not subject to a number of corporate governance requirements, including the requirements for a board of directors or independent board committees.

 

As a non-listed company conducting an exempt offering pursuant to Regulation A, we are not subject to a number of corporate governance requirements that an issuer conducting an offering on Form S-11 or listing on a national stock exchange would be. Accordingly, while we have retained an Independent Representative (as defined below) to review certain conflicts of interest, we do not have a board of directors, nor are we required to have (i) a board of directors of which a majority consists of “independent” directors under the listing standards of a national stock exchange, (ii) an audit committee composed entirely of independent directors and a written audit committee charter meeting a national stock exchange’s requirements, (iii) a nominating/corporate governance committee composed entirely of independent directors and a written nominating/corporate governance committee charter meeting a national stock exchange’s requirements, (iv) a compensation committee composed entirely of independent directors and a written compensation committee charter meeting the requirements of a national stock exchange, and (v) independent audits of our internal controls. Accordingly, you may not have the same protections afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to all of the corporate governance requirements of a national stock exchange.

  

As our sponsor establishes additional REIT offerings and other Fundrise Platform investment opportunities in the future, there may be conflicts of interests among the various REIT offerings and other programs, which may result in opportunities that would benefit our Company being allocated to the other offerings.

 

Our sponsor has in the past, and expects to continue in the future, to establish and sponsor additional REIT offerings and other programs, and to continue to offer investment opportunities primarily through the Fundrise Platform, including offerings that will originate, acquire or invest in commercial real estate equity investments, commercial real estate loans and other select real estate-related assets. Our sponsor’s real estate and debt finance professionals acting on behalf of our Manager must determine which investment opportunities to recommend to us and other Fundrise entities. Our sponsor has previously organized, as of the date of this offering circular, the following similar programs (eREITs® and eFundsTM):

 

•  The Growth eREIT®, Growth eREIT® II, Growth eREIT® III, Growth eREIT® V and Growth eREIT® VI, which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties and has investment objectives and strategies that are similar to ours;

 

47

 

 

•  The Income eREIT®, Income eREIT® II, Income eREIT® III, Income eREIT® 2019, Income eREIT® V, and Income eREIT® VI, which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate investments through the acquisition of commercial real estate loans;

 

• The Balanced eREIT® I, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in commercial real estate properties and development projects, as well as commercial real estate loans and commercial real estate debt securities.

 

• The Heartland eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Houston, TX, Dallas, TX, Austin, TX, Chicago, IL, and Denver, CO metropolitan statistical areas;

 

• The West Coast eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Los Angeles, CA, San Francisco, CA, San Diego, CA, Seattle, WA, and Portland, OR metropolitan statistical areas;

 

• The East Coast eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the metropolitan statistical areas of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA;

 

• The LA Homes eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Los Angeles, CA metropolitan statistical area;

 

• The DC Homes eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Washington, DC metropolitan statistical area;

 

• The National For-Sale eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the metropolitan statistical areas in which our sponsor is not currently sponsoring another regionally or locally focused eFundTM, or to acquire assets in such regions that are not currently the focus of another eFundTM; and

 

• Fundrise Opportunity Fund, LP, which is a private placement that was formed to acquire properties located in “qualified opportunity zones” as designated under the TCJA.

 

These additional Fundrise Platform investment opportunities may have investment criteria that compete with us. If a sale, financing, investment or other business opportunity would be suitable for more than one investment opportunity, our sponsor and its officers and directors will allocate it using their business judgment. Any allocation of this type may involve the consideration of a number of factors that our sponsor and its officers and directors determine to be relevant. Except under any policies that may be adopted by our Manager or sponsor, no Fundrise Platform investment opportunity (including us) will have any duty, responsibility or obligation to refrain from:

  

  engaging in the same or similar activities or lines of business as any other Fundrise Platform investment opportunity;

 

  doing business with any potential or actual tenant, lender, purchaser, supplier, customer or competitor of any Fundrise Platform investment opportunity;

 

  engaging in, or refraining from, any other activities whatsoever relating to any of the potential or actual tenants, lenders, purchasers, suppliers or customers of any Fundrise Platform investment opportunity;

 

  establishing material commercial relationships with another Fundrise Platform investment opportunity; or

 

  making operational and financial decisions that could be considered to be detrimental to another Fundrise Platform investment opportunity.

 

In addition, any decisions by our sponsor or Manager to renew, extend, modify or terminate an agreement or arrangement, or enter into similar agreements or arrangements in the future, may benefit one Fundrise Platform investment opportunity more than another or limit or impair the ability of any Fundrise Platform investment opportunity to pursue business opportunities. In addition, third parties may require as a condition to their arrangements or agreements with or related to any one particular Fundrise Platform investment opportunity that such arrangements or agreements include or not include another Fundrise Platform investment opportunity, as the case may be. Any of these decisions may benefit one Fundrise Platform investment opportunity more than another.

 

48

 

 

The conflicts of interest policies we have adopted may not adequately address all of the conflicts of interest that may arise with respect to our activities and are subject to change or suspension.

 

In order to avoid any actual or perceived conflicts of interest among the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities and with our Manager’s directors, officers and affiliates, we have adopted a conflicts of interest policy to specifically address some of the conflicts relating to our activities. There is no assurance that these policies will be adequate to address all of the conflicts that may arise or will address such conflicts in a manner that is favorable to our Company. Our Manager may modify, suspend or rescind the policies set forth in the conflicts policy, including any resolution implementing the provisions of the conflicts policy, in each case, without a vote of our shareholders.

 

Certain provisions of our operating agreement and Delaware law could hinder, delay or prevent a change of control of our Company.

 

Certain provisions of our operating agreement and Delaware law could have the effect of discouraging, delaying or preventing transactions that involve an actual or threatened change of control of our Company. These provisions include the following:

 

  Authorization of additional shares, issuances of authorized shares and classification of shares without shareholder approval. Our operating agreement authorizes us to issue additional shares or other securities of our Company for the consideration and on the terms and conditions established by our Manager without the approval of our shareholders. In particular, our Manager is authorized to provide for the issuance of an unlimited amount of one or more classes or series of our shares, including preferred shares, and to fix the number of shares, the relative powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions applicable to each class or series thereof by resolution authorizing the issuance of such class or series. Our ability to issue additional shares and other securities could render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control over our Company by means of a tender offer, merger or otherwise.

 

  Delaware Business Combination Statute—Section 203. Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law (“DGCL”), which restricts certain business combinations with interested shareholders in certain situations, does not apply to limited liability companies unless they elect to utilize it. Our operating agreement does not currently elect to have Section 203 of the DGCL apply to us. In general, this statute prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a business combination with an interested shareholder for a period of three years after the date of the transaction by which that person became an interested shareholder, unless the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner. For purposes of Section 203, a business combination includes a merger, asset sale or other transaction resulting in a financial benefit to the interested shareholder, and an interested shareholder is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns, or within three years prior did own, 15% or more of voting shares. Our Manager may elect to amend our operating agreement at any time to have Section 203 apply to us.

 

  Ownership limitations. To assist us in qualifying as a REIT, our operating agreement, subject to certain exceptions, provides that generally no person may own, or be deemed to own by virtue of the attribution provisions of the Code, either more than 9.8% in value or in number of our common shares, whichever is more restrictive, or more than 9.8% in value or in number of our shares, whichever is more restrictive. Accordingly, no person may own, or be deemed to own, more than 9.8% in value or in number of our shares, whichever is more restrictive. The ownership limits could have the effect of discouraging a takeover or other transaction in which shareholders might receive a premium for their shares over the then prevailing market price or which holders might believe to be otherwise in their best interests. Furthermore, we will reject any investor’s subscription in whole or in part if we determine that such subscription would violate such ownership limits.

 

  Exclusive authority of our Manager to amend our operating agreement. Our operating agreement provides that our Manager has the exclusive power to adopt, alter or repeal any provision of the operating agreement, unless such amendment would adversely change the rights of the common shares. Thus, our shareholders generally may not effect changes to our operating agreement.

 

You are limited in your ability to sell your common shares pursuant to our redemption plan. You may not be able to sell any of your common shares back to us, and if you do sell your shares, you may not receive the price you paid upon subscription.

 

Our redemption plan may provide you with an opportunity to have your common shares redeemed by us. We anticipate that our common shares may be redeemed by us on a quarterly basis, within 21 days following the end of the quarter when a redemption request was made. However, our redemption plan contains certain restrictions and limitations, including those relating to the number of our common shares that we can redeem at any given time and limiting the redemption price. Specifically, we intend to limit the number of shares to be redeemed during any calendar year to no more than 5.0% of our common shares outstanding (or 1.25% per calendar quarter, with excess capacity carried over to later calendar quarters in that calendar year). However, as we make a number of commercial real estate investments of varying terms and maturities, our Manager may elect to increase or decrease the amount of common shares available for redemption in any given month or quarter, as these commercial real estate assets are paid off or sold, so long as, in the aggregate, we do not redeem more than 5.00% in any calendar year.

 

49

 

 

In addition, pursuant to our redemption plan, a shareholder may only (a) have one outstanding redemption request at any given time and (b) request that we redeem up to the lesser of 5,000 shares or $50,000 worth of shares per each redemption request.

 

Finally, our Manager reserves the right to reject any redemption request for any reason or no reason or to amend or terminate the redemption plan (including during the Introductory Period) without prior notice. Therefore, you may not have the opportunity to make a redemption request prior to a potential termination of the redemption plan and you may not be able to sell any of your common shares back to us pursuant to the redemption plan. Moreover, if you do sell your common shares back to us pursuant to the redemption plan, you will not receive the same price you paid for the common shares being redeemed other than during your Introductory Period. See “Description of Our Common Shares —Redemption Plan”.

 

Investors should note that effective as of March 31, 2020 for certain of our sponsor’s offerings qualified under Regulation A (including ours), our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under the redemption plans until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Our Manager intends to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under these redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume. As of the date of this offering circular, of the sponsor’s 19 programs with redemption plans, 16 have suspended the processing and payment of redemptions, including ours.

 

The offering price of our shares was not established on an independent basis; the actual value of your investment may be substantially less than what you pay. When determining the estimated value of our shares, the value of our shares has been and will be based upon a number of assumptions that may not be accurate or complete.

 

Our Manager established the initial offering price of our shares on an arbitrary basis. Because the offering price is not based upon any independent valuation, the offering price may not be indicative of the proceeds that you would receive upon liquidation. Further, the offering price may be significantly more than the price at which the shares would trade if they were to be listed on an exchange or actively traded by broker-dealers.

 

The per share purchase price in this offering is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of each semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually), as of January 1st and July 1st of each year (or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter), and will equal the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share. Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription. Estimates of our NAV per share are based on available information and judgment. Therefore, actual values and results could differ from our estimates and that difference could be significant. This approach to valuing our shares may bear little relationship and will likely exceed what you might receive for your shares if you tried to sell them or if we liquidated our portfolio. In addition, the price you pay for your shares in this offering may be more or less than shareholders who acquire their shares in the future.

  

Your interest in us will be diluted if we issue additional shares, which could reduce the overall value of your investment.

 

Potential investors in this offering do not have preemptive rights to any shares we issue in the future. Under our operating agreement, we have authority to issue an unlimited number of additional common shares or other securities, although, under Regulation A, we are only allowed to sell up to $50 million of our shares in any 12 month period (although we may raise capital in other ways). In particular, our Manager is authorized, subject to the restrictions of Regulation A and other applicable securities laws, to provide for the issuance of an unlimited amount of one or more classes or series of shares in our Company, including preferred shares, and to fix the number of shares, the relative powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions applicable to each class or series thereof by resolution authorizing the issuance of such class or series, without shareholder approval. After your purchase in this offering, our Manager may elect to (i) sell additional shares in this or future public offerings, (ii) issue equity interests in private offerings, or (iii) issue shares to our Manager, or its successors or assigns, in payment of an outstanding fee obligation. To the extent we issue additional equity interests after your purchase in this offering, your percentage ownership interest in us will be diluted. In addition, depending upon the terms and pricing of any additional offerings and the value of our investments, you may also experience dilution in the book value and fair value of your shares.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, you are bound by the arbitration provisions contained in our subscription agreement and our operating agreement which limit your ability to bring class action lawsuits or seek remedy on a class basis, including with respect to securities law claims.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, investors agree to be bound by the arbitration provisions contained in our subscription agreement and our operating agreement (each an “Arbitration Provision”, and collectively, the “Arbitration Provisions”). Such Arbitration Provisions apply to claims under the U.S. federal securities laws and to all claims that are related to the Company, including with respect to this offering, our holdings, our common shares, our ongoing operations and the management of our investments, among other matters and limit the ability of investors to bring class action lawsuits or similarly seek remedy on a class basis. Furthermore, because the Arbitration Provision is contained in our operating agreement, such Arbitration Provision will also apply to any purchasers of shares in a secondary transaction.

 

50

 

 

By agreeing to be subject to the Arbitration Provisions, you are severely limiting your rights to seek redress against us in court. For example, you may not be able to pursue litigation for any claim in state or federal courts against us, our Manager, our sponsor, or their respective directors or officers, including with respect to securities law claims, and any awards or remedies determined by the arbitrators may not be appealed. In addition, arbitration rules generally limit discovery, which could impede your ability to bring or sustain claims, and the ability to collect attorneys’ fees or other damages may be limited in the arbitration, which may discourage attorneys from agreeing to represent parties wishing to commence such a proceeding.

 

Specifically, the Arbitration Provisions provide that either party may, at its sole election, require that the sole and exclusive forum and remedy for resolution of a claim be final and binding arbitration. We have not determined whether we will exercise our right to demand arbitration but reserve the right to make that determination on a case by case basis as claims arise. In this regard, the Arbitration Provision is similar to a binding arbitration provision as we are likely to invoke the Arbitration Provision to the fullest extent permissible.

 

Any arbitration brought pursuant to the Arbitration Provisions must be conducted in the State of Virginia, in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The term “Claim” as used in the Arbitration Provisions is very broad and includes any past, present, or future claim, dispute, or controversy involving you (or persons claiming through or connected with you), on the one hand, and us (or persons claiming through or connected with us), on the other hand, relating to or arising out of your subscription agreement, the Fundrise Platform, and/or the activities or relationships that involve, lead to, or result from any of the foregoing, including (except an individual Claim that you may bring in Small Claims Court or an equivalent court, if any, so long as the Claim is pending only in that court) the validity or enforceability of the Arbitration Provisions, any part thereof, or the entire subscription agreement. Claims are subject to arbitration regardless of whether they arise from contract; tort (intentional or otherwise); a constitution, statute, common law, or principles of equity; or otherwise. Claims include (without limitation) matters arising as initial claims, counter-claims, cross-claims, third-party claims, or otherwise. The scope of the Arbitration Provisions is to be given the broadest possible interpretation that will permit it to be enforceable. Based on discussions with and research performed by the Company’s counsel, we believe that the Arbitration Provisions are enforceable under federal law, the laws of the State of Delaware, the laws of Washington, D.C., or under any other applicable laws or regulations. However, the issue of enforceability is not free from doubt and to the extent that one or more of the provisions in our subscription agreement and our operating agreement with respect to the Arbitration Provisions or otherwise requiring you to waive certain rights were to be found by a court to be unenforceable, we would abide by such decision.

 

Further, potential investors should consider that each of our subscription agreement and our operating agreement restricts the ability of our shareholders to bring class action lawsuits or to similarly seek remedy on a class basis, unless otherwise consented to by us. These restrictions on the ability to bring a class action lawsuit are likely to result in increased costs, both in terms of time and money, to individual investors who wish to pursue claims against us.

  

BY AGREEING TO BE SUBJECT TO THE ARBITRATION PROVISIONS, INVESTORS WILL NOT BE DEEMED TO WAIVE THE COMPANY’S COMPLIANCE WITH THE FEDERAL SECURITIES LAWS AND THE RULES AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED THEREUNDER.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, you are bound by the provisions contained in our subscription agreement and our operating agreement that require you to waive your rights to request to review and obtain information relating to the Company, including, but not limited to, names and contact information of our shareholders.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, investors agree to be bound by the provisions contained in our subscription agreement and our operating agreement (each a “Waiver Provision”, and collectively, the “Waiver Provisions”). The Waiver Provisions limit the ability of our shareholders to make a request to review and obtain information relating to and maintained by the Company and Fundrise, including, but not limited to, names and contact information of our shareholders, information listed in Section 18-305 of the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act, as amended, and any other information deemed to be confidential by the Manager in its sole discretion. Furthermore, because the Waiver Provision is contained in our operating agreement, such Waiver Provision will also apply to any purchasers of shares in a secondary transaction.

 

Through the Company’s required public filing disclosures, periodic reports and obligation to provide annual reports and tax information to its shareholders, much of the information listed in Section 18-305 of the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act will be available to shareholders notwithstanding the Waiver Provision. While the intent of the Waiver Provision is to protect your personally identifiable information from being disclosed pursuant to Section 18-305, by agreeing to be subject to the Waiver Provision, you are severely limiting your right to seek access to the personally identifiable information of other shareholders, such as names, addresses and other information about shareholders and the Company that the Manager deems to be confidential. As a result, the Waiver Provision could impede your ability to communicate with other shareholders, and such provisions, on their own, or together with the effect of the Arbitration Provision, may impede your ability to bring or sustain claims against the Company, including under applicable securities laws.

 

51

 

 

Based on discussions with and research performed by the Company’s counsel, we believe that the Waiver Provision is enforceable under federal law, the laws of the State of Delaware, the laws of Washington, D.C., or under any other applicable laws or regulations. However, the issue of enforceability is not free from doubt and to the extent that one or more of the provisions in our subscription agreement with respect to the Waiver Provision were to be found by a court to be unenforceable, we would abide by such decision.

 

BY AGREEING TO BE SUBJECT TO THE WAIVER PROVISIONS, INVESTORS WILL NOT BE DEEMED TO WAIVE THE COMPANY’S COMPLIANCE WITH THE FEDERAL SECURITIES LAWS AND THE RULES AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED THEREUNDER.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, you are bound by the jury waiver provisions contained in our subscription agreement, which require you to waive your right to a trial by a jury for those matters that are not otherwise subject to the arbitration provisions, including with respect to securities law claims.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, investors agree to be bound by the jury waiver provisions contained in our subscription agreement and our bylaws. Such jury waiver provisions apply to claims under the U.S. federal securities laws and to all claims that are related to the company, including with respect to this offering, our shares, our holdings, our ongoing operations and the management of our investments, among other matters, and means that you are waiving your rights to a trial by jury with respect to such claims.

 

Based on discussions with and research performed by our counsel, we believe that the jury waiver provisions are enforceable under federal law, the laws of the State of Delaware, the laws of the Washington, D.C., or under any other applicable laws or regulations. However, the issue of enforceability is not free from doubt and to the extent that one or more of the provisions in our subscription agreement or our bylaws with respect to the jury waiver provisions were to be found by a court to be unenforceable, we would abide by such decision.

 

BY AGREEING TO BE SUBJECT TO THE JURY WAIVER PROVISIONS, INVESTORS WILL NOT BE DEEMED TO WAIVE THE COMPANY’S COMPLIANCE WITH THE FEDERAL SECURITIES LAWS AND THE RULES AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED THEREUNDER.

 

Risks Related to Our Status as a REIT

  

Failure to qualify as a REIT would cause us to be taxed as a regular corporation, which would substantially reduce funds available for distributions to our shareholders.

 

We believe that our organization, prior and proposed ownership and method of operation have enabled us, and will continue to enable us to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT. However, we cannot assure you that we will continue to qualify as such. This is because qualification as a REIT involves the application of highly technical and complex provisions of the Code as to which there are only limited judicial and administrative interpretations and involves the determination of facts and circumstances not entirely within our control. Future legislation, new regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions may significantly change the tax laws or the application of the tax laws with respect to our qualification as a REIT or the U.S. federal income tax consequences of such qualification.

 

If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we will face serious tax consequences that will substantially reduce the funds available for distributions to our shareholders because:

 

  we would not be allowed a deduction for dividends paid to shareholders in computing our taxable income and would be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates; and

 

  •  unless we are entitled to relief under certain U.S. federal income tax laws, we could not re-elect REIT status until the fifth calendar year after the year in which we failed to qualify as a REIT.

 

In addition, if we fail to qualify as a REIT, we will no longer be required to make distributions. As a result of all these factors, our failure to qualify as a REIT could impair our ability to expand our business and raise capital, and it would adversely affect the value of our common shares. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations” for a discussion of certain U.S. federal income tax considerations relating to us and our common shares.

 

52

 

 

Even if we continue to qualify as a REIT, we may owe other taxes that will reduce our cash flows.

 

Even if we continue to qualify for taxation as a REIT, we may be subject to certain U.S. federal, state and local taxes on our income and assets, on taxable income that we do not distribute to our shareholders, on net income from certain “prohibited transactions”, and on income from some activities conducted as a result of a foreclosure, and state or local income, property and transfer taxes. For example, to the extent we satisfy the 90% distribution requirement but distribute less than 100% of our REIT taxable income, we will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on our undistributed taxable income and gains. We also will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax if the actual amount that we distribute to our shareholders in a calendar year is less than a minimum amount specified under the Code. As another example, we are subject to a 100% “prohibited transaction” tax on any gain from a sale of property that is characterized as held for sale, rather than investment, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, unless we comply with a statutory safe harbor or earn the gain through a taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”). Further, any TRS that we establish will be subject to regular corporate U.S. federal, state and local taxes. Any of these taxes would decrease cash available for distribution to shareholders.

 

REIT distribution requirements could adversely affect our liquidity and may force us to borrow funds during unfavorable market conditions.

 

In order to maintain our REIT status and to meet the REIT distribution requirements, we may need to borrow funds on a short-term basis or sell assets, even if the then-prevailing market conditions are not favorable for these borrowings or sales. In addition, we may need to reserve cash (including proceeds from this offering) to satisfy our REIT distribution requirements, even though there are attractive investment opportunities that may be available. To qualify as a REIT, we generally must distribute to our shareholders at least 90% of our net taxable income each year, excluding capital gains. In addition, we will be subject to corporate income tax to the extent we distribute less than 100% of our taxable income including any net capital gain. We intend to make distributions to our shareholders to comply with the requirements of the Code for REITs and to minimize or eliminate our corporate income tax obligation to the extent consistent with our business objectives. Our cash flows from operations may be insufficient to fund required distributions, for example as a result of differences in timing between the actual receipt of income and the recognition of income for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the effect of non-deductible capital expenditures, limitations on interest expense and net operating loss deductibility, the creation of reserves or required debt service or amortization payments. The insufficiency of our cash flows to cover our distribution requirements could have an adverse impact on our ability to raise short- and long-term debt or sell equity securities in order to fund distributions required to maintain our REIT status. In addition, we will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax on the amount, if any, by which distributions paid by us in any calendar year are less than the sum of 85% of our ordinary income, 95% of our capital gain net income and 100% of our undistributed income from prior years. To address and/or mitigate some of these issues, we may make taxable distributions that are in part paid in cash and in part paid in our common shares. In such cases our shareholders may have tax liabilities from such distributions in excess of the cash they receive. The treatment of such taxable share distributions is not clear, and it is possible the taxable share distribution will not count towards our distribution requirement, in which case adverse consequences could apply.

  

If we fail to invest a sufficient amount of the net proceeds from selling our common shares in real estate assets within one year from the receipt of the proceeds, we could fail to qualify as a REIT.

 

Temporary investment of the net proceeds from sales of our common shares in short-term securities and income from such investment generally will allow us to satisfy various REIT income and asset requirements, but only during the one-year period beginning on the date we receive the net proceeds. If we are unable to invest a sufficient amount of the net proceeds from sales of our common shares in qualifying real estate assets within such one-year period, we could fail to satisfy one or more of the gross income or asset tests and/or we could be limited to investing all or a portion of any remaining funds in cash or cash equivalents. If we fail to satisfy any such income or asset test, unless we are entitled to relief under certain provisions of the Code, we could fail to qualify as a REIT. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”.

 

If we form a TRS, our overall tax liability could increase.

 

Any TRS we form will be subject to U.S. federal, state and local income tax on its taxable income. Accordingly, although our ownership of any TRSs may allow us to participate in the operating income from certain activities that we could not participate in without violating the REIT income tests requirements of the Code or incurring the 100% tax on gains from prohibited transactions, the TRS through which we earn such operating income or gain will be fully subject to corporate income tax. The after-tax net income of any TRS would be available for distribution to us; however, any dividends received by us from our domestic TRSs will only be qualifying income for the 95% gross income test, not the 75% gross income test.

 

Although our use of TRSs may partially mitigate the impact of meeting certain requirements necessary to maintain our qualification as a REIT, there are limits on our ability to own and engage in transactions with TRSs, and a failure to comply with the limits would jeopardize our REIT qualification and may result in the application of a 100% excise tax.

 

53

 

 

A REIT may own up to 100% of the stock or securities of one or more TRSs. A TRS may hold assets and earn income that would not be qualifying assets or income if held or earned directly by a REIT. A TRS also may sell assets without incurring the 100% tax on prohibited transactions. Both the subsidiary and the REIT must jointly elect to treat the subsidiary as a TRS. A corporation of which a TRS directly or indirectly owns more than 35% of the voting power or value of the stock will automatically be treated as a TRS. Overall, no more than 20% of the value of a REIT’s assets may consist of stock or securities of one or more TRSs. The rules also impose a 100% excise tax on certain transactions between a TRS and its parent REIT that are not conducted on an arm’s-length basis. We may jointly elect with one or more subsidiaries for those subsidiaries to be treated as TRSs for U.S. federal income tax purposes. These TRSs will pay U.S. federal, state and local income tax on their taxable income, and their after-tax net income will be available for distribution to us but is not required to be distributed to us. We will monitor the value of our respective investments in any TRSs we may form for the purpose of ensuring compliance with TRS ownership limitations and intend to structure our transactions with any such TRSs on terms that we believe are arm’s-length to avoid incurring the 100% excise tax described above. There can be no assurance, however, that we will be able to comply with the 20% TRS limitation or to avoid application of the 100% excise tax.

 

Dividends payable by REITs generally do not qualify for reduced tax rates under current law.

 

The maximum U.S. federal income tax rate for certain qualified dividends payable to U.S. shareholders that are individuals, trusts and estates generally is 20%. Dividends payable by REITs, however, are generally not eligible for the reduced rates and therefore may be subject to a 37% maximum U.S. federal income tax rate on ordinary income when paid to such shareholders. The more favorable rates applicable to regular corporate dividends under current law could cause investors who are individuals, trusts and estates or are otherwise sensitive to these lower rates to perceive investments in REITs to be relatively less attractive than investments in the stocks of non-REIT corporations that pay dividends, which could adversely affect the value of the stock of REITs, including our common shares. However, for taxable years beginning before January 1, 2026, non-corporate taxpayers may deduct 20% of “qualified REIT dividends”. Qualified REIT dividends eligible for this deduction generally will include our dividends received by a non-corporate U.S. stockholder that we do not designate as capital gain dividends and that are not qualified dividend income.

 

Complying with REIT requirements may cause us to forego otherwise attractive opportunities or to liquidate otherwise attractive investments.

 

To continue to qualify as a REIT, we must continually satisfy tests concerning, among other things, the sources of our income, the nature and diversification of our assets, the amounts we distribute to our shareholders and the ownership of our shares. We may be required to make distributions to our shareholders at disadvantageous times or when we do not have funds readily available for distribution. Thus, compliance with the REIT requirements may, for instance, hinder our ability to make certain otherwise attractive investments or undertake other activities that might otherwise be beneficial to us and our shareholders, or may require us to borrow or liquidate investments in unfavorable market conditions and, therefore, may hinder our investment performance. As a REIT, at the end of each calendar quarter, at least 75% of the value of our assets must consist of cash, cash items, U.S. Government securities and qualified “real estate assets”. The remainder of our investments in securities (other than cash, cash items, U.S. Government securities, securities issued by a TRS and qualified real estate assets) generally cannot include more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of any one issuer or more than 10% of the total value of the outstanding securities of any one issuer. In addition, in general, no more than 5% of the value of our total assets (other than cash, cash items, U.S. Government securities, securities issued by a TRS and qualified real estate assets) can consist of the securities of any one issuer, no more than 20% of the value of our total securities can be represented by securities of one or more TRSs, and no more than 25% of the value of our total assets may be represented by debt instruments of publicly offered REITs that are not secured by mortgages on real property or interests in real property. After meeting these requirements at the close of a calendar quarter, if we fail to comply with these requirements at the end of any subsequent calendar quarter, we must correct the failure within 30 days after the end of the calendar quarter or qualify for certain statutory relief provisions to avoid losing our REIT qualification. As a result, we may be required to liquidate from our portfolio or forego otherwise attractive investments. These actions could have the effect of reducing our income and amounts available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

You may be restricted from acquiring, transferring or redeeming certain amounts of our common shares.

 

In order to maintain our REIT qualification, among other requirements, no more than 50% in value of our outstanding shares may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals, as defined in the Code to include certain kinds of entities, during the last half of any taxable year, other than the first year for which a REIT election is made. To assist us in qualifying as a REIT, our operating agreement contains an aggregate share ownership limit and a common shares ownership limit. Generally, any of our shares owned by affiliated owners will be added together for purposes of the aggregate share ownership limit, and any common shares owned by affiliated owners will be added together for purposes of the common shares ownership limit.

 

If anyone attempts to transfer or own shares in a way that would violate the aggregate share ownership limit or the common shares ownership limit (or would prevent us from continuing to qualify as a REIT), unless such ownership limits have been waived by our Manager, those shares instead will be deemed transferred to a trust for the benefit of a charitable beneficiary and will be either redeemed by us or sold to a person whose ownership of the shares will not violate the aggregate share ownership limit or the common shares ownership limit and will not prevent us from qualifying as a REIT. If this transfer to a trust fails to prevent such a violation or our disqualification as a REIT, then the initial intended transfer or ownership will be null and void from the outset. Anyone who acquires or owns shares in violation of the aggregate share ownership limit or the common shares ownership limit, unless such ownership limit or limits have been waived by our Manager, or the other restrictions on transfer or ownership in our operating agreement, bears the risk of a financial loss when the shares are redeemed or sold, if the NAV of our shares falls between the date of purchase and the date of redemption or sale.

 

54

 

 

Our limits on ownership of our shares also may require us to decline redemption requests that would cause other shareholders to exceed such ownership limits. In addition, in order to comply with certain of the distribution requirements applicable to REITs we will decline to honor any redemption request that we believe is a “dividend equivalent” redemption as discussed in “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations—Taxation of Taxable U.S. Shareholders—Redemptions of Common Shares”.

 

Complying with REIT requirements may limit our ability to hedge effectively and may cause us to incur tax liabilities.

 

The REIT provisions of the Code substantially limit our ability to hedge our liabilities. Generally, income from a hedging transaction we enter into to manage risk of interest rate changes with respect to borrowings made or to be made to acquire or carry real estate assets or to offset certain other positions does not constitute “gross income” for purposes of the 75% or 95% gross income tests, provided certain circumstances are satisfied. To the extent that we enter into other types of hedging transactions, the income from those transactions is likely to be treated as non-qualifying income for purposes of both of the gross income tests. As a result of these rules, we may need to limit our use of advantageous hedging techniques or implement those hedges through a TRS. This could increase the cost of our hedging activities because our TRS would be subject to tax on income or gains resulting from hedges entered into by it or expose us to greater risks associated with changes in interest rates than we would otherwise want to bear. In addition, losses in our TRSs will generally not provide any tax benefit, except for being carried forward for use against future taxable income in the TRSs.

 

The ability of our Manager to revoke our REIT qualification without shareholder approval may cause adverse consequences to our shareholders.

 

Our operating agreement provides that our Manager may revoke or otherwise terminate our REIT election, without the approval of our shareholders, if it determines that it is no longer in our best interest to qualify as a REIT. If we cease to be a REIT, we will not be allowed a deduction for dividends paid to shareholders in computing our taxable income and will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates, as well as state and local taxes, which may have adverse consequences on our total return to our shareholders.

  

We may be subject to a 100% penalty tax on any prohibited transactions that we enter into, or may be required to forego certain otherwise beneficial opportunities in order to avoid the penalty tax on prohibited transactions.

 

If we are found to have held, acquired or developed property primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business, we may be subject to a 100% “prohibited transactions” tax under U.S. federal tax laws on the gain from disposition of the property unless (i) the disposition qualifies for a safe harbor exception for properties that have been held by us for at least two years (generally for the production of rental income) and that satisfy certain additional requirements or (ii) the disposition is made through a TRS and, therefore, is subject to corporate U.S. federal income tax.

 

Under existing law, whether property is held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business is a question of fact that depends on all the facts and circumstances. Our opportunistic business strategy may include investments that risk being characterized as investments in properties held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business. We intend to comply with the statutory safe harbor when selling properties (or when our joint ventures sell properties) outside of our TRSs that we believe might reasonably be characterized as held for sale, but compliance with the safe harbor may not always be practical. Moreover, because the determination of whether property is held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business is a question of fact that depends on all the facts and circumstances, the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) might disagree with our characterization of sales outside the safe harbor. Thus, we may be subject to the 100% penalty tax on the gain from dispositions of property.

 

The potential application of the prohibited transactions tax could cause us to forego potential dispositions of other property or to forego other opportunities that might otherwise be attractive to us, or to hold investments or undertake such dispositions or other opportunities through a TRS, which would generally result in corporate income taxes being incurred.

 

Legislative or regulatory action related to federal income tax laws could adversely affect our shareholders and/or our business.

 

On December 22, 2017, H.R. 1, known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”) was enacted. The TCJA makes major changes to the Code, including a number of provisions of the Code that affect the taxation of REITs and their stockholders. The long-term effect of some of the significant changes made by the TCJA remains uncertain, and administrative guidance will be required in order to fully evaluate the effect of many provisions. The effect of any technical corrections with respect to the TCJA could have an adverse effect on us or our shareholders. Investors should consult their tax advisors regarding the implications of the TCJA on their investment in our common shares.

 

55

 

 

In addition, in recent years, numerous legislative, judicial and administrative changes have been made to the federal income tax laws applicable to investments in REITs and similar entities. Additional changes to tax laws and regulations are likely to continue to occur in the future, and we cannot assure our shareholders that any such changes will not adversely affect the taxation of a shareholder or will not have an adverse effect on an investment in our common shares. Shareholders are urged to consult with their own tax advisors with respect to the potential effect that the TCJA or other legislative, regulatory or administrative developments and proposals could have on their investment in our shares.

 

A portion of our distributions may be treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes, which could reduce the basis of a shareholder’s investment in our common shares and may trigger taxable gain.

 

A portion of our distributions may be treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As a general matter, a portion of our distributions will be treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes if the aggregate amount of our distributions for a year exceeds our current and accumulated earnings and profits for that year. To the extent that a distribution is treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes, it will reduce a holder’s adjusted tax basis in the holder’s shares, and to the extent that it exceeds the holder’s adjusted tax basis, it will be treated as gain resulting from a sale or exchange of such shares. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”.

 

Our ability to provide certain services to our tenants may be limited by the REIT rules, or may have to be provided through a TRS.

 

As a REIT, we generally cannot hold interests in rental property where tenants receive services other than services that are customarily provided by landlords, nor can we derive income from a third party that provides such services. If services to tenants at properties in which we hold an interest are limited to customary services, those properties may be disadvantaged as compared to other properties that can be operated without the same restrictions. However, we can provide such non-customary services to tenants or share in the revenue from such services if we do so through a TRS, though income earned through the TRS will be subject to corporate income taxes.

  

Property taxes could increase due to property tax rate changes or reassessment, which could impact our cash flow.

 

Even if we qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we generally will be required to pay state and local taxes on our properties. The real property taxes on our properties may increase as property tax rates change or as our properties are assessed or reassessed by taxing authorities. If the property taxes we pay increase, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, per share trading price of our common shares and our ability to satisfy our principal and interest obligations and to make distributions to our shareholders could be adversely affected.

 

We may be subject to adverse tax consequences if certain sale-leaseback transactions are not characterized by the IRS as “true leases”.

 

We may purchase investments in real estate properties and lease them back to the sellers of such properties. In the event the IRS does not characterize such leases as “true leases”, we could be subject to certain adverse tax consequences, including an inability to deduct depreciation expense and cost recovery relating to such property, and under certain circumstances, we could fail to qualify as a REIT as a result.

 

Risks Related to Employee Benefit Plans and Individual Retirement Accounts

 

In some cases, if you fail to meet the fiduciary and other standards under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”), the Code or common law as a result of an investment in our common shares, you could be subject to liability for losses as well as civil penalties.

 

There are special considerations that apply to investing in our common shares on behalf of pension, profit sharing or 401(k) plans, health or welfare plans, individual retirement accounts or Keogh plans. It you are investing the assets of any of the entities identified in the prior sentence in our common shares, you should satisfy yourself that:

 

  your investment is consistent with your fiduciary obligations under applicable law, including common law, ERISA and the Code;

 

  your investment is made in accordance with the documents and instruments governing the trust, plan or IRA, including a plan’s investment policy;

 

56

 

 

  your investment satisfies the prudence and diversification requirements of Sections 404(a)(1)(B) and 404(a)(1)(C) of ERISA, if applicable, and other applicable provisions of ERISA and the Code;

 

  your investment will not impair the liquidity of the trust, plan or IRA;

 

  your investment will not produce “unrelated business taxable income” for the plan or IRA;

 

  you will be able to value the assets of the plan annually in accordance with ERISA requirements and applicable provisions of the applicable trust, plan or IRA document; and

 

  your investment will not constitute a prohibited transaction under Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code.

 

Failure to satisfy the fiduciary standards of conduct and other applicable requirements of ERISA, the Code, or other applicable statutory or common law may result in the imposition of civil penalties, and can subject the fiduciary to liability for any resulting losses as well as equitable remedies. In addition, if an investment in our common shares constitutes a prohibited transaction under the Code, the “disqualified person” that engaged in the transaction may be subject to the imposition of excise taxes with respect to the amount invested.

 

The “taxable mortgage pool” rules may increase the taxes that we or our shareholders may incur, and may limit the manner in which we effect future securitizations.

 

Any borrowings incurred by us could result in the creation of taxable mortgage pools for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Except as provided below, we generally would not be adversely affected by the characterization as a taxable mortgage pool so long as we own 100% of the equity interests in a taxable mortgage pool. Certain categories of shareholders, however, such as non-U.S. shareholders eligible for treaty or other benefits, shareholders with net operating losses, and certain U.S. tax exempt shareholders that are subject to unrelated business income tax, could be subject to increased taxes on a portion of their dividend income from us that is attributable to the taxable mortgage pool. In addition, to the extent that our shares are owned by tax exempt “disqualified organizations”, such as certain government-related entities and charitable remainder trusts that are not subject to tax on unrelated business income, we may incur a corporate level tax on a portion of our income from the taxable mortgage pool. In that case, we may reduce the amount of our distributions to any disqualified organization whose share ownership gave rise to the tax. Moreover, we would be precluded from selling equity interests in these securitizations to outside investors, or selling any debt securities issued in connection with these securitizations that might be considered to be equity interests for U.S. federal income tax purposes. These limitations may prevent us from using certain techniques to maximize our returns from securitization transactions.

 

57

 

  

STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

  

We make statements in this offering circular that are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. The words “believe”, “estimate”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “intend”, “plan”, “seek”, “may”, and similar expressions or statements regarding future periods are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements, or industry results, to differ materially from any predictions of future results, performance or achievements that we express or imply in this offering circular or in the information incorporated by reference into this offering circular.

 

The forward-looking statements included in this offering circular are based upon our current expectations, plans, estimates, assumptions and beliefs that involve numerous risks and uncertainties. Assumptions relating to the foregoing involve judgments with respect to, among other things, future economic, competitive and market conditions and future business decisions, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict accurately and many of which are beyond our control. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, our actual results and performance could differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. Factors which could have a material adverse effect on our operations and future prospects include, but are not limited to:

 

  · our ability to effectively deploy the proceeds raised in this offering;

 

  · our ability to attract and retain members to the Fundrise Platform;

 

  · risks associated with breaches of our data security;

 

  · public health crises, pandemics and epidemics, such as those caused by new strains of viruses such as H5N1 (avian flu), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and, most recently, the novel coronavirus (COVID-19);

 

  · changes in economic conditions generally and the real estate and securities markets specifically;

 

  · limited ability to dispose of assets because of the relative illiquidity of real estate investments;

 

  · intense competition in the real estate market that may limit our ability to attract or retain tenants or re-lease space;

 

  · defaults on or non-renewal of leases by tenants;

 

  · increased interest rates and operating costs;

 

  · our failure to obtain necessary outside financing;

 

  · decreased rental rates or increased vacancy rates;

 

  · the risk associated with potential breach or expiration of a ground lease, if any;

 

  ·  difficulties in identifying properties to complete, and consummating, real estate acquisitions, developments, joint ventures and dispositions;
     
  ·  our failure to successfully operate acquired properties and operations;
     
  ·  exposure to liability relating to environmental and health and safety matters;
     
  ·  changes in real estate and zoning laws and increases in real property tax rates;
     
  ·  our failure to maintain our status as a REIT;
     
  ·  failure of acquisitions to yield anticipated results;
     
  ·  risks associated with breaches of our data security;
     
  ·  risks associated with derivatives or hedging activity;

 

58

 

 

     
  ·  our level of debt and the terms and limitations imposed on us by our debt agreements;
     
  ·  the need to invest additional equity in connection with debt refinancings as a result of reduced asset values;
     
  ·  our ability to retain our executive officers and other key personnel of our advisor, our property manager and their affiliates;
     
  ·  expected rates of return provided to investors;
     
  ·  the ability of our sponsor and its affiliates to source, originate and service our loans and other assets, and the quality and performance of these assets;
     
  ·  our ability to retain and hire competent employees and appropriately staff our operations;
     
  ·  legislative or regulatory changes impacting our business or our assets (including changes to the laws governing the taxation of REITs and SEC guidance related to Regulation A or the JOBS Act);
     
  ·  changes in business conditions and the market value of our assets, including changes in interest rates, prepayment risk, operator or borrower defaults or bankruptcy, and generally the increased risk of loss if our investments fail to perform as expected;
     
  ·  our ability to implement effective conflicts of interest policies and procedures among the various real estate investment opportunities sponsored by our sponsor;
     
  · our ability to access sources of liquidity when we have the need to fund redemptions of common shares in excess of the proceeds from the sales of our common shares in our continuous offering and the consequential risk that we may not have the resources to satisfy redemption requests; 
     
  ·  our compliance with applicable local, state and federal laws, including the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the “Advisers Act”), the Investment Company Act and other laws; and
     
  ·  changes to GAAP.

  

Any of the assumptions underlying forward-looking statements could be inaccurate. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included in this offering circular. All forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this offering circular and the risk that actual results will differ materially from the expectations expressed in this offering circular will increase with the passage of time. Except as otherwise required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date of this offering circular, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or any other reason. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included in this offering circular, including, without limitation, the risks described under “Risk Factors”, the inclusion of such forward-looking statements should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the objectives and plans set forth in this offering circular will be achieved.

  

59

 

 

ESTIMATED USE OF PROCEEDS

  

The table below sets forth our estimated use of proceeds from this offering, assuming we sell in this offering $3,936,982 in shares, which represents the value of shares available to be offered as of the date of this offering circular out of the rolling 12-month maximum offering amount of $50 million in our common shares. Our price per share is currently $10.00. The price per share is adjusted every semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually) and will equal the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share.

 

Through May 13, 2020, our ongoing offering has raised an aggregate of approximately $46.0 million in capital pursuant to Regulation A. We expect to use substantially all of the net proceeds from this offering (after paying or reimbursing organization and offering expenses) originate, acquire and structure a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate debt securities (including CMBS, CDOs, and REIT senior unsecured debt) and other real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of commercial real estate properties. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns. We expect that any expenses or fees payable to our Manager for its services in connection with managing our daily affairs, including but not limited to, the selection and acquisition or origination of our investments, will be paid from cash flow from operations. If such fees and expenses are not paid from cash flow (or waived) they will reduce the cash available for investment and distribution and will directly impact our NAV. See “Management Compensation” for more details regarding the fees that will be paid to our Manager and its affiliates. Many of the amounts set forth in the table below represent our Manager’s best estimate since they cannot be precisely calculated at this time.

 

We may not be able to promptly invest the net proceeds of this offering in real estate and real estate related assets. In the interim, we may invest in short-term, highly liquid or other authorized investments, subject to the requirements for qualification as a REIT. Such short-term investments will not earn as high of a return as we expect to earn on our real estate-related investments.

 

    Maximum Offering  
    Amount (1)  
Gross Offering Proceeds   $ 3,936,982  
Less:        
Organization and Offering Expenses(2)(3)   $ 45,000  
Net Proceeds from this Offering   $ 3,891,982  
Estimated Amount Available for Investments(4)   $ 3,891,982  

 

(1) This is a “best efforts” offering, which means we are only required to use our best efforts to sell our common shares offered in this offering.
   
(2) Investors do not pay upfront selling commissions in connection with the purchase of our common shares. We reimburse our Manager for organization and offering costs, which are expected to be approximately an additional $45,000. Reimbursement payments are made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this offering; provided, however, our Manager has agreed to a limitation that no reimbursement may be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full. As of December 31, 2019, approximately $136,000 in organization and offering costs had been incurred by our Manager in connection with our ongoing offering, and $0 reimbursed to our Manager in connection with our offering. See “Management Compensation” for a description of additional fees and expenses that we pay our Manager.
   
(3) Amount reflected is an estimate. Includes all expenses to be paid by us in connection with the qualification of the common shares offered in this offering circular, and the marketing and distribution of shares, including, without limitation, expenses for printing, engraving and amending offering statements or supplementing offering circulars, mailing and distributing costs, telephones, internet and other telecommunications costs, all advertising and marketing expenses, charges of experts and fees, expenses and taxes related to the filing, registration and qualification of the sale of shares under federal and state laws, including taxes and fees and accountants’ and attorneys’ fees. See “Plan of Distribution”.
   
(4) Amount available for investment includes amounts owed to affiliates of our sponsor in connection with financing the purchase price of certain of our investments.

 

60

 

 

Our sponsor intends to establish a number of eREITs® as real estate investment trusts that will be similar in structure to ours. It is anticipated that the legal fees and other formation and structuring expenses incurred by our sponsor in qualifying this offering may be substantially higher than those of future similar eREITs®. Accordingly, our sponsor has agreed to allocate legal fees incurred in establishing the eREITs® (including Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC) that exceed the estimated legal fees of $312,500 per eREIT®, to other eREITs® sponsored by our sponsor. As a result, we and the other eREITs® will be required to reimburse our sponsor for up to $312,500 in legal fees incurred in preparing such offerings. Our sponsor believes that this allocation of legal fees to future similar eREITs® is the most equitable way to ensure that all of the eREITs® bear the burden of establishing a working framework for similar offerings under the newly revised rules of Regulation A. If our sponsor is not successful in organizing an offering for the other eREITs®, our sponsor will bear the legal costs that exceed the portion allocated to us.

  

61

 

 

MANAGEMENT

 

Our Manager

 

We operate under the direction of our Manager, which is responsible for directing the management of our business and affairs, managing our day-to-day affairs, and implementing our investment strategy. Our Manager has established an investment committee that makes decisions with respect to all acquisitions and dispositions. See “—Investment Committee of our Manager” below. The Manager and its officers and directors are not required to devote all of their time to our business and are only required to devote such time to our affairs as their duties require.

 

We follow investment guidelines adopted by our Manager and the investment and borrowing policies set forth in this offering circular unless they are modified by our Manager. Our Manager may establish further written policies on investments and borrowings and monitors our administrative procedures, investment operations and performance to ensure that the policies are fulfilled. Our Manager may change our investment objectives at any time without approval of our shareholders.

 

Our Manager performs its duties and responsibilities pursuant to our operating agreement. Our Manager maintains a contractual, as opposed to a fiduciary relationship, with us and our shareholders. Furthermore, we have agreed to limit the liability of our Manager and to indemnify our Manager against certain liabilities.

 

Experience of our Management Team

 

As of December 31, 2019, our sponsor facilitated or originated approximately 316 real estate assets through the various Fundrise Platform investment opportunities with aggregate purchase prices of approximately $4.9 billion, excluding 3 World Trade Center (we exclude this asset because while the amount of equity invested in the project was similar to other investments made by our sponsor, the aggregate purchase price of 3 World Trade Center was much greater relative to our sponsor’s other investments, and would greatly inflate the aggregate purchase price of the other assets disclosed). Of the $4.9 billion aggregate real estate purchase prices, our sponsor offered through the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities approximately $1.1 billion, consisting of approximately $371 million of commercial real estate loan assets, $290 million of investments in commercial real estate (primarily through majority-owned subsidiaries with rights to receive preferred economic returns), and $488 million of commercial real estate common equity investments, including direct equity purchases. The portfolios included in the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities are diversified by investment size, security type, property type and geographic region. As a result of the depth and thoroughness of its underwriting process, the extensive investing experience of its management team and its strong performance record in managing a diverse portfolio of assets, we believe our sponsor has earned a reputation as a leading real estate manager, which has allowed it to access funding from a broad base of investors.

 

Responsibilities of our Manager

 

The responsibilities of our Manager include:

 

Investment Advisory, Origination and Acquisition Services

 

  · approve and oversee our overall investment strategy, which consists of elements such as investment selection criteria, diversification strategies and asset disposition strategies;
     
  · serve as our investment and financial manager with respect to sourcing, underwriting, acquiring, financing, originating, servicing, investing in and managing a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate assets and other real estate-related assets;
     
  · adopt and periodically review our investment guidelines;
     
  · structure the terms and conditions of our acquisitions, sales and joint ventures;
     
  · enter into leases and service contracts for the properties and other investments;
     
  · approve and oversee our debt financing strategies;  
     
  · approve joint ventures, limited partnerships and other such relationships with third parties;
     
  · approve any potential liquidity transaction;
     
  · obtain market research and economic and statistical data in connection with our investments and investment objectives and policies;
     
  · oversee and conduct the due diligence process related to prospective investments;  
     
  · prepare reports regarding prospective investments that include recommendations and supporting documentation necessary for our Manager’s investment committee to evaluate the proposed investments; and
     
  · negotiate and execute approved investments and other transactions.  

 

62

 

 

Offering Services

 

  · the development of this offering, including the determination of its specific terms;
     
  · preparation and approval of all marketing materials to be used by us relating to this offering;
     
  · the negotiation and coordination of the receipt, collection, processing and acceptance of subscription agreements, commissions, and other administrative support functions;
  · creation and implementation of various technology and electronic communications related to this offering; and
     
  · all other services related to this offering.

 

Asset Management Services

 

  · investigate, select, and, on our behalf, engage and conduct business with such persons as our Manager deems necessary to the proper performance of its obligations under our operating agreement, including but not limited to consultants, accountants, lenders, technical managers, attorneys, corporate fiduciaries, escrow agents, depositaries, custodians, agents for collection, insurers, insurance agents, developers, construction companies and any and all persons acting in any other capacity deemed by our Manager necessary or desirable for the performance of any of the services under our operating agreement;
     
  · monitor applicable markets and obtain reports (which may be prepared by our Manager or its affiliates) where appropriate, concerning the value of our investments;
     
  · monitor and evaluate the performance of our investments, provide daily management services to us and perform and supervise the various management and operational functions related to our investments;
     
  · formulate and oversee the implementation of strategies for the administration, promotion, management, operation, maintenance, improvement, financing and refinancing, marketing, leasing and disposition of investments on an overall portfolio basis; and
     
  · coordinate and manage relationships between us and any joint venture partners.

 

Accounting and Other Administrative Services

 

  · manage and perform the various administrative functions necessary for our day-to-day operations;
     
  · provide or arrange for administrative services, legal services, office space, office furnishings, personnel and other overhead items necessary and incidental to our business and operations;
     
  · provide financial and operational planning services and portfolio management functions;
     
  · maintain accounting data and any other information concerning our activities as will be required to prepare and to file all periodic financial reports and returns required to be filed with the SEC and any other regulatory agency, including annual financial statements;
     
  · maintain all appropriate company books and records;
     
  · oversee tax and compliance services and risk management services and coordinate with appropriate third parties, including independent accountants and other consultants, on related tax matters;
     
  · make, change, and revoke such tax elections on behalf of our Company as the Manager deems appropriate, including, without limitation, (i) making an election be treated as a REIT or to revoke such status and (ii) making an election to be classified as an association taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes;

 

63

 

 

  · supervise the performance of such ministerial and administrative functions as may be necessary in connection with our daily operations;
     
  · provide us with all necessary cash management services;
     
  · manage and coordinate with the transfer agent, if any, the process of making distributions and payments to shareholders;
     
  · evaluate and obtain adequate insurance coverage based upon risk management determinations;
     
  · provide timely updates related to the overall regulatory environment affecting us, as well as managing compliance with regulatory matters;
     
  · evaluate our corporate governance structure and appropriate policies and procedures related thereto; and
     
  · oversee all reporting, record keeping, internal controls and similar matters in a manner to allow us to comply with applicable law.

 

Shareholder Services

 

  · determine our distribution policy and authorizing distributions from time to time;
     
  · approve amounts available for redemptions of our common shares;
     
  · manage communications with our shareholders, including answering phone calls, preparing and sending written and electronic reports and other communications; and
     
  · establish technology infrastructure to assist in providing shareholder support and services.

 

Financing Services

 

  · identify and evaluate potential financing and refinancing sources, engaging a third party broker if necessary;
     
  · negotiate terms of, arrange and execute financing agreements;
     
  · manage relationships between us and our lenders, if any; and
     
  · monitor and oversee the service of our debt facilities and other financings, if any.

 

Disposition Services

 

  · evaluate and approve potential asset dispositions, sales or liquidity transactions; and
     
  · structure and negotiate the terms and conditions of transactions pursuant to which our assets may be sold.

 

Allocation of Investment Opportunities

 

For more information regarding the factors that our Manager’s investment committee may consider in allocating investment opportunities among our additional similar programs (eREITs® ), please see “Conflicts of Interest – Our Affiliates’ Interests in Other Fundrise Entities – Allocation of Investment Opportunities”.

 

Shared Services Agreement

 

Our Manager has entered into a shared services agreement with Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor, effective as of February 12, 2019. Pursuant to this agreement, our Manager is provided with access to, among other things, our sponsor’s portfolio management, asset valuation, risk management and asset management services as well as administration services addressing legal, compliance, investor relations and information technologies necessary for the performance by our Manager of its duties under the operating agreement in exchange for a fee representing our Manager’s allocable cost for these services. The fee paid by our Manager pursuant to the shared services agreement does not constitute a reimbursable expense under our operating agreement. However, under the shared services agreement, our sponsor is entitled to receive reimbursement of expenses incurred on behalf of us or our Manager that we are required to pay to our Manager under our operating agreement.

 

64

 

 

Executive Officers of our Manager

 

As of the date of this offering circular, the executive officers of our Manager and their positions and offices are as follows:

 

Name   Age   Position
Benjamin S. Miller     43     Chief Executive Officer and Interim Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
Brandon T. Jenkins     34     Chief Operating Officer
Bjorn J. Hall     39     General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and Secretary

 

Benjamin S. Miller currently serves as Chief Executive Officer of our Manager and has served as Chief Executive Officer and a Director of our sponsor since its inception on March 14, 2012. As of the date of this offering circular, Mr. Miller is also serving as Interim Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of our Manager. Prior to Rise Companies Corp., Mr. Miller had been a Managing Partner of the real estate company WestMill Capital Partners from October 2010 to June 2012, and before that, was President of Western Development Corporation one of the largest mixed-use real estate companies in the Washington, DC metro area, from April 2006 to October 2010, after joining the company in early 2005 as its Chief Operating Officer. From 2003 until 2005, Mr. Miller was an Associate and part of the founding team of Democracy Alliance, a progressive investment collaborative. In 2001, Mr. Miller co-founded and was a Managing Partner of US Nordic Ventures, a private equity and operating company that works with Scandinavian green building firms to penetrate the U.S. market. Mr. Miller has a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Pennsylvania.

 

Brandon T. Jenkins currently serves as Chief Operating Officer of our Manager and has served in such capacities with the sponsor since February of 2014, prior to which time he served as Head of Product Development and Director of Real Estate which he continues to do currently. Additionally, Mr. Jenkins has served as Director of Real Estate for WestMill Capital Partners since March of 2011. Previously, Mr. Jenkins spent two and a half years as an investment advisor and sales broker at Marcus & Millichap, the largest real estate investment sales brokerage in the country. Prior to his time in brokerage, Mr. Jenkins also worked for Westfield Corporation, a leading shopping center owner. Mr. Jenkins earned his Bachelor of Arts in Public Policy and Economics from Duke University.

 

Bjorn J. Hall currently serves as the General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and Secretary of our Manager and has served in such capacities with our sponsor since February 2014. Prior to joining our sponsor in February 2014, Mr. Hall was a counsel at the law firm of O’Melveny & Myers LLP, where he was a member of the Corporate Finance and Securities Group. Mr. Hall has a Bachelor of Arts from the University of North Dakota and received a J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center.

 

Investment Committee of our Manager

 

The investment committee of our Manager is a standing committee, established to assist our Manager in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities by (1) considering and approving of each investment made by us, (2) establishing our investment guidelines and overseeing our investments, and the investment activity of other accounts and funds held for our benefit and  (3) overseeing the investment activities of certain of our subsidiaries. The investment committee consists of at least three members, including our sponsor’s Chief Executive Officer, our sponsor’s Chief Operating Officer, and a third member chosen unanimously by the other two members of the investment committee, who will serve until such time as such investment committee member resigns or is replaced. The initial investment committee is comprised of Mr. Benjamin Miller (our sponsor’s Chief Executive Officer), Mr. Brandon Jenkins (our sponsor’s Chief Operating Officer), and Mr. Alex King Davidson (our sponsor’s SVP of Real Estate). In the event that two or more members of the investment committee are interested parties in a transaction, the Independent Representative (defined below) will be required to approve the transaction. See “Conflicts of Interest—Certain Conflict Resolution Measures—Our Policies Relating to Conflicts of Interest”.

 

Compensation of Executive Officers

 

We do not currently have any employees nor do we currently intend to hire any employees who will be compensated directly by us. Each of the executive officers of our sponsor also serves as an executive officer of our Manager. Each of these individuals receives compensation for his or her services, including services performed for us on behalf of our Manager, from our sponsor. As executive officers of our Manager, these individuals serve to manage our day-to-day affairs, oversee the review, selection and recommendation of investment opportunities, service acquired investments and monitor the performance of these investments to ensure that they are consistent with our investment objectives. Although we indirectly bear some of the costs of the compensation paid to these individuals, through fees we pay to our Manager, we have not paid, and do not intend to pay any compensation directly to these individuals.

 

65

 

 

Limited Liability and Indemnification of our Manager and Others

 

Subject to certain limitations, our operating agreement limits the liability of our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholder and affiliates, for monetary damages and provides that we will indemnify and pay or reimburse reasonable expenses in advance of final disposition of a proceeding to our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholder and affiliates.

 

Our operating agreement provides that to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholders and affiliates are not liable to us. In addition, pursuant to our operating agreement, we have agreed to indemnify our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholders and affiliates, to the fullest extent permitted by law, against all expenses and liabilities (including judgments, fines, penalties, interest, amounts paid in settlement with the approval of our Company and attorney’s fees and disbursements) arising from the performance of any of their obligations or duties in connection with their service to us or the operating agreement, including in connection with any civil, criminal, administrative, investigative or other action, suit or proceeding to which any such person may hereafter be made party by reason of being or having been the Manager or one of our Manager’s directors or officers.

 

Insofar as the foregoing provisions permit indemnification of directors, officers or persons controlling us for liability arising under the Securities Act, we have been informed that, in the opinion of the SEC, this indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.

 

Term and Removal of the Manager

 

Our operating agreement provides that our Manager will serve as our manager for an indefinite term, but that our Manager may be removed by us, or may choose to withdraw as manager, under certain circumstances.

 

Our shareholders may only remove our Manager at any time with 30 days prior written notice for “cause”, following the affirmative vote of two-thirds of our shareholders. If the Manager is removed for “cause”, the Members will have the power to elect a replacement Manager upon the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of our common shares. “Cause” is defined as:

 

  ·  our Manager’s continued breach of any material provision of the operating agreement following a period of 30 days after written notice thereof (or 45 days after written notice of such breach if our Manager, under certain circumstances, has taken steps to cure such breach within 30 days of the written notice);

 

  · the commencement of any proceeding relating to the bankruptcy or insolvency of our Manager, including an order for relief in an involuntary bankruptcy case or our Manager authorizing or filing a voluntary bankruptcy petition;

 

  ·  our Manager committing fraud against us, misappropriating or embezzling our funds, or acting, or failing to act, in a manner constituting bad faith, willful misconduct, gross negligence or reckless disregard in the performance of its duties under the operating agreement; provided, however, that if any of these actions is caused by an employee, personnel and/or officer of our Manager or one of its affiliates and our Manager (or such affiliate) takes all necessary and appropriate action against such person and cures the damage caused by such actions within 30 days of our Manager’s actual knowledge of its commission or omission, then our Manager may not be removed; or

 

  · the dissolution of our Manager.

 

Unsatisfactory financial performance of the Company does not constitute “cause” under the operating agreement.

 

Our Manager may assign its rights under our operating agreement in its entirety or delegate certain of its duties under the operating agreement to any of its affiliates, including pursuant to the shared services agreement described above under “—Shared Services Agreement” without the approval of our shareholders so long as our Manager remains liable for any such affiliate’s performance, and if such assignment or delegation does not require our approval under the Advisers Act.

 

Our Manager may withdraw as our Manager if we become required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act, with such withdrawal deemed to occur immediately before such event.

 

In the event of the removal or withdrawal of our Manager, our Manager will cooperate with us and take all reasonable steps to assist in making an orderly transition of the management function. Our Manager will determine whether any succeeding manager possesses sufficient qualifications to perform the management function.

 

66

 

 

Holdings of our Common Shares

 

Fundrise, L.P., an affiliate of our sponsor, previously invested $95,000 in us through the purchase of 9,500 common shares in a private placement on the date of the initial offering statement was declared “qualified” by the SEC at $10.00 per share. Our sponsor also previously acquired 500 common shares in connection with our formation in a private placement at $10.00 per share, for net proceeds to us of $5,000.

 

Fundrise Platform

 

We will continue to conduct this offering primarily on the Fundrise Platform, which will host this offering in connection with the distribution of the common shares offered pursuant to this offering circular. The Fundrise Platform is owned and operated by Fundrise, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor. We will not pay Fundrise, LLC, the owner of the Fundrise Platform, any sales commissions or other remuneration for hosting this offering on the Fundrise Platform. The Fundrise Platform has previously hosted private and public offerings of other affiliates of the sponsor under similar arrangements.

 

License Agreement

 

We have entered into a license agreement with our sponsor, pursuant to which our sponsor granted us a non-exclusive, royalty free license to use the name “Fundrise”. Other than with respect to this license, we have no legal right to use the “Fundrise” name. In the event that our Manager ceases to manage us, we would be required to change our name to eliminate the use of “Fundrise”.

 

67

 

 

MANAGEMENT COMPENSATION

 

Our Manager and its affiliates receive fees and expense reimbursements for services relating to this offering and the investment and management of our assets. The items of compensation are summarized in the following table. Neither our Manager nor its affiliates receive any selling commissions or dealer manager fees in connection with the offer and sale of our common shares.

 

Form of Compensation and Recipient   Determination of Amount   Estimated Amount
         
    Organization and Offering Stage    
         
Reimbursement of Organization and Offering Expenses — Manager (1)   Our Manager pays organization and offering expenses on our behalf in connection with the offering of our shares.  We reimburse our Manager for these costs and future organization and offering costs it may incur on our behalf.   Our organization and offering expenses paid by our Manager, as of December 31, 2019, were approximately $136,000. We expect to incur an additional $45,000 in expenses in connection with the continuation of this offering.
         
    Acquisition and Development Stage    
         
Acquisition / Origination Fee — Sponsor or its Affiliate (2)   Up to 2.00% of any amounts funded by us, our sponsor or affiliates of our sponsor to acquire or originate real estate properties, excluding any acquisition and origination expenses and any debt attributable to such investments. To the extent we invest in commercial real estate loans, the borrower will pay up to 2.00% of the amount funded by us, our sponsor or affiliates of our sponsor to acquire or originate such commercial real estate loans. We are not entitled to these fees.  

Paid by the co-investors, joint-venture, borrower or property holding entity at closing.

 

Actual amounts are dependent upon the total equity and debt capital we raise; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

         
Reimbursement of Acquisition / Origination Expenses — Manager   We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred in connection with the selection, acquisition or origination of an investment, to the extent not reimbursed by the borrower in connection with any debt investments we may make, whether or not we ultimately acquire or originate the investment.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the offering proceeds we raise (and any leverage we employ); we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.
         
    Operational Stage    
         
Asset Management Fee — Manager (3)   Quarterly asset management fee currently equal to an annualized rate of 0.85%, which is based on our NAV at the end of each prior semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by the Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually). This rate is determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but cannot exceed an annualized rate of 1.00%. The amount of the asset management fee may vary from time to time, and we will publicly report any changes in the asset management fee. Our Manager may, in its sole discretion, waive its asset management fee, in whole or in part. The Manager will forfeit any portion of the asset management fee that is waived.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the offering proceeds we raise (and any leverage we employ) and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.
         
Reimbursement of Other Operating Expenses — Manager  

We reimburse our Manager for out-of-pocket expenses paid to third parties in connection with providing services to us. This does not include the Manager’s overhead, employee costs borne by the Manager, utilities or technology costs.

 

The expense reimbursements that we will pay to our Manager also include expenses incurred by our sponsor in the performance of services under the shared services agreement between our Manager and our sponsor, including any increases in insurance attributable to the management or operation of our Company.

  Actual amounts are dependent upon the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

68

 

 

(1)       At the election of our Manager we will start to reimburse our Manager, without interest, for these organization and offering costs incurred both before and after such date. Reimbursement payments will be made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this and our prior offering; provided, however, no reimbursement will be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full.

 

(2)       The acquisition/origination fee paid to our sponsor by the joint venture, co-investors, borrowers or property holding entity, is a percentage of the purchase price of an investment or the amount funded by us to acquire or originate a loan.

 

(3)       Our Manager in its sole discretion may defer or waive any fee or reimbursements payable to it under the operating agreement. All or any portion of any deferred fees or reimbursements will be deferred without interest and paid when the Manager determines.

 

As part of its mission to drive down the overall costs regarding the construction, real estate development, special servicing, and sale of assets, the Manager intends to perform some or all of these functions in house in-lieu of outsourcing to a third-party consultant. In the event that the Manager performs these tasks, it will be entitled to receive compensation as described below, which the Manager believes is at or below the cost that would be incurred by retaining an independent third-party. See “Management Compensation” for a more detailed explanation of the fees and expenses payable to our Manager and its affiliates.

 

         
    Operational Stage    
         
Construction and Development Fee - Manager or Other Party   A construction oversight and development management fee of 5.00% of the total development costs, excluding property; however, we do not intend to charge such development management fee unless it is net of the fee being charged by the developer of the project.  Our Manager may, in its sole discretion, waive its development management fee, in whole or in part. The Manager will forfeit any portion of the development management fee that is waived.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the development costs of the individual projects; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.
         
Reimbursement of Special Servicing Expenses – Manager or Other Party   We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with the special servicing of non-performing assets, including, but not limited to, reimbursement of non-ordinary expenses and employee time required to special service a non-performing asset. Whether an asset is deemed to be non-performing is in the sole discretion of our Manager.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the occurrence of an asset becoming non-performing, the original value of such asset, and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.
         
    Liquidation/Listing Stage    
         
Disposition Fees – Manager or Other Party   We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with the liquidation of equity investments in real estate, and we will pay up to 1.50% of the gross proceeds from such sale if our Manager is acting as the real estate developer or is engaged by the developer to sell the project. Whether to liquidate an equity investment in real estate is in the sole discretion of our Manager.   Actual amounts are dependent upon the price at which we sell or otherwise liquidate our investments; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

69

 

 

PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS

 

 

The following table sets forth the approximate beneficial ownership of our common shares as of the date of this offering circular for each person or group that holds more than 5% of our common shares, for each director and executive officer of our Manager and for the directors and executive officers of our Manager as a group. To our knowledge, each person that beneficially owns our common shares has sole voting and disposition power with regard to such shares.

 

Unless otherwise indicated below, each person or entity has an address in care of our principal executive offices at 11 Dupont Circle NW, 9th FL, Washington, D.C. 20036.

 

   Number of Shares   Percent of 
Name of Beneficial Owner(1)  Beneficially Owned   All Shares 
Benjamin S. Miller   0    0 
Brandon T. Jenkins   3    * 
Bjorn J. Hall   76    * 
All directors and executive officers of our Manager as a group (3 persons)   79    * 

 

* Represents less than 1% of our outstanding common shares.

 

(1) Under SEC rules, a person is deemed to be a “beneficial owner” of a security if that person has or shares “voting power”, which includes the power to dispose of or to direct the disposition of such security. A person also is deemed to be a beneficial owner of any securities which that person has a right to acquire within 60 days. Under these rules, more than one person may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of the same securities and a person may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of securities as to which he or she has no economic or pecuniary interest.

 

70

 

 

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

 

We are subject to various conflicts of interest arising out of our relationship with our Manager and its affiliates. We discuss these conflicts below and conclude this section with a discussion of the corporate governance measures we have adopted to mitigate some of the risks posed by these conflicts.

 

Our Affiliates’ Interests in Other Fundrise Entities

 

General

 

The officers and directors of our Manager and the key real estate professionals of our sponsor who perform services for us on behalf of our Manager are also officers, directors, managers, and/or key professionals of our sponsor and other Fundrise entities. These persons have legal obligations with respect to those entities that are similar to their obligations to us. In the future, these persons and other affiliates of our sponsor may organize other real estate-related or debt-related programs and acquire for their own account real estate-related investments that may be suitable for us. In addition, our sponsor may grant equity interests in our Manager to certain management personnel performing services for our Manager.

 

Payment of Certain Fees and Expenses of our Manager

 

Our Manager is a wholly-owned subsidiary of our sponsor. We pay fees and expenses to our Manager, and its affiliates, including our sponsor, that were not determined on an arm’s length basis. The asset management fee paid to our Manager is based on our NAV, which is calculated by our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team. Our Manager may benefit by us retaining ownership of our assets at times when our shareholders may be better served by the sale or disposition of our assets in order to avoid a reduction in our NAV.

 

Allocation of Investment Opportunities

 

We rely on our Manager’s executive officers and our sponsor’s key real estate professionals who act on behalf of our Manager to identify suitable investments. Our sponsor and other Fundrise entities also rely on these same key real estate professionals. Our sponsor has in the past, and expects to continue in the future, to offer other Fundrise Platform investment opportunities, primarily through the Fundrise Platform, including offerings that acquire or invest in commercial real estate equity investments, including multifamily properties, commercial real estate loans, and other select real estate-related assets. Our sponsor has previously organized, as of the date of this offering circular, the following similar programs (eREITs® and eFundsTM):

 

  The Growth eREIT®, Growth eREIT® II, Growth eREIT® III, Growth eREIT® V and Growth eREIT® VI, which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties and have investment objectives and strategies that are similar to ours;
     
  The Income eREIT®, Income eREIT® II, Income eREIT® III, Income eREIT® 2019, Income eREIT® V, and Income eREIT® VI, which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate investments through the acquisition of commercial real estate loans;

 

  The Balanced eREIT® I, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in commercial real estate properties and development projects, as well as commercial real estate loans and commercial real estate debt securities.

 

  The Heartland eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Houston, TX, Dallas, TX, Austin, TX, Chicago, IL, and Denver, CO metropolitan statistical areas;

 

  The West Coast eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Los Angeles, CA, San Francisco, CA, San Diego, CA, Seattle, WA, and Portland, OR metropolitan statistical areas;

 

  The East Coast eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the metropolitan statistical areas of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA;

 

  The LA Homes eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Los Angeles, CA metropolitan statistical area;

 

71

 

 

  The DC Homes eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Washington, DC metropolitan statistical area;

 

  The National For-Sale eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the metropolitan statistical areas in which our sponsor is not currently sponsoring another regionally or locally focused eFundTM, or to acquire assets in such regions that are not currently the focus of another eFund; and

 

  Fundrise Opportunity Fund, LP, which is a private placement that was formed to acquire properties located in “qualified opportunity zones” as designated under the TCJA.

 

These additional programs may have investment criteria that compete with us.

 

The approximate cash and cash equivalents balances for the eREITs® with similar investment objectives as of December 31, 2019, is as follows:

 

eREITs® 

Approximate Cash

and Cash Equivalents

 
Fundrise Equity REIT, LLC  $10,435,000.00 
Fundrise Growth eREIT II, LLC  $1,847,000.00 
Fundrise Growth eREIT III, LLC  $2,475,000.00 
Fundrise Growth eREIT V, LLC  $33,363,000.00 
Fundrise Growth eREIT VI, LLC  $15,000.00 

  

Each of the foregoing entities intends to continue raising up to $50 million in any given 12-month period as permitted under Regulation A.

 

If a sale, financing, investment or other business opportunity would be suitable for more than one program, our sponsor will allocate it using its business judgment. Any allocation of this type may involve the consideration of a number of factors that our sponsor determines to be relevant. The factors that our sponsor’s real estate professionals could consider when determining the entity for which an investment opportunity would be the most suitable include the following:

 

  · the investment objectives and criteria of our sponsor and the other Fundrise entities;

 

  · the cash requirements of our sponsor and the other Fundrise entities;

 

  · the effect of the investment on the diversification of our sponsor’s or the other Fundrise entities’ portfolio by type of investment, and risk of investment;

 

  · the policy of our sponsor or the other Fundrise entities relating to leverage;

 

  · the anticipated cash flow of the asset to be acquired;

 

  · the income tax effects of the purchase on our sponsor or the other Fundrise entities;

 

  · the size of the investment; and
     
  · the amount of funds available to our sponsor or the Fundrise entities.

 

If a subsequent event or development causes any investment, in the opinion of our sponsor’s real estate professionals, to be more appropriate for another Fundrise entity, they may offer the investment to such entity.

 

72

 

  

Except under any policies that may be adopted by our Manager, which policies are designed to minimize conflicts among the programs and other investment opportunities provided on the Fundrise Platform, no program or Fundrise Platform investment opportunity (including us) has any duty, responsibility or obligation to refrain from:

 

  · engaging in the same or similar activities or lines of business as any program or Fundrise Platform investment opportunity;

 

  · doing business with any potential or actual tenant, lender, purchaser, supplier, customer or competitor of any program or Fundrise Platform investment opportunity;

 

  · engaging in, or refraining from, any other activities whatsoever relating to any of the potential or actual tenants, lenders, purchasers, suppliers or customers of any program or Fundrise Platform investment opportunity;

 

  · establishing material commercial relationships with another program or Fundrise Platform investment opportunity; or

 

  · making operational and financial decisions that could be considered to be detrimental to another program or Fundrise Platform investment opportunity.

 

In addition, any decisions by our Manager to renew, extend, modify or terminate an agreement or arrangement, or enter into similar agreements or arrangements in the future, may benefit one program more than another program or limit or impair the ability of any program to pursue business opportunities. In addition, third parties may require as a condition to their arrangements or agreements with or related to any one particular program that such arrangements or agreements include or not include another program, as the case may be. Any of these decisions may benefit one program more than another program.

 

Allocation of Our Affiliates’ Time

 

We rely on our sponsor’s key real estate professionals who act on behalf of our Manager, including Mr. Benjamin S. Miller, for the day-to-day operation of our business. Mr. Benjamin S. Miller is also the Chief Executive Officer of our sponsor and other Fundrise entities. As a result of his interests in other Fundrise entities, his obligations to other investors and the fact that he engages in and will continue to engage in other business activities on behalf of himself and others, Mr. Benjamin S. Miller faces conflicts of interest in allocating his time among us, our Manager and other Fundrise entities and other business activities in which he is involved. However, we believe that our Manager and its affiliates have sufficient real estate professionals to fully discharge their responsibilities to the Fundrise entities for which they work.

 

Receipt of Fees and Other Compensation by our Manager and its Affiliates

 

Our Manager and its affiliates receive substantial fees from us, which fees are not negotiated at arm’s length. These fees could influence our Manager’s advice to us as well as the judgment of affiliates of our Manager, some of whom also serve as our Manager’s officers and directors and the key real estate professionals of our sponsor. Among other matters, these compensation arrangements could affect their judgment with respect to:

 

  · the continuation, renewal or enforcement of provisions in our operating agreement involving our Manager and its affiliates, or the shared services agreement between our Manager and our sponsor;
     
  · public offerings of equity by us, which will likely entitle our Manager to increased acquisition fees, origination fees, asset management fees and other fees;
     
  · acquisitions of investments and originations of loans at higher purchase prices, which entitle our Manager to higher acquisition fees, origination fees and asset management fees regardless of the quality or performance of the investment or loan and, in the case of acquisitions of investments from other Fundrise entities, might entitle affiliates of our Manager to disposition fees in connection with services for the seller;
     
  · borrowings up to or in excess of our stated borrowing policy to acquire investments and to originate loans, which borrowings increase asset management fees payable by us to our Manager;

 

  · whether and when we seek to list our common shares on a stock exchange or other trading market;
     
  · whether we seek shareholder approval to internalize our management, which may entail acquiring assets (such as office space, furnishings and technology costs) and the key real estate professionals of our sponsor who are performing services for us on behalf of our Manager for consideration that would be negotiated at that time and may result in these real estate professionals receiving more compensation from us than they currently receive from our sponsor;  
     
  · whether and when we seek to sell our Company or its assets; and
     
  · whether and when we merge or consolidate our assets with other companies, including companies affiliated with our Manager.

 

73

 

 

Duties Owed by Some of Our Affiliates to Our Manager and our Manager’s Affiliates

 

Our Manager’s officers and directors and the key real estate and debt finance professionals of our sponsor performing services on behalf of our Manager are also officers, directors, managers and/or key professionals of:

 

  · Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor;
     
  · Fundrise Advisors, LLC, our Manager;
     
  · Fundrise, LLC, the owner of the Fundrise Platform;
     
  · other investment programs sponsored by our sponsor; and
     
  · other Fundrise entities.

 

As a result, they owe duties to each of these entities, their shareholders, members and limited partners. These duties may from time to time conflict with the duties that they owe to us.

 

No Independent Underwriter

 

As we are conducting this offering without the aid of an independent underwriter, you will not have the benefit of an independent due diligence review and investigation of the type normally performed by an independent underwriter in connection with the offering of securities. See “Plan of Distribution”.

 

License Agreement

 

We have entered into a license agreement with our sponsor, pursuant to which our sponsor granted us a non-exclusive, royalty free license to use the name “Fundrise”. See “Management—License Agreement”.

 

Certain Conflict Resolution Measures

 

Independent Representative

 

If our sponsor, Manager or their affiliates have a conflict of interest with us that is not otherwise covered by an existing policy we have adopted or a transaction is deemed to be a “principal transaction”, the Manager has appointed an independent representative (the “Independent Representative”) to protect the interests of the shareholders and review and approve such transactions. Any compensation payable to the Independent Representative for serving in such capacity on our behalf will be payable by us. Principal transactions are defined as transactions between our sponsor, Manager or their affiliates, on the one hand, and us or one of our subsidiaries, on the other hand. Our Manager is only authorized to execute principal transactions with the prior approval of the Independent Representative and in accordance with applicable law. Such prior approval may include but not be limited to pricing methodology for the acquisition of assets and/or liabilities for which there are no readily observable market prices.

 

On December 2, 2015, our Manager appointed William Thomas Lockard, Jr. to serve as the Independent Representative for the various eREITs® managed by our Manager, to protect the interests of the shareholders and review and approve any transactions in which our sponsor, Manager or their affiliates have a conflict of interest with us or a transaction deemed to be a “principal transaction”.

 

Mr. Lockard is currently the Managing Director and Head of Investment Banking for 280 CapMarkets, a fixed-income investment platform. He worked for 30 years as a public finance investment banker at closely held San Francisco-based Stone & Youngberg. Over the course of his banking career he structured more than 500 California local government financings representing more than $6 billion in public infrastructure and housing related projects. Mr. Lockard was a partner in the firm and served on both the firm’s board of directors and executive management committee.

 

Following the sale of Stone & Youngberg to Stifel, Mr. Lockard joined Rise Companies Corp. in 2014 as a Senior Vice President. Beginning in July 2015, Mr. Lockard transitioned from an employee of Rise Companies Corp. to a senior advisor. In December 2015, as noted above, Mr. Lockard agreed to become the Independent Representative and no longer acts as a senior advisor to Rise Companies Corp.

 

Mr. Lockard earned a bachelor’s degree from Stanford University, a master’s degree from Claremont Graduate University, and an MBA from the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School. Mr. Lockard served as a trustee of the University of Pennsylvania. He is a Stanford University Associate. Currently he is the board treasurer for the Center for Investigative Reporting. He is a board member of the Salesian Boys’ and Girls’ Club San Francisco. Mr. Lockard has served as treasurer on the boards of Coro of Northern California and the ACLU of Northern California. Mr. Lockard is a full member of the Urban Land Institute, a member of the San Francisco Golden Gate chapter of Lambda Alpha, and a member of the Stanford Real Estate Council.

  

74

 

 

The Manager believes that Mr. Lockard is independent based on the criteria for an “interested person” set forth in Section 2(a)(19) of the Investment Company Act.

 

Our Policies Relating to Conflicts of Interest

 

In addition to the provisions in our operating agreement described below and our Manager’s investment allocation policies described above, we have adopted the following policies prohibiting us from entering into certain types of transactions with our Manager, our sponsor, their officers or any of their affiliates in order to further reduce the potential for conflicts inherent in transactions with affiliates.

 

Pursuant to these conflicts of interest policies, we may not engage in the following types of transactions unless such transaction is approved by the Independent Representative:

 

  · sell or lease any investments to our Manager, our sponsor, their officers or any of their affiliates;
     
  · acquire or lease any investments from our Manager, our sponsor, their officers or any of their affiliates; and

 

  · invest in or make mortgage loans in which the transaction is with our Manager, our sponsor, their officers or any of their affiliates, including any mortgage loans that are subordinate to any mortgage or equity interest of our Manager, our sponsor, their officers or any of their affiliates.

 

In addition, pursuant to these conflicts of interest policies, we will neither make any loans to our Manager, our sponsor, their officers or any of their affiliates nor borrow money from our Manager, our sponsor, their officers or any of their affiliates, except as otherwise provided in the offering circular or unless approved by the Independent Representative. These restrictions on loans will only apply to advances of cash that are commonly viewed as loans, as determined by the Manager. By way of example only, the prohibition on loans would not restrict advances of cash for legal expenses or other costs incurred as a result of any legal action for which indemnification is being sought nor would the prohibition limit our ability to advance reimbursable expenses incurred by our Manager, our sponsor, their officers or any of their affiliates.

 

These conflicts of interest policies may be amended at any time in our Manager’s discretion.

 

Other Operating Agreement Provisions Relating to Conflicts of Interest

 

Our operating agreement contains many other restrictions relating to conflicts of interest including the following:

 

Term of our Manager. Our operating agreement provides that our Manager will serve as our manager for an indefinite term, but that our Manager may be removed by us, or may choose to withdraw as manager, under certain circumstances. Our shareholders may remove our Manager at any time with 30 days prior written notice for “cause”, following the affirmative vote of two-thirds of our shareholders. Unsatisfactory financial performance does not constitute “cause” under the operating agreement. Our Manager may withdraw as manager if we become required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act, with such withdrawal deemed to occur immediately before such event. In the event of the removal of our Manager, our Manager will cooperate with us and take all reasonable steps to assist in making an orderly transition of the management function. Our Manager will determine whether any succeeding manager possesses sufficient qualifications to perform the management function. See “Management—Term and Removal of the Manager”.

 

Other Transactions Involving Affiliates. Before engaging in a transaction involving an affiliate, our Manager must conclude that all other transactions between us and our sponsor, our Manager, any of their officers or directors, or any of their affiliates are fair and reasonable to us and on terms and conditions not less favorable to us than those available from unaffiliated third parties. See “Management—Investment Committee of our Manager”.

 

75

 

 

INVESTMENT OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGY

 

Investment Objectives

 

Our investment objectives are:

 

  · to realize growth in the value of our investments within approximately five years of the termination of this offering;
     
  · to grow net cash from operations so more cash is available for distributions to investors;
     
  · to enable investors to realize a return on their investment by beginning the process of liquidating and distributing cash to investors within approximately five years of the termination of this offering, or providing liquidity through alternative means such as in-kind distributions of our own securities or other assets; and
     
  · to preserve, protect and return your capital contribution.   

 

We cannot assure you that we will attain these objectives or that the value of our assets will not decrease. Furthermore, within our investment objectives and policies, our Manager has substantial discretion with respect to the selection of specific investments and the purchase and sale of our assets. Our Manager’s investment committee reviews our investment guidelines at least annually to determine whether our investment guidelines continue to be in the best interests of our shareholders.

 

Investment Strategy

 

We have used, and intend to continue to use substantially all of the proceeds of this offering to originate, acquire, asset manage, operate, selectively leverage, syndicate and opportunistically sell commercial real estate properties. We intend to acquire and operate real estate and real estate-related assets on an opportunistic basis. Our management has extensive experience investing in numerous types of properties. Thus, we may acquire a wide variety of commercial properties, including office, industrial, retail, hospitality, recreation and leisure, single-tenant, multifamily and other real properties. These properties may be existing, income-producing properties, newly constructed properties or properties under development or construction and may include properties purchased for renovation and conversion into condominiums and single-tenant properties that may be converted for another use, such as multifamily use. We focus on acquiring properties with significant possibilities for capital appreciation, such as those requiring development, redevelopment or repositioning, those located in markets with high growth potential and those available from sellers who are distressed or face time-sensitive deadlines. We also may invest in real estate-related securities, including securities issued by other real estate companies, either for investment or in change of control transactions completed on a negotiated basis or otherwise, and in bridge and mezzanine loans that may lead to an opportunity to purchase a real estate interest. In addition, to the extent that our Manager and its investment committee determines that it is advantageous, we also may make or invest in commercial mortgage-backed securities, mortgage loans and Code Section 1031 tenant-in-common interests. We expect that our portfolio of debt investments, if any, will continue to be secured primarily by U.S. based collateral, primarily commercial real estate properties and development projects, and diversified by security type, property type and geographic location.

 

We may enter into one or more joint ventures, tenant-in-common investments or other co-ownership arrangements for the acquisition, development or improvement of properties with third parties or affiliates of our Manager, including present and future real estate investment offering and REITs sponsored by affiliates of our sponsor. We also may serve as mortgage lender to, or acquire interests in or securities issued by, these joint ventures, tenant-in-common investments or other joint venture arrangements.

 

We may selectively employ leverage to enhance total returns to our shareholders through a combination of senior financing on our real estate acquisitions, secured facilities, and capital markets financing transactions. Our target portfolio-wide leverage after we have acquired an initial substantial portfolio of diversified investments is between 50-85% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. During periods when we are acquiring our portfolio, we may employ greater leverage on individual assets (that will also result in greater leverage of the interim portfolio) in order to quickly build a diversified portfolio of assets. We will seek to secure conservatively structured leverage that is long-term, non-recourse, non-mark-to-market financing to the extent obtainable on a cost effective basis. To the extent a higher level of leverage is employed it may come either in the form of government-sponsored programs or other long-term, non-recourse, non-mark-to-market financing. Our Manager may from time to time modify our leverage policy in its discretion. However, other than during our initial period of operations, it is our policy to not borrow more than 85% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. We cannot exceed the leverage limit of our leverage policy unless any excess in borrowing over such level is approved by our Manager’s investment committee.

 

76

 

 

In executing on our business strategy, we believe that we benefit from our Manager’s affiliation with our sponsor given our sponsor’s strong track record and extensive experience and capabilities as an online real estate origination and funding platform. These competitive advantages include:

 

  · Our sponsor’s experience and reputation as a leading real estate investment manager, which historically has given it access to a large investment pipeline similar to our targeted assets and the key market data we use to underwrite and portfolio manage assets;
     
  · Our sponsor’s direct and online origination capabilities, which are amplified by a proprietary technology platform, business process automation, and a large user base, of which a significant portion are seeking capital for real estate projects;
     
  · Our sponsor’s relationships with financial institutions and other lenders that originate and distribute commercial real estate debt and other real estate-related products and that finance the types of assets we intend to acquire and originate;
     
  · Our sponsor’s experienced portfolio management team which actively monitors each investment through an established regime of analysis, credit review and protocol; and
     
  · Our sponsor’s management team which has a successful track record of making commercial real estate investments in a variety of market conditions.

 

Investment Decisions and Asset Management

 

Within our investment policies and objectives, our Manager’s investment committee has substantial discretion with respect to the selection of specific investments and the purchase and sale of our assets. We believe that successful real estate investment requires the implementation of strategies that permit favorable purchases and originations, effective asset management and timely disposition of those assets. As such, we have developed a disciplined investment approach that combines the experience of its team of real estate professionals with a structure that emphasizes thorough market research, stringent underwriting standards and an extensive down-side analysis of the risks of each investment. The approach also includes active and aggressive management of each asset acquired.

 

We believe that active management is critical to creating value. We also develop a well-defined exit strategy for each investment we make. Specifically, we assign an exit or refinance timeline to each asset we acquire prior to its purchase as part of the original business plan for the asset. We then continually re-evaluate the exit strategy of each asset in response to the performance of the individual asset, market conditions and our overall portfolio objectives to determine the optimal time to sell the asset.

 

To execute our disciplined investment approach, a team of our real estate professionals take responsibility for the business plan of each investment. The following practices summarize our investment approach:

 

  Local Market Research  – The investment team extensively researches the acquisition and/or origination and underwriting of each transaction, utilizing both real time market data and the transactional knowledge and experience of our network of professionals and in market relationships.

 

  Underwriting Discipline  – We follow a tightly controlled and managed process to examine all elements of a potential investment, including, with respect to real property, its location, income-producing capacity, prospects for long-range appreciation, income tax considerations and liquidity. Only those assets meeting our investment criteria will be accepted for inclusion in our portfolio. In an effort to keep an asset in compliance with those standards, the underwriting team remains involved through the investment life cycle of the asset and consults with the other internal professionals responsible for the asset. This team of experts reviews and develops comprehensive reports for each asset throughout the holding period.

 

  Risk Management  – Risk management is a fundamental principle in our construction of portfolios and in the management of each investment. Diversification of portfolios by investment type, investment size and investment risk is critical to controlling portfolio-level risk. Operating or performance risks arise at the investment level and often require real estate operating experience to cure. Our real estate professionals review the operating performance and history of our joint-venture and development partners against projections and provide the oversight necessary to detect and resolve issues as they arise.

 

  Asset Management  – Prior to the purchase of an individual asset or portfolio, the Manager closely works with the acquisition and underwriting teams to develop an asset business strategy. This is a forecast of the action items to be taken and the capital needed to achieve the anticipated returns. We review asset business strategies regularly to anticipate changes or opportunities in the market during a given phase of a real estate cycle. We have designed this process to allow for realistic yet aggressive enhancement of value throughout the investment period.

 

Market Overview and Opportunity

 

As the shocks from the shutdowns and the ongoing health crisis reverberate through the economy, we believe there will be opportunities to pursue more opportunistic real estate investments at much more attractive prices. Given the prospect of negative growth for the economy in the near term and anemic growth for the mid-to-long term, we favor a strategy weighted toward maintaining large cash reserves and targeting equity investments at low or reduced cost basis, as compared to prices before the March 2020 downturn, but with significant potential value creation and likely below the radar of institutional-sized investors, particularly with regard to rescue capital for properties in distress as a result of the economic shocks from COVID-19 . We also believe that due to government lockdowns and other effects of COVID-19 there is compelling need and favorable risk-adjusted returns for capital to fund construction projects partway through development requiring additional funding as a result of a general pull back in financing from the banking industry, project delays, budget overruns in order to complete and stabilize. In contrast, returns typically associated with core real estate properties in major gateway markets, and stabilized trophy assets have generally become overpriced in a pursuit of safety over value. We believe that our investment strategy combined with the experience and expertise of our Manager’s management team will provide opportunities to originate investments with attractive long-term equity returns and strong structural features directly with real estate companies, thereby taking advantage of disrupted market conditions in order to seek the best risk-return dynamic for our shareholders.

 

77

 

 

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, there have been 38.6 million initial jobless claims in the nine weeks prior to May 21, 2020, increasing the real unemployment rate to around 25% — the highest level since 1934.

 

 

 

The magnitude of the economic downturn is uncertain but appears to be as severe as the Great Recession, if not more so, as illustrated by a number of recent economic indicators:

 

·During the week of March 31 to April 6, 2020, compared to the same period the year before, hotel occupancy was down nearly 70%, with only 21.6% rooms filled, per a new report from STR, one of the leading hospitality data sources.

 

·On April 20, 2020, Fitch Ratings published that $100 billion of CMBS borrowers have requested relief in the prior 30-days.

 

·On April 21, 2020, UBS analysts predicted the coronavirus pandemic could cause 100,000 retail closures by 2025, as compared to 65,000 during the Great Recession.

 

·On April 24, 2020, Congressional Budget Office forecast 2020's second fiscal quarter GDP to contract 39.6% year over year.

 

We believe that the current extraordinary economic conditions will cause an extended credit market dislocation and should create an investment environment in extreme need of new capital sources and additional lending.

 

The global impact of the outbreak of COVID-19 has been rapidly evolving, continues to have an adverse impact on economic and market conditions and presents material uncertainty and risk with respect to the Company’s future performance and future financial results. The Company is unable to quantify the impact COVID-19 may have on the market opportunity and its future financial results at this time.

 

78

 

 

Targeted Investments

 

Because our intended approach to acquiring and operating real estate and real estate-related assets involves more risk than comparable real estate programs that have a targeted holding period for investments longer than ours, utilize leverage to a lesser degree and/or employ more conservative investment strategies, we believe that we have a potential for a higher rate of return than comparable real estate programs. Prior to acquiring an asset, our Manager’s investment committee performs an individual analysis of the asset to determine whether it meets our investment guidelines, including the probability of sale at an optimum price within our targeted holding period. Our Manager’s investment committee uses the information derived from the analysis in determining whether the asset is an appropriate investment for us.

 

We intend to continue to invest in a wide variety of commercial properties, including, without limitation, office, industrial, retail, hospitality, recreation and leisure, single-tenant, multifamily and other real properties. These properties may be existing or newly constructed properties, properties under development or construction, properties not yet developed or raw land for development or resale and may include multifamily properties purchased for conversion into condominiums and single-tenant properties that may be converted for multifamily use. In each case, the properties are identified by us as opportunistic investments. These properties are identified as such because of their property-specific characteristics or their market characteristics. For instance, properties that may benefit from unique repositioning opportunities or for development or redevelopment or that are located in markets with high growth potential or that are available from distressed sellers may present appropriate investments for us.

 

In the case of real estate-related investments, we may invest in (1) equity securities such as common stocks, preferred stocks and convertible preferred securities of public or private real estate companies such as other REITs and other real estate operating companies, (2) debt securities such as commercial mortgages, mortgage loan participations, commercial mortgage-backed securities and debt securities issued by other real estate companies, and (3) mezzanine loans, bridge loans and certain non-U.S. dollar denominated securities. In each case, these real estate-related assets will have been identified as being opportunistic investments with significant possibilities for near-term capital appreciation or higher current income.

 

We intend to continue to hold our assets for a period of approximately five years from the termination of this offering. We believe that holding our assets for this period enables us to capitalize on the potential for increased income and capital appreciation of such assets while also providing for a level of liquidity consistent with our investment strategy and fund life. Though we evaluate each of our assets for capital appreciation generally within a targeted holding period of approximately five years from the termination of this offering, we may consider investing in properties and other assets with a different holding period in the event such investments provide an opportunity for an attractive return in a period that is consistent with the life of our Company. Further, economic or market conditions, or the tax rules applicable to REITs, may influence us to hold our investments for different periods of time.

 

As a result of our flexibility to invest in a variety of types of real estate and real estate-related assets rather than in specific limited asset types, our intent to continue to target assets with significant possibilities for near-term capital appreciation or higher current income, we believe that our investments have the potential to provide a rate of return superior to real estate programs that invest in a limited range of asset types, have a longer targeted holding period, utilize leverage to a lesser degree and/or employ more conservative investment strategies.

 

In cases where our Manager’s investment committee determines that it is advantageous to us to make investments in which our sponsor or its affiliates do not have substantial experience, it is our Manager’s investment committee’s intention to employ persons, engage consultants or partner with third parties that have, in our Manager’s investment committee’s opinion, the relevant expertise necessary to assist our Manager’s investment committee in its consideration, making and administration of such investments.

 

Investments in Real Property

 

In executing our investment strategy with respect to investments in real property, we seek to invest in assets that we believe may be repositioned or redeveloped so that they will reach an optimum value within approximately five years from the termination of this offering. We may acquire properties with lower tenant quality or low occupancy rates and reposition them by seeking to improve the property, tenant quality and occupancy rates and thereby increase lease revenues and overall property value. Further, we may invest in properties that we believe are an attractive value because all or a portion of the tenant leases expire within a short period after the date of acquisition, and we intend to renew leases or replace existing tenants at the properties for improved returns. We may acquire properties in markets that are depressed or overbuilt with the anticipation that, within our targeted holding period, the markets will recover and favorably impact the value of these properties. We may also acquire properties from sellers who are distressed or face time-sensitive deadlines with the expectation that we can achieve better success with the properties. Many of the markets where we will acquire properties may have high growth potential in real estate lease rates and sale prices. To the extent feasible, we will invest in a diversified portfolio of properties in terms of geography, type of property and industry of our tenants that will satisfy our investment objectives of preserving our capital and realizing capital appreciation upon the ultimate sale of our properties. In making investment decisions for us, our Manager’s investment committee will consider relevant real estate property and financial factors, including the location of the property, its suitability for any development contemplated or in progress, its income-producing capacity, the prospects for long-range appreciation and its liquidity and income and REIT tax considerations.

 

79

 

 

We are not limited in the number or size of properties we may acquire or the percentage of net proceeds of this offering that we may invest in a single property. The number and mix of properties we acquire will depend upon real estate and market conditions and other circumstances existing at the time we acquire our properties and the amount of proceeds we raise in this offering.

 

Our investment in real estate generally takes the form of holding fee title or a long-term leasehold estate, and is expected to be most commonly owned through a special purpose entity with a joint venture partner. We will acquire such interests either directly or indirectly through limited liability companies or through investments in joint ventures, partnerships, co-tenancies or other co-ownership arrangements with third parties, including developers of the properties, or with affiliates of our sponsor. In addition, we may purchase properties and lease them back to the sellers of such properties. Although we will use our best efforts to structure any such sale-leaseback transaction such that the lease will be characterized as a “true lease” so that we will be treated as the owner of the property for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Internal Revenue Service could challenge such characterization. In the event that any such sale-leaseback transaction is recharacterized as a financing transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes, deductions for depreciation and cost recovery relating to such property would be disallowed. See “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations—Gross Income Tests—Sale-Leaseback Transactions”.

 

Though we intend to diversify our portfolio by geographic location, we expect to focus on markets with high growth potential. As a result, our actual investments may result in concentrations in a limited number of geographic regions. We expect to make our investments in or in respect of real estate assets located in the United States. If we invest in properties outside of the United States, we intend to focus primarily on commercial properties located in Europe, which we believe to have similar characteristics as those properties in which we have previous investment and management expertise. Investment in areas outside of the United States may be subject to risks different than those impacting properties in the United States.

 

Our obligation to purchase any property generally is conditioned upon the delivery and verification of certain documents from the seller or developer, including, where appropriate:

 

  plans and specifications;

 

  environmental reports;

 

  surveys;

 

  evidence of marketable title subject to such liens and encumbrances as are acceptable to our Manager;

 

  auditable financial statements covering recent operations of properties having operating histories; and

 

  title and liability insurance policies.

 

We will generally not purchase any property unless and until we obtain what is generally referred to as a “Phase I” environmental site assessment and are generally satisfied with the environmental status of the property. A Phase I environmental site assessment basically consists of a visual survey of the building and the property in an attempt to identify areas of potential environmental concerns, visually observing neighboring properties to assess surface conditions or activities that may have an adverse environmental impact on the property, and contacting local governmental agency personnel and performing a regulatory agency file search in an attempt to determine any known environmental concerns in the immediate vicinity of the property. A Phase I environmental site assessment does not generally include any sampling or testing of soil, groundwater or building materials from the property. With respect to international investments, we will seek to obtain an environmental assessment that is customary in the location where the property is being acquired.

 

Generally, sellers engage and pay third party brokers or finders in connection with the sale of an asset. However, although we do not expect to do so on a regular basis, we may from time to time compensate third party brokers or finders in connection with our acquisitions.

 

We may enter into arrangements with the seller or developer of a property whereby the seller or developer agrees that, if during a stated period the property does not generate a specified cash flow, the seller or developer will pay in cash to us a sum necessary to reach the specified cash flow level, subject in some cases to negotiated dollar limitations. In determining whether to purchase a particular property, we may, in accordance with customary practices, obtain an option on such property. The amount paid for an option, if any, is normally surrendered if the property is not purchased and is normally credited against the purchase price if the property is purchased. In purchasing, leasing and developing properties, we will be subject to risks generally incident to the ownership of real estate.

 

80

 

 

Multifamily and Mixed-Use Properties.  We may acquire and develop multifamily and mixed-use properties for rental operations as apartment buildings and/or for conversion into condominiums. In each case, these multifamily and mixed-use communities meet our investment objectives and may include conventional multifamily properties, such as mid-rise, high-rise, and garden-style properties, as well as student housing and age-restricted properties (typically requiring at least one resident of each unit to be 55 or older). Specifically, we may acquire multifamily assets that may benefit from enhancement or repositioning and development assets. We may purchase any type of residential property, including properties that require capital improvement or lease-up to enhance shareholder returns. Location, condition, design and amenities are key characteristics for apartment communities and condominiums. We will focus on major metropolitan areas and other markets and submarkets that are deemed likely to benefit from ongoing population shifts and/or that are poised for high growth potential.

 

The terms and conditions of any apartment lease that we enter into with our residents may vary substantially; however, we expect that a majority of our leases will be standardized leases customarily used between landlords and residents for the specific type and use of the property in the geographic area where the property is located. In the case of apartment communities, such standardized leases generally have terms of one year or less. All prospective residents for our apartment communities are required to submit a credit application.

 

Office Properties. We may acquire and develop office properties for rental operations. In each case, these office properties meet our investment objectives and may include low-rise, mid-rise and high-rise office buildings and office parks in urban and suburban locations, especially those that are in or near central business districts or have access to transportation. Specifically, we may acquire office properties that may benefit from enhancement or repositioning and development assets. We may purchase any type of office property, including properties that require capital improvement or lease-up to enhance shareholder returns. Location, condition, design and amenities are key characteristics for office properties. We will focus on major metropolitan areas and other markets and submarkets that are poised for high growth potential.

 

The terms and conditions of any office lease that we enter into with our tenants may vary substantially; however, we expect that a majority of our leases will be standardized leases customarily used between landlords and tenants for the specific type and use of the property in the geographic area where the property is located. All prospective tenants for our office properties are required to submit a credit application.

 

Retail Properties. We may acquire and develop retail properties for rental operations. In each case, these retail properties meet our investment objectives and may include malls, power centers, strip centers, urban retail, and single tenant properties with credit or non-credit tenants. Specifically, we may acquire retail properties that may benefit from enhancement or repositioning and development assets. We may purchase any type of retail property, including properties that require capital improvement or lease-up to enhance shareholder returns. Location, condition, design and amenities are key characteristics for retail properties. We will focus on major metropolitan areas and other markets and submarkets that are poised for high growth potential.

 

The terms and conditions of any retail lease that we enter into with our tenants may vary substantially; however, we expect that a majority of our leases will be standardized leases customarily used between landlords and tenants for the specific type and use of the property in the geographic area where the property is located. All prospective tenants for our retail properties are required to submit a credit application.

 

Industrial Properties. We may acquire and develop industrial properties for rental operations. In each case, these industrial properties will meet our investment objectives and may include warehouse and distribution facilities, office/warehouse flex properties, research and development properties and light industrial properties. Specifically, we may acquire industrial properties that may benefit from enhancement or repositioning and development assets. We may purchase any type of industrial property, including properties that require capital improvement or lease-up to enhance shareholder returns. Location and condition are key characteristics for industrial properties. We will focus on major metropolitan areas and other markets and submarkets that are poised for high growth potential.

 

The terms and conditions of any industrial lease that we enter into with our tenants may vary substantially; however, we expect that a majority of our leases will be standardized leases customarily used between landlords and tenants for the specific type and use of the property in the geographic area where the property is located. All prospective tenants for our industrial properties are required to submit a credit application.

 

Joint Venture Investments. We are likely to enter into joint ventures, partnerships, tenant-in-common investments or other co-ownership arrangements with third parties as well as entities affiliated with our sponsor for the acquisition, development or improvement of properties for the purpose of diversifying our portfolio of assets. We may also enter into joint ventures, partnerships, co-tenancies and other co-ownership arrangements or participations with real estate developers, owners and other third parties for the purpose of developing, owning and operating real properties. A joint venture creates an alignment of interest with a private source of capital for the benefit of our shareholders, by leveraging our acquisition, development and management expertise in order to achieve the following four primary objectives: (1) increase the return on invested capital; (2) diversify our access to equity capital; (3) “leverage” invested capital to promote our brand and increase market share; and (4) obtain the participation of sophisticated partners in our real estate decisions. In determining whether to invest in a particular joint venture, our Manager’s investment committee will evaluate the real property that such joint venture owns or is being formed to own under the same criteria described elsewhere in this offering circular for our selection of real property investments.

 

81

 

 

Investments in Debt-Related Real Estate Assets

 

While we principally intend to make equity investments in real estate, if we determine to make debt investments for a portion of our portfolio, we would expect to invest in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate-related debt securities and other similar real estate-related assets (which may include investments in majority-owned subsidiaries with rights to receive preferred economic returns), by directly originating such investments and by purchasing them from third party sellers. We may also invest in CMBS, as well as other commercial real estate-related debt securities such as CDOs, unsecured debt issued by REITs and interests in other securitized vehicles that own real estate-related debt.

 

Other Possible Investments

 

Although we expect that most of our investments will be of the types described above, we may make other investments, such as international investments. In fact, we may invest in whatever types of interests in real estate- or debt-related assets that we believe are in our best interests. Although we can purchase any type of interest in real estate- or debt-related assets, our conflicts of interest policy and operating agreement do limit certain types of investments involving our Manager, our sponsor, their officers or any of their affiliates. See “Conflicts of Interest—Certain Conflict Resolution Measures”.

 

Investment Process

 

Our Manager has the authority to make all the decisions regarding our investments consistent with the investment guidelines and borrowing policies approved by our Manager’s investment committee and subject to the limitations in our operating agreement and the direction and oversight of our Manager’s investment committee. Our Manager’s investment committee must approve all investments other than investments in commercial real estate. With respect to investments in commercial real estate, our Manager’s investment committee intends to adopt investment guidelines that our Manager must follow when acquiring such assets on our behalf without the approval of our Manager’s investment committee. We will not, however, purchase or lease assets in which our Manager, any of our officers or any of their affiliates has an interest without a determination by the Independent Representative that such transaction is fair and reasonable to us and at a price to us that is not materially greater than the cost of the asset to the affiliated seller or lessor. In the event that two or more members of the investment committee are interested parties in a transaction, the Independent Representative will consider and vote upon the approval of the transaction. Our Manager’s investment committee will formally review at a duly called meeting our investment guidelines on an annual basis and our investment portfolio on a quarterly basis or, in each case, more often as they deem appropriate. Changes to our investment guidelines must be approved by our Manager’s investment committee.

 

Our Manager will focus on the sourcing, acquisition and management of commercial real estate. It will source our investments from new or existing customers, former and current financing and investment partners, third party intermediaries, competitors looking to share risk and investment, securitization or lending departments of major financial institutions.

 

In selecting investments for us, our Manager utilizes our sponsor’s established investment and underwriting process, which focuses on ensuring that each prospective investment is being evaluated appropriately. The criteria that our Manager considers when evaluating prospective investment opportunities include:

 

  macroeconomic conditions that may influence operating performance;

 

  real estate market factors that may influence real estate valuations, real estate lending and/or economic performance of real estate generally;

 

  fundamental analysis of the real estate, including tenant rosters, lease terms, zoning, operating costs and the asset’s overall competitive position in its market;

 

  the operating expertise and financial strength of the sponsor or borrower;

 

  real estate and leasing market conditions affecting the real estate;

 

  the cash flow in place and projected to be in place over the expected hold period of the real estate;

 

  the appropriateness of estimated costs and timing associated with capital improvements of the real estate;

 

  a valuation of the investment, investment basis relative to its value and the ability to liquidate an investment through a sale or refinancing of the real estate;

 

  review of third-party reports, including appraisals, engineering and environmental reports;

 

  physical inspections of the real estate and analysis of markets; and

 

  the overall structure of the investment and rights in the transaction documentation.

 

82

 

 

If a potential investment meets our Manager’s underwriting criteria, our Manager reviews the proposed transaction structure, including, with respect to joint ventures, distribution and waterfall criteria, governance and control rights, buy-sell provisions and recourse provisions. Our Manager evaluates the asset’s position within the overall capital structure and its rights in relation to other partners or capital tranches. Our Manager analyzes each potential investment’s risk-return profile and review financing sources, if applicable, to ensure that the investment fits within the parameters of financing facilities and to ensure performance of the real estate asset.

 

Borrowing Policy

 

We believe that our sponsor’s ability to obtain both competitive interim and term financings and its relationships with top tier financial institutions should continue to allow our Manager to successfully employ moderate levels of borrowing in order to enhance our returns to shareholders. Although our investment strategy is not contingent on financing our assets in the capital markets, our sponsor’s past experience and ability in structuring and managing match-funded, flexible term debt facilities and securitization vehicles should continue to provide our Manager with an advantage in potentially obtaining conservatively structured term financing for many of our investments, to the extent available, through capital markets and other financing transactions, including allowing our Company to be among the first to access the capital markets when conditions permit.

 

We may employ leverage in order to provide more funds available for investment. We believe that careful use of conservatively structured leverage will help us to achieve our diversification goals and potentially enhance the returns on our investments. We expect that once we have fully invested the proceeds of this offering, our debt financing, on a portfolio-wide basis, will be between 50-85% of the greater of the cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets, although it may exceed this level during our offering stage. Our Manager may from time to time modify our leverage policy in its discretion. However, other than during our initial period of operations, it is our policy to not borrow more than 85% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. We cannot exceed the leverage limit of our leverage policy unless any excess in borrowing over such level is approved by our Manager’s investment committee.

 

Operating Policies

 

Credit Risk Management. We may be exposed to various levels of credit and special hazard risk depending on the nature of our assets and the nature and level of credit enhancements supporting our assets. Our Manager and its executive officers review and monitor credit risk and other risks of loss associated with each investment. In addition, we seek to diversify our portfolio of assets to avoid undue geographic, issuer, industry and certain other types of concentrations. Our Manager’s investment committee monitors the overall portfolio risk and levels of provision for loss.

 

Interest Rate Risk Management. To the extent consistent with maintaining our qualification as a REIT, we follow an interest rate risk management policy intended to mitigate the negative effects of major interest rate changes. We intend to minimize our interest rate risk from borrowings by attempting to “match-fund”, which means our Manager seeks to structure the key terms of our borrowings to generally correspond with the expected holding period of our assets and their underlying leases and through hedging activities.

 

Hedging Activities. We may engage in hedging transactions to protect our investment portfolio and variable rate leverage from interest rate fluctuations and other changes in market conditions. These transactions may include interest rate swaps, the purchase or sale of interest rate collars, caps or floors, options, mortgage derivatives and other hedging instruments. These instruments may be used to hedge as much of the interest rate risk as we determine is in the best interest of our shareholders, given the cost of such hedges and the need to maintain our qualification as a REIT. We may from time to time enter into interest rate swap agreements to offset the potential adverse effects of rising interest rates under certain short-term repurchase agreements. We may elect to bear a level of interest rate risk that could otherwise be hedged when our Manager believes, based on all relevant facts, that bearing such risk is advisable or economically unavoidable.

 

Equity Capital Policies. Under our operating agreement, we have authority to issue an unlimited number of additional common shares or other securities. In particular, our Manager is authorized to provide for the issuance of an unlimited amount of one or more classes or series of shares in our Company, including preferred shares, and to fix the number of shares, the relative powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions applicable to each class or series thereof by resolution authorizing the issuance of such class or series, without shareholder approval. After your purchase in this offering, our Manager may elect to: (i) sell additional shares in this or future public offerings, (ii) issue equity interests in private offerings or (iii) issue shares to our Manager, or its successors or assigns, in payment of an outstanding fee obligation. To the extent we issue additional equity interests after your purchase in this offering, your percentage ownership interest in us will be diluted. In addition, depending upon the terms and pricing of any additional offerings and the value of our investments, you may also experience dilution in the book value and fair value of your shares.

 

83

 

 

Disposition Policies

 

As each of our investments reach what we believe to be its optimum value during the expected life of our Company, we will consider disposing of the investment and may do so for the purpose of either distributing the net sale proceeds to our shareholders or investing the proceeds in other assets that we believe may produce a higher overall future return to our shareholders. We anticipate that any such dispositions typically would occur during the period within approximately five years from the termination of this offering (subject to pursuing alternative means of providing liquidity). However, in accordance with our investment objective of achieving maximum capital appreciation, we may sell a particular property or other asset before or after this anticipated holding period if, in the judgment of our Manager’s investment committee, selling the asset is in our best interest. The determination of when a particular investment should be sold or otherwise disposed of will be made after consideration of relevant factors, including prevailing and projected economic conditions, whether the value of the property or other investment is anticipated to decline substantially, whether we could apply the proceeds from the sale of the asset to make other investments consistent with our investment objectives, whether disposition of the asset would allow us to increase cash flow, and whether the sale of the asset would constitute a prohibited transaction under the Code or would impact our status as a REIT. Our ability to dispose of property during the first few years following its acquisition is restricted to a substantial extent as a result of our REIT status. Under applicable provisions of the Code regarding prohibited transactions by REITs, a REIT that sells a property other than foreclosure property that is deemed to be inventory or property held primarily for sale in the ordinary course of business is deemed a “dealer” with respect to any such property and is subject to a 100% penalty tax on the net income from any such transaction unless the sale qualifies for a statutory safe harbor from application of the 100% tax. As a result, our Manager will attempt to structure any disposition of our properties with respect to which our Manager believes we could be viewed as a dealer in a manner to avoid this penalty tax through reliance on the safe harbor available under the Code or through the use of a TRS. See “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations —Taxation of Our Company”. Alternatively, the risk of incurring the 100% tax may require the Manager to forgo an otherwise attractive sale opportunity.

 

When we determine to sell a particular property or other investment, we will seek to achieve a selling price that maximizes the capital appreciation for investors based on then-current market conditions. We cannot assure you that this objective will be realized. The selling price of a leased office, retail or industrial property will be determined in large part by the amount of rent payable by the tenants. With respect to apartment communities, the selling price will be determined in large part by the amount of rent payable by the residents. When determining the selling price of other types of real estate assets, such as hospitality and recreation and leisure properties, we will consider such factors as expected future cash flow from the properties as well as industry-specific information. The terms of payment will be affected by custom in the area in which the property being sold is located and the then prevailing economic conditions.

 

Depending upon then prevailing market conditions, and subject to our consideration of alternative liquidity events, it is our intention to consider beginning the process of liquidating our assets and distributing the net proceeds to our shareholders within approximately five years after the termination of this offering. However, our Manager may determine to defer such liquidation beyond the fifth anniversary of the termination of this offering.

 

Market conditions, our status as a REIT and other factors could cause us to delay the commencement of our liquidation or other liquidity event. Even after we decide to liquidate, we are under no obligation to conclude our liquidation within a set time because the timing of the sale of our assets will depend on real estate and financial markets, economic conditions of the areas in which the properties are located and U.S. federal income tax effects on shareholders that may prevail in the future, and we cannot assure you that we will be able to liquidate our assets. After commencing a liquidation, we would continue in existence until all properties are sold and our other assets are liquidated. In general, the U.S. federal income tax rules applicable to REITs will require us to complete our liquidation within 24 months following our adoption of a plan of liquidation. Compliance with this 24 month requirement could require us to sell assets at unattractive prices, distribute unsold assets to a “liquidating trust” with potentially unfavorable tax consequences for our shareholders, or terminate our status as a REIT.

 

Liquidity Event

 

Subject to then existing market conditions, we may consider alternatives to our liquidation as a means for providing liquidity to our shareholders within approximately five to seven years from the one year anniversary of the qualification of our initial offering. While we expect to seek a liquidity transaction in this time frame, there can be no assurance that a suitable transaction will be available or that market conditions for a transaction will be favorable during that time frame. Our Manager has the discretion to consider a liquidity transaction at any time if it determines such event to be in our best interests. A liquidity transaction could consist of a sale or partial sale of our assets, a sale or merger of our Company, a consolidation transaction with other companies managed by our Manager or its affiliates, a listing of our shares on a national securities exchange or a similar transaction. We do not have a stated term, as we believe setting a finite date for a possible, but uncertain future liquidity transaction may result in actions that are not necessarily in the best interest or within the expectations of our shareholders.

 

Prior to our completion of a liquidity transaction, our redemption plan may provide an opportunity for you to have your common shares redeemed, subject to certain restrictions and limitations. See “Description of our Common Shares—Redemption Plan”.

 

84

 

 

 

PLAN OF OPERATION

 

General

 

We are a Delaware limited liability company formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate debt securities (including CMBS, CDOs, and REIT senior unsecured debt) and other real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of commercial real estate properties. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns. We plan to continue to diversify our portfolio by investment type, investment size and investment risk with the goal of attaining a portfolio of real estate assets that provide attractive and stable returns to our investors.

 

Fundrise Advisors, LLC is our Manager. As our Manager, it manages our day-to-day operations and our portfolio of commercial real estate equity investments and other select real estate-related assets. Our Manager also has the authority to make all of the decisions regarding our investments, subject to the limitation in our operating agreement and the direction and oversight of our Manager’s investment committee. Our sponsor will also provide asset management, marketing, investor relations and other administrative services on our behalf.

 

We elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Code, commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2019. As we have qualified as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we generally are not subject to U.S. federal income tax to the extent we distribute qualifying dividends to our shareholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year after electing REIT status, we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate income tax rates and generally will not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes for four years following the year in which our qualification is denied. Such an event could materially and adversely affect our net income and cash available for distribution. However, we believe that we are organized and will continue to operate in a manner that will enable us to qualify for treatment as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2019, and we intend to continue to operate so as to remain qualified as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes thereafter.

 

Competition

 

Our net income depends, in large part, on our ability to source, acquire and manage investments with attractive risk-adjusted yields. We compete with many other entities engaged in real estate investment activities, including individuals, corporations, bank and insurance company investment accounts, other REITs, private real estate funds, and other entities engaged in real estate investment activities as well as online lending platforms that compete with the Fundrise Platform, many of which have greater financial resources and lower costs of capital available to them than we have. In addition, there are numerous REITs with asset acquisition objectives similar to ours, and others may be organized in the future, which may increase competition for the investments suitable for us. In particular, our investment objectives and strategies are similar to other Fundrise eREITs®, such as Fundrise Equity REIT, LLC, Fundrise Growth eREIT II, LLC, Fundrise Growth eREIT III, LLC, Fundrise Growth eREIT® V, LLC, and Fundrise Growth eREIT® VI, LLC, which are also managed by our Manager. Competitive variables include market presence and visibility, amount of capital to be invested per project and underwriting standards. To the extent that a competitor is willing to risk larger amounts of capital in a particular transaction or to employ more liberal underwriting standards when evaluating potential investments than we are, our investment volume and profit margins for our investment portfolio could be impacted. Our competitors may also be willing to accept lower returns on their investments and may succeed in buying the assets that we have targeted for acquisition. Although we believe that we are well positioned to compete effectively in each facet of our business, there is enormous competition in our market sector and there can be no assurance that we will compete effectively or that we will not encounter increased competition in the future that could limit our ability to conduct our business effectively.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We are dependent upon the net proceeds from this ongoing offering to conduct our proposed operations. We have and will continue to obtain the capital required to purchase and originate real estate-related investments and conduct our operations from the proceeds of this ongoing offering and any future offerings we may conduct, from secured or unsecured financings from banks and other lenders and from any undistributed funds from our operations. For information regarding the anticipated use of proceeds from this offering, see “Estimated Use of Proceeds”.

 

If we are unable to raise a substantial amount in gross offering proceeds, we will make fewer investments resulting in less diversification in terms of the type, number and size of investments we make and the value of an investment in us will fluctuate with the performance of the specific assets we acquire. Further, we will have certain fixed operating expenses, including certain expenses as a publicly offered REIT, regardless of whether we are able to raise substantial funds in this offering. Our inability to raise substantial funds would increase our fixed operating expenses as a percentage of gross income, reducing our net income and limiting our ability to make distributions.

 

85

 

 

Through May 13, 2020, our ongoing offering has raised an aggregate of approximately $46.0 million (not including the approximate $100,000 received in private placements to our sponsor, Rise Companies Corp., and Fundrise, LP, an affiliate of our sponsor). In the 12-month period prior to May 13, 2020, we had settled subscriptions for approximately $46,063,018. We are continuing to offer up to $3,936,982 in our common shares, which represents the value of the shares available to be offered as of May 13, 2020 out of the rolling 12-month maximum offering amount of $50 million in our common shares.

 

We currently have no outstanding debt and have not received a commitment from any lender to provide us with financing. Our targeted portfolio-wide leverage after we have acquired an initial substantial portfolio of diversified investments is 50-85% of the greater of the cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. During the period when we are acquiring our portfolio, we may employ greater leverage on individual assets (that will also result in greater leverage of the interim portfolio) in order to quickly build a diversified portfolio of assets. Our Manager may from time to time modify our leverage policy in its discretion in light of then-current economic conditions, relative costs of debt and equity capital, market values of our assets, general conditions in the market for debt and equity securities, growth and acquisition opportunities or other factors. However, other than during our initial period of operations, it is our policy to not borrow more than 85% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. We cannot exceed the leverage limit of our leverage policy unless any excess in borrowing over such level is approved by our Manager’s investment committee.

 

In addition to making investments in accordance with our investment objectives, we use our capital resources to make certain payments to our Manager. During our organization and offering stage, these payments include payments for reimbursement of certain organization and offering expenses. During our acquisition and development stage, we expect to make payments to our Manager in connection with the management of our assets and costs incurred by our Manager in providing services to us. For a discussion of the compensation to be paid to our Manager, see “Management Compensation”.

 

We elected to be taxed as a REIT and to operate as a REIT commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2019. To maintain our qualification as a REIT, we are required to make aggregate annual distributions to our shareholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain), and to avoid federal income and excise taxes on retained taxable income and gains we must distribute 100% of such income and gains annually. Our Manager may authorize distributions in excess of those required for us to maintain REIT status and/or avoid such taxes on retained taxable income and gains depending on our financial condition and such other factors as our Manager deems relevant. Provided we have sufficient available cash flow, we intend to continue to authorize and declare distributions based on daily record dates and pay distributions on a quarterly or other periodic basis. We have not established a minimum distribution level.

 

Related Party Loans

 

If we have sufficient funds to acquire only a portion of a real estate investment then, in order to cover the shortfall, we may obtain a related party loan from, or issue a participation interest to an affiliate. Our operating agreement expressly authorizes us to enter into such related party loans and to issue such participation interests. Each related party loan and participation interest will be an unsecured obligation of ours, that is payable solely to the extent that such related party loan or participation interest remains outstanding. As we sell additional common shares in this offering, we will use the proceeds of such sales to pay down the principal and interest of any related party loan or the principal of the outstanding participation interests, as appropriate, reducing the payment obligation of such related party loan or participation interest, and our obligation to the holder of such related party loan or participation interest. We may also utilize related party loans, from time to time, as a form of leverage to acquire real estate assets.

 

In instances where a participation interest is outstanding, payments of the participation interest will be pari passu ( i.e., of equal seniority) to our right to payment from the underlying asset, and any payments received from the underlying asset will be subsequently distributed pro rata ( i.e., in equal proportion to their proportionate interest) among us and the participation interest holder. In the event that we sell a sufficient number of common shares through this offering to fully extinguish the principal of an outstanding participation interest, we will repay the participation interest, and, other than any accrued but unpaid return due to it from the underlying asset, the holder of the participation interest will no longer hold any obligation of ours with regard to payment. It is anticipated that each participation interest will have a varying return that is dependent upon, and will generally be identical to, the projected return on the underlying asset.

 

86

 

 

Our Investments

  

Overview

 

In 2019, our Manager began executing on our strategy of acquiring and opportunistically selling real estate properties. Our strategy has focused on acquiring properties with significant possibilities for short-term capital appreciation.

 

The following tables summarize the asset acquisitions the Company has made as of May 13, 2020. Note: the use of the term “controlled subsidiary” is not intended to conform with the GAAP definition and does not correlate to a subsidiary that would require consolidation under GAAP. Fuller descriptions of each of these assets, including any update since the date of acquisition, may be found in their respective Form 1-U reports, which are linked in the tables below.

 

Investments Summaries

 

The following tables summarize the asset acquisitions the Company has made as of May 13, 2020. Fuller descriptions of each of these assets, including any update since the date of acquisition, may be found in their respective Form 1-U reports, which are linked in the tables below.

 

Name of Investment   Type of
Investment
  Date of
Acquisition
   

Annual
Return

(1)

   

Redemption
Date

(2)

 

Total
Commitment

(3)

    Overview
(Form 1-U)
GlenLine Promissory Note (4)   Promissory Note   09/25/2019       5.5 %   03/01/2020   $ 7,500,000     Initial     Update 1  

 

  (1) Annual Return refers to the projected annual preferred economic return that we are entitled to receive with priority payment over the other equity invested in the property. The annual return presented does not distinguish between returns that are paid current and those that accrue to the redemption date, nor does it include any increases in annual return that may occur in the future.
  (2) Redemption Date refers to the initial or redemption date of each asset, and does not take into account any extensions that may be available.
  (3) Total Commitment refers to the total commitment made by the Company in acquiring the asset, not all of which may have been funded on the acquisition date.
  (4) The GlenLine Promissory note was paid off in full on December 16, 2019.

 

Real Property Controlled Subsidiaries

(JV Equity Investments)

  Location  

Property

Type

 

Date of

Acquisition

    Purchase Price(1)     Overview
(Form 1-U)
GlenLine Controlled Subsidiary   Washington D.C.   Land     09/25/2019     $ 5,850,000     Initial     Update 1  

 

  (1) Purchase Price refers to the total price paid by us for our pro rata share of the equity in the controlled subsidiary.

 

Real Property Controlled Subsidiaries   Location   Type of
Property
  Date of
Acquisition
  Purchase Price
(1)
    Overview
(Form 1-U)
RSE W421 Controlled Subsidiary   Los Angeles, CA   Multifamily   07/25/2019   $ 7,325,000     Initial N/A
RSE C35 Controlled Subsidiary   Los Angeles, CA   Multifamily   07/31/2019   $ 4,195,000     Initial N/A
RSE V40 Controlled Subsidiary   Brentwood, MD   Development   11/08/2019   $ 4,120,000     Initial N/A
RSE R450 Controlled Subsidiary   Brentwood, MD   Multifamily    11/08/2019   $ 7,660,000     Initial N/A
W420 Controlled Subsidiary   Los Angeles, CA   Development   12/06/2019   $ 7,490,000     Initial N/A
W372 Controlled Subsidiary   Los Angeles, CA   Land   12/31/2020   $ 1,520,000     Initial N/A

 

(1) Purchase Price refers to the total price paid by us for our pro rata share of the equity in the controlled subsidiary.

 

Market Outlook — Real Estate Finance Markets

 

The direct and indirect impact of COVID-19 on the real estate markets are unprecedented. Given the prospect of negative growth for the economy in the near term and anemic growth for the mid-to-long term, we favor a strategy weighted toward maintaining large cash reserves and targeting equity investments at significant discount to replacement cost or cost basis as compared to prices before the March 2020 downturn, but likely below the radar of institutional-sized investors, particularly with regard to rescue capital for properties in distress as a result of the economic shocks from COVID-19. We also believe that due to government lockdowns and other effects of COVID-19 there is compelling need and favorable risk-adjusted returns for capital to fund construction projects partway through development requiring additional funding as a result of a general pull back in financing from the banking industry, project delays, budget overruns in order to complete and stabilize. In contrast, returns typically associated with core real estate properties in major gateway markets, and stabilized trophy assets have generally become overpriced in a pursuit of safety over value. We believe that our investment strategy combined with the experience and expertise of our Manager’s management team provide opportunities to originate investments with attractive long-term equity returns and strong structural features directly with local brokers and joint venture real estate companies, thereby taking advantage of disrupted market conditions in order to seek the best risk-return dynamic for our shareholders.

 

87

 

  

Since the beginning of March 2020, the Federal Reserve launched an unprecedented barrage of monetary stimulus, including lowering Federal Reserve benchmark rates to a range of zero to 0.25% and expanding its balance sheet to $6.6 trillion. According to MarketWatch, the Federal Reserve’s balance sheet is likely to expand to $9 trillion by mid-June 2020. On March 9th, 30-year Treasury Rates reached 0.99%, the lowest on record.

 

The global impact of the outbreak of COVID-19 has been rapidly evolving, continues to have an adverse impact on economic and market conditions and presents material uncertainty and risk with respect to the Company’s future performance and future financial results. At this time, the Company is unable to quantify the impact COVID-19 may have on its future financial results as well as on the broader real estate financial markets.

 

Risks related to a prolonged economic downturn could adversely affect growth and the values of our investments. In the event market fundamentals continue to deteriorate, our real estate portfolio may be impaired as a result of lower occupancy, lower rental rates, and/or declining values. Further, these circumstances may materially impact the cost and availability of credit to borrowers, hampering the ability of our Manager to acquire new investments with attractive risk-reward dynamics.

 

Investment Company Act Considerations

 

We intend to conduct our operations so that neither we, nor any of our subsidiaries, is required to register as investment companies under the Investment Company Act.

 

Section 3(a)(1)(A) of the Investment Company Act defines an investment company as any issuer that is or holds itself out as being engaged primarily in the business of investing, reinvesting or trading in securities. Section 3(a)(1)(C) of the Investment Company Act defines an investment company as any issuer that is engaged or proposes to engage in the business of investing, reinvesting, owning, holding or trading in securities and owns or proposes to acquire investment securities having a value exceeding 40% of the value of the issuer’s total assets (exclusive of U.S. Government securities and cash items) on an unconsolidated basis, which we refer to as the 40% test. Excluded from the term “investment securities”, among other things, are U.S. Government securities and securities issued by majority-owned subsidiaries that are not themselves investment companies and are not relying on the exception from the definition of investment company set forth in Section 3(c)(1) or Section 3(c)(7) of the Investment Company Act.

 

We anticipate that we will hold real estate and real estate-related assets described below (i) directly, (ii) through wholly-owned subsidiaries, (iii) through majority-owned joint venture subsidiaries, and, (iv) to a lesser extent, through minority-owned joint venture subsidiaries.

 

We intend, directly or through our subsidiaries, to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate investments. We expect to originate, acquire and structure a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties. We may also invest, to a limited extent, in commercial real estate loans, as well as commercial real estate-related debt securities and other real estate-related assets.

 

We monitor our compliance with the 40% test and the holdings of our subsidiaries to ensure that each of our subsidiaries is in compliance with an applicable exemption or exclusion from registration as an investment company under the Investment Company Act. The securities issued by any wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary that we may form and that are excluded from the definition of “investment company” based on Section 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) of the Investment Company Act, together with any other investment securities we may own, may not have a value in excess of 40% of the value of our total assets on an unconsolidated basis.

 

In addition, we believe that neither we nor certain of our subsidiaries will be considered investment companies under Section 3(a)(1)(A) of the Investment Company Act because we and they will not engage primarily or hold themselves out as being engaged primarily in the business of investing, reinvesting or trading in securities. Rather, we and such subsidiaries will be primarily engaged in non-investment company businesses related to real estate. Consequently, we and our subsidiaries expect to be able to conduct our operations such that none will be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act.

 

88

 

  

The determination of whether an entity is a majority-owned subsidiary of our Company is made by us. The Investment Company Act defines a majority-owned subsidiary of a person as a company 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of which are owned by such person, or by another company which is a majority-owned subsidiary of such person. The Investment Company Act further defines voting securities as any security presently entitling the owner or holder thereof to vote for the election of directors of a company. We treat companies in which we own at least a majority of the outstanding voting securities as majority-owned subsidiaries. We also treat subsidiaries of which we or our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is the manager (in a manager-managed entity) or managing member (in a member-managed entity) or in which our agreement or the agreement of our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is required for all major decisions affecting the subsidiaries (referred to herein as “Controlled Subsidiaries”), as majority-owned subsidiaries even though none of the interests issued by such Controlled Subsidiaries meets the definition of voting securities under the Investment Company Act. We reached our conclusion on the basis that the interests issued by the Controlled Subsidiaries are the functional equivalent of voting securities. The determination of whether an entity is a majority-owned subsidiary of our Company is made by us. We have not asked the SEC staff for concurrence of our analysis, our treatment of such interests as voting securities, or whether the Controlled Subsidiaries, or any other of our subsidiaries, may be treated in the manner in which we intend, and it is possible that the SEC staff could disagree with any of our determinations. If the SEC staff were to disagree with our treatment of one or more companies as majority-owned subsidiaries, we would need to adjust our strategy and our assets. Any such adjustment in our strategy could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

Certain of our subsidiaries may also rely upon the exclusion from the definition of investment company under Section 3(c)(5)(C) of the Investment Company Act. Section 3(c)(5)(C), as interpreted by the staff of the SEC, requires an entity to invest at least 55% of its assets in “mortgages and other liens on and interests in real estate”, which we refer to as “qualifying real estate interests”, and at least 80% of its assets in qualifying real estate interests plus “real estate-related assets”.

 

In reliance on published SEC staff guidance, we treat as “qualifying real estate interests” fee interests in real estate, mortgage loans fully secured by real estate, certain mezzanine loans and certain B-Notes. Commercial real estate-related debt securities (including CMBS, CDOs and REIT senior unsecured debt) are treated as “real estate-related assets”.

 

On August 31, 2011, the SEC published a concept release entitled “Companies Engaged in the Business of Acquiring Mortgages and Mortgage Related Instruments” (Investment Company Act Rel. No. 29778). This release notes that the SEC is reviewing the Section 3(c)(5)(C) exclusion relied upon by companies similar to us that invest in mortgage loans. There can be no assurance that the laws and regulations governing the Investment Company Act status of companies similar to ours, or the guidance from the SEC or its staff regarding the treatment of assets as qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets, will not change in a manner that adversely affects our operations as a result of this review. To the extent that the SEC or its staff provides more specific guidance regarding any of the matters bearing upon our exclusion from the need to register under the Investment Company Act, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly. Any additional guidance from the SEC staff could provide additional flexibility to us, or it could further inhibit our ability to pursue the strategies that we have chosen.

 

The loss of our exclusion from regulation pursuant to the Investment Company Act could require us to restructure our operations, sell certain of our assets or abstain from the purchase of certain assets, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

See the linked sections below regarding our (i) liquidity and capital reserves, (ii) results of operations, and (iii) initial accounting policies for the periods covered by our most recent Annual Report on Form 1-K for information, which information is hereby incorporated by reference into this offering circular.

 

     · Form 1-K for the Fiscal Year ended December 31, 2019 (see Item 2)

 

Accounting Pronouncements

 

Under Section 107 of the JOBS Act, we are permitted to use the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. This permits us to delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to use the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until the earlier of the date that we (i) are no longer an emerging growth company or (ii) affirmatively and irrevocably opt out of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B). By electing to extend the transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards, these consolidated financial statements may not be comparable to companies that adopt accounting standard updates upon the public business entity effective dates.

 

89

 

  

DESCRIPTION OF OUR COMMON SHARES

  

The following descriptions of our common shares, certain provisions of Delaware law and certain provisions of our certificate of formation and operating agreement, are summaries and are qualified by reference to Delaware law, our certificate of formation and our operating agreement, copies of which are filed as exhibits to the offering statement of which this offering circular is a part. See “Where You Can Find More Information”.

 

General

 

We are a Delaware limited liability company organized on June 4, 2019 under the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act, or Delaware LLC Act, issuing limited liability company interests. The limited liability company interests in our Company are denominated in common shares of limited liability company interests (“common shares”) and, if created in the future, preferred shares of limited liability company interests (“preferred shares”). Our operating agreement provides that we may issue an unlimited number of common shares with the approval of our Manager and without shareholder approval.

 

All of the common shares offered by this offering circular will be duly authorized and validly issued. Upon payment in full of the consideration payable with respect to the common shares, as determined by our Manager, the holders of such shares are not liable to us to make any additional capital contributions with respect to such shares (except for the return of distributions under certain circumstances as required by Sections 18-215, 18-607 and 18-804 of the Delaware LLC Act). Holders of common shares have no conversion, exchange, sinking fund or appraisal rights, no pre-emptive rights to subscribe for any securities of our Company and no preferential rights to distributions. However, holders of our common shares are eligible to participate in our redemption plan, as described below in “—Redemption Plan”.

 

We have a December 31st fiscal year end. In addition, we elected to be taxed as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Historical NAV

 

Below is the semi-annual NAV per common share, as determined in accordance with our valuation policies, for each fiscal quarter from the first date it was calculated December 31, 2020. Linked in the table is the relevant Form 1-U detailing each NAV evaluation method, incorporated by reference herein.

 

Date   NAV Per Share   Link
December 31, 2019   $ 10.00   Form 1-U

 

Distributions

 

We expect that our Manager will declare and make distributions on a quarterly basis, or more or less frequently as determined by our Manager, in arrears. Any distributions we make will be at the discretion of our Manager, and will be based on, among other factors, our present and reasonably projected future cash flow. We expect that our Manager will set the rate of distributions at a level that will be reasonably consistent and sustainable over time. Shareholders will be entitled to declared distributions on each of their shares from the time the shares are issued to the shareholder until the redemption date as described below in “—Redemption Plan”.

 

We are required to make distributions sufficient to satisfy the requirements for qualification as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Generally, income distributed will not be taxable to us under the Code if we distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income each year (computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and our net capital gain). Distributions are authorized at the discretion of our Manager, in accordance with our earnings, present and reasonably projected future cash flows and general financial condition. Our Manager’s discretion is directed, in substantial part, by its obligation to cause us to comply with the REIT requirements and to avoid U.S. federal income and excise taxes on retained income and gains.

 

To maintain our qualification as a REIT, we are required to make aggregate annual distributions to our shareholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain), and to avoid federal income and excise taxes on retained taxable income and gains we must distribute 100% of such income and gains annually. Our Manager may authorize distributions in excess of those required for us to maintain REIT status and/or avoid such taxes on retained taxable income and gains depending on our financial condition and such other factors as our Manager deems relevant. Provided we have sufficient available cash flow, we intend to authorize and declare distributions based on daily record dates and pay distributions on a quarterly or other periodic basis. We have not established a minimum distribution level.

 

Any distributions that we make directly impact our NAV by reducing the amount of our assets. Our goal is to provide a reasonably predictable and stable level of current income, through quarterly or other periodic distributions, while at the same time maintaining a fair level of consistency in our NAV. Over the course of your investment, your distributions plus the change in NAV per share (either positive or negative) will produce your total return.

 

90

 

  

Although our goal is to fund the payment of distributions solely from cash flow from operations, we may pay distributions from other sources, including the net proceeds of this offering, cash advances by our Manager, cash resulting from a waiver of fees or reimbursements due to our Manager, borrowings in anticipation of future operating cash flow and the issuance of additional securities, and we have no limit on the amounts we may pay from such other sources. If we fund distributions from financings or the net proceeds from this offering, we will have less funds available for investment in real estate properties, real estate-related assets and other investments. We expect that our cash flow from operations available for distribution will be lower in the initial stages of this offering until we have raised significant capital and made substantial investments. Further, because we may receive income at various times during our fiscal year and because we may need cash flow from operations during a particular period to fund expenses, we expect that during the early stages of our operations and from time to time thereafter, we may declare distributions in anticipation of cash flow that we expect to receive during a later period and these distributions would be paid in advance of our actual receipt of these funds. In these instances, we expect to look to third party borrowings, our offering proceeds or other sources to fund our distributions. Additionally, we will make certain payments to our Manager and dealer manager for services provided to us. See “Management Compensation”. Such payments will reduce the amount of cash available for distributions. Finally, payments to fulfill redemption requests under our redemption plan will also reduce funds available for distribution to remaining shareholders.

 

We are not prohibited from distributing our own securities in lieu of making cash distributions to shareholders. Our operating agreement also gives the Manager the right to distribute other assets rather than cash. The receipt of our securities or assets in lieu of cash distributions may cause shareholders to incur transaction expenses in liquidating the securities or assets. We do not have any current intention to list our common shares on a stock exchange or other trading market, nor is it expected that a public market for the common shares will develop. We also do not anticipate that we will distribute other assets in kind (other than in the context of a roll up transaction).

 

Our distributions constitute a return of capital to the extent that they exceed our current and accumulated earnings and profits as determined for U.S. federal income tax purposes. To the extent that a distribution is treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes, it will reduce a holder’s adjusted tax basis in the holder’s shares, and to the extent that it exceeds the holder’s adjusted tax basis, it will be treated as gain resulting from a sale or exchange of such shares.

 

Voting Rights

 

Our common shareholders have voting rights only with respect to certain matters, as described below. Each outstanding common share entitles the holder to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of common shareholders until the redemption date as described below in “—Redemption Plan”. Generally, matters to be voted on by our shareholders must be approved by either a majority or supermajority, as the case may be, of the votes cast by all common shares present in person or represented by proxy. Our operating agreement provides that special meetings of shareholders may be called by our Manager. If any such vote occurs, you will be bound by the majority or supermajority vote, as applicable, even if you did not vote with the majority or supermajority.

 

The following circumstances will require the approval of holders representing a majority or supermajority, as the case may be, of the common shares:

 

  any amendment to our operating agreement that would adversely change the rights of the common shares, other than any amendment to the definition of “Market Price” in our operating agreement (majority of affected class/series);

 

  removal of our Manager as the manager of our Company for “cause” as described under “Management—Term and Removal of the Manager” (two-thirds); and

 

  the dissolution of the issuer (only if the Manager has been removed for “cause”) (majority);

 

General Procedures

 

Public Announcements; Notices. In the case of specified dispositions or a redemption, we will publicly announce or otherwise provide specified information to holders of common shares.

 

Meetings. Our operating agreement provides that special meetings of shareholders may only be called by our Manager. There will be no annual or regular meetings of the Members.

 

Fractional Shares. Our Manager does not have to issue or deliver any fractional shares to any holder of common shares upon any redemption or distribution under the provisions described under “— Redemptions”. Instead of issuing fractional shares, we may pay cash for the fractional share in an amount equal to the fair market value of the fractional share, without interest.

 

91

 

 

Adjustments for Distributions. Upon the redemption of any common shares, the redemption price will be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, declared on the shares subject to the redemption request with record dates during the period between the quarter-end redemption request date and the date of redemption. If a redemption date with respect to common shares comes after the record date for the payment of a distribution to be paid on those shares but before the payment or distribution, the registered holders of those shares at the close of business on such record date will be entitled to receive the distribution on the payment date, notwithstanding the redemption of those shares or our default in payment of the distribution.

 

Payment of Taxes. If any person exchanging a certificate representing common shares wants us to issue a certificate in a different name than the registered name on the old certificate, that person must pay any transfer or other taxes required by reason of the issuance of the certificate in another name or establish, to the satisfaction of us or our agent, that the tax has been paid or is not applicable.

 

Liquidation Rights

 

In the event of a liquidation, termination or winding up of our Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, we will first pay or provide for payment of our debts and other liabilities, including the liquidation preferences of any class of preferred shares. Thereafter, holders of our common shares will share in our funds remaining for distribution pro rata in accordance with their respective interests in our Company.

 

Preferred Shares

 

Section 215(e) of the Delaware LLC Act also specifically authorizes the creation of ownership interests of different classes of limited liability company interests, having such relative rights, powers and duties as the limited liability company agreement may provide, and may make provision for the future creation in the manner provided in the limited liability company agreement of additional classes of membership interests. In accordance with this provision, our operating agreement provides that our Manager is authorized to provide for the issuance from time to time of an unlimited amount of one or more classes or series of preferred shares of limited liability company interests (“preferred shares”). Unless otherwise required by law or by any stock exchange, if applicable, any such authorized preferred shares will be available for issuance without further action by our common shareholders. Our Manager is authorized to fix the number of preferred shares, the relative powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions applicable to each class or series thereof by resolution authorizing the issuance of such class or series and without shareholder approval. As of the date of this offering circular, no preferred shares are outstanding and we have no current plans to issue any preferred shares.

 

We could issue a class or series of preferred shares that could, depending on the terms of the class or series, impede or discourage an acquisition attempt or other transaction that some, or a majority, of holders of common shares might believe to be in their best interests or in which holders of common shares might receive a premium for their common shares.

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar

 

On September 13, 2019, the Manager entered into an agreement with Computershare Inc., and its wholly-owned subsidiary Computershare Trust Company, N.A. (together with Computershare, Inc., “Computershare”), whereby Computershare agreed to act as our transfer agent.

 

Operating Agreement

 

Non-Member Manager

 

  Our operating agreement designates Fundrise Advisors, LLC, an affiliate of our sponsor, as our non-member manager. Our Manager is generally not entitled to vote on matters submitted to our shareholders, although its approval is required with respect to certain amendments to the operating agreement that would adversely affect its rights. Our Manager does not have any distribution, redemption, conversion or liquidation rights by virtue of its status as the Manager.

 

  Our operating agreement further provides that the Manager, in exercising its rights in its capacity as the Manager, is entitled to consider only such interests and factors as it desires, including its own interests, and has no duty or obligation (fiduciary or otherwise) to give any consideration to any interest of or factors affecting us or any of our shareholders and is not subject to any different standards imposed by our operating agreement, the Delaware LLC Act or under any other law, rule or regulation or in equity.

 

92

 

 

Organization and Duration

 

We were formed on February 2, 2019, as Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company. We will remain in existence until dissolved in accordance with our operating agreement.

 

Purpose

 

Under our operating agreement, we are permitted to engage in any business activity that lawfully may be conducted by a limited liability company organized under Delaware law and, in connection therewith, to exercise all of the rights and powers conferred upon us pursuant to the agreement relating to such business activity; provided, however, that our Manager may only revoke or otherwise terminate our REIT election, without approval of our shareholders, if it determines that it is no longer in our best interests to qualify as a REIT.

 

Agreement to be Bound by our Operating Agreement; Power of Attorney

 

By purchasing a common share, you will become a shareholder of our Company and will be bound by the provisions of, and deemed to be a party to, our operating agreement. Pursuant to our operating agreement, each shareholder and each person who acquires a common share from a shareholder grants to our Manager a power of attorney to, among other things, execute and file documents required for our qualification, continuance or dissolution. The power of attorney also grants our Manager the authority to make certain amendments to, and to execute and deliver such other documents as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the provisions or purposes of, our operating agreement.

 

No Fiduciary Relationship with our Manager

 

We operate under the direction of our Manager, which is responsible for directing the management of our business and affairs, managing our day-to-day affairs, and implementing our investment strategy. Our Manager performs its duties and responsibilities pursuant to our operating agreement. Our Manager maintains a contractual, as opposed to a fiduciary relationship, with us and our shareholders. Furthermore, we have agreed to limit the liability of our Manager and to indemnify our Manager against certain liabilities.

 

Limited Liability and Indemnification of our Manager and Others

 

Subject to certain limitations, our operating agreement limits the liability of our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholders and affiliates, for monetary damages and provides that we will indemnify and pay or reimburse reasonable expenses in advance of final disposition of a proceeding to our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholders and affiliates.

 

Our operating agreement provides that to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholders and affiliates are not liable to us. In addition, pursuant to our operating agreement, we have agreed to indemnify our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholders and affiliates, to the fullest extent permitted by law, against all expenses and liabilities (including judgments, fines, penalties, interest, amounts paid in settlement with the approval of our Company and attorney’s fees and disbursements) arising from the performance of any of their obligations or duties in connection with their service to us or the operating agreement, including in connection with any civil, criminal, administrative, investigative or other action, suit or proceeding to which any such person may hereafter be made party by reason of being or having been the manager or one of our Manager’s directors or officers.

 

Insofar as the foregoing provisions permit indemnification of directors, officers or persons controlling us for liability arising under the Securities Act, we have been informed that, in the opinion of the SEC, this indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.

 

Amendment of Our Operating Agreement; Exclusive Authority of our Manager to Amend our Operating Agreement

 

Amendments to our operating agreement may be proposed only by or with the consent of our Manager. Our Manager is not required to seek approval of the shareholders to adopt or approve any amendment to our operating agreement, except to the extent that such amendment would limit the rights of the holders of any class or series of shares or would otherwise have an adverse effect on such holders. In such a case, the proposed amendment must be approved in writing by holders representing a majority of the class or series of shares so affected.

  

Termination and Dissolution

 

We will continue as a limited liability company until terminated under our operating agreement. We will dissolve upon: (1) the election of our Manager to dissolve us; (2) the sale, exchange or other disposition of all or substantially all of our assets; (3) the entry of a decree of judicial dissolution of our Company; or (4) at any time that we no longer have any shareholders, unless our business is continued in accordance with the Delaware LLC Act.

 

93

 

 

Books and Reports

 

We are required to keep appropriate books of our business at our principal offices. The books are maintained for both tax and financial reporting purposes on a basis that permits the preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP. For financial reporting purposes and U.S. federal income tax purposes, our fiscal year and our tax year (unless otherwise required by the Code) are the calendar year.

 

Determinations by our Manager

 

Any determinations made by our Manager under any provision described in our operating agreement are final and binding on our shareholders, except as may otherwise be required by law, or as a result of any determination by our Manager to revoke or otherwise terminate our REIT election, without approval of our shareholders, if the Manager determines that it is no longer in our best interests to qualify as a REIT. We prepare a statement of any determination by our Manager respecting the fair market value of any properties, assets or securities, and file the statement with our Company secretary.

 

Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer

 

In order for us to qualify as a REIT under the Code, shares of our Company must be owned by 100 or more persons during at least 335 days of a taxable year of 12 months (other than the first year for which an election to be a REIT has been made) or during a proportionate part of a shorter taxable year. Also, not more than 50% of the value of our outstanding shares may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals (as defined in the Code to include certain entities) during the last half of a taxable year (other than the first year for which an election to be a REIT has been made). To qualify as a REIT, we must satisfy other requirements as well. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations—Requirements for Qualification as a REIT”.

 

To assist us in qualifying as a REIT, our operating agreement, subject to certain exceptions, contains restrictions on the number and value of our common shares and the number and value of shares of our Company that a person may own. Our operating agreement provides that generally no person may own, or be deemed to own by virtue of certain attribution provisions of the Code, either more than 9.8% in value or in number of our common shares, whichever is more restrictive, or more than 9.8% in value or in number of our shares, whichever is more restrictive. Accordingly, no person may own, or be deemed to own, more than 9.8% in value or in number of our shares, whichever is more restrictive. We refer to these limits collectively as the “ownership limit”.  An individual or entity that becomes subject to the ownership limit or any of the other restrictions on ownership and transfer of the shares of our Company described below is referred to as a “prohibited owner” if, had the violative transfer or other event been effective, the individual or entity would have been a beneficial owner or, if appropriate, a record owner of shares.

 

The applicable constructive ownership rules under the Code are complex and may cause our shares owned actually or constructively by a group of individuals and/or entities to be owned constructively by one individual or entity. As a result, the acquisition of less than 9.8% by value or number of our common shares, whichever is more restrictive, or 9.8% by value or number of our shares, whichever is more restrictive, (or the acquisition of an interest in an entity that owns, actually or constructively, our shares by an individual or entity), could, nevertheless, cause that individual or entity, or another individual or entity, to own constructively in excess of the ownership limit.

  

Our Manager may, in its sole discretion, subject to such conditions as it may determine and the receipt of certain representations and undertakings, prospectively or retroactively, waive the ownership limit or establish a different limit on ownership, or excepted holder limit, for a particular shareholder if the shareholder’s ownership in excess of the ownership limit would not result in our Company being “closely held” within the meaning of Section 856(h) of the Code (without regard to whether the ownership interest is held during the last half of a taxable year) or otherwise would result in us failing to qualify as a REIT. As a condition of its waiver or grant of excepted holder limit, our Manager may, but is not required to, require an opinion of counsel or IRS ruling satisfactory to our Manager in order to determine or ensure our Company’s qualification as a REIT. In addition, our Manager will reject any investor’s subscription in whole or in part if it determines that such subscription would violate such ownership limits.

 

In connection with granting a waiver of the ownership limit, creating an excepted holder limit or at any other time, our Manager may from time to time increase or decrease the ownership limit for all other individuals and entities unless, after giving effect to such increase, five or fewer individuals could beneficially or constructively own in the aggregate, more than 49.9% in value of the shares then outstanding of our Company or our Company would otherwise fail to qualify as a REIT. Prior to the modification of the ownership limit, our Manager may require such opinions of counsel, affidavits, undertakings or agreements as it may deem necessary or advisable in order to determine or ensure our qualification as a REIT. A reduced ownership limit will not apply to any person or entity whose percentage ownership of our common shares or shares of our Company, as applicable, is in excess of such decreased ownership limit until such time as such individual’s or entity’s percentage ownership of our common shares or shares of our Company, as applicable, equals or falls below the decreased ownership limit, but any further acquisition of our common shares or shares of our Company, as applicable, in excess of such percentage ownership of our common shares or shares of our Company will be in violation of the ownership limit.

 

94

 

  

Our operating agreement further prohibits:

 

  any person from beneficially or constructively owning, applying certain attribution rules of the Code, shares of our Company that would result in our Company being “closely held” under Section 856(h) of the Code (without regard to whether the ownership interest is held during the last half of a taxable year) or otherwise cause us to fail to qualify as a REIT; and

 

  any person from transferring our shares if such transfer would result in our shares being owned by fewer than 100 persons (determined without reference to any rules of attribution).

 

Any person who acquires or attempts or intends to acquire beneficial or constructive ownership of our shares that will or may violate the ownership limit or any of the other foregoing restrictions on ownership and transfer of our shares, or who would have owned our shares transferred to a trust as described below, must immediately give us written notice of the event, or in the case of an attempted or proposed transaction, must give at least 15 days’ prior written notice to us and provide us with such other information as we may request in order to determine the effect of such transfer on our qualification as a REIT. The foregoing restrictions on ownership and transfer of our shares will not apply if our Manager determines that it is no longer in our best interests to attempt to qualify, or to continue to qualify, as a REIT or that compliance with the restrictions and limitations on ownership and transfer of our shares as described above is no longer required in order for us to qualify as a REIT.

 

If any transfer of our shares would result in our shares being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons, such transfer will be null and void and the intended transferee will acquire no rights in such shares. In addition, if any purported transfer of our shares or any other event would otherwise result in any person violating the ownership limit or an excepted holder limit established by our Manager or in our Company being “closely held” under Section 856(h) of the Code (without regard to whether the ownership interest is held during the last half of a taxable year) or otherwise failing to qualify as a REIT, then that number of shares (rounded up to the nearest whole share) that would cause us to violate such restrictions will be automatically transferred to, and held by, a trust for the exclusive benefit of one or more charitable organizations selected by us and the intended transferee will acquire no rights in such shares. The automatic transfer will be effective as of the close of business on the business day prior to the date of the violative transfer or other event that results in a transfer to the trust. Any dividend or other distribution paid to the prohibited owner, prior to our discovery that the shares had been automatically transferred to a trust as described above, must be repaid to the trustee upon demand for distribution to the beneficiary by the trust. If the transfer to the trust as described above is not automatically effective, for any reason, to prevent violation of the applicable ownership limit or our Company being “closely held” under Section 856(h) of the Code (without regard to whether the ownership interest is held during the last half of a taxable year) or otherwise failing to qualify as a REIT, then our operating agreement provides that the transfer of the shares will be null and void.

 

Shares of our Company transferred to the trustee are deemed offered for sale to us, or our designee, at a price per share equal to the lesser of (1) the price paid by the prohibited owner for the shares (or, if the event that resulted in the transfer to the trust did not involve a purchase of such shares at market price, the last reported NAV value for our common shares on the day of the event which resulted in the transfer of such shares to the trust) and (2) the last reported NAV value of our common shares on the date we accept, or our designee accepts, such offer (or $10.00 if no NAV has been reported). We may reduce the amount payable by the amount of any dividend or other distribution that we have paid to the prohibited owner before we discovered that the shares had been automatically transferred to the trust and that are then owed to the trustee as described above, and we may pay the amount of any such reduction to the trustee for the benefit of the charitable beneficiary. We have the right to accept such offer until the trustee has sold the shares held in the trust as discussed below. Upon a sale to us, the interest of the charitable beneficiary in the shares sold terminates, the trustee must distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the prohibited owner and any dividends or other distributions held by the trustee with respect to such shares will be paid to the charitable beneficiary.

 

If we do not buy the shares, the trustee must, as soon as practicable after receiving notice from us of the transfer of shares to the trust, sell the shares to a person or entity designated by the trustee who could own the shares without violating the ownership limit or the other restrictions on ownership and transfer of shares of our Company. After the sale of the shares, the interest of the charitable beneficiary in the shares transferred to the trust will terminate and the trustee must distribute to the prohibited owner an amount equal to the lesser of (1) the price paid by the prohibited owner for the shares (or, if the event which resulted in the transfer to the trust did not involve a purchase of such shares at market price, the last reported NAV value for our common shares on the day of the event which resulted in the transfer of such shares to the trust) and (2) the sales proceeds (net of commissions and other expenses of sale) received by the trust for the shares. The trustee may reduce the amount payable to the prohibited owner by the amount of any dividend or other distribution that we paid to the prohibited owner before we discovered that the shares had been automatically transferred to the trust and that are then owed to the trustee as described above. Any net sales proceeds in excess of the amount payable to the prohibited owner will be immediately paid to the beneficiary of the trust, together with any dividends or other distributions thereon. In addition, if, prior to discovery by us that our shares have been transferred to a trust, such shares are sold by a prohibited owner, then such shares will be deemed to have been sold on behalf of the trust and to the extent that the prohibited owner received an amount for or in respect of such shares that exceeds the amount that such prohibited owner was entitled to receive, such excess amount will be paid to the trustee upon demand. The prohibited owner has no rights in the shares held by the trustee.

 

95

 

  

The trustee will be designated by us and will be unaffiliated with us and with any prohibited owner. Prior to the sale of any shares by the trust, the trustee will receive, in trust for the beneficiary of the trust, all dividends and other distributions paid by us with respect to the shares held in trust and may also exercise all voting rights with respect to the shares held in trust. These rights will be exercised for the exclusive benefit of the beneficiary of the trust. Any dividend or other distribution paid prior to our discovery that our shares have been transferred to the trust will be paid by the recipient to the trustee upon demand.

 

Subject to Delaware law, effective as of the date that the shares have been transferred to the trust, the trustee will have the authority, at the trustee’s sole discretion:

 

  to rescind as void any vote cast by a prohibited owner prior to our discovery that the shares have been transferred to the trust; and

 

  to recast the vote in accordance with the desires of the trustee acting for the benefit of the beneficiary of the trust.

 

However, if we have already taken irreversible company action, then the trustee may not rescind and recast the vote.

 

In addition, if our Manager determines in good faith that a proposed transfer or other event would violate the restrictions on ownership and transfer of our shares, our Manager may take such action as it deems advisable to refuse to give effect to or to prevent such transfer, including, but not limited to, causing us to redeem our shares, refusing to give effect to the transfer on our books or instituting proceedings to enjoin the transfer.

 

Every owner of 5% or more (or such lower percentage as required by the Code or the Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder) of our shares, within 30 days after the end of each taxable year, must give us written notice, stating the shareholder’s name and address, the number of shares of each class of our Company that the shareholder beneficially owns and a description of the manner in which the shares are held. Each such owner must provide to us in writing such additional information as we may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of the shareholder’s beneficial ownership on our qualification as a REIT and to ensure compliance with the ownership limit. In addition, each shareholder must provide to us in writing such information as we may request in good faith in order to determine our qualification as a REIT and to comply with the requirements of any taxing authority or governmental authority or to determine such compliance.

 

Any certificates representing our shares will bear a legend referring to the restrictions described above.

 

These restrictions on ownership and transfer could delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might involve a premium price for the common shares or otherwise be in the best interest of the holders of the common shares.

 

REIT Election

 

Our operating agreement provides that our Manager may revoke or otherwise terminate our REIT election, without the approval of our shareholders, if it determines that it is no longer in our best interests to continue to qualify as a REIT.

 

Personal Conduct Repurchase Right

 

Our operating agreement provides that we may elect to repurchase, at a price equal to the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share, all of the common shares held by an investor in the event that such investor fails to conform its personal conduct to common and accepted standards of good citizenship or conducts itself in a way that reflects poorly upon us, as determined by the Manager in its sole and absolute discretion. The purchase price will be payable to the investor in a single payment, with the payment becoming due fifteen (15) business days following the date on which we provide notice to the investor of our decision to repurchase the common shares.

 

Prospect of Roll-Up/Public Listing

 

Our Manager may determine that it is in our best interest to (i) contribute to, or convert our Company into, an alternative vehicle, through consolidation, merger or other similar transaction with other companies, some of which may be managed by our Manager or its affiliates (a “Roll-Up”) or (ii)  list our shares (or shares of the Roll-Up vehicle) on a national securities exchange. In connection with a Roll-Up, shareholders may receive from the Roll-Up vehicle cash, stock, securities or other interests or assets of such vehicle, on such terms as our Manager deems fair and reasonable, provided, however, that our Manager will be required to obtain approval of shareholders holding a majority of the outstanding common shares if required by applicable laws or regulations.

 

96

 

 

Arbitration Provision

 

Under the Arbitration Provision contained in our operating agreement, either party may, at its sole election, require that the sole and exclusive forum and remedy for resolution of a claim be final and binding arbitration. We have not determined whether we will exercise our right to demand arbitration but reserve the right to make that determination on a case by case basis as claims arise. In this regard, the Arbitration Provision is similar to a binding arbitration provision as we are likely to invoke the Arbitration Provision to the fullest extent permissible. The Arbitration Provision applies to claims under the U.S. federal securities laws and to all claims that are related to the Company, including with respect to this offering, our holdings, our common shares, our ongoing operations and the management of our investments, among other matters.

 

Any arbitration brought pursuant to the Arbitration Provision must be conducted in the State of Virginia, in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The term “Claim” as used in the Arbitration Provision is very broad and includes any past, present, or future claim, dispute, or controversy involving you (or persons claiming through or connected with you), on the one hand, and us (or persons claiming through or connected with us), on the other hand, relating to or arising out of your subscription agreement, the Fundrise Platform, and/or the activities or relationships that involve, lead to, or result from any of the foregoing, including (except an individual Claim that you may bring in Small Claims Court or an equivalent court, if any, so long as the Claim is pending only in that court) the validity or enforceability of the Arbitration Provision, any part thereof, or the entire subscription agreement. Claims are subject to arbitration regardless of whether they arise from contract; tort (intentional or otherwise); a constitution, statute, common law, or principles of equity; or otherwise. Claims include (without limitation) matters arising as initial claims, counter-claims, cross-claims, third-party claims, or otherwise. The scope of the Arbitration Provision is to be given the broadest possible interpretation that will permit it to be enforceable. Based on discussions with and research performed by the Company’s counsel, we believe that the Arbitration Provision is enforceable under federal law, the laws of the State of Delaware, the laws of Washington, D.C., or under any other applicable laws or regulations. However, the issue of enforceability is not free from doubt and to the extent that one or more of the provisions in our subscription agreement or our operating agreement with respect to the Arbitration Provision or otherwise requiring you to waive certain rights were to be found by a court to be unenforceable, we would abide by such decision.

 

Before purchasing shares, a potential investor must acknowledge, understand, and agree that: (a) arbitration is final and binding on the parties; (b) the parties are waiving their right to seek remedies in court, including the right to jury trial; (c) pre-arbitration discovery is generally more limited than and potentially different in form and scope from court proceedings; (d) the Arbitration Award is not required to include factual findings or legal reasoning and any party’s right to appeal or to seek modification of a ruling by the arbitrators is strictly limited; and (e) the panel of arbitrators may include a minority of persons engaged in the securities industry. The Arbitration Provision limits the rights of an investor to many legal remedies and rights otherwise available. See “How to Subscribe—Arbitration Provision”.

 

BY AGREEING TO BE SUBJECT TO THE ARBITRATION PROVISION IN OUR OPERATING AGREEMENT, INVESTORS WILL NOT BE DEEMED TO WAIVE THE COMPANY’S COMPLIANCE WITH THE FEDERAL SECURITIES LAWS AND THE RULES AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED THEREUNDER.

 

Anti-Takeover Effects of Our Operating Agreement and Delaware Law

 

The following is a summary of certain provisions of our operating agreement and Delaware law that may be deemed to have the effect of discouraging, delaying or preventing transactions that involve an actual or threatened change of control of our Company. These provisions include the following:

 

Authorized but Unissued Shares

 

Our operating agreement authorizes us to issue additional common shares or other securities of our Company for the consideration and on the terms and conditions established by our Manager without the approval of our shareholders. In particular, our Manager is authorized to provide for the issuance of an unlimited amount of one or more classes or series of shares of our Company, including preferred shares, and to fix the number of shares, the relative powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions applicable to each class or series thereof by resolution authorizing the issuance of such class or series. Our ability to issue additional shares and other securities could render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control over us by means of a tender offer, merger or otherwise.

  

Delaware Business Combination Statute—Section 203

 

We are a limited liability company organized under Delaware law. Some provisions of Delaware law may delay or prevent a transaction that would cause a change in our control. Section 203 of the DGCL, which restricts certain business combinations with interested shareholders in certain situations, does not apply to limited liability companies unless they elect to utilize it. Our operating agreement does not currently elect to have Section 203 of the DGCL apply to us. In general, this statute prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a business combination with an interested shareholder for a period of three years after the date of the transaction by which that person became an interested shareholder, unless the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner. For purposes of Section 203, a business combination includes a merger, asset sale or other transaction resulting in a financial benefit to the interested shareholder, and an interested shareholder is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns, or within three years prior did own, 15% or more of voting shares. Our Manager may elect to amend our operating agreement at any time to have Section 203 apply to us.

 

97

 

 

Valuation Policies

 

We usually engage an independent valuation expert with expertise in appraising commercial real estate loans and assets or receive an independent valuation expert report at the time each loan or asset is acquired in order to provide valuations of certain commercial real estate assets and investments, including related liabilities, that are set forth in reports of the underlying real estate, and to adjust those valuations for events known to the independent valuation expert that it believes are likely to have a material impact on previously provided estimates of the value, to the extent applicable, of the affected commercial real estate assets and investments and related liabilities. Our real estate assets consist primarily of a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate loans, commercial real estate and other real estate-related assets where the underlying collateral is typically commercial real estate or security interests therein. Our commercial real estate related liabilities consist primarily of related party loans and participation interests, as described in “Plan of Operations – Related Party Loans”. In addition, our assets include liquid assets and securities classified as held to maturity, which are not valued by our independent valuation expert, and cash and cash equivalents. We amortize asset acquisition costs over the duration of the real estate asset. In the instances of assets with uncertain durations, we amortize asset acquisition costs over five years. Our liabilities include accrued fees and operating expenses, accrued distributions payable, accrued management fees and, to the extent we are using margin, trade payables incurred in the ordinary course of business, which are estimated by our Manager. Our Manager is responsible for ensuring that the independent valuation expert discharges its responsibilities in accordance with our valuation guidelines, and periodically receives and reviews such information about the valuation of our assets and liabilities as it deems necessary to exercise its oversight responsibility.

 

At the end of each semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually), our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team will calculate our NAV per share using a process that reflects (1) estimated values of each of our commercial real estate assets and investments, as determined by such asset management team, including related liabilities, based upon (a) market capitalization rates, comparable sales information, interest rates, net operating income, (b) with respect to debt, default rates, discount rates and loss severity rates, (c) for properties that have development or value add plans, progress along such development or value add plan, and (d) in certain instances reports, of the underlying real estate provided by an independent valuation expert, (2) the price of liquid assets for which third party market quotes are available, (3) accruals of our periodic distributions and (4) estimated accruals of our operating revenues and expenses. For joint venture or direct equity investments, the sponsor primarily relies on the discounted cash flow method. Under the discounted cash flow method, our sponsor’s asset management team will calculate the distributions due to the respective investment based on a property-level pro forma measured against ongoing actual performance over the projected likely-hold period. The sponsor’s asset management team will then discount future cash-flow projections at an appropriate market levered-discount rate to determine present value, which value is considered the net asset value of the investment. The sponsor may alternatively apply the hypothetical sales method to value its investments. Under this approach, our sponsor’s asset management team will assume (i) the sale of the property at a price equal to the concluded property value, (ii) the liquidation of any additional assets after paying all liabilities, and (iii) the distribution of the net sale proceeds to investors. The distributed amount is considered the net asset value of each respective investment. For debt and fixed-return preferred equity investment, assuming no material adverse change in the property, the sponsor’s asset management team will mark these investments to their cost basis (including any accrued unpaid interest). If there were to be material adverse changes in these properties, the asset management team intends to value these investments using the hypothetical sales method described above. For our investments that have closed within three to nine months and no material changes have occurred from the original underwriting, our sponsor’s asset management team will typically apply the original property purchase price (or pre-closing third party appraisal value) for the property valuation, and the investment cost basis for the investment-level valuation.

 

Note, however, that the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. In instances where we determine that an appraisal of the underlying real estate asset is necessary, including, but not limited to, instances where our Manager is unsure of its ability on its own to accurately determine the estimated values of our commercial real estate assets and investments, or instances where third party market values for comparable properties are either nonexistent or extremely inconsistent, we will engage an appraiser that has expertise in appraising commercial real estate loans and assets, to act as our independent valuation expert. The independent valuation expert is not responsible for, nor prepares, our NAV per share. If a material event occurs between scheduled annual valuations that our Manager believes may materially affect the value of any of our commercial real estate assets and investments, including related liabilities, our Manager anticipates informing the independent valuation expert so that, if appropriate, the valuation may adjust compared to the most recent valuations provided in the applicable report, if any, to account for the estimated impact. Our sponsor’s internal accountants determine our NAV per share by dividing our NAV by the number of our common shares outstanding as of the end of such period, prior to giving effect to any share purchases or redemptions to be effected for such period.

 

98

 

  

As there is no market value for our common shares as they are not expected to be listed or traded on any stock exchange or other marketplace, our goal is to provide a reasonable estimate of the value of our shares on a semi-annual basis (or such other period basis as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually). However, the majority of our assets consist of commercial real estate equity investments and, as with any commercial real estate valuation protocol, the conclusions reached by our sponsor’s internal asset management team or internal accountants, as the case may be, will be based on a number of judgments, assumptions and opinions about future events that may or may not prove to be correct. The use of different judgments, assumptions or opinions would likely result in different estimates of the value of our commercial real estate assets and investments. In addition, for any given semi-annual period (or such other period as determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but no less frequently than annually), our published NAV per share may not fully reflect certain material events, to the extent that the financial impact of such events on our portfolio is not immediately quantifiable. As a result, the calculation of our NAV per share may not reflect the precise amount that might be paid for your shares in a market transaction, and any potential disparity in our NAV per share may be in favor of either shareholders who redeem their shares, or shareholders who buy new shares, or existing shareholders. However, to the extent quantifiable, if a material event occurs in between updates of NAV that would cause our NAV per share to change by 5% or more from the last disclosed NAV, we will disclose the updated price and the reason for the change in an offering circular supplement as promptly as reasonably practicable, and will update the NAV information provided on our website.

 

On January 2, 2020, the Company announced that its NAV per share as of December 31, 2019 was $10.00 per share of our common shares. This NAV per common share will be effective through June 30, 2020, unless updated by us prior to that time.

 

Our Sponsor’s Asset Management Team

 

As of March 31, 2020, our sponsor’s real estate and accounting teams are composed of forty-four professionals with more than 355 years of combined experience. Of these professionals, the primary real estate management team is made up of four officers of our sponsor, four real estate vice presidents, six real estate senior associates, twelve real estate analysts, two accounting vice presidents and sixteen accountants. All of these professionals play a role in asset management because our sponsor takes a “cradle to grave” approach to asset management, meaning that the real estate team that closes a deal is then responsible for asset management of the property for the life of the investment. Members of our sponsor’s real estate team have previously worked as real estate developers, fund managers, real estate brokers, and home-builders, while members of our sponsor’s accounting team have worked as auditors, fund accountants, and property accountants. Prior to being employed by our sponsor, these team members accumulated direct management experience with real estate development, fund management, leasing, construction and financing in excess of $2 billion of real estate, not including their experience with our sponsor.

 

Through December 31, 2019, our sponsor’s real estate and accounting teams have acquired and asset managed more than 316 real estate assets with aggregate purchase prices of approximately $4.9 billion. Since 2015, our sponsor’s real estate and accounting teams have worked with outside valuation experts in determining the Net Asset Value calculation for each of the investment programs sponsored by our sponsor. Based on this experience, our sponsor believes that its real estate team has a more intimate and detailed understanding of the properties than typical outside consultants and that its real estate and accounting teams can more accurately estimate our NAV.

 

In addition, our sponsor believes that it will ultimately be much more cost effective and efficient to produce NAV through its own asset management team than through the use of outside valuation consultants.

 

Share Price Adjustments

 

Our Manager set our initial offering price at $10.00 per share. As of January 1, 2020, our per share purchase price continued to be equal to $10.00 per share. The per share purchase price for our common shares is adjusted by our Manager semi-annually (or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter) to be equal to the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share, in each case prior to giving effect to any share purchases or redemptions to be effected on such day. Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription.

 

We file with the SEC on a semi-annual or other periodic basis an offering circular supplement disclosing the determination of our NAV per share that will be applicable for such period (a “pricing supplement”). We file the pricing supplement at the beginning of such period. We also post that period’s NAV on the public Fundrise Platform, www.fundrise.com. The Fundrise Platform also contains this offering circular, including any supplements and amendments. We disclose, on a periodic basis in an offering circular supplement filed with the SEC, the principal valuation components of our NAV. In addition, if a material event occurs in between updates of NAV that would cause our NAV per share to change by 5% or more from the last disclosed NAV, we will disclose the updated price and the reason for the change in an offering circular supplement as promptly as reasonably practicable, and will update the NAV information provided on our website.

 

99

 

 

Any subscriptions that we receive during a semi-annual period will be executed at the purchase price in effect at the time such subscription is received. Thus, even if settlement occurs in the following semi-annual period, the purchase price for the shares will be the price in effect at the time the subscription was received.

 

Redemption Plan

 

Our common shares are currently not listed on a national securities exchange or included for quotation on a national securities market, and currently there is no intention to list our common shares. In order to provide our shareholders with some limited liquidity, we have adopted a redemption plan to enable shareholders to redeem their common shares in limited circumstances. However, as of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to suspend the processing and payment of redemptions, including outstanding redemption requests, under our redemption plan until further notice.

 

We will not solicit redemptions under this redemption plan, other than through our offering circular and any supplements or amendments thereto disclosing our NAV per share. Shareholders desiring to request redemption of their common shares must do so of their own volition and not at our behest, invitation or encouragement. Our role in effectuating redemptions under the redemption plan will solely be ministerial.

 

While shareholders should view this investment as long-term, we have adopted a redemption plan whereby, on a quarterly basis, an investor has the opportunity to obtain liquidity. Our Manager has designed our redemption plan with a view towards providing investors with an initial period with which to decide whether a long-term investment in our Company is right for them. In addition, despite the illiquid nature of the assets expected to be held by our Company, our Manager believes it is best to provide the opportunity for quarterly liquidity in the event shareholders need it. The terms under which we may redeem shares may differ between redemption requests upon the death or “qualifying disability” of a shareholder (“exceptional redemptions”), as further discussed below, and all other redemption requests. Investors should note, however, that even during the Introductory Period or exceptional redemption events, the redemption plan may not be available due to our Manager’s ability to amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time.

 

Pursuant to our redemption plan, a shareholder may only (a) have one outstanding redemption request at any given time and (b) request that we redeem up to the lesser of 5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares per redemption request. However, we reserve the right to waive these limitations for any reason. In addition, the redemption plan is subject to certain liquidity limitations, which may fluctuate depending on the liquidity of the real estate assets held by us.

 

The calculation of the redemption price will depend, in part, on whether a shareholder requests redemption within the first eighty-nine (89) days of first acquiring the shares (the “Introductory Period”) or thereafter (the “Post-Introductory Period”).

 

During the Introductory Period, the per share redemption price will be equal to the purchase price of the shares being redeemed reduced by (i) the aggregate sum of distributions paid with respect to such shares, rounded down to the nearest cent and (ii) the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, declared but unpaid on the shares subject to the redemption request. In other words, a shareholder would receive back their original investment amount, from the redemption price paid, prior distributions received and distributions that have been declared (and that will be received when paid), but would not receive any amounts in excess of their original investment amount.

 

During the Post-Introductory Period, except in the case of exceptional redemptions, the per share redemption price will be calculated based on a declining penalty to the NAV per share for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request, and rounded down to the nearest cent. During the Post-Introductory Period, the redemption price with respect to the common shares that are subject to the redemption request will not be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, that have been (i) paid with respect to such shares prior to the date of the redemption request or (ii) declared but unpaid on such shares with record dates during the period between the redemption request date and the redemption date (i.e., the last day of the applicable quarter).

 

  Holding Period from Date of Settlement  

Effective Redemption Price

(as percentage of per share

redemption price) (1)

 
Less than 90 days, including the settlement date (Introductory Period)      100.0 %(2)(3)
90 days until 3 years      97.0 %(4)
3 years to 4 years      98.0 %(5)
4 years to 5 years      99.0 %(6)
More than 5 years      100.0 %(7)
Exceptional redemptions     100.0 %(8)

 

100

 

  

 (1) The Effective Redemption Price will be rounded down to the nearest $0.01.
 (2) The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period is calculated based upon the purchase price of the shares, not the per share price in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (3) The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period will be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions paid or payable on such shares, the amount of which we are unable to calculate at this time.
 (4) For shares held at least  ninety (90) days but less than three (3) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 3% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (5) For shares held at least three (3) years but less than four (4) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 2% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (6) For shares held at least four (4) years but less than five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 1% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (7) For shares held at least five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.
 (8) For exceptional redemptions, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

Whether a redemption request is deemed to be in the Introductory Period or the Post-Introductory Period will be determined as of the date the redemption request is made, not the date the redemption request is honored. Meaning, for example, if a redemption request is submitted during the Introductory Period, but honored after the Introductory Period, the effective redemption price will be determined using the Introductory Period methodology.

 

The following is a brief comparison of our redemption plan during the Introductory Period (up to 90 days after settlement) and the Post-Introductory Period (90 days or more after settlement), which is qualified in its entirety by the disclosure contained herein.

 

SUMMARY OF REDEMPTION PLAN

 

    Introductory Period   Post-Introductory Period
Duration   First 89 days after settlement   90+ days after settlement
Redemption Price   100% of purchase price less distributions paid and distributions declared and to be paid   97-100% of NAV, depending on hold time and type of redemption request (no reduction for distributions)
Timing to submit request   On or before the last day of the applicable quarter

 

 

On or before the last day of the applicable quarter
Last Date to Withdraw Request   The last day of the applicable quarter   The last day of the applicable quarter
Date of Redemption Payment   Within twenty-one (21) days following the end of the applicable quarter   Within twenty-one (21) days following the end of the applicable quarter
Frequency   Quarterly .   Quarterly .
Minimum Amount of Shares Redeemed   None.   None.
Maximum Amount of Shares Redeemed   5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares, whichever is less.   5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares, whichever is less.

 

101

 

 

As noted above, the effective redemption price will not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request in respect of redemptions of shares resulting from the death of a shareholder who is a natural person, including shares held by such shareholder through a revocable grantor trust or an IRA or other retirement or profit-sharing plan, after receiving written notice from the estate of the shareholder, the recipient of the shares through bequest or inheritance, or, in the case of a revocable grantor trust, the trustee of such trust, who shall have the sole ability to request redemption on behalf of the trust. We must receive the written redemption request within 12 months after the death of the shareholder in order for the requesting party to rely on any of the special treatment described above that may be afforded in the event of the death of a shareholder. Such a written request must be accompanied by a certified copy of the official death certificate of the shareholder. If spouses are joint registered holders of shares, the request to have the shares redeemed may be made if either of the registered holders dies. If the shareholder is not a natural person, such as certain trusts or a partnership, corporation or other similar entity, the right of redemption upon death does not apply.

 

Furthermore, as noted above, the effective redemption price will not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request in respect of redemptions of shares held by a shareholder who is a natural person who is deemed to have a “qualifying disability” (as such term is defined in Section 72(m)(7) of the Code), including shares held by such shareholder through a revocable grantor trust, or an IRA or other retirement or profit-sharing plan, after receiving written notice from such shareholder, provided that the condition causing the qualifying disability was not pre-existing on the date that the shareholder became a shareholder. We must receive the written redemption request within 12 months of the initial determination of the shareholder’s disability in order for the shareholder to rely on any of the waivers described above that may be granted in the event of the disability of a shareholder. If spouses are joint registered holders of shares, the request to have the shares redeemed may be made if either of the registered holders acquires a qualifying disability. If the shareholder is not a natural person, such as certain trusts or a partnership, corporation or other similar entity, the right of redemption upon disability does not apply.

 

We have the right to monitor the trading patterns of shareholders or their financial advisors and we reserve the right to reject any purchase or redemption transaction at any time based on what we deem to be a pattern of excessive, abusive or short-term trading. We expect that there will be no regular secondary trading market for our common shares. However, in the event a secondary market for our shares develops, we will terminate our redemption plan.

 

If we agree to honor redemption requests, such redemption of our common shares will be made quarterly upon written request to us prior to the end of the applicable quarter; provided, however, written requests for common shares to be redeemed during the Introductory Period must be delivered to our Manager prior to the end of such shareholder's Introductory Period. Shareholders may withdraw their redemption request at any time prior to the end of the applicable quarter. If we agree to honor redemption requests, such redemption requests will be effective as of the last day of the applicable quarter, and funds shall be remitted within twenty-one (21) days following the end of the applicable quarter. If we agree to honor a redemption request, the common shares to be redeemed will cease to accrue distributions or have voting rights as of the last day of the applicable quarter. We reserve the right to redeem shares pursuant to an exceptional redemption request outside of our quarterly redemption process.

  

We cannot guarantee that the funds set aside for the redemption plan will be sufficient to accommodate all requests made in any given time period. In the event our Manager determines, in its sole discretion, that we do not have sufficient funds available to redeem all of the common shares for which redemption requests have been submitted during any given quarter, such pending requests will be honored on a pro-rata basis, if at all, and priority will be given to exceptional redemptions. In the event that not all redemptions are being honored in a given quarter, the redemption requests not fully honored will have the remaining amount of such redemption requests considered on the next quarter in which redemptions are being honored. Accordingly, all unsatisfied redemption requests will be treated as requests for redemption on the next date on which redemptions are being honored, with redemptions processed pro-rata, if at all, and priority will be given to exceptional redemptions. If funds available for the redemption plan are not sufficient to accommodate all redemption requests, common shares will be redeemed on a pro-rata basis, if at all, and priority will be given to exceptional redemptions.

 

102

 

 

We intend to limit common shareholders to one (1) redemption request outstanding at any given time, meaning that, if a common shareholder desires to request more or less shares be redeemed, such common shareholder must first withdraw the first redemption request, which may affect whether the request is considered in the “Introductory Period” or “Post-Introductory Period”. For investors who hold common shares with more than one record date, redemption requests will be applied to such common shares in the order in which they settled, on a last in first out basis – meaning, those common shares that have been continuously held for the shortest amount of time will be redeemed first. In addition, we intend to limit shareholders to redemption requests to the lesser of 5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares, which may affect whether the entirety of a redemption request will be considered to be in the “Introductory Period” or “Post-Introductory Period”.

 

In light of the SEC’s current guidance on redemption plans, we intend to limit redemptions in any calendar quarter to shares whose aggregate value (based on the redemption price per share in effect as of the first day of the last month of such calendar quarter) is 1.25% of the NAV of all of our outstanding shares as of the first day of the last month of such calendar quarter (e.g., March 1, June 1, September 1, or December 1), with excess capacity carried over to later calendar quarters in that calendar year. However, as we make a number of commercial real estate investments of varying terms and maturities, our Manager may elect to increase or decrease the amount of common shares available for redemption in any given quarter, as these commercial real estate assets are paid off or sold, but in no event will we redeem more than 5.00% of the common shares outstanding during any calendar year. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not obligated to redeem common shares under the redemption plan.

 

In addition, our Manager may, in its sole discretion, amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time (including during the Introductory Period) without prior notice, including to protect our operations and our non-redeemed shareholders, to prevent an undue burden on our liquidity, to preserve our status as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, following any material decrease in our NAV, or for any other reason. However, in the event that we suspend our redemption plan, we expect that we will reject any outstanding redemption requests and do not intend to accept any new redemption requests until after the next NAV adjustment. In the event that we amend, suspend or terminate our redemption plan, we will file an offering circular supplement and/or Form 1-U, as appropriate, and post such information on the Fundrise Platform to disclose such amendment. Our Manager may also, in its sole discretion, decline any particular redemption request if it believes such action is necessary to preserve our status as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes (for example, if a redemption request would cause a non-redeeming shareholder to violate the ownership limits in our operating agreement or if a redemption constitutes a “dividend equivalent redemption” that could give rise to a preferential dividend issue, to the extent applicable). Therefore, you may not have the opportunity to make a redemption request prior to any potential termination of our redemption plan.

 

Effective as of March 31, 2020 for certain of our sponsor’s offerings qualified under Regulation A (including ours), our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under the redemption plans until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Our Manager intends to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under these redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume. As of the date of this offering circular, of the sponsor’s 19 programs with redemption plans, 16 have suspended the processing and payment of redemptions, including ours.

 

For more information about our redemption plan or to submit a redemption request, please contact us by email at investments@fundrise.com.

 

Reports to Shareholders

 

Our operating agreement requires that we prepare an annual report and deliver it to our common shareholders within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year. Our Manager is required to take reasonable steps to ensure that the annual report complies with our operating agreement provisions and with applicable securities laws.

  

Under the Securities Act, we must update this offering circular upon the occurrence of certain events, such as asset acquisitions. We will file updated offering circulars and offering circular supplements with the SEC. We are also subject to the informational reporting requirements of the Exchange Act that are applicable to Tier 2 companies whose securities are registered pursuant to Regulation A, and accordingly, we will file annual reports, semi-annual reports and other information with the SEC. In addition, we will provide you directly with periodic updates, including offering circulars, offering circular supplements, semi-annual pricing supplements, semi-annual information statements and other information.

 

We will provide such periodic updates electronically through the Fundrise Platform website at www.fundrise.com, and documents will be provided electronically. You may access and print all periodic updates provided through our website. As periodic updates become available, we will notify you of this by sending you an e-mail message that will include instructions on how to retrieve the periodic updates. If our e-mail notification is returned to us as “undeliverable”, we will contact you to obtain your updated e-mail address. We will provide you with paper copies at any time upon request. The contents of the Fundrise Platform website are not incorporated by reference in or otherwise a part of this offering circular.

  

103

 

 

CERTAIN U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

 

The following is a summary of certain U.S. federal income tax considerations relating to our qualification and taxation as a REIT and the acquisition, holding, and disposition of our common shares. For purposes of this section, references to “we”, “us” or our “Company” means only Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC and not its subsidiaries or other lower-tier entities, except as otherwise indicated. This summary is based upon the Code, the current, temporary, and proposed regulations promulgated by the U.S. Treasury Department, current administrative interpretations and practices of the IRS (including administrative interpretations and practices expressed in private letter rulings which are binding on the IRS only with respect to the particular taxpayers who requested and received those rulings) and judicial decisions, all as currently in effect and all of which are subject to differing interpretations or to change, possibly with retroactive effect. No assurance can be given that the IRS would not assert, or that a court would not sustain a position contrary to any of the tax considerations described below. No advance ruling has been or will be sought from the IRS regarding any matter discussed in this summary. Thus, it is possible that the IRS could challenge the statements in this discussion that do not bind the IRS or the courts and that a court could agree with the IRS. The summary is also based upon the assumption that the operation of our Company, and of any subsidiaries and other lower-tier affiliated entities, will be in accordance with its applicable organizational documents and as described in this offering circular. This summary is for general information only, and does not purport to discuss all aspects of U.S. federal income taxation that may be important to a particular shareholder in light of its investment or tax circumstances or to shareholders subject to special tax rules, such as:

 

  · U.S. expatriates;

 

  · persons who mark-to-market our common shares;

 

  · subchapter S corporations;

 

  · U.S. shareholders who are U.S. persons (as defined below) whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar;

 

  · financial institutions;

 

  · insurance companies;

 

  · broker-dealers;

 

  · REITs;

 

  · regulated investment companies;

 

  · trusts and estates;

 

  · holders who receive our common shares through the exercise of employee stock options or otherwise as compensation;

 

  · persons holding our common shares as part of a “straddle”, “hedge”, “short sale”, “conversion transaction”, “synthetic security” or other integrated investment;

 

  · non-corporate taxpayers subject to the alternative minimum tax provisions of the Code;

 

  · persons holding our common shares through a partnership or similar pass-through entity;

 

  · persons holding a 10% or more (by vote or value) beneficial interest in our Company;

 

  · tax exempt organizations, except to the extent discussed below in “Treatment of Tax Exempt U.S. Shareholders”; and

 

  · non-U.S. persons (as defined below), except to the extent discussed below in “U.S. Taxation of Non-U.S. Shareholders”.

 

Except to a limited extent noted below, this summary does not address state, local, or non-U.S. tax considerations. This summary assumes that shareholders will hold our common shares as capital assets, within the meaning of Section 1221 of the Code, which generally means as property held for investment.

 

104

 

 

For the purposes of this summary, a U.S. person is a beneficial owner of our common shares who for U.S. federal income tax purposes is:

 

  · a citizen or resident of the United States;

 

  · a corporation (including an entity treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes) created or organized in or under the laws of the United States or of a political subdivision thereof (including the District of Columbia);

 

  · an estate whose income is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source; or

 

  · any trust if (1) a U.S. court is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of such trust and one or more U.S. persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust or (2) it has a valid election in place to be treated as a U.S. person.

 

For the purposes of this summary, a U.S. shareholder is a beneficial owner of our common shares who is a U.S. person. A tax exempt organization is a U.S. person who is exempt from U.S. federal income tax under Section 401(a) or 501(a) of the Code. For the purposes of this summary, a non-U.S. person is a beneficial owner of our common shares who is a nonresident alien individual or a non-U.S. corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and a non-U.S. shareholder is a beneficial owner of our common shares who is a non-U.S. person. The term “corporation” includes any entity treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and the term “partnership” includes any entity treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

 

THE U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX TREATMENT OF HOLDERS OF OUR COMMON SHARES DEPENDS IN SOME INSTANCES ON DETERMINATIONS OF FACT AND INTERPRETATIONS OF COMPLEX PROVISIONS OF U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX LAW FOR WHICH NO CLEAR PRECEDENT OR AUTHORITY MAY BE AVAILABLE. IN ADDITION, THE TAX CONSEQUENCES OF HOLDING OUR COMMON SHARES TO ANY PARTICULAR SHAREHOLDER WILL DEPEND ON THE SHAREHOLDER’S PARTICULAR TAX CIRCUMSTANCES. YOU ARE URGED TO CONSULT YOUR TAX ADVISOR REGARDING THE U.S. FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL, AND NON-U.S. INCOME AND OTHER TAX CONSEQUENCES TO YOU, IN LIGHT OF YOUR PARTICULAR INVESTMENT OR TAX CIRCUMSTANCES, OF ACQUIRING, HOLDING, AND DISPOSING OF OUR COMMON SHARES.

 

Taxation of Our Company

 

We elected to be treated as a REIT under the Code, commencing with the taxable year ended December 31, 2019. A REIT generally is not subject to U.S. federal income tax on the income that it distributes to its shareholders if it meets the applicable REIT distribution and other requirements for qualification. We believe that we have been organized, owned and operated in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code, and that our proposed ownership, organization and method of operation will enable us to continue to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code. However, given the highly complex nature of the rules governing REITs, the ongoing importance of factual determinations (including with respect to matters that we may not control or for which it is not possible to obtain all the relevant facts) and the possibility of future changes in our circumstances or applicable law, no assurance can be given by us that we will so qualify for any particular year or that the IRS will not challenge our conclusions with respect to our satisfaction of the REIT requirements.

 

Qualification and taxation as a REIT depends on our ability to meet, on a continuing basis, through actual results of operations, distribution levels, diversity of share ownership and various qualification requirements imposed upon REITs by the Code, discussed below. In addition, our ability to qualify as a REIT may depend in part upon the operating results, organizational structure and entity classification for U.S. federal income tax purposes of certain entities in which we invest, which we may not control. Our ability to qualify as a REIT also requires that we satisfy certain asset and income tests, some of which depend upon the fair market values of assets directly or indirectly owned by us or which serve as security for loans made by us. Such values may not be susceptible to a precise determination. Accordingly, no assurance can be given that the actual results of our operations for any taxable year will satisfy the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT.

 

Taxation of REITs in General

 

Provided that we qualify as a REIT, we will generally be entitled to a deduction for dividends that we pay and, therefore, will not be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on our net taxable income that is currently distributed to our shareholders. This treatment substantially eliminates the “double taxation” at the corporate and shareholder levels that results generally from investment in a corporation. Rather, income generated by a REIT is generally taxed only at the shareholder level, upon distributions by the REIT.

 

Even if we qualify for taxation as a REIT, however, we will be subject to U.S. federal income taxation as follows:

 

  We will be taxed at regular U.S. federal corporate rates on any undistributed “REIT taxable income”, which is generally the taxable income of the REIT subject to specified adjustments including a deduction for dividends paid.

 

105

 

  

  If we have net income from “prohibited transactions”, which are, in general, sales or other dispositions of property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business, other than foreclosure property, such income will be subject to a 100% tax. See “—Prohibited Transactions” and “—Foreclosure Property” below.

 

  If we elect to treat property that we acquire in connection with a foreclosure of a mortgage loan or from certain leasehold terminations as “foreclosure property”, we may thereby avoid (1) the 100% tax on gain from a resale of that property (if the sale would otherwise constitute a prohibited transaction) and (2) treating any income from such property as non-qualifying for purposes of the REIT gross income tests discussed below, provided however, that the gain from the sale of the property or net income from the operation of the property that would not otherwise qualify for the 75% gross income test but for the foreclosure property election will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax at the highest applicable rate (currently 21%).

 

  If we fail to satisfy the 75% gross income test or the 95% gross income test, as discussed below, but nonetheless maintain our qualification as a REIT because other requirements are met, we will be subject to a 100% tax on an amount equal to (1) the greater of (A) the amount by which we fail the 75% gross income test or (B) the amount by which we fail the 95% gross income test, as the case may be, multiplied by (2) a fraction intended to reflect profitability.

 

  If we fail to satisfy any of the REIT asset tests, as described below, other than a failure of the 5% or 10% REIT asset tests that do not exceed a statutory de minimis amount as described more fully below, but our failure is due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect and we nonetheless maintain our REIT qualification because of specified cure provisions, we will be required to pay a tax equal to the greater of (i) $50,000 or (ii) the product of the highest corporate tax rate multiplied by the net income generated by the non-qualifying assets during the period in which we failed to satisfy the asset tests.

 

  If we fail to satisfy any provision of the Code that would result in our failure to qualify as a REIT (other than a gross income or asset test requirement) and the violation is due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect, we may retain our REIT qualification but we will be required to pay a penalty of $50,000 for each such failure.

 

  If we fail to distribute during each calendar year at least the sum of (1) 85% of our REIT ordinary income for such year, (2) 95% of our REIT capital gain net income for such year and (3) any undistributed taxable income from prior periods (or the required distribution), we will be subject to a 4% excise tax on the excess of the required distribution over the sum of (A) the amounts actually distributed (taking into account excess distributions from prior years), plus (B) retained amounts on which income tax is paid at the corporate level.

 

  We may be required to pay monetary penalties to the IRS in certain circumstances, including if we fail to meet record-keeping requirements intended to monitor our compliance with rules relating to the composition of our shareholders, as described below in “—Requirements for Qualification as a REIT”.

 

  A 100% excise tax may be imposed on some items of income and expense that are directly or constructively paid between us and any TRS and any other TRSs we may own if and to the extent that the IRS successfully adjusts the reported amounts of these items because the reported amounts were not consistent with arm’s length amounts.

 

  If we fail to qualify for taxation as a REIT because we fail to distribute by the end of the relevant year any earnings and profits we inherit from a taxable C corporation during the year (e.g., by tax-free merger or tax-free liquidation), and the failure is not due to fraud with intent to evade tax, we generally may retain our REIT status by paying a special distribution, but we will be required to pay an interest charge on 50% of the amount of undistributed non-REIT earnings and profits.

 

  If we acquire appreciated assets from a corporation that is not a REIT in a transaction in which the adjusted tax basis of the assets in our hands is determined by reference to the adjusted tax basis of the assets in the hands of the non-REIT corporation, we may be subject to tax on such appreciation at the highest U.S. federal corporate income tax rate then applicable if we subsequently recognize gain on a disposition of any such assets during the 5-year period following their acquisition from the non-REIT corporation.

 

  We may elect to retain and pay U.S. federal income tax on our net long-term capital gain. In that case, a shareholder would include its proportionate share of our undistributed long-term capital gain in its income (to the extent we make a timely designation of such gain to the shareholder), would be deemed to have paid the tax that it paid on such gain, and would be allowed a credit for its proportionate share of the tax deemed to have been paid, and an adjustment would be made to increase the shareholder’s basis in our common shares.

 

  We may own subsidiaries that will elect to be treated as TRSs and we may hold investments through such TRSs, the earnings of which will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax.

 

106

 

 

  We will generally be subject to tax on the portion of any excess inclusion income derived from an investment in residual interests in real estate mortgage investment conduits (“REMICs”) or “taxable mortgage pools” to the extent our common shares are held in record name by specified tax exempt organizations not subject to tax on unrelated business tax income (“UBTI”) or non-U.S. sovereign investors.

 

In addition, we may be subject to a variety of taxes other than U.S. federal income tax, including state, local, and non-U.S. income, franchise property and other taxes.

 

Requirements for Qualification as a REIT

 

We elected to be taxable as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes for our taxable year ended December 31, 2019 and for all subsequent taxable years. In order to have so qualified, we meet the requirements discussed below (or as in effect for prior years), relating to our organization, ownership, sources of income, nature of assets and distributions of income to shareholders.

 

The discussion below summarizes current law except where expressly noted otherwise. We do not believe any differences between the current requirements for qualification as a REIT and the requirements in effect for any prior year have prevented us from qualifying as a REIT for any period.

 

The Code defines a REIT as a corporation, trust or association:

 

  (1) that is managed by one or more trustees or directors;

 

  (2) the beneficial ownership of which is evidenced by transferable shares or by transferable certificates of beneficial interest;

 

  (3) that would be taxable as a domestic corporation but for its election to be subject to tax as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Code;

 

  (4) that is neither a financial institution nor an insurance company subject to specific provisions of the Code;

 

  (5) commencing with its second REIT taxable year, the beneficial ownership of which is held by 100 or more persons during at least 335 days of a taxable year of 12 months, or during a proportionate part of a taxable year of less than 12 months;

 

  (6) in which, during the last half of each taxable year, commencing with its second REIT taxable year, not more than 50% in value of the outstanding stock is owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer “individuals” as defined in the Code to include specified entities (the “5/50 Test”);

 

  (7) that makes an election to be a REIT for the current taxable year or has made such an election for a previous taxable year that has not been terminated or revoked and satisfies all relevant filing and other administrative requirements established by the IRS that must be met to elect and maintain REIT status;

 

  (8) that has no earnings and profits from any non-REIT taxable year at the close of any taxable year;

 

  (9) that uses the calendar year for U.S. federal income tax purposes and complies with the record keeping requirements of the Code and the Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder; and

 

  (10) that meets other tests described below, including with respect to the nature of its income and assets and the amount of its distributions.

 

For purposes of condition (1), “directors” generally means persons treated as “directors” for purposes of the Investment Company Act, which we believe includes our Manager. Our shares are generally freely transferable, and we believe that the restrictions on ownership and transfers of our shares do not prevent us from satisfying condition (2). Although we are organized as a limited liability company, for U.S. federal income tax purposes we elected to be classified as a corporation in compliance with condition (3). We believe that the shares sold in this offering will allow us to timely comply with conditions (5) and (6). However, depending on the number of shareholders who subscribe for shares in this offering and the timing of subscriptions, we may need to conduct an additional offering of preferred shares to timely comply with (5). For purposes of determining common shares ownership under condition (6) above, a certain stock bonus, pension, or profit-sharing plan, supplemental unemployment compensation benefits plan, a private foundation and a portion of a trust permanently set aside or used exclusively for charitable purposes generally are each considered an individual. A trust that is a qualified trust under Code Section 401(a) generally is not considered an individual, and beneficiaries of a qualified trust generally are treated as holding shares of a REIT in proportion to their actuarial interests in the trust for purposes of condition (6) above.

 

107

 

  

To monitor compliance with the share ownership requirements, we are generally required to maintain records regarding the actual ownership of our shares. Provided we comply with these record keeping requirements and that we would not otherwise have reason to believe we fail the 5/50 Test after exercising reasonable diligence, we will be deemed to have satisfied the 5/50 Test. In addition, our operating agreement provides restrictions regarding the ownership and transfer of our shares, which are intended to assist us in satisfying the share ownership requirements described above.

 

For purposes of condition (9) above, we use a calendar year for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and we intend to continue to comply with the applicable recordkeeping requirements.

 

Effect of Subsidiary Entities

 

Ownership of Partnership Interests

 

In the case of a REIT that is a partner in an entity that is treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the REIT is deemed to own its proportionate share of the partnership’s assets and to earn its proportionate share of the partnership’s gross income based on its pro rata share of capital interests in the partnership for purposes of the asset and gross income tests applicable to REITs, as described below. However, solely for purposes of the 10% value test, described below, the determination of a REIT’s interest in partnership assets will be based on the REIT’s proportionate interest in any securities issued by the partnership, excluding for these purposes, certain excluded securities as described in the Code. For purposes of determining the amount of the REIT’s taxable income that must be distributed, or is subject to tax, the REIT’s share of partnership income is determined under the partnership tax provisions of the Code and will reflect any special allocations of income or loss that are not in proportion to capital interests. Income earned through partnerships retains its character for U.S. federal income tax purposes when allocated among its partners. We intend to obtain covenants from any partnerships in which we invest but do not control to operate in compliance with the REIT requirements, but we may not control any particular partnership into which we invest, and thus no assurance can be given that any such partnerships will not operate in a manner that causes us to fail an income or asset test requirement. In general, partnerships are not subject to U.S. federal income tax. However, if a partnership in which we invest is audited, it may be required to pay the hypothetical increase in partner level taxes (including interest and penalties) resulting from an adjustment of partnership tax items on the audit, unless the partnership elects an alternative method under which the taxes resulting from the adjustment (and interest and penalties) are assessed at the partner level. It is possible that partnerships in which we directly and indirectly invest may be subject to U.S. federal income tax, interest and penalties in the event of a U.S. federal income tax audit.

 

Disregarded Subsidiaries

 

If a REIT owns a corporate subsidiary that is a “qualified REIT subsidiary”, that subsidiary is disregarded for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and all assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of the subsidiary are treated as assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of the REIT itself, including for purposes of the gross income and asset tests applicable to REITs, as summarized below. A qualified REIT subsidiary is any corporation, other than a TRS, that is wholly owned by a REIT, by other disregarded subsidiaries of a REIT or by a combination of the two. Single member limited liability companies or other domestic unincorporated entities that are wholly owned by a REIT are also generally disregarded as separate entities for U.S. federal income tax purposes, including for purposes of the REIT gross income and asset tests unless they elect TRS status. Disregarded subsidiaries, along with partnerships in which we hold an equity interest, are sometimes referred to herein as “pass-through subsidiaries”.

 

In the event that a disregarded subsidiary ceases to be wholly owned by us (for example, if any equity interest in the subsidiary is acquired by a person other than us or another disregarded subsidiary of ours), the subsidiary’s separate existence would no longer be disregarded for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Instead, it would have multiple owners and would be treated as either a partnership or a taxable corporation. Such an event could, depending on the circumstances, adversely affect our ability to satisfy the various asset and gross income tests applicable to REITs, including the requirement that REITs generally may not own, directly or indirectly, more than 10% of the value or voting power of the outstanding securities of another corporation. See “—Asset Tests” and “—Gross Income Tests”.

 

Taxable REIT Subsidiaries

 

A REIT, in general, may jointly elect with a subsidiary corporation, whether or not wholly owned, to treat the subsidiary corporation as a TRS. The separate existence of a TRS or other taxable corporation, unlike a disregarded subsidiary as discussed above, is not ignored for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Accordingly, such an entity would generally be subject to U.S. federal income tax on its taxable income, which may reduce the cash flow generated by us and our subsidiaries in the aggregate and our ability to make distributions to our shareholders.

 

108

 

 

A REIT is not treated as holding the assets of a TRS or other taxable subsidiary corporation or as receiving any income that the subsidiary earns. Rather, the stock issued by the subsidiary is an asset in the hands of the REIT, and the REIT generally recognizes dividend income when it receives distributions of earnings from the subsidiary. This treatment can affect the gross income and asset test calculations that apply to the REIT, as described below. Because a parent REIT does not include the assets and income of its TRSs in determining the parent REIT’s compliance with the REIT requirements, such entities may be used by the parent REIT to undertake indirectly activities that the REIT rules might otherwise preclude the parent REIT from doing directly or through pass-through subsidiaries. If dividends are paid to us by one or more domestic TRSs we may own, then a portion of the dividends that we distribute to shareholders who are taxed at individual rates generally will be eligible for taxation at preferential qualified dividend income tax rates rather than at ordinary income rates. See “—Taxation of Taxable U.S. Shareholders” and “—Annual Distribution Requirements”.

 

We may hold certain investments through one or more TRSs, including property that we believe would be treated as held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of our trade or business for U.S. federal income tax purposes and that cannot be sold within a statutory safe harbor to avoid the 100% tax on “prohibited transactions” that otherwise would apply to gain from the sale of such property. Generally, a TRS can perform impermissible tenant services without causing us to receive impermissible tenant services income from those services under the REIT income tests. A TRS may also engage in other activities that, if conducted by us other than through a TRS, could result in the receipt of non-qualified income or the ownership of non-qualified assets. However, several provisions regarding the arrangements between a REIT and its TRSs ensure that a TRS will be subject to an appropriate level of U.S. federal income taxation. For example, we will be obligated to pay a 100% penalty tax on some payments that we receive or certain other amounts or on certain expenses deducted by the TRS if the economic arrangements among us, our tenants and/or the TRS are not comparable to similar arrangements among unrelated parties. While we intend to manage the size of our TRSs and dividends from our TRSs in a manner that permits us to qualify as a REIT, it is possible that the equity investments appreciate to the point where our TRSs exceed the thresholds mandated by the REIT rules. In such cases, we could lose our REIT status if we are unable to satisfy certain exceptions for failing to satisfy the REIT income and asset tests. In any event, any earnings attributable to equity interests held in TRSs or origination activity conducted by TRSs will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax, and the amount of such taxes could be substantial.

 

To the extent we hold an interest in a non-U.S. TRS, we may be required to include our portion of its earnings in our income irrespective of whether or not such non-U.S. TRS has made any distributions. Any such income will not be qualifying income for purposes of the 75% gross income test but based on IRS guidance are expected to be qualifying income for purposes of the 95% gross income test.

 

Gross Income Tests

 

In order to maintain our qualification as a REIT, we annually must satisfy two gross income tests. First, at least 75% of our gross income for each taxable year, excluding gross income from sales of inventory or dealer property in “prohibited transactions” and certain hedging and foreign currency transactions, must be derived from investments relating to real property or mortgages on real property, including “rents from real property”, dividends received from and gains from the disposition of other shares of REITs, interest income derived from mortgage loans secured by real property or by interests in real property, and gains from the sale of real estate assets, including personal property treated as real estate assets, as discussed below (but not including certain debt instruments of publicly-offered REITs that are not secured by mortgages on real property or interests in real property), as well as income from certain kinds of temporary investments. Interest and gain on debt instruments issued by publicly offered REITs that are not secured by mortgages on real property or interests in real property are not qualifying income for purposes of the 75% income test. Second, at least 95% of our gross income in each taxable year, excluding gross income from prohibited transactions and certain hedging and foreign currency transactions, must be derived from some combination of income that qualifies under the 75% income test described above, as well as other dividends, interest, and gain from the sale or disposition of stock or securities, which need not have any relation to real property.

 

Rental Income

 

Rents we receive will qualify as rents from real property in satisfying the gross income requirements for a REIT described above only if several conditions are met. First, the amount of rent must not be based in whole or in part on the income or profits derived by any person from such real property. However, an amount received or accrued generally will not be excluded from the term “rents from real property” solely by reason of being based on a fixed percentage or percentages of receipts or sales. Second, rents received from a “related party tenant” will not qualify as rents from real property in satisfying the gross income tests unless the tenant is a TRS and either (i) at least 90% of the property is leased to unrelated tenants and the rent paid by the TRS is substantially comparable to the rent paid by the unrelated tenants for comparable space, or (ii) the property leased is a “qualified lodging facility”, as defined in Section 856(d)(9)(D) of the Code, or a “qualified health care property”, as defined in Section 856(e)(6)(D)(i) of the Code, and certain other conditions are satisfied. A tenant is a related party tenant if the REIT, or an actual or constructive owner of 10% or more of the REIT, actually or constructively owns 10% or more of the tenant. Third, if rent attributable to personal property, leased in connection with a lease of real property, is greater than 15% of the total rent received under such lease (determined based on the fair market values as of the beginning and end of the taxable year), then the portion of rent attributable to the personal property will not qualify as rents from real property.

 

109

 

  

Generally, for rents to qualify as rents from real property for the purpose of satisfying the gross income tests, we may provide directly only an insignificant amount of services, unless those services are “usually or customarily rendered” in connection with the rental of real property and not otherwise considered “rendered to the occupant”. Accordingly, we may not provide “impermissible services” to tenants (except through an independent contractor from whom we derive no revenue and that meets other requirements or through a TRS) without giving rise to “impermissible tenant service income”. Impermissible tenant service income is deemed to be at least 150% of the direct cost to us of providing the service. If the impermissible tenant service income exceeds 1% of our total income from a property, then all of the income from that property will fail to qualify as rents from real property. If the total amount of impermissible tenant service income from a property does not exceed 1% of our total income from the property, the services will not disqualify any other income from the property that qualifies as rents from real property, but the impermissible tenant service income will not qualify as rents from real property.

 

We do not anticipate deriving rents based in whole or in part on the income or profits of any person, rents from related party tenants, and/or rents attributable to personal property leased in connection with real property that exceeds 15% of the total rents from that property, in sufficient amounts to jeopardize our status as REIT. We also do not anticipate deriving impermissible tenant service income that exceeds 1% of our total income from any property if the treatment of the rents from such property as non-qualifying rents would jeopardize our status as a REIT.

 

Dividend Income

 

We may receive material distributions from our TRSs. These distributions are generally classified as dividend income to the extent of the earnings and profits of the distributing corporation. Such distributions generally constitute qualifying income for purposes of the 95% gross income test, but not the 75% gross income test.

 

If we invest in an entity treated as a “passive investment foreign company” or “controlled foreign corporation” for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we could be required to include our portion of its earnings in our income prior to the receipt of any distributions. Any such income inclusions would not be treated as qualifying income for purposes of the 75% gross income test but based on IRS guidance are expected to be qualifying income for purposes of the 95% gross income test.

 

Sale-Leaseback Transactions

 

We may enter into sale-leaseback transactions. It is possible that the IRS could take the position that specific sale-leaseback transactions (or certain other leases) we treat as true leases are not true leases for U.S. federal income tax purposes but are, instead, financing arrangements or loans. Successful recharacterization of a sale-leaseback transaction (or any other lease) as a financing arrangement or loan could jeopardize our REIT status.

 

Failure to Satisfy the Gross Income Tests

 

We monitor our sources of income, including any non-qualifying income received by us, and manage our assets so as to ensure our compliance with the gross income tests. We cannot assure you, however, that we will be able to satisfy the gross income tests. If we fail to satisfy one or both of the 75% or 95% gross income tests for any taxable year, we may still qualify as a REIT for the year if we are entitled to relief under applicable provisions of the Code. These relief provisions will generally be available if our failure to meet these tests was due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect and, following the identification of such failure, we set forth a description of each item of our gross income that satisfies the gross income tests in a schedule for the taxable year filed in accordance with the Treasury Regulations. It is not possible to state whether we would be entitled to the benefit of these relief provisions in all circumstances. If these relief provisions are inapplicable to a particular set of circumstances involving us, we will not qualify as a REIT. As discussed above under “—Taxation of REITs in General”, even where these relief provisions apply, a tax would be imposed upon the profit attributable to the amount by which we fail to satisfy the particular gross income test.

 

Asset Tests

 

At the close of each calendar quarter, we must also satisfy five tests relating to the nature of our assets. First, at least 75% of the value of our total assets must be represented by some combination of “real estate assets”, cash, cash items, and U.S. Government securities. For this purpose, real estate assets include loans secured by mortgages on real property or on interests in real property to the extent described below, certain mezzanine loans and mortgage backed securities as described below, interests in real property (such as land, buildings, leasehold interests in real property and personal property leased with real property if the rents attributable to the personal property would be rents from real property under the income tests discussed above), shares in other qualifying REITs, debt instruments issued by publicly offered REITs, and stock or debt instruments held for less than one year purchased with the proceeds from an offering of our common shares or certain debt. Second, not more than 25% of our assets may be represented by securities other than those in the 75% asset test. Third, of the assets that do not qualify for purposes of the 75% test and that are not securities of our TRSs: (i) the value of any one issuer’s securities owned by us may not exceed 5% of the value of our gross assets, and (ii) we generally may not own more than 10% of any one issuer’s outstanding securities, as measured by either voting power or value. Fourth, the aggregate value of all securities of TRSs held by us may not exceed 20% of the value of our gross assets. Fifth, not more than 25% of the value of our gross assets may be represented by debt instruments of publicly offered REITs that are not secured by mortgages on real property or interests in real property.

 

110

 

  

The 10% value test does not apply to certain “straight debt” and other excluded securities, as described in the Code, including any loan to an individual or an estate, any obligation to pay rents from real property and any security issued by a REIT. In addition, (1) a REIT’s interest as a partner in a partnership is not considered a security for purposes of applying the 10% value test; (2) any debt instrument issued by a partnership (other than straight debt or other excluded security) will not be considered a security issued by the partnership if at least 75% of the partnership’s gross income is derived from sources that would qualify for the 75% REIT gross income test; and (3) any debt instrument issued by a partnership (other than straight debt or other excluded security) will not be considered a security issued by the partnership to the extent of the REIT’s interest as a partner in the partnership.

 

For purposes of the 10% value test, “straight debt” means a written unconditional promise to pay on demand on a specified date a sum certain in money if (1) the debt is not convertible, directly or indirectly, into stock and (2) the interest rate and interest payment dates are not contingent on profits, the borrower’s discretion, or similar factors other than certain contingencies relating to the timing and amount of principal and interest payments, as described in the Code. In the case of an issuer which is a corporation or a partnership, securities that otherwise would be considered straight debt will not be so considered if we, and any of our “controlled taxable REIT subsidiaries” as defined in the Code, hold any securities of the corporate or partnership issuer which (A) are not straight debt or other excluded securities (prior to the application of this rule), and (B) have an aggregate value greater than 1% of the issuer’s outstanding securities (including, for the purposes of a partnership issuer, our interest as a partner in the partnership). As a result, the straight debt exception would not be available to us with respect to a loan where we also hold an equity participation in the borrower through a TRS.

 

We believe that our assets have complied or will comply with the above asset tests commencing with the close of our first calendar quarter and that we can operate so that we can continue to comply with those tests. However, our ability to satisfy these asset tests depends upon our analysis of the characterization and fair market values of our assets, some of which are not susceptible to a precise determination, and for which we will not obtain independent appraisals. For example, we may hold significant assets through our TRSs, and we cannot provide any assurance that the IRS will not disagree with our determination.

 

Failure to Satisfy Asset Tests

 

After initially meeting the asset tests at the close of any quarter, we will not lose our qualification as a REIT for failure to satisfy the asset tests at the end of a later quarter solely by reason of changes in asset values. If we fail to satisfy the asset tests because we acquire assets during a quarter, we can cure this failure by disposing of sufficient non-qualifying assets within 30 days after the close of that quarter. If we fail the 5% asset test, or the 10% vote or value asset tests at the end of any quarter and such failure is not cured within 30 days thereafter, we may dispose of sufficient assets (generally within six months after the last day of the quarter in which the identification of the failure to satisfy these asset tests occurred) to cure such a violation that does not exceed the lesser of 1% of our assets at the end of the relevant quarter or $10 million. If we fail any of the other asset tests or our failure of the 5% and 10% asset tests is in excess of the de minimis amount described above, as long as such failure was due to reasonable cause and not willful neglect, we are permitted to avoid disqualification as a REIT, after the 30 day cure period, by taking steps, including the disposition of sufficient assets to meet the asset test (generally within six months after the last day of the quarter in which we identified the failure to satisfy the REIT asset test) and paying a tax equal to the greater of (x) $50,000 or (y) the amount determined by multiplying the net income generated during a specified period by the assets that cause the failure by the highest U.S. federal income tax rate applicable to corporations.

 

Hedging Transactions

 

We may enter into hedging transactions with respect to one or more of our assets or liabilities. Hedging transactions could take a variety of forms, including interest rate swap agreements, interest rate cap agreements, options, forward rate agreements or similar financial instruments. Except to the extent provided by Treasury Regulations, any income from a hedging transaction, including gain from the sale or disposition of such a transaction, will not constitute gross income for purposes of the 75% or 95% gross income test if (i) we enter into the hedging transaction in the normal course of business primarily to manage risk of interest rate or price changes or currency fluctuations with respect to borrowings made or to be made, or ordinary obligations incurred or to be incurred, to acquire or carry real estate assets, and the hedge is clearly identified as specified in Treasury Regulations before the close of the day on which it was acquired, originated, or entered into, (ii) we enter into the hedging transaction primarily to manage risk of currency fluctuations with respect to any item of income or gain that would be qualifying income under the 75% or 95% gross income tests or (iii) we enter into the hedging transaction that hedges against transactions described in clause (i) or (ii) and is entered into in connection with the extinguishment of debt or sale of property that are being hedged against by the transactions described in clauses (i) or (ii) and the hedge complies with certain identification requirements. To the extent that we enter into other types of hedging transactions, including hedges of interest rates on any debt we acquire as assets, or do not make proper tax identifications, as applicable, the income from those transactions is likely to be treated as non-qualifying income for purposes of both of the 75% and 95% gross income tests. We intend to structure any hedging transactions in a manner that does not jeopardize its qualification as a REIT, but there can be no assurance that we will be successful in this regard. No assurances can be given, however, that our hedging activities will not give rise to income that does not qualify for purposes of either or both of the gross income tests and that such income will not adversely affect our ability to satisfy the REIT qualification requirements.

 

111

 

  

Investments in Loans

 

We are not limited in our ability to make investments in loans. Except as provided below, in cases where a mortgage loan is secured by both real property and other property, if the outstanding principal balance of a mortgage loan during the year exceeds the value of the real property securing the loan at the time we committed to acquire the loan, which may be the case, for instance, if we acquire a “distressed” mortgage loan, including with a view to acquiring the collateral, a portion of the interest accrued during the year will not be qualifying income for purposes of the 75% gross income test applicable to REITs. Similarly, if the value of the mortgage loan exceeds the greater of (i) the current value of the real property securing the loan and (ii) the value of the real property securing the loan at the time we committed to acquire the loan, such excess will not be a qualifying real estate asset. Furthermore, we may be required to retest modified loans that we hold to determine if the modified loan is adequately secured by real property as of the modification date. If the IRS were to assert successfully that our mortgage loans were not properly secured by real estate or that the value of the real estate collateral (at the time of testing, commitment or retesting, as applicable) was otherwise less than the amount of the loan or the value of the loan, as applicable, we could, as mentioned, earn income that is not qualifying for the 75% gross income test and also be treated as holding a non-real estate investment in whole or part, which could result in our failure to qualify as a REIT. However, a mortgage loan secured by both real property and personal property is treated as a qualifying real estate asset and gives rise to qualifying income for purposes of the 75% gross income test if the fair market value of such personal property does not exceed 15% of the total fair market value of all such property even if the real property collateral value is less than the outstanding principal balance of the loan.

 

We may originate or acquire mortgage or mezzanine loans. The IRS has provided a safe harbor with respect to the treatment of a mezzanine loan as a mortgage loan and therefore as a qualifying asset that generates qualifying income for purposes of the REIT asset tests, but not rules of substantive law. Pursuant to the safe harbor, if a mezzanine loan meets certain requirements, it will be treated by the IRS as a qualifying real estate asset for purposes of the REIT asset tests, and interest derived from the mezzanine loan will be treated as qualifying mortgage interest for purposes of the 75% gross income test. However, structuring a mezzanine loan to meet the requirements of the safe harbor may not always be practical. To the extent that any of our mezzanine loans do not meet all of the requirements for reliance on the safe harbor, such loans might not be properly treated as qualifying mortgage loans for REIT purposes.

 

To the extent that the terms of a loan provide for contingent interest that is based on the cash proceeds realized upon the sale of the property securing the loan (or a shared appreciation provision), income attributable to the participation feature will be treated as gain from sale of the underlying property for purposes of the income tests, and generally will be qualifying income for purposes of both the 75% and 95% gross income tests, provided that the property is not inventory or dealer property in the hands of the borrower or us. To the extent that we derive interest income from a loan where all or a portion of the amount of interest payable is contingent, such income generally will qualify for purposes of the gross income tests only if it is based upon the gross receipts or sales and not the net income or profits of any person.

 

We may hold loans with relatively high loan-to-value ratios and/or high yields. Additionally, we may receiv