PART II AND III 2 tm2018901d1_partiiandiii.htm PART II AND III

 

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 11, 2020

 

PART II – INFORMATION REQUIRED IN OFFERING CIRCULAR

 

Preliminary Offering Circular dated May 11, 2020

 

An offering statement pursuant to Regulation A of the Securities Act of 1933 relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Information contained in this Preliminary Offering Circular is subject to completion or amendment. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted before the offering statement filed with the Commission is qualified. This Preliminary Offering Circular does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor may there be any sales of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful before registration or qualification under the laws of any such state. We may elect to satisfy our obligation to deliver a Final Offering Circular by sending you a notice within two business days after the completion of our sale to you that contains the URL where the Final Offering Circular or the offering statement in which such Final Offering Circular was filed may be obtained.

 

OFFERING CIRCULAR

 

 

 

Fundrise East Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC

(the “East Coast eREIT®”) 

Sponsored by

Rise Companies Corp.

 

Up to $13,748,012 in Common Shares

 

Fundrise East Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC (the “East Coast eREIT®”, the “Company”, “us”, “we”, “our” and other similar terms) is a Delaware limited liability company formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the metropolitan statistical areas (“MSAs”) of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA, with such investments consisting of equity interests in such properties or debt, as well as commercial real estate debt securities and other select real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of such properties. Through April 15, 2020, our prior offering has raised an aggregate of approximately $102.5 million in capital pursuant to Regulation A of the Securities Act of 1933 (“Regulation A”). We define development projects to include a range of activities from major renovation and lease-up of existing buildings to ground up construction. With demand stoked by demographic trends and supply constrained by economic forces, our Manager believes that East Coast multifamily rental units have displayed strong performance and are well positioned to see continued low vacancies and healthy rent growth moving forward. While we primarily invest in multifamily rental properties and development projects located in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the MSAs of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA, we may invest in other asset classes as well as other locations, depending on the availability of suitable investment opportunities. We may also invest in commercial real estate-related debt securities (including commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”), collateralized debt obligations (“CDOs”), and REIT senior unsecured debt) and other real estate-related assets. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns.

 

We are externally managed by Fundrise Advisors, LLC (our “Manager”), which is an investment adviser registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and a wholly-owned subsidiary of our sponsor, Rise Companies Corp. (our “sponsor”), the parent company of Fundrise, LLC, our affiliate. Registration with the SEC does not imply a certain level of skill or training. Fundrise, LLC owns and operates an online investment platform www.fundrise.com (the “Fundrise Platform”) that allows investors to hold interests in real estate opportunities that may have been historically difficult to access for some investors. Through the use of the Fundrise Platform, investors can browse and screen real estate investments, view details of an investment and sign legal documents online. We elected to be treated as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for U.S. federal income tax purposes beginning with our taxable year ended December 31, 2016. 

 

 

 

 

We are offering up to $13,748,012 in our common shares, which represents the value of the shares available to be offered as of April 15, 2020 out of the rolling 12-month maximum offering amount of $50 million in our common shares. The minimum investment in our common shares for initial purchases is $1,000. However, in certain instances, we may revise the minimum purchase requirements in the future or elect to waive the minimum purchase requirement, such as for individuals who participate in different plans established by our Manager through which they can invest in our common shares. We expect to offer common shares in this offering until we raise the maximum amount being offered, unless terminated by our Manager at an earlier time. The per share purchase price for our common shares is currently $11.24 per share. The per share purchase price in this offering is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of every fiscal quarter (or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter), and will equal the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) the sum of our net asset value (“NAV”), divided by the number of our common shares outstanding as of the end of the prior fiscal quarter (“NAV per share”). Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription. Although we do not intend to list our common shares for trading on a stock exchange or other trading market, we have adopted a redemption plan designed to provide our shareholders with limited liquidity for their investment in our shares.

 

As of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Accordingly, all redemption requests, including outstanding redemption requests as of March 31, 2020, may be, at a later date, either (i) considered and processed or (ii) rejected. We intend to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume.

 

We intend to continue to distribute our shares primarily through the Fundrise Platform.

 

Investing in our common shares is speculative and involves substantial risks. You should purchase these securities only if you can afford a complete loss of your investment. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 29 to read about the more significant risks you should consider before buying our common shares. These risks include the following:

 

Global economic, political and market conditions and economic uncertainty caused by the recent outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We depend on our Manager to select our investments and conduct our operations. We pay fees and expenses to our Manager and its affiliates that were not determined on an arm’s length basis, and therefore we do not have the benefit of arm’s length negotiations of the type normally conducted between unrelated parties. These fees increase your risk of loss.

 

We have a limited operating history. Our prior performance may not predict our future results. Therefore, there is no assurance that we will achieve our investment objectives.

 

Our Manager’s executive officers and key real estate and debt finance professionals are also officers, directors, managers and/or key professionals of our sponsor and its affiliates. As a result, they face conflicts of interest, including time constraints, allocation of investment opportunities and significant conflicts created by our Manager’s compensation arrangements with us and other affiliates of our sponsor.

 

Our sponsor has sponsored and may in the future sponsor other companies that compete with us, and our sponsor does not have an exclusive management arrangement with us; however, our sponsor has adopted a policy for allocating investments between different companies that it sponsors with similar investment strategies.

 

This offering is being made pursuant to recently adopted rules and regulations under Regulation A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended the (“Securities Act”). The legal and compliance requirements of these rules and regulations, including ongoing reporting requirements related thereto, are relatively untested.

 

If we internalize our management functions, your interest in us could be diluted and we could incur other significant costs associated with being self-managed.

 

We may change our investment guidelines without shareholder consent, which could result in investments that are different from those described in this offering circular.

 

While our goal is to pay distributions from our cash flow from operations, we may use other sources to fund distributions, including offering proceeds, borrowings or sales of assets. We have not established a limit on the amount of proceeds we may use to fund distributions. If we pay distributions from sources other than our cash flow from operations, we will have less funds available for investments and your overall return may be reduced. In any event, we intend to make annual distributions as required to comply with REIT distribution requirements and avoid U.S. federal income and excise taxes on retained income.

 

 

 

 

Our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team calculates our NAV on a quarterly basis using valuation methodologies that involve subjective judgments and estimates. As a result, our NAV may not accurately reflect the actual prices at which our commercial real estate assets and investments, including related liabilities, could be liquidated on any given day.

 

Our operating agreement does not require our Manager to seek shareholder approval to liquidate our assets by a specified date, nor does our operating agreement require our Manager to list our shares for trading by a specified date. No public market currently exists for our shares. Until our shares are listed, if ever, you may not sell your shares. If you are able to sell your shares, you may have to sell them at a substantial loss.

 

If we fail to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes and no relief provisions apply, we would be subject to entity-level U.S. federal corporate income tax and, as a result, our cash available for distribution to our shareholders and the value of our shares could materially decrease.

 

Real estate investments are subject to general downturns in the industry, downturns in specific geographic areas, and downturns caused by public health crises, pandemics and epidemics, such as the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). We cannot predict what the occupancy level will be in a particular building or that any tenant or mortgage or other real estate-related loan borrower will remain solvent. We also cannot predict the future value of our properties. Accordingly, we cannot guarantee that you will receive cash distributions or appreciation of your investment.

 

Our investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects, with such investments consisting of commercial real estate loans, commercial real estate and other select real estate-related assets, are subject to risks relating to the volatility in the value of the underlying real estate, default on underlying income streams, fluctuations in interest rates, and other risks associated with debt, and real estate investments generally. These investments are only suitable for sophisticated investors with a high-risk investment profile.

 

Our property portfolio is comprised primarily of multifamily rental properties and development projects. As a result, we are subject to risks inherent in investments in such types of property. Because our investments are primarily in the residential sector, the potential effects on our revenue and profits resulting from a downturn or slowdown in the residential sector could be more pronounced than if we had more fully diversified our investments.

 

We invest primarily in real estate and real estate-related assets located primarily in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the MSAs of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA. Investing in a limited number of regions carries the risks associated with significant geographical concentration. Geographic concentration of properties exposes our projects to adverse conditions in the areas where the properties are located, including general economic downturns and natural disasters occurring in such markets. Such major, localized events in our target investment areas could adversely affect our business and revenues, which would adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

The United States Securities and Exchange Commission does not pass upon the merits of or give its approval to any securities offered or the terms of the offering, nor does it pass upon the accuracy or completeness of any offering circular or other solicitation materials. These securities are offered pursuant to an exemption from registration with the Commission; however, the Commission has not made an independent determination that the securities offered are exempt from registration. 

 

The use of projections or forecasts in this offering is prohibited. No one is permitted to make any oral or written predictions about the cash benefits or tax consequences you will receive from your investment in our common shares.

 

 

 

 

Per Share

 

 

Total Maximum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public Offering Price (1)

 

$

11.24

 

 

$

13,748,012

(2) 

 

Underwriting Discounts and Commissions (3)

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

Proceeds to Us from this Offering to the Public (Before Expenses)

 

$

11.24

 

 

$

13,748,012

 

 

(1)

Our per share price is be adjusted every fiscal quarter and will be based on the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share.

 

(2)

This is a “best efforts” offering. See “How to Subscribe”.

 

 

 

 

(3)

Investors do not pay upfront selling commissions in connection with the purchase of our common shares. We reimburse our Manager for organization and offering costs, which are expected to be approximately an additional $45,000. Reimbursement payments are made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this and our prior offering; provided, however, our Manager has agreed to a limitation that no reimbursement may be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full. As of December 31, 2019, approximately $962,000 in organizational and offering costs have been incurred by our Manager, and $962,000 reimbursed to our Manager in connection with our prior offering. See “Management Compensation” for a description of additional fees and expenses that we will pay our Manager.

  

We offer our common shares in this offering on a best efforts basis primarily through the online Fundrise Platform. Neither Fundrise, LLC nor any other affiliated entity involved in the offer and sale of the shares being offered hereby is a member firm of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”), and no person associated with us will be deemed to be a broker solely by reason of his or her participation in the sale of our common shares.

 

Generally, no sale may be made to you in this offering if the aggregate purchase price you pay is more than 10% of the greater of your annual income or net worth. Different rules apply to accredited investors and non-natural persons. Before making any representation that your investment does not exceed applicable thresholds, we encourage you to review Rule 251(d)(2)(i)(C) of Regulation A. For general information on investing, we encourage you to refer to www.investor.gov.

 

This offering circular follows the Form S-11 disclosure format.

 

The date of this offering circular is [DATE].

 

 

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS OFFERING CIRCULAR

 

Please carefully read the information in this offering circular and any accompanying offering circular supplements, which we refer to collectively as the offering circular. You should rely only on the information contained in this offering circular. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information. This offering circular may only be used where it is legal to sell these securities. You should not assume that the information contained in this offering circular is accurate as of any date later than the date hereof or such other dates as are stated herein or as of the respective dates of any documents or other information incorporated herein by reference.

 

This offering circular is part of an offering statement that we filed with the SEC, using a continuous offering process. Periodically, as we make material investments, update our quarterly NAV per share amount, or have other material developments, we will provide an offering circular supplement that may add, update or change information contained in this offering circular. Any statement that we make in this offering circular will be modified or superseded by any inconsistent statement made by us in a subsequent offering circular supplement. The offering statement we filed with the SEC includes exhibits that provide more detailed descriptions of the matters discussed in this offering circular. You should read this offering circular and the related exhibits filed with the SEC and any offering circular supplement, together with additional information contained in our annual reports, semi-annual reports and other reports and information statements that we will file periodically with the SEC. See the section entitled “Additional Information” below for more details.

 

The offering statement and all supplements and reports that we have filed or will file in the future can be read at the SEC website, www.sec.gov, or on the Fundrise Platform website, www.fundrise.com. The contents of the Fundrise Platform website (other than the offering statement, this offering circular and the appendices and exhibits thereto) are not incorporated by reference in or otherwise a part of this offering circular.

 

Our sponsor and those selling shares on our behalf in this offering are permitted to make a determination that the purchasers of shares in this offering are “qualified purchasers” in reliance on the information and representations provided by the shareholder regarding the shareholder’s financial situation. Before making any representation that your investment does not exceed applicable thresholds, we encourage you to review Rule 251(d)(2)(i)(C) of Regulation A. For general information on investing, we encourage you to refer to www.investor.gov.

 

i

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS OFFERING CIRCULAR i  
STATE LAW EXEMPTION AND PURCHASE RESTRICTIONS iii  
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THIS OFFERING 1  
OFFERING SUMMARY 13  
RISK FACTORS 29  
STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION 62  
ESTIMATED USE OF PROCEEDS 64  
MANAGEMENT 65  
MANAGEMENT COMPENSATION 71  
PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS 73  
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST 74  
INVESTMENT OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGY 79  
PLAN OF OPERATION 90  
DESCRIPTION OF OUR COMMON SHARES 96  
U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS 110  
ERISA CONSIDERATIONS 128  
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION 131  
HOW TO SUBSCRIBE 132  
LEGAL MATTERS 135  
EXPERTS 135  
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION 135  
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF FUNDRISE EAST COAST OPPORTUNISTIC REIT, LLC 136  
APPENDIX A: FORM OF SUBSCRIPTION AGREEMENT A-1  

 

 

ii

 

 

 

STATE LAW EXEMPTION AND PURCHASE RESTRICTIONS

 

Our common shares are being offered and sold only to “qualified purchasers” (as defined in Regulation A). As a Tier 2 offering pursuant to Regulation A, this offering is exempt from state law “Blue Sky” review, subject to meeting certain state filing requirements and complying with certain anti-fraud provisions, to the extent that our common shares offered hereby are offered and sold only to “qualified purchasers” or at a time when our common shares are listed on a national securities exchange. “Qualified purchasers” include: (i) “accredited investors” under Rule 501(a) of Regulation D and (ii) all other investors so long as their investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the greater of their annual income or net worth (for natural persons), or 10% of the greater of annual revenue or net assets at fiscal year-end (for non-natural persons). However, our common shares are being offered and sold only to those investors that are within the latter category (i.e., investors whose investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the applicable amount), regardless of an investor’s status as an “accredited investor”. Accordingly, we reserve the right to reject any investor’s subscription in whole or in part for any reason, including if we determine in our sole and absolute discretion that such investor is not a “qualified purchaser” for purposes of Regulation A.

 

To determine whether a potential investor is an “accredited investor” for purposes of satisfying one of the tests in the “qualified purchaser” definition, the investor must be a natural person who has:

 

1.an individual net worth, or joint net worth with the person’s spouse, that exceeds $1,000,000 at the time of the purchase, excluding the value of the primary residence of such person; or

 

2.earned income exceeding $200,000 in each of the two most recent years or joint income with a spouse exceeding $300,000 for those years and a reasonable expectation of the same income level in the current year.

 

If the investor is not a natural person, different standards apply. See Rule 501 of Regulation D for more details.

 

For purposes of determining whether a potential investor is a “qualified purchaser”, annual income and net worth should be calculated as provided in the “accredited investor” definition under Rule 501 of Regulation D. In particular, net worth in all cases should be calculated excluding the value of an investor’s home, home furnishings and automobiles.

 

iii

 

 

 

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THIS OFFERING

 

The following questions and answers about this offering highlight material information regarding us and this offering that is not otherwise addressed in the “Offering Summary” section of this offering circular. You should read this entire offering circular, including the section entitled “Risk Factors”, before deciding to purchase our common shares.

 

Q:

What is Fundrise East Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC?

 

A:

Fundrise East Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC is a Delaware limited liability company formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the metropolitan statistical areas (“MSAs”) of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA, with such investments consisting of equity interests in such properties or debt, as well as commercial real estate debt securities and other select real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of such properties. We define development projects to include a range of activities from major renovation and lease-up of existing buildings to ground up construction. With demand stoked by demographic trends and supply constrained by economic forces, our Manager believes that East Coast multifamily rental units have displayed strong performance and are expected to be well positioned to see continued low vacancies and healthy rent growth moving forward. While we primarily invest in multifamily rental properties and development projects located in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the MSAs of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA, we may invest in other asset classes as well as other locations, depending on the availability of suitable investment opportunities. We may also invest in commercial real estate-related debt securities (including commercial mortgage-backed securities, or CMBS, collateralized debt obligations, or CDOs, and REIT senior unsecured debt) and other real estate-related assets. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns.

 

Q:

How much have you raised in your offering?

 

A:

Through April 15, 2020, our prior offering has raised an aggregate of approximately $102.5 million in capital pursuant to Regulation A (not including the approximate $100,000 received in private placements to our sponsor, Rise Companies Corp., and Fundrise, L.P., an affiliate of our sponsor).

 

Q:

What is a real estate investment trust, or REIT?

 

A:

In general, a REIT is an entity that:

 

 

 

● combines the capital of many investors to acquire or provide financing for a diversified portfolio of real estate investments under professional management;

 

 

 

● is able to qualify as a “real estate investment trust” under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), for U.S. federal income tax purposes and is therefore generally entitled to a deduction for the dividends it pays and not subject to U.S. federal corporate income taxes on its net income that is distributed to its shareholders. This treatment substantially eliminates the “double taxation” (taxation at both the corporate and shareholder levels) that generally results from investments in a corporation; and

 

 

 

● generally pays distributions to investors of at least 90% of its annual ordinary taxable income.

 

 

 

In this offering circular, we refer to an entity that qualifies to be taxed as a real estate investment trust for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a REIT. We elected to be treated as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2016.

 

Q:

What is an eREIT®?

 

A:

An “eREIT®” is a type of real estate investment trust sponsored by Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor, and offered directly to investors through the Fundrise Platform, owned and operated by Fundrise, LLC, without any brokers or selling commissions. Each eREIT® intends to invest in a diversified pool of commercial real estate assets, such as apartments, hotels, shopping centers, and office buildings from across the country.

 

1 

 

 

Q:

Who chooses which investments you make?

 

A:

We are externally managed by Fundrise Advisors, LLC, our Manager, an investment adviser registered with the SEC. Registration with the SEC does not imply a certain level of skill or training. Our Manager makes all of our investment decisions.

 

Q:

Who is Rise Companies Corp.?

 

A:

Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor and the parent company of our Manager, is also the parent company of Fundrise, LLC, our affiliate. Fundrise, LLC owns and operates the “Fundrise Platform”.

 

Q:

What is the Fundrise Platform?

 

A:

The Fundrise Platform is an online investment platform for commercial real estate. Fundrise gives investors the ability to:

 

● browse investment offerings based on investment preferences including location, asset type, risk and return profile;

 

● transact entirely online, including digital legal documentation, funds transfer, and ownership recordation; and

 

● manage and track investments easily through an online portfolio; receive automated distributions and/or interest payments, and regular financial reporting.

 

Q:

What competitive advantages do you achieve through your relationship with your sponsor?

 

A:

Our Manager utilizes the personnel and resources of our sponsor to select our investments and manage our day-to-day operations. Our sponsor’s corporate, investment and operating platforms are well established, allowing us to realize economies of scale and other benefits including the following:

 

 

 

● Experienced Management Team — Our sponsor has a highly experienced management team of real estate and debt finance professionals, led by Benjamin S. Miller, its Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer. The senior investment executives of our sponsor have dedicated their entire careers to the commercial real estate sector. These executives provide stability in the management of our business and allow us to benefit from the knowledge and industry contacts they have gained through numerous real estate cycles. Please see “Management —Executive Officers of our Manager” for biographical information regarding these individuals.

 

 

 

● Real Estate Investment Experience — As of December 31, 2019, our sponsor facilitated or originated approximately 316 real estate assets through the various Fundrise Platform investment opportunities with aggregate purchase prices of approximately $4.9 billion, excluding 3 World Trade Center (we exclude this asset because while the amount of equity invested in the project was similar to other investments made by our sponsor, the aggregate purchase price of 3 World Trade Center was much greater relative to our sponsor’s other investments, and would greatly inflate the aggregate purchase price of the other assets disclosed). Of the $4.9 billion aggregate real estate purchase prices, our sponsor offered through the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities aggregating approximately $1.1 billion, consisting of approximately $371 million of commercial real estate loan assets, $290 million of investments in commercial real estate (primarily through majority-owned subsidiaries with rights to receive preferred economic returns), and $488 million of commercial real estate common equity investments, including direct equity purchases. The portfolios included in the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities are diversified by investment size, security type, property type and geographic region. As a result of the depth and thoroughness of its underwriting process, the extensive investing experience of its management team and its strong performance record in managing a diverse portfolio of assets, we believe our sponsor has earned a reputation as a leading real estate manager, which has allowed it to access funding from a broad base of investors.

 

 

 

● Market Knowledge and Industry Relationships — Through its active and broad participation in the real estate capital markets, our sponsor benefits from market information that enables it to identify attractive commercial real estate investment opportunities and to make informed decisions with regard to the relative valuation of financial assets and capital allocation. We believe that our sponsor’s extensive industry relationships with a wide variety of commercial real estate owners and operators, brokers and other intermediaries and third party commercial real estate debt originators provide us with a competitive advantage in sourcing attractive investment opportunities to meet our investment objectives.

 

 

 

● Related Party Loans— If we have sufficient funds to acquire only a portion of a real estate investment then, in order to cover the shortfall, we may obtain a related party loan from, or issue a participation interest to, an affiliate. Our operating agreement expressly authorizes us to enter into such related party loans and to issue such participation interests. Alternatively, an affiliate may close and fund a real estate investment prior to it being acquired by us. This allows us the flexibility to deploy our offering proceeds as funds are raised. We may then acquire such investment at a price equal to the fair market value of such investment, provided that its fair market value is materially equal to its cost (i.e., the aggregate equity capital invested by an affiliate in connection with the acquisition of such investments, plus assumption of debt and any costs, such as accrued property management fees and transfer taxes, incurred during or as a result of, with respect to debt, the principal balance plus accrued interest net of any applicable special servicing fees). See “Plan of Operation – Related Party Loans”.  

 

2 

 

 

 

● Regulation A Experience — Our sponsor’s executive team was one of the first groups to sponsor a real estate investment opportunity through a Regulation A offering, having sponsored three Regulation A offerings from August 2012 through February 2014, and, as of January 2020, filed and qualified 16 additional offerings similar to this one under the revised Regulation A rules effective as of June 2015 (commonly referred to as “Regulation A+”). In addition, our sponsor, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, runs an active online investment platform that utilizes private offering exemptions under the Securities Act to sell real estate-related securities to investors. Its management team is skilled in reporting and compliance obligations related to Regulation A and the Securities Act, and has well-developed compliance and investor relations functions.

 

Q:

Why should I invest in multifamily rental properties and development projects?

 

A:

Our goal is to provide a professionally managed, diversified portfolio consisting primarily of high-quality multifamily rental properties and development projects, to investors who generally have had very limited access to such investments in the past. Allocating some portion of your portfolio to a direct investment in high-quality multifamily rental properties and development projects may provide you with:

 

● a reasonably predictable and stable level of current income from the investment;

 

● diversification of your portfolio, by investing in an asset class that historically has not been correlated with the stock market generally; and

 

● the opportunity for capital appreciation.

 

Q:

Why should I invest specifically in a company that is focused primarily on multifamily rental properties and development projects?

 

A:

We believe that there is a dearth of capital in the multifamily industry below the radar of traditional institutional real estate investors, which market inefficiency can result in attractive risk-adjusted returns. Conventional commercial real estate capital sources use little-to-no technology and therefore generally apply outmoded and more costly human resources to originate, process, and service real estate deals. The consequence is that established real estate funds prefer to focus on larger real estate properties, equity investments of at least $10 million, which allow them to amortize their overhead across a larger investment denominator and generate more substantial fees. Particularly since the 2008 financial crisis, this bias has been exacerbated by the tendency for institutional investors to prefer to invest with fund managers with the longest track record, which tends to be the largest funds. As such, the largest real estate investors have grown even larger and target transactions usually requiring at least $50 million of equity, if not more. Our operating experience has shown us that there is a significant segment of smaller commercial real estate transactions that, by and large, have been neglected by the major real estate capital players.

 

Q:

What kind of offering is this?

 

A:

We are primarily offering through the Fundrise Platform, a maximum of up to $13,748,012 in our common shares to the public on a “best efforts” basis, which represents the value of shares available to be offered as of the date of this offering circular out of the rolling 12-month maximum offering amount of $50 million in our common shares.

 

This offering is being conducted as a continuous offering pursuant to Rule 251(d)(3) of Regulation A, meaning that while the offering of securities is continuous, active sales of securities may happen sporadically over the term of the offering. Further, the acceptance of subscriptions, whether via the Fundrise Platform or otherwise, may be briefly paused at times to allow us to effectively and accurately process and settle subscriptions that have been received.

 

Q:

How is an investment in your common shares different from investing in shares of a listed REIT?

 

A:

The fundamental difference between our common shares and a listed REIT is the daily liquidity available with a listed REIT. Although we have adopted a redemption plan that generally allows investors to redeem shares on a quarterly basis, for investors with a short-term investment horizon, a listed REIT may be a better alternative than investing in our common shares. However, we believe our common shares are an alternative way for investors to deploy capital into a diversified pool of real estate assets, with a lower correlation to the general stock market than listed REITs.

 

 

3 

 

 

  Additionally, listed REITs are subject to more demanding public disclosure and corporate governance requirements than we are subject to. While we are subject to the scaled reporting requirements of Regulation A, such periodic reports are substantially less onerous than what is required of a listed REIT.

 

Q:

How is an investment in your common shares different from investing in shares of a traditional non-exchange traded REIT?

 

A:

We neither charge nor pay any broker-dealer distribution fees, saving investors approximately 70% to 90% in upfront expenses as compared to a traditional non-exchange traded REIT. Traditional non-exchange traded REITs use a highly manpower-intensive method with hundreds to thousands of sales brokers calling on investors to sell their offerings. Our sponsor has pioneered a low cost digital platform, which we intend to leverage in conducting this offering, thus reducing the financial burdens to us of offering our common shares.

 

Q:

How is an investment in your common shares different from investing in shares of other real estate investment opportunities offered on the Fundrise Platform or on similar online investment platforms?

 

A:

We are one of the few non-exchange traded REITs offered directly to all potential investors primarily over the internet. Most other similar online investment platforms that we are aware of typically offer individual property investments as private placements to accredited investors only. We intend to own a more diversified portfolio, with certain tax advantages unique to REITs, that is accessible to both accredited and non-accredited investors at a low investment minimum.

  

Q:

What is the purchase price for your common shares?

 

A:

Our Manager set our initial offering price at $10.00 per share. As of April 1, 2020, the per share purchase price for our shares was equal to $11.24 per share. The per share purchase price in this offering is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of every fiscal quarter (or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter), and will be equal to the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share. Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription. Our website, www.fundrise.com, will identify the current NAV per share. Any subscriptions that we receive during a fiscal quarter will be executed at the purchase in effect at the time such subscription is received. Subscribers may generally withdraw their subscription prior to settlement, which typically occurs between 3-5 days after the submission of the subscription. So, for example, if the purchase price were to change as a result of NAV, a subscriber may withdraw their subscription and submit a new subscription so long as they perform this action prior to the settlement of the first subscription. If a material event occurs in between updates of NAV that would cause our NAV per share to change by 5% or more from the last disclosed NAV, we will disclose the updated price and the reason for the change in an offering circular supplement as promptly as reasonably practicable, and will update the NAV information provided on our website. See “Description of Our Common Shares—Share Price Adjustments” for more details.

 

Q:

How will your NAV per share be calculated?

 

A:

At the end of each fiscal quarter our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team calculate our NAV per share using a process that reflects several components, including (1) estimated values of each of our commercial real estate assets and investments, as determined by such asset management team, including related liabilities, based upon (a) market capitalization rates, comparable sales information, interest rates, net operating income, (b) with respect to debt, default rates, discount rates and loss severity rates, (c) for properties that have development or value add plans, progress of such development or value add plan, and (d) in certain instances reports of the underlying real estate provided by an independent valuation expert, (2) the price of liquid assets for which third party market quotes are available, (3) accruals of our periodic distributions, and (4) estimated accruals of our operating revenues and expenses.  For joint venture or direct equity investments, our sponsor primarily relies on the discounted cash flow method.  Under the discounted cash flow method, our sponsor’s asset management team calculates the distributions due to the respective investment based on a property-level pro forma measured against ongoing actual performance over the projected likely-hold period. The sponsor’s asset management team will then discount future cash-flow projections at an appropriate market levered-discount rate to determine present value, which value is considered the net asset value of the investment. The sponsor may alternatively apply the hypothetical sales method to value its investments. Under this approach, our sponsor’s asset management team will assume (i) the sale of the property at a price equal to the concluded property value, (ii) the liquidation of any additional assets after paying all liabilities, and (iii) the distribution of the net sale proceeds to investors. The distributed amount is considered the net asset value of each respective investment. For debt and fixed-return preferred equity investment, assuming no material adverse change in the property, the sponsor’s asset management team marks these investments to their cost basis (including any accrued unpaid interest). If there were to be material adverse changes in these properties, the asset management team intends to value these investments using the hypothetical sales method described above. For our investments that have closed within three to nine months and no material changes have occurred from the original underwriting, our sponsor’s asset management team will typically apply the original property purchase price (or pre-closing third party appraisal value) for the property valuation, and the investment cost basis for the investment-level valuation.

 

Note, however, that the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”), and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions.  In instances where an appraisal of the underlying real estate asset is necessary, including, but not limited to, instances where our Manager is unsure of its ability on its own to accurately determine the estimated values of our commercial real estate assets and investments, or instances where third party market values for comparable properties are either nonexistent or extremely inconsistent, we will engage an appraiser that has expertise in appraising commercial real estate loans and assets, to act as our independent valuation expert. The independent valuation expert is not responsible for, nor prepares, our NAV per share. See “Description of our Common Shares—Valuation Policies” for more details about our NAV and how it will be calculated.

 

4 

 

 

Q:

How exact will the calculation of the quarterly NAV per share be?

 

A:

As there is no market value for our common shares as they are not expected to be listed or traded on any stock exchange or other marketplace, our goal is to provide a reasonable estimate of the value of our common shares as of the beginning of each fiscal quarter. Our assets consist principally of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects, primarily comprising commercial real estate loans and equity investments. Our sponsor’s internal accountants’ valuation of the real estate underlying these assets is subject to a number of judgments and assumptions that may not prove to be accurate. The use of different judgments or assumptions would likely result in different estimates of the value of the real estate underlying our assets. Moreover, although we evaluate and provide our NAV per share on a quarterly basis, our NAV per share may fluctuate daily, so that the NAV per share in effect for any fiscal quarter may not reflect the precise amount that might be paid for your shares in a market transaction. Further, our published NAV per share may not fully reflect certain material events to the extent that they are not known or their financial impact on our portfolio is not immediately quantifiable. Any resulting potential disparity in our NAV per share may be in favor of either shareholders who redeem their shares, or shareholders who buy new shares, or existing shareholders. In addition, the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. See “Description of our Common Shares—Valuation Policies” for more details about our NAV and how it will be calculated.

 

Q:

Will I have the opportunity to redeem my common shares?

 

 

A:

Yes, but as of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to suspend the processing and payment of redemptions, including outstanding redemption requests, under our redemption plan until further notice.

 

Our common shares are currently not listed on a national securities exchange or included for quotation on a national securities market, and currently there is no intention to list our common shares. In order to provide our shareholders with some limited liquidity, we have adopted a redemption plan, which, as noted above, is suspended as of the date of this offering circular, to enable shareholders to redeem their common shares in limited circumstances.

 

We will not solicit redemptions under this redemption plan, other than through our offering circular and any supplements or amendments thereto disclosing our NAV per share. Shareholders desiring to request redemption of their common shares must do so of their own volition and not at our behest, invitation or encouragement. Our role in effectuating redemptions under the redemption plan will solely be ministerial.

 

While shareholders should view this investment as long-term, we have adopted a redemption plan whereby, on a quarterly basis, an investor has the opportunity to obtain liquidity. Our Manager has designed our redemption plan with a view towards providing investors with an initial period with which to decide whether a long-term investment in our Company is right for them. In addition, despite the illiquid nature of the assets expected to be held by our Company, our Manager believes it is best to provide the opportunity for quarterly liquidity in the event shareholders need it. The terms under which we may redeem shares may differ between redemption requests upon the death or “qualifying disability” of a shareholder (“exceptional redemptions”), as further discussed below, and all other redemption requests. Investors should note, however, that even during the Introductory Period discussed below or exceptional redemption events, the redemption plan may not be available due to our Manager’s ability to amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time.

 

Pursuant to our redemption plan, a shareholder may only (a) have one outstanding redemption request at any given time and (b) request that we redeem up to the lesser of 5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares per redemption request. However, we reserve the right to waive these limitations for any reason. In addition, the redemption plan is subject to certain liquidity limitations, which may fluctuate depending on the liquidity of the real estate assets held by us.

 

The calculation of the redemption price will depend, in part, on whether a shareholder requests redemption within the first eighty-nine (89) days of first acquiring the shares (the “Introductory Period”) or thereafter (the “Post-Introductory Period”).

 

During the Introductory Period, the per share redemption price will be equal to the purchase price of the shares being redeemed reduced by (i) the aggregate sum of distributions paid with respect to such shares, rounded down to the nearest cent and (ii) the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, declared but unpaid on the shares subject to the redemption request. In other words, a shareholder would receive back their original investment amount, from the redemption price paid, prior distributions received and distributions that have been declared (and that will be received when paid), but would not receive any amounts in excess of their original investment amount.

 

 5 

 

 

 

During the Post-Introductory Period, except in the case of exceptional redemptions, the per share redemption price will be calculated based on a declining penalty to the NAV per share for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request, and rounded down to the nearest cent. During the Post-Introductory Period, the redemption price with respect to the common shares that are subject to the redemption request will not be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, that have been (i) paid with respect to such shares prior to the date of the redemption request or (ii) declared but unpaid on such shares with record dates during the period between the redemption request date and the redemption date (i.e., the last day of the applicable quarter).

  

 

Holding Period from Date of Settlement

 

Effective Redemption Price

(as percentage of per share
redemption price) (1)

 

 
 

Less than 90 days, including the settlement date (Introductory Period)

 

 

                                100.0

%(2)(3)

 
 

90 days until 3 years

 

 

97.0

%(4)

 
 

3 years to 4 years

 

 

98.0

%(5)

 
 

4 years to 5 years

 

 

99.0

%(6)

 
 

More than 5 years

 

 

100.0

%(7)

 
 

Exceptional redemptions

 

 

100.0

%(8)

 

 

(1)

The Effective Redemption Price will be rounded down to the nearest $0.01.

(2)

The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period is calculated based upon the purchase price of the shares, not the per share price in effect at the time of the redemption request.

(3)

The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period will be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions paid or payable on such shares, the amount of which we are unable to calculate at this time.

(4)

For shares held at least  ninety (90) days but less than three (3) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 3% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

(5)

For shares held at least three (3) years but less than four (4) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 2% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

(6)

For shares held at least four (4) years but less than five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 1% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

6 

 

 

(7)

For shares held at least five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

(8)

For exceptional redemptions, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

Whether a redemption request is deemed to be in the Introductory Period or the Post-Introductory Period will be determined as of the date the redemption request is made, not the date the redemption request is honored. Meaning, for example, if a redemption request is submitted during the Introductory Period, but honored after the Introductory Period, the effective redemption price will be determined using the Introductory Period methodology.

 

Furthermore, any shareholder requesting redemption will be responsible for any third-party costs incurred in effecting such redemption, including but not limited to, bank transaction charges, custody fees, and/or transfer agent charges. The redemption plan may be changed or suspended at any time without notice. See “Description of Our Common Shares—Redemption Plan” for more details.

 

Q:

What is the number and percentage of common shares that have been submitted for redemption and redeemed, respectively?

 

A:

As of December 31, 2019, approximately 703,000 common shares have been submitted for redemption through our redemption plan and 100% of such redemption requests have been honored.

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, we redeemed approximately 78,000 common shares pursuant to our share redemption plan in place through December 31, 2019. Effective January 1, 2020 we revised our redemption plan to reflect the following changes: (1) quarterly instead of monthly redemption requests and elimination of the 60 day waiting period; and (2) separate redemption rights in the case of death or “qualifying disability” that eliminate any penalty for redemption in such circumstances and permit the redemption of shares at 100% of the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

As of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Accordingly, all redemption requests, including outstanding redemption requests as of March 31, 2020, may be, at a later date, either (i) considered and processed or (ii) rejected. We intend to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume.

 

7 

 

 

Q:

Are there any limits on my ability to redeem my shares?

 

A:

Yes. While we designed our redemption plan to allow shareholders to request redemptions on an ongoing basis, we need to impose limitations on the size of individual redemption requests and the total amount of net redemptions per calendar quarter in order to maintain sufficient sources of liquidity to satisfy redemption requests without impacting our ability to invest in commercial real estate assets and maximize investor returns.

 

In addition, in the event our Manager determines, in its sole discretion, that we do not have sufficient funds available to redeem all of the common shares for which redemption requests have been submitted during any given month, such pending requests will be honored on a pro-rata basis, if at all. In the event that not all redemptions are being honored in a given month, the redemption requests not fully honored will have the remaining amount of such redemption requests considered during the next month in which redemptions are being honored. Accordingly, all unsatisfied redemption requests will be treated as requests for redemption on the next date on which redemptions are being honored, with redemptions processed on a pro-rata basis, if at all. If funds available for the redemption plan are not sufficient to accommodate all redemption requests on such future redemption date, common shares will be redeemed on a pro-rata basis, if at all.

 

We intend to limit shareholders to one (1) redemption request outstanding at any given time, meaning that, if a common shareholder desires to request more or less shares to be redeemed, such common shareholder must first withdraw the first redemption request, which may affect whether the request is considered in the Introductory Period or Post-Introductory Period. For investors who hold common shares with more than one record date, redemption requests will be applied to such common shares in the order in which they settled, on a last in first out basis – meaning, those common shares that have been continuously held for the shortest amount of time will be redeemed first. In addition, we intend to limit individual redemption requests to the lesser of 5,000 shares or $50,000 per each redemption request, which may affect whether the entirety of a redemption request will be considered to be in the Introductory Period or Post-Introductory Period.

 

In accordance with the SEC’s current guidance on redemption plans, we generally intend to limit redemptions in any calendar month to shares whose aggregate value (based on the repurchase price per share in effect as of the redemption date) is less than or equal to 0.5% of the NAV of all of our outstanding shares as of the first day of such calendar month, and generally intend to limit the amount redeemed in any calendar quarter to shares whose aggregate value (based on the repurchase price per share in effect as of the redemption date) is 1.25% of the NAV of all of our outstanding shares as of first day of the last month of such calendar quarter (e.g., March 1, June 1, September 1, or December 1), with excess capacity carried over to later calendar quarters in that calendar year. However, as we make a number of commercial real estate investments of varying terms and maturities, our Manager may elect to increase or decrease the amount of common shares available for redemption in any given month or quarter, as these commercial real estate assets are paid off or sold, but we do not intend to redeem more than 5.00% of the common shares outstanding during any calendar year. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not obligated to redeem common shares under the redemption plan.

 

Further, our Manager may in its sole discretion, amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time (including during the Introductory Period) without prior notice, including to protect our operations and our non-redeemed shareholders, to prevent an undue burden on our liquidity, to preserve our status as a REIT, following any material decrease in our NAV, or for any other reason. However, in the event that we amend, suspend or terminate our redemption plan, we will file an offering circular supplement and/or Form 1-U, as appropriate, and post such information on the Fundrise Platform to disclose such amendment. Our Manager may also, in its sole discretion, decline any particular redemption request if it believes such action is necessary to preserve our status as a REIT. See “Description of Our Common Shares—Redemption Plan” for more details.

 

As of the date of this offering circular, of the sponsor’s 20 programs with redemption plans, 16 have suspended the processing and payment of redemptions, including ours.

 

Q:

Will I still be entitled to distributions after I submit a request for redemption?

 

A:

Yes. You will continue to receive distributions with respect to the common shares that are subject to a redemption request between the time you make such redemption request and the effective date of the redemption. However, if you redeem your shares during the Introductory Period, those distributions will be credited against the redemption price otherwise payable to you such that your redemption price will be no greater than your original investment.

 

Q:

Will I be charged upfront selling commissions?

 

A:

No. Investors will not pay upfront selling commissions as part of the price per common share purchased in this offering. Additionally, there is no dealer manager fee or other service-related fee in connection with the offering and sale of our common shares through the Fundrise Platform.

 

8 

 

 

Q:

Who pays your organization and offering costs?

  

A:

Our Manager or its affiliates have paid and will continue to pay on our behalf all costs incurred in connection with our organization and the offering of our common shares. See “Estimated Use of Proceeds” for more information about the types of costs that may be incurred, including those expenses described in the next answer. At the election of our Manager, we began reimbursing our Manager, without interest, for these organization and offering costs incurred both before and after such date. Reimbursement payments are made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this and our prior offering; provided, however, our Manager has agreed to a limitation that no reimbursement may be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full.

 

As of December 31, 2019, approximately $962,000 in organizational and offering costs have been incurred by our Manager, and $962,000 has been reimbursed to our Manager in connection with our prior offering.

 

Q:

What fees and expenses do you pay to your Manager or any of its affiliates?

 

A:

We pay our Manager a quarterly asset management fee currently equal to an annualized rate of 0.85% based on our NAV at the end of each prior quarter. This rate is determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but cannot exceed an annualized rate of 1.00%. The amount of the asset management fee may vary from time to time, and we will publicly report any changes in the asset management fee. Upon liquidation of any of our equity investments in real estate, we reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with the liquidation of equity investments in real estate.

 

Our Manager or an affiliate of our Manager is entitled to reimbursement for costs incurred in connection with the special servicing of any non-performing asset as well as origination fees that are generally paid by the joint-venture, borrowers or co-investors.

 

We reimburse our Manager for the organization and offering expenses that the Manager has paid or will pay on our behalf, including expenses in connection with marketing this offering. We also reimburse our Manager for out-of-pocket expenses in connection with the origination of our investments, although with respect to our debt investments, those expenses are reimbursed by the borrower. Additionally, we reimburse our Manager for out-of-pocket expenses paid to third parties in connection with providing services to us. This does not include the Manager’s overhead, employee costs borne by the Manager, utilities or technology costs. The expense reimbursements that we pay to our Manager include expenses incurred by our sponsor in the performance of services under the shared services agreement between our Manager and our sponsor. See “Management—Shared Services Agreement”.

 

The payment by us of fees and expenses reduces the cash available for investment and distribution and directly impacts our quarterly NAV. See “Management Compensation” for more details regarding the fees paid to our Manager and its affiliates.

 

Q:

Will you use leverage?

 

A:

Yes, we may employ leverage to enhance total returns to our shareholders through a combination of senior financing on our real estate acquisitions, secured facilities, and capital markets financing transactions. Our targeted portfolio-wide leverage, after we have acquired a substantial portfolio, is between 50-85% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. During periods when we are growing our portfolio, we may employ greater leverage on individual assets (that will also result in greater leverage of the interim portfolio) in order to quickly build a diversified portfolio of multifamily rental properties and development assets. Please see “Investment Objectives and Strategy” for more details.

 

9 

 

 

Q:

How often will I receive distributions?

 

A:

We expect that our Manager will declare and make distributions on a quarterly basis, or more or less frequently as determined by our Manager, in arrears. Any distributions we make will be at the discretion of our Manager, and will be based on, among other factors, our present and reasonably projected future cash flow. We expect that our Manager will set the rate of distributions at a level that will be reasonably consistent and sustainable over time, which will be fully dependent on the yields generated by our assets.

 

Our Manager’s discretion as to the payment of distributions is limited by the REIT distribution requirements, which generally require that we make aggregate annual distributions to our shareholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain. Moreover, even if we make the required minimum distributions under the REIT rules, we will be subject to U.S. federal income and excise taxes on our undistributed taxable income and gains, if any. As a result, the Manager intends to make additional distributions, beyond the minimum REIT distribution, to avoid such potential income and excise taxes. See “Description of Our Common Shares – Distributions” and “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”.

 

Any distributions that we make will directly impact our NAV, by reducing the amount of our assets. Our goal is to provide a reasonably predictable and stable level of current income, through quarterly distributions, while at the same time maintaining a fair level of consistency in our NAV. Over the course of your investment, your distributions plus the change in NAV per share (either positive or negative) will produce your total return.

 

Q:

What is the source of your distributions?

 

A:

While our goal is to pay distributions from our cash flow from operations, we may use other sources to fund distributions. Some or all of our distributions may be paid from other sources, including the net proceeds of this offering, cash advances by our Manager, cash resulting from a waiver of fees or reimbursements due to our Manager, borrowings in anticipation of future operating cash flow and the issuance of additional securities. Use of some or all of these sources may reduce the amount of capital we invest in assets and negatively impact the return on your investment and the value of your investment. We have not established a limit on the amount of proceeds we may use to fund distributions. We can provide no assurances that future cash flow will support payment of distributions or the maintenance of distributions at any particular level or at all.

 

Q:

Will the distributions I receive be taxable as ordinary income?

 

A:

Unless your investment is held in a qualified tax-exempt account or we designate certain distributions as capital gain dividends, distributions that you receive generally will be taxed as ordinary income to the extent they are from current or accumulated earnings and profits.  However, for taxable years beginning before January 1, 2026, subject to certain limitations, non-corporate taxpayers are generally eligible for a deduction of up to 20% on most ordinary REIT dividends.

 

The portion of your distribution in excess of current and accumulated earnings and profits is considered a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes and will reduce the tax basis of your investment, rather than result in current tax, until your basis is reduced to zero.  Return of capital distributions made to you in excess of your tax basis in our common shares will be treated as sales proceeds from the sale of our common shares for U.S. federal income tax purposes.  Distributions we designate as capital gain dividends are generally taxable at long-term capital gains rates for U.S. federal income tax purposes.  However, because each investor’s tax considerations are different, we recommend that you consult with your tax advisor.  You also should review the section of this offering circular entitled “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”, including the discussion of the special rules applicable to distributions in redemption of shares and liquidating distributions.

 

Q:

May I reinvest my cash distributions in additional shares?

 

A:

Yes. While we have not adopted a distribution reinvestment plan whereby investors may elect to have their cash distributions automatically reinvested in additional common shares, so long as this offering remains ongoing, you may choose to use the proceeds of any distribution to purchase additional shares hereunder, either directly or through a program established by our Manager. The current purchase price for such shares is $11.24. The per share purchase price in this offering is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of every fiscal quarter (or as soon as commercially reasonable and announced by us thereafter), and will be equal to the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share. Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription. Note, however, that under the rules applicable to us under Regulation A, we are only permitted to publicly offer up to $50 million of our common shares in any twelve-month period.

 

10 

 

 

Q:

Who might benefit from an investment in your shares?

 

 

A:

An investment in our shares may be beneficial for you if you seek to diversify your personal portfolio with a real estate investment vehicle focused primarily on multifamily rental properties and development projects, with such investments consisting of commercial real estate equity, commercial real estate loans, and other select real estate-related assets, seek to receive current income, seek to preserve capital and are able to hold your investment for a time period consistent with our liquidity strategy. On the other hand, we caution persons who require immediate liquidity or guaranteed income, or who seek a short-term investment, that an investment in our shares will not meet those needs.

 

 

Q:

Are there any risks involved in buying your shares?

 

 

A:

Investing in our common shares involves a high degree of risk. If we are unable to effectively manage the impact of these risks, we may not meet our investment objectives, and therefore, you should purchase these securities only if you can afford a complete loss of your investment. See “Risk Factors” for a description of the risks relating to this offering and an investment in our shares.

 

Q:

How does a “best efforts” offering work?

 

 

A:

When common shares are offered to the public on a “best efforts” basis, we are only required to use our best efforts to sell our common shares. Neither our sponsor, Manager nor any other party has a firm commitment or obligation to purchase any of our common shares.

 

 

Q:

Who can buy shares?

 

 

A:

Generally, you may purchase shares if you are a “qualified purchaser” (as defined in Regulation A). “Qualified purchasers” include:

 

 

 

●  “accredited investors” under Rule 501(a) of Regulation D; and

 

 

 

●  all other investors so long as their investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the greater of their annual income or net worth (for natural persons), or 10% of the greater of annual revenue or net assets at fiscal year-end (for non-natural persons).

 

 

 

However, our common shares are being offered and sold only to those investors that are within the latter category (i.e., investors whose investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the applicable amount), regardless of an investor’s status as an “accredited investor”.

 

Net worth in all cases should be calculated excluding the value of an investor’s home, home furnishings and automobiles. We reserve the right to reject any investor’s subscription in whole or in part for any reason, including if we determine in our sole and absolute discretion that such investor is not a “qualified purchaser” for purposes of Regulation A. Please refer to the section above entitled “State Law Exemption and Purchase Restrictions” for more information.

 

 

Q:

How do I buy shares?

 

 

A:

You may purchase our common shares in this offering by creating a new account, or logging into your existing account, at the Fundrise Platform. You will need to fill out a subscription agreement like the one attached to this offering circular as Appendix A for a certain investment amount and pay for the shares at the time you subscribe.

 

 

Q:

Is there any minimum investment required?

 

 

A:

Yes. If you are a first time investor in our common shares, you must initially purchase at least $1,000 worth of common shares. There is no minimum investment requirement on additional purchases after you have purchased a minimum of $1,000 worth of common shares. However, in certain instances, we may revise the minimum purchase requirements in the future or elect to waive the minimum purchase requirement, such as for individuals who participate in different plans established by our Manager through which they can invest in our common shares.

 

In addition, in order to help protect us from the risk of chargebacks, we intend to require that any subscription in excess of $125,000 of our shares be funded through a bank wire transfer and not an ACH electronic fund transfer.

 

Q:

May I make an investment through my IRA or other tax-deferred retirement account?

 

 

A:

Generally, yes. We currently accept investments through IRAs maintained with certain custodians, although we intend to limit the amount of IRA investments to less than 25 percent of our shares. However, IRAs or other tax-deferred retirement accounts that invest in our shares generally are subject to tax on any “unrelated business taxable income” under the Code.

 

11 

 

 

Q:

What will you do with the proceeds from your offering?

 

 

A:

We intend to use substantially all of the net proceeds from this offering (after paying or reimbursing organization and offering expenses) to invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of assets primarily consisting of multifamily rental properties and development projects through the acquisition of equity interests in such properties or debt, as well as commercial real estate debt securities and other real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of such properties. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns. We expect that any expenses or fees payable to our Manager for its services in connection with managing our daily affairs, including but not limited to, the selection and acquisition or origination of our investments, will be paid from cash flow from operations. If such fees and expenses are not paid from cash flow (or waived) they will reduce the cash available for investment and distribution and will directly impact our NAV. See “Management Compensation” for more details regarding the fees that are paid to our Manager and its affiliates.

 

 

 

We may not be able to promptly invest the net proceeds of this offering in commercial real estate and other select real estate-related assets. In the interim, we may invest in short-term, highly liquid or other authorized investments. Such short-term investments will not earn as high of a return as we expect to earn on our real estate-related investments.

 

 

Q:

How long will this offering last?

 

 

A:

We currently expect that this offering will remain open for investors until we raise the maximum amount being offered, as such amount may be increased from time to time, unless terminated by us at an earlier time. We reserve the right to terminate this offering for any reason at any time. We have sold in excess of our original $50 million offering and from time to time we may seek to qualify additional shares for sale pursuant to this offering. We may only sell up to $50 million in any rolling 12-month period.

 

Q:

Will I be notified of how my investment is doing?

 

 

A:

Yes, we will provide you with periodic updates on the performance of your investment in us, including:

 

 

 

●  an annual report;

 

 

 

●  a semi-annual report;

 

 

 

●  current event reports for specified material events within four business days of their occurrence;

 

 

 

●  supplements to the offering circular, if we have material information to disclose to you; and

 

 

 

●  other reports that we may file or furnish to the SEC from time to time.

 

 

 

We will provide this information to you by posting such information on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov, on the Fundrise Platform at www.fundrise.com, or via e-mail.

 

 

Q:

When will I get my detailed tax information?

 

 

A:

Your IRS Form 1099-DIV tax information, if required, will be provided by January 31 of the year following each taxable year.

 

 

Q:

Who can help answer my questions about the offering?

 

 

A:

If you have more questions about the offering, or if you would like additional copies of this offering circular, you should contact us by email at investments@fundrise.com or by mail at:

 

Fundrise East Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC

11 Dupont Circle NW, 9th FL 

Washington, D.C. 20036

Attn: Investor Relations

 

 

12 

 

 

OFFERING SUMMARY

 

This offering summary highlights material information regarding our business and this offering that is not otherwise addressed in the “Questions and Answers About this Offering” section of this offering circular. Because it is a summary, it may not contain all of the information that is important to you. To understand this offering fully, you should read the entire offering circular carefully, including the “Risk Factors” section before making a decision to invest in our common shares.

 

Fundrise East Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC

 

Fundrise East Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC is a Delaware limited liability company formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the metropolitan statistical areas (“MSAs”) of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA, with such investments consisting of equity interests in such properties or debt, as well as commercial real estate debt securities and other select real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of such properties. We define development projects to include a range of activities from major renovation and lease-up of existing buildings to ground up construction. With demand stoked by demographic trends and supply constrained by economic forces, our Manager believes that East Coast multifamily rental units have displayed strong performance and are expected to be well positioned to see continued low vacancies and healthy rent growth moving forward. While we primarily invest in multifamily rental properties and development projects located in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the MSAs of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA, we may invest in other asset classes as well as other locations, depending on the availability of suitable investment opportunities. We may also invest in commercial real estate-related debt securities (including commercial mortgage-backed securities, or CMBS, collateralized debt obligations, or CDOs, and REIT senior unsecured debt) and other real estate-related assets. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns. We have operated, and intend to continue to operate, in a manner that allows us to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Among other requirements, REITs are required to distribute to shareholders at least 90% of their annual REIT taxable income (computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain). 

 

Our office is located at 11 Dupont Circle NW, 9th FL, Washington, D.C. 20036. Our telephone number is (202) 584-0550. Information regarding our Company is also available on our web site at www.fundrise.com.

 

Recent Developments 

 

Redemption Plan Update

 

Given the unprecedented level of disruption and ongoing uncertainty caused by the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, effective as of March 31, 2020, our Manager, in an effort to protect the interests of all of our existing shareholders, has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice.

 

Fundamentally, we, and therefore our investors, own real property, which is simply not liquid. Furthermore, in conditions such as those we face today, we believe that fulfilling redemption requests would materially increase the risk of unnecessary loss or otherwise avoidable problems for the vast majority of our investors who have not requested to redeem and intend to stay invested for the long term.

 

At this time, investors may continue to submit redemption requests, but should know that such redemption requests may not be processed and, ultimately, may be rejected.

 

Accordingly, all redemption requests, including outstanding redemption requests as of March 31, 2020, may be, at a later date, either (i) considered and processed or (ii) rejected. We intend to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume.

 

Capital Raised

 

Through April 15, 2020, our ongoing offering has raised an aggregate of approximately $102.5 million in capital pursuant to Regulation A (not including the approximate $100,000 received in private placements to our sponsor, Rise Companies Corp., and Fundrise, L.P., an affiliate of our sponsor). In the 12 month period prior to April 15, 2020, we had settled subscriptions for $36,251,988. We are offering up to $13,748,012 in our common shares, which represents the value of the shares available to be offered as of April 15, 2020 out of the rolling 12-month maximum offering amount of $50 million in our common shares.

 

13 

 

 

Assets Acquired or Redeemed

 

See “Plan of Operation—Our Investments” for a detailed summary of our assets.

 

Distributions Paid

 

Through April 15, 2020, we have declared an aggregate of 34 distributions since our inception with a weighted average annualized yield of 7.54%, assuming a $10.00 per share purchase price. See “Description of Our Common Shares—Distributions” below. Our distributions have been funded from both cash flow from our real estate investments and offering proceeds with a majority of such distributions being funded from our cash flow provided by real estate investments. While we are under no obligation to do so, we expect that our Manager will continue to declare distributions with a daily record date, and pay distributions quarterly in arrears in amounts similar to those previously declared. However, there can be no assurance as to whether distributions will be declared or the amount of such distributions.

 

Net Asset Value as of March 31, 2020

 

As of March 31, 2020, our NAV per common share is $11.24.

 

Share Redemption Plan Status

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, we redeemed approximately 78,000 common shares pursuant to our share redemption plan in place through December 31, 2019. Effective January 1, 2020 we revised our Redemption Plan to reflect the following changes: (1) quarterly instead of monthly redemption requests and elimination of the 60 day waiting period; and (2) separate redemption rights in the case of death or “qualifying disability” that eliminate any penalty for redemption in such circumstances and permit the redemption of shares at 100% of the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

As of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Accordingly, all redemption requests, including outstanding redemption requests as of March 31, 2020, may be, at a later date, either (i) considered and processed or (ii) rejected. We intend to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under our redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume.

 

Investment Strategy

 

We intend to use substantially all of the proceeds of this offering to originate, acquire, asset manage, operate, selectively leverage, syndicate and opportunistically sell multifamily rental properties and development projects through the acquisition of equity interests in such properties or debt (including senior mortgage loans, subordinated mortgage loans (also referred to as B Notes), mezzanine loans, and participations in such loans), as well as commercial real estate debt securities and other real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of such properties. Our management has extensive experience investing in numerous types of properties. While we focus our investments primarily in multifamily rental properties and development projects, in the event that appropriate investment opportunities are not available, we may acquire a wide variety of commercial properties, including office, industrial, retail, recreation and leisure, single-tenant residential and other real properties. These properties may be existing, income-producing properties, newly constructed properties or properties under development or construction and may include multifamily rental properties purchased for conversion into condominiums and single-tenant properties that may be converted for multifamily use. We focus on acquiring properties with significant possibilities for capital appreciation, such as those requiring development, redevelopment or repositioning, those located in markets with high growth potential and those available from sellers who are distressed or face time-sensitive deadlines. We also may invest in real estate-related securities, including securities issued by other real estate companies, either for investment or in change of control transactions completed on a negotiated basis or otherwise, and in bridge and mezzanine loans that may lead to an opportunity to purchase a real estate interest. In addition, to the extent that our Manager and its investment committee determine that it is advantageous, we also may make or invest in commercial mortgage-backed securities, mortgage loans and tenant-in-common interests. We expect that our portfolio of debt investments will be secured primarily by U.S. based collateral, primarily multifamily rental properties and development projects, and diversified by security type.

 

We seek to create and maintain a portfolio of multifamily rental properties and development project investments that generate a low volatility income stream of attractive and consistent cash distributions. Our focus on investing in debt and equity instruments emphasizes the payment of current returns to investors and preservation of invested capital as our primary investment objectives, as well as emphasizing capital appreciation from our investments, as is typically the case with strategies focused exclusively on opportunistic or equity-oriented investments.

 

 

14 

 

 

For debt investments, our Manager directly structures, underwrites and originates many of the debt products in which we invest, as doing so provides for the best opportunity to manage our borrower and partner relationships and optimize the terms of our investments. Our proven underwriting process, which our management team has successfully developed over their extensive real estate careers in a variety of market conditions and implemented at our sponsor, involves comprehensive financial, structural, operational and legal due diligence of our borrowers and partners in order to optimize pricing and structuring and mitigate risk. We feel the current and future market environment for multifamily rental properties and development projects (including any existing or future government-sponsored programs) provides a wide range of opportunities to generate compelling investments with strong risk-return profiles for our shareholders.

 

Investment Objectives

 

Our primary investment objectives are:

 

 

to realize growth in the value of our investments within approximately five years from the one-year anniversary of the initial qualification of this offering;

 

 

to grow net cash from operations so that an increasing amount of cash flow is available for distributions to investors over the long term;

 

 

to pay attractive and consistent cash distributions;

 

 

to enable investors to realize a return on their investment by beginning the process of liquidating and distributing cash to investors within approximately five years from the one-year anniversary of the initial qualification of this offering, or providing liquidity through alternative means such as in-kind distributions of our own securities or other assets; and

 

 

to preserve, protect and return your capital contribution.

 

We also seek to realize growth in the value of our investments by timing their sale to maximize value. However, there is no assurance that our investment objectives will be met.

 

Market Opportunities

 

As the shocks from the shutdowns and the ongoing health crisis caused by COVID-19 reverberate through the economy, we believe there will be acute demand for structured financing and investments in distressed assets in need of recapitalizations. We also believe that due to government lockdowns and other effects of COVID-19 there is compelling need and favorable risk-adjusted returns for capital to fund construction projects partway through development that require additional funding as a result of project delays and budget overruns in order to complete and stabilize. Given the prospect of negative growth for the economy in the near term and anemic growth for the mid-to-long term, we favor a strategy weighted toward targeting equity investments in distressed properties in need of recapitalization as well as mezzanine debt and structured financing that maximizes downside structural protections. We believe that our investment strategy, combined with the experience and expertise of our Manager’s management team, provide opportunities to originate investments with attractive current and accrued returns, alongside long-term equity returns and strong structural features. These investments are sourced using local brokers and joint venture real estate companies, thereby taking advantage of disrupted market conditions in order to seek the best risk-return dynamic for our shareholders.

 

Our Manager

 

Fundrise Advisors, LLC, our Manager, manages our day-to-day operations. Our Manager is an investment adviser registered with the SEC and a wholly-owned subsidiary of our sponsor. Registration with the SEC does not imply a certain level of skill or training. A team of real estate and debt finance professionals, acting through our Manager, makes all the decisions regarding the selection, negotiation, financing and disposition of our investments, subject to the limitations in our operating agreement. Our Manager also provides asset management, marketing, investor relations and other administrative services on our behalf with the goal of maximizing our operating cash flow and preserving our invested capital. Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor, is able to exercise significant control over our business. 

 

About the Fundrise Platform

 

We are also an affiliate of Fundrise, LLC, the owner and operator of the Fundrise Platform, an online financial platform focused on real estate, which may be found on the website: www.fundrise.com. Fundrise, LLC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor.

 

Benjamin S. Miller, the co-founder and Chief Executive Officer of Rise Companies Corp. is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations of Rise Companies Corp. and its affiliates, including Fundrise, LLC.

 

 

15 

 

 

Our Structure

 

The chart below shows the relationship among various Rise Companies Corp. affiliates and our Company as of the date of this offering circular.

 

image

 

*     As we raise sufficient offering proceeds to acquire investments, we may obtain a related party loan from, or issue a participation interest to, an affiliate. See “Plan of Operation – Related Party Loans”.

 

**   Pursuant to our operating agreement, the Manager receives an asset management fee and a reimbursement of special servicing expenses. See “Management Compensation”.

 

16 

 

 

Management Compensation

 

Our Manager and its affiliates receive fees and expense reimbursements for services relating to this offering and the investment and management of our assets. The items of compensation are summarized in the following table. Neither our Manager nor its affiliates receive any selling commissions or dealer manager fees in connection with the offer and sale of our common shares. See “Management Compensation” for a more detailed explanation of the fees and expenses payable to our Manager and its affiliates.

 

Form of Compensation and Recipient

 

Determination of Amount

 

Estimated Amount

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organization and Offering Stage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reimbursement of Offering Expenses — Manager (1)

 

Our Manager pays organization and offering expenses on our behalf in connection with the offering of our shares. We reimburse our Manager for these costs and future organization and offering costs it may incur on our behalf.  

 

Our organization and offering expenses paid by the Manager, as of December 31, 2019, were approximately $962,000. We expect to incur an additional $45,000 in expenses in connection with the continuation of this offering.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition and Development Stage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition / Origination Fee — Manager or its Affiliate (2)

 

Up to 2.00% of any amounts funded by us, our sponsor or affiliates of our sponsor to acquire or originate commercial real estate loans or the amount invested in the case of joint venture equity investments, excluding any acquisition and origination expenses and any debt attributable to such investments. We are not entitled to this fee.

 

Paid by the co-investors, joint-venture or borrower at closing.

 

Actual amounts are dependent upon the total equity and debt capital we raise; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

 

 

 

 

Reimbursement of Acquisition / Origination Expenses — Manager

 

We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred in connection with the selection, acquisition or origination of an investment, to the extent not reimbursed by the borrower, whether or not we ultimately acquire or originate the investment.

 

Actual amounts are dependent upon the offering proceeds we raise (and any leverage we employ); we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

 

17 

 

 

Form of Compensation and Recipient

 

Determination of Amount

 

Estimated Amount

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operational Stage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asset Management Fee — Manager (3)

 

Quarterly asset management fee currently equal to an annualized rate of 0.85%, which is based on our NAV at the end of each prior quarter. This rate is determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but cannot exceed an annualized rate of 1.00%. The amount of the asset management fee may vary from time to time, and we will publicly report any changes in the asset management fee. Our Manager may, in its sole discretion, waive its asset management fee, in whole or in part. The Manager will forfeit any portion of the asset management fee that is waived.

 

Actual amounts are dependent upon the offering proceeds we raise (and any leverage we employ) and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

 

 

 

 

Reimbursement of Special Servicing Expenses – Manager or Other Party (3)

 

We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with the special servicing of non-performing assets. Whether an asset is deemed to be non-performing is in the sole discretion of our Manager. 

 

 

Actual amounts are dependent upon the occurrence of an asset becoming non-performing, the original value of such asset, and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

 

 

 

 

Reimbursement of Other Operating Expenses — Manager

 

We reimburse our Manager for out-of-pocket expenses paid to third parties in connection with providing services to us. This does not include the Manager’s overhead, employee costs borne by the Manager, utilities or technology costs.

 

The expense reimbursements that we pay to our Manager also include expenses incurred by our sponsor in the performance of services under the shared services agreement between our Manager and our sponsor, including any increases in insurance attributable to the management or operation of our Company.

 

Actual amounts are dependent upon the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

 

 

Liquidation/Listing Stage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity Liquidation Expenses – Manager

 

We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with the liquidation of equity investments in real estate. Whether to liquidate an equity investment in real estate is in the sole discretion of our 

Manager.

 

Actual amounts are dependent upon the liquidation of a real estate asset, and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

 

(1)

We have and will continue to reimburse our Manager, without interest, for these organization and offering costs incurred both before and after such date. Reimbursement payments will be made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this offering; provided, however, no reimbursement shall be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full. As of December 31, 2019, approximately $962,000 in organization and offering costs have been incurred by our Manager, and approximately $962,000 reimbursed to our Manager in connection with our prior offering.

 

 

(2)

The acquisition/origination fee paid to our Manager by co-investors or borrowers is a percentage of the purchase price of an investment or the amount funded by us to acquire or originate a loan.

 

 

(3)

Our Manager in its sole discretion may defer or waive any fee payable to it under the operating agreement. All or any portion of any deferred fees will be deferred without interest and paid when the Manager determines.

 

18 

 

 

Summary of Risk Factors

 

Investing in our common shares involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully review the “Risk Factors” section of this offering circular, beginning on page 29, which contains a detailed discussion of the material risks that you should consider before you invest in our common shares.

 

Conflicts of Interest

 

Our Manager and its affiliates experience conflicts of interest in connection with the management of our business. Some of the material conflicts that our Manager and its affiliates face include the following:

 

 

The asset management fee paid to our Manager is based on our NAV, which is calculated by our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team. Our Manager may benefit by us retaining ownership of our assets at times when our shareholders may be better served by the sale or disposition of our assets in order to avoid a reduction in our NAV. In addition, if our NAV is calculated in a way that is not reflective of our actual NAV, then the purchase price of  our shares or the price paid pursuant to a redemption on a given date may not accurately reflect the value of our portfolio.

 

 

In the ordinary course of their business, our Manager and its affiliates may engage in activities in which their interests or the interests of other clients conflict with or are adverse to our interests. In addition, such clients may utilize the services of the Manager or its affiliates for which they will pay fees and expenses which will not be shared with us.

 

 

Our sponsor has previously organized, as of the date of this offering circular, the following programs:

 

 

Fundrise Real Estate Investment Trust, LLC (the “Income eREIT®”), Fundrise Income eREIT II, LLC (the “Income eREIT® II”), Fundrise Income eREIT III, LLC (the “Income eREIT® III”), Fundrise Income eREIT 2019, LLC (the “Income eREIT® 2019”), Fundrise Income eREIT V, LLC (the “Income eREIT® V”), and Fundrise Income eREIT VI, LLC (the “Income eREIT® VI”), which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate investments through the acquisition of commercial real estate loans;

 

 

 

 

Fundrise Equity REIT, LLC (the “Growth eREIT®”), Fundrise Growth eREIT II, LLC (the “Growth eREIT® II”), Fundrise Growth eREIT III, LLC, (the “Growth eREIT® III”), Fundrise Growth eREIT 2019, LLC (the “Growth eREIT® 2019”), Fundrise Growth eREIT V, LLC (the “Growth eREIT® V”), and Fundrise Growth eREIT VI, LLC (the “Growth eREIT® VI”), which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties;

 

 

 

 

Fundrise Balanced eREIT, LLC (the “Balanced eREIT® I”), which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in commercial real estate properties and development projects, as well as commercial real estate loans and commercial real estate debt securities;

 

 

 

 

Fundrise West Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC (the “West Coast eREIT®”), which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Los Angeles, CA, San Francisco, CA, San Diego, CA, Seattle, WA, and Portland, OR metropolitan statistical areas;

 

 

19 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fundrise Midland Opportunistic REIT, LLC (the “Heartland eREIT®”), which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Houston, TX, Dallas, TX, Austin, TX, Chicago, IL, and Denver, CO metropolitan statistical areas;

 

 

 

 

Fundrise For-Sale Housing eFUND – Los Angeles CA, LLC (the “LA Homes eFundTM”), which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Los Angeles, CA metropolitan statistical area;

 

 

 

 

Fundrise For-Sale Housing eFUND – Washington DC, LLC (the “DC Homes eFundTM”), which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Washington, DC metropolitan statistical area;

 

 

 

 

Fundrise National For-Sale Housing eFUND, LLC (the “National eFundTM”), which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the metropolitan statistical areas in which our sponsor is not currently sponsoring another regionally or locally focused eFundTM, or to otherwise acquire assets that other eFundsTM are not currently focused on; and

 

 

 

 

Fundrise Opportunity Fund, LP, which is a private placement that was formed to acquire properties located in “qualified opportunity zones” as designated under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”).

 

These additional Fundrise Platform investment opportunities may have investment criteria that compete with us.

 

 

Our sponsor’s real estate and debt finance professionals acting on behalf of our Manager have to allocate their time among us, our sponsor’s business and other programs and activities in which they are involved.

 

 

The terms of our operating agreement (including the Manager’s rights and obligations and the compensation payable to our Manager and its affiliates) were not negotiated at arm’s length.

 

 

Our shareholders may only remove our Manager for “cause” following the affirmative vote of shareholders holding two-thirds of the outstanding common shares. Unsatisfactory financial performance does not constitute “cause” under the operating agreement.

 

 

At some future date after we have acquired a substantial investment portfolio that our Manager determines would be most effectively managed by our own personnel, we may seek shareholder approval to internalize our management by acquiring assets and employing the key real estate and debt finance professionals performing services to us on behalf of our Manager for consideration that would be negotiated at that time. The payment of such consideration could result in dilution to your interest in us and could reduce the net income per share and funds from operations per share attributable to your investment. Additionally, in an internalization transaction, our sponsor’s real estate and debt finance professionals that become our employees may receive more compensation than they previously received from our sponsor or its affiliates. These possibilities may provide incentives to these individuals to pursue an internalization transaction, even if an alternative strategy might otherwise be in our shareholder’s best interests.

 

 

Our Manager may, without shareholder consent unless otherwise required by law, determine that we should merge or consolidate through a roll-up or other similar transaction involving other entities, including entities affiliated with our Manager, into or with such other entities.

 

 

As a non-listed company conducting an exempt offering pursuant to Regulation A, we are not subject to a number of corporate governance requirements, including the requirements for a board of directors or independent board committees.

 

Historical NAV

 

Below is the quarterly NAV per common share, as determined in accordance with our valuation policies, for each fiscal quarter from December 31, 2017 to March 31, 2020. Linked in the table is the relevant Form 1-U detailing each NAV evaluation method.

 

Date

 

 

NAV Per Share

 

 

Link

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

$

10.18

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

$

10.26

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

June 30, 2018

 

 

$

10.51

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

September 30, 2018

 

 

$

10.65

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

December 31, 2018

 

 

$

10.65

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

$

10.82

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

June 30, 2019

 

 

$

10.87

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

October 1, 2019

 

 

$

10.91

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

$

11.31

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

$

11.24

 

 

Form 1-U

 

 

 

20 

 

 

Distributions

 

To maintain our qualification as a REIT, we are required to make aggregate annual distributions to our shareholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain), and to avoid federal income and excise taxes on retained taxable income and gains we must distribute 100% of such income and gains annually. Our Manager may authorize distributions in excess of those required for us to maintain REIT status and/or avoid such taxes on retained taxable income and gains depending on our financial condition and such other factors as our Manager deems relevant. Provided we have sufficient available cash flow, we intend to authorize and declare distributions based on daily record dates and pay distributions on a quarterly or other periodic basis. We have not established a minimum distribution level.

 

While we are under no obligation to do so, we have paid in the past and expect in the future to declare and pay distributions quarterly in arrears; however, our Manager may declare other periodic distributions as circumstances dictate. In order that investors may generally begin receiving distributions immediately upon our acceptance of their subscription, we expect to authorize and declare distributions based on daily record dates.

 

On October 26, 2016, we declared our first distribution to shareholders for the distribution period of November 1, 2016 through November 30, 2016. In addition, our Manager has declared daily distributions for shareholders of record as of the close of business on each day from November 1, 2016 through April 30, 2020, as shown in the table below. Linked in the table is the relevant Form 1-U detailing each distribution.

 

Distribution Period

 

Daily Distribution 
Amount/Common 
Share

 

Date of 
Declaration

 

Payment Date (1)

 

Annualized Yield (2)

 

Link

 11/01/2016 – 11/30/2016

 

$

0.0008219178

 

10/26/2016

 

01/12/2017

 

3.00%

 

Form 1-U

 12/01/2016 – 12/31/2016

 

$

0.0013698630

 

11/30/2016

 

01/12/2017

 

5.00%

 

Form 1-U

 01/01/2017 – 03/31/2017

 

$

0.0022602740

 

12/31/2016

 

04/12/2017

 

8.25%

 

Form 1-U

 04/01/2017 – 06/30/2017

 

$

0.0023972603

 

03/21/2017

 

07/11/2017

 

8.75%

 

Form 1-U

 07/01/2017 – 09/30/2017

 

$

0.0023972603

 

06/26/2017

 

10/09/2017

 

8.75%

 

Form 1-U

 10/01/2017 – 12/31/2017

 

$

0.0021917808

 

09/28/2017

 

01/09/2018

 

8.00%

 

Form 1-U

 01/01/2018 – 01/31/2018

 

$

0.0021917810

 

12/22/2017

 

04/11/2018

 

8.00%

 

Form 1-U

 02/01/2018 – 02/28/2018

 

$

0.0021917808

 

01/26/2018

 

04/11/2018

 

8.00%

 

Form 1-U

 03/01/2018 – 03/31/2018

 

$

0.0019178082

 

02/27/2018

 

04/11/2018

 

7.00%

 

Form 1-U

 04/01/2018 – 04/30/2018

 

$

0.0019178082

 

03/28/2018

 

07/09/2018

 

7.00%

 

Form 1-U

 05/01/2018 – 05/31/2018

 

$

0.0019178082

 

04/30/2018

 

07/09/2018

 

7.00%

 

Form 1-U

 06/01/2018 – 06/30/2018

 

$

0.0019178082

 

05/29/2018

 

07/09/2018

 

7.00%

 

Form 1-U

 07/01/2018 – 07/31/2018

 

$

0.0019178082

 

06/28/2018

 

10/08/2018

 

7.00%

 

Form 1-U

 08/01/2018 – 08/31/2018

 

$

0.0021917808

 

07/27/2018

 

10/08/2018

 

8.00%

 

Form 1-U

 09/01/2018 – 09/30/2018

 

$

0.0021917808

 

08/24/2018

 

10/08/2018

 

8.00%

 

Form 1-U

 10/01/2018 – 10/31/2018

 

$

0.0021917808

 

09/26/2018

 

01/07/2019

 

8.00%

 

Form 1-U

 11/01/2018 – 11/30/2018

 

$

0.0021917808

 

10/29/2018

 

01/07/2019

 

8.00%

 

Form 1-U

 12/01/2018 – 12/31/2018

 

$

0.0020547945

 

11/29/2018

 

01/07/2019

 

7.50%

 

Form 1-U

 01/01/2019 – 01/31/2019

 

$

0.0017808219

 

12/27/2018

 

04/08/2019

 

6.50%

 

Form 1-U

 02/01/2019 – 02/28/2019

 

$

0.0019178082

 

01/30/2019

 

04/08/2019

 

7.00%

 

Form 1-U

 03/01/2019 – 03/31/2019

 

$

0.0023287671

 

02/28/2019

 

04/08/2019

 

8.50%

 

Form 1-U

 04/01/2019 – 04/30/2019

 

$

0.0020547945

 

03/28/2019

 

07/11/2019

 

7.50%

 

Form 1-U

 05/01/2019 – 05/31/2019

 

$

0.0020547945

 

04/30/2019

 

07/11/2019

 

7.50%

 

Form 1-U

 06/01/2019 – 06/30/2019

 

$

0.0020547945

 

05/30/2019

 

07/11/2019

 

7.50%

 

Form 1-U

 07/01/2019 – 07/31/2019

 

$

0.0020547945

 

06/28/2019

 

10/09/2019

 

7.50%

 

Form 1-U

 08/01/2019 – 08/31/2019

 

$

0.0019178082

 

07/30/2019

 

10/09/2019

 

7.00%

 

Form 1-U

 09/01/2019 – 10/01/2019

 

$

0.0019178082

 

08/29/2019

 

10/09/2019

 

7.00%

 

Form 1-U

 10/02/2019 – 10/31/2019

 

$

0.0020547945

 

10/01/2019

 

01/13/2020

 

7.50%

 

Form 1-U

 11/01/2019 – 11/30/2019

 

$

0.0017808219

 

10/31/2019

 

01/13/2020

 

6.50%

 

Form 1-U

 12/01/2019 – 12/31/2019

 

$

0.0023287671

 

11/26/2019

 

01/13/2020

 

8.50%

 

Form 1-U

 01/01/2020 – 01/31/2020

 

$

0.0020547945

 

12/23/2019

 

04/09/2020

 

7.50%

 

Form 1-U

02/01/2020 – 02/29/2020

 

$

0.0019863014

 

01/29/2020

 

04/09/2020

 

7.25%

 

Form 1-U

03/01/2020 – 03/31/2020

 

$

0.0023287671

 

02/26/2020

 

04/09/2020

 

8.50%

 

Form 1-U

04/01/2020 – 04/30/2020

 

$

0.0013698630

 

03/30/2020

 

07/21/2020

 

5.00%

 

Form 1-U

 Weighted Average

 

$

0.0020651999(3)

 

-

 

-

 

7.54%(4)

 

 

 

 

21 

 

 

(1) Dates presented are the dates on which the distributions were, or are, scheduled to be distributed; actual distribution dates may vary.

 

(2) Annualized yield numbers represent the annualized yield amount of each distribution calculated on an annualized basis at the then current rate, assuming a $10.00 per share purchase price; however, actual dividend yields may vary depending on the purchase price of the shares. See Form 1-U links for details. While the Manager is under no obligation to do so, each annualized basis return assumes that the Manager would declare distributions in the future similar to the distributions for each period presented, and there can be no assurance that the Manager will declare such distributions in the future or, if declared, that such distributions would be of a similar amount.

 

(3) Weighted average daily distribution amount per common share is calculated as the average of the daily declared distribution amounts from November 1, 2016 through April 30, 2020 assuming a $10.00 per share purchase price.

 

(4) Weighted average annualized yield is calculated as the annualized yield of the average daily distribution amount for the periods presented, assuming a $10.00 per share purchase price. While the Manager is under no obligation to do so, the average annualized basis return assumes that the Manager would declare distributions in the future similar to the average distributions for the period from November 1, 2016 through April 30, 2020, and there can be no assurance that the Manager will declare such distributions in the future or, if declared, that such distributions would be of a similar amount.

 

Any distributions we make are at the discretion of our Manager, and are based on, among other factors, our present and reasonably projected future cash flow. Distributions are paid to shareholders as of the record dates selected by the Manager. In addition, the Manager’s discretion as to the payment of distributions is limited by the REIT distribution requirements, which generally require that we make aggregate annual distributions to our shareholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gain. Moreover, even if we make the required minimum distributions under the REIT rules, we are subject to U.S. federal income and excise taxes on our undistributed taxable income and gains. As a result, the Manager intends to continue to make additional distributions, beyond the minimum REIT distribution, to avoid such taxes. See “Description of Our Common Shares — Distributions” and “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”.

 

While our goal is to pay distributions from our cash flow from operations, we may use other sources to fund distributions. Until the proceeds from our public offering are invested and generating operating cash flow, some or all of our distributions may be paid from other sources, including the net proceeds of this offering, cash advances by our Manager, cash resulting from a waiver of fees or reimbursements due to our Manager, borrowings in anticipation of future operating cash flow and the issuance of additional securities. Use of some or all of these sources may reduce the amount of capital we invest in assets and negatively impact the return on your investment and the value of your investment. We have not established a limit on the amount of proceeds we may use to fund distributions. We can provide no assurances that future cash flow will support payment of distributions or maintaining distributions at any particular level or at all.

 

Any distributions that we make directly impacts our NAV, by reducing the amount of our assets. Our goal is to provide a reasonably predictable and stable level of current income, through quarterly or other periodic distributions, while at the same time maintaining a fair level of consistency in our NAV. Over the course of your investment, your distributions plus the change in NAV per share (either positive or negative) will produce your total return.

 

Our distributions generally will constitute a return of capital to the extent that they exceed our current and accumulated earnings and profits as determined for U.S. federal income tax purposes. To the extent that a distribution is treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes, it will reduce a holder’s adjusted tax basis in the holder’s shares, and to the extent that it exceeds the holder’s adjusted tax basis it will be treated as gain resulting from a sale or exchange of such shares.

 

Borrowing Policy

 

We may employ conservative levels of borrowing in order to provide additional funds to support our investment activities. Our target portfolio-wide leverage is between 50-85% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. During periods when we are growing our portfolio, we may employ greater leverage on individual assets (that will also result in greater leverage of the portfolio) in order to quickly build a diversified portfolio of multifamily rental properties and development projects. Our Manager may from time to time modify our leverage policy in its discretion in light of then-current economic conditions, relative costs of debt and equity capital, market values of our properties, general conditions in the market for debt and equity securities, growth and acquisition opportunities or other factors. However, other than during a period when we are significantly growing our portfolio, it is our policy to not borrow more than 85% of the greater of cost (before deducting depreciation or other non-cash reserves) or fair market value of our assets. We cannot exceed the leverage limit of our leverage policy unless any excess in borrowing over such level is approved by our Manager’s investment committee. See “Investment Objectives and Strategy” for more details regarding our leverage policies.

 

 

22 

 

 

Valuation Policies

 

At the end of each fiscal quarter, our sponsor’s internal accountants will calculate our NAV per share using a process that reflects (1) estimated values of each of our commercial real estate assets and investments, including related liabilities, based upon (a) market capitalization rates, comparable sales information, interest rates, net operating income, (b) with respect to debt, default rates, discount rates and loss severity rates, and (c) in certain instances reports of the underlying real estate provided by an independent valuation expert, (2) the price of liquid assets for which third party market quotes are available, (3) accruals of our periodic distributions and (4) estimated accruals of our operating revenues and expenses. For joint venture or direct equity investments, the sponsor primarily relies on the discounted cash flow method. Under the discounted cash flow method, our sponsor’s asset management team will calculate the distributions due to the respective investment based on a property-level pro forma measured against ongoing actual performance over a the projected likely-hold period. The sponsor’s asset management team will then discount future cash-flow projections at an appropriate market levered-discount rate to determine present value, which value is considered the net asset value of the investment. The sponsor may alternatively apply the hypothetical sales method to value its investments. Under this approach, our sponsor’s asset management team will assume (i) the sale of the property at a price equal to the concluded property value, (ii) the liquidation of any additional assets after paying all liabilities, and (iii) the distribution of the net sale proceeds to investors. The distributed amount is considered the net asset value of each respective investment. For debt and fixed-return preferred equity investment, assuming no material adverse change in the property, the sponsor’s asset management team will mark these investments to their cost basis (including any accrued unpaid interest). If there were to be material adverse changes in these properties, the asset management team intends to value these investments using the hypothetical sales method described above. For our investments that have closed within three to nine months and no material changes have occurred from the original underwriting, our asset management team will typically apply the original property purchase price (or pre-closing third party appraisal value) for the property valuation, and the investment cost basis for the investment-level valuation.

 

Note, however, that the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. In instances where we determine that an appraisal of the real estate asset is necessary, including, but not limited to, instances where our Manager is unsure of its ability on its own to accurately determine the estimated values of our commercial real estate assets and investments, or instances where third party market values for comparable properties are either nonexistent or extremely inconsistent, we will engage an appraiser that has expertise in appraising commercial real estate assets, to act as our independent valuation expert. The independent valuation expert is not responsible for, nor for preparing, our NAV per share. If a material event occurs between scheduled annual valuations that our Manager believes may materially affect the value of any of our commercial real estate assets and investments, including related liabilities, our Manager anticipates informing the independent valuation expert so that, if appropriate, the independent valuation expert can adjust the most recent valuations provided in the applicable report, if any, to account for the estimated impact. Our sponsor’s internal accountants determine our NAV per share by dividing our NAV by the number of our common shares outstanding as of the end of such fiscal quarter, prior to giving effect to any share purchases or redemptions to be effected for such fiscal quarter.

 

As there is no market value for our common shares as they are not expected to be listed or traded on any stock exchange or other marketplace, our goal is to provide a reasonable estimate of the value of our common shares on a quarterly basis. However, the majority of our assets consist of commercial real estate equity investments and, as with any commercial real estate valuation protocol, the conclusions reached by our sponsor’s internal asset management team or internal accountants, as the case may be, are based on a number of judgments, assumptions and opinions about future events that may or may not prove to be correct. The use of different judgments, assumptions or opinions would likely result in different estimates of the value of our commercial real estate assets and investments. In addition, for any given quarter, our published NAV per share may not fully reflect certain material events, to the extent that the financial impact of such events on our portfolio is not immediately quantifiable. Note, however, that the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions. As a result, the quarterly calculation of our NAV per share may not reflect the precise amount that might be paid for your shares in a market transaction, and any potential disparity in our NAV per share may be in favor of either shareholders who redeem their shares, or shareholders who buy new shares, or existing shareholders. However, to the extent quantifiable, if a material event occurs in between quarterly updates of NAV that would cause our NAV per share to change by 5% or more from the last disclosed NAV, we will disclose the updated price and the reason for the change in an offering circular supplement as promptly as reasonably practicable, and will update the NAV information provided on our website.

 

 

23 

 

 

Share Price Adjustments

 

Our Manager set our initial offering price at $10.00 per share. As of April 1, 2020, our per share purchase price was equal to $11.24 per share. The per share purchase price for our common shares is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of each fiscal quarter (or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter), and will be equal to the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share, in each case prior to giving effect to any share purchases or redemptions to be effected on such day. Investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription.

 

We file with the SEC on a quarterly basis an offering circular supplement disclosing the quarterly determination of our NAV per share that will be applicable for such fiscal quarter (a “pricing supplement”). We file the pricing supplement at the end of each fiscal quarter. We also post that fiscal quarter’s NAV on the public Fundrise Platform, www.fundrise.com. The Fundrise Platform also contains this offering circular, including any supplements and amendments. We disclose, on a quarterly basis in an offering circular supplement filed with the SEC, the principal valuation components of our NAV. In addition, if a material event occurs in between updates of NAV that would cause our NAV per share to change by 5% or more from the last disclosed NAV, we will disclose the updated price and the reason for the change in an offering circular supplement as promptly as reasonably practicable, and will update the NAV information provided on our website.

 

Any subscriptions that we receive during a fiscal quarter will be executed at the purchase price in effect at the time such subscription is received. Thus, even if settlement occurs in the following fiscal quarter, the purchase price for the shares will be the price in affect at the time the subscription was received. See “Description of Our Common Shares—Share Price Adjustments” for more details. 

 

Redemption Plan

 

Our common shares are currently not listed on a national securities exchange or included for quotation on a national securities market, and currently there is no intention to list our common shares. In order to provide our shareholders with some limited liquidity, we have adopted a redemption plan to enable shareholders to redeem their common shares in limited circumstances. However, as of March 31, 2020, our Manager has determined to suspend the processing and payment of redemptions, including outstanding redemption requests, under our redemption plan until further notice

 

We will not solicit redemptions under this redemption plan, other than through our offering circular and any supplements or amendments thereto disclosing our NAV per share. Shareholders desiring to request redemption of their common shares must do so of their own volition and not at our behest, invitation or encouragement. Our role in effectuating redemptions under the redemption plan will solely be ministerial.

 

While shareholders should view this investment as long-term, we have adopted a redemption plan whereby, on a quarterly basis, an investor has the opportunity to obtain liquidity. Our Manager has designed our redemption plan with a view towards providing investors with an initial period with which to decide whether a long-term investment in our Company is right for them. In addition, despite the illiquid nature of the assets expected to be held by our Company, our Manager believes it is best to provide the opportunity for quarterly liquidity in the event shareholders need it. The terms under which we may redeem shares may differ between redemption requests upon the death or “qualifying disability” of a shareholder (“exceptional redemptions”), as further discussed below, and all other redemption requests. Investors should note, however, that even during the Introductory Period or exceptional redemption events, the redemption plan may not be available due to our Manager’s ability to amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time.

 

Pursuant to our redemption plan, a shareholder may only (a) have one outstanding redemption request at any given time and (b) request that we redeem up to the lesser of 5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares per redemption request. However, we reserve the right to waive these limitations for any reason. In addition, the redemption plan is subject to certain liquidity limitations, which may fluctuate depending on the liquidity of the real estate assets held by us.

 

The calculation of the redemption price will depend, in part, on whether a shareholder requests redemption within the first eighty-nine (89) days of first acquiring the shares (the “Introductory Period”) or thereafter (the “Post-Introductory Period”).

 

During the Introductory Period, the per share redemption price will be equal to the purchase price of the shares being redeemed reduced by (i) the aggregate sum of distributions paid with respect to such shares, rounded down to the nearest cent and (ii) the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, declared but unpaid on the shares subject to the redemption request. In other words, a shareholder would receive back their original investment amount, from the redemption price paid, prior distributions received and distributions that have been declared (and that will be received when paid), but would not receive any amounts in excess of their original investment amount.

 

 

24 

 

 

During the Post-Introductory Period, except in the case of exceptional redemptions, the per share redemption price will be calculated based on a declining penalty to the NAV per share for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request, and rounded down to the nearest cent. During the Post-Introductory Period, the redemption price with respect to the common shares that are subject to the redemption request will not be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions, if any, that have been (i) paid with respect to such shares prior to the date of the redemption request or (ii) declared but unpaid on such shares with record dates during the period between the redemption request date and the redemption date (i.e., the last day of the applicable quarter).

 

Holding Period from Date of Settlement

 

Effective

Redemption Price

(as percentage

of per share

redemption price) (1)

 

Less than 90 days, including the settlement date (Introductory Period)

 

 

100.0

%(2)(3)

90 days until 3 years

 

 

97.0

%(4)

3 years to 4 years

 

 

98.0

%(5)

4 years to 5 years

 

 

99.0

%(6)

More than 5 years

 

 

100.0

%(7)

Exceptional redemptions

 

 

100.0

%(8)

 

 

(1)

The Effective Redemption Price will be rounded down to the nearest $0.01.

 

(2)

The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period is calculated based upon the purchase price of the shares, not the per share price in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

(3)

The Effective Redemption Price during the Introductory Period will be reduced by the aggregate sum of distributions paid or payable on such shares, the amount of which we are unable to calculate at this time.

 

(4)

For shares held at least ninety (90) days but less than three (3) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 3% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

(5)

For shares held at least three (3) years but less than four (4) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 2% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

(6)

For shares held at least four (4) years but less than five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price includes the fixed 1% penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

(7)

For shares held at least five (5) years, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

(8)

For exceptional redemptions, the Effective Redemption Price does not include any penalty to the per share price for our common shares in effect at the time of the redemption request.

 

Whether a redemption request is deemed to be in the Introductory Period or the Post-Introductory Period will be determined as of the date the redemption request is made, not the date the redemption request is honored. Meaning, for example, if a redemption request is submitted during the Introductory Period, but honored after the Introductory Period, the effective redemption price will be determined using the Introductory Period methodology.

 

If we agree to honor redemption requests, such redemption of our common shares will be made quarterly upon written request to us prior to the end of the applicable quarter; provided, however, written requests for common shares to be redeemed during the Introductory Period must be delivered to our Manager prior to the end of such shareholder’s Introductory Period. Shareholders may withdraw their redemption request at any time prior to the end of the applicable quarter. If we agree to honor redemption requests, such redemption requests will be effective as of the last day of the applicable quarter, and funds shall be remitted within twenty-one (21) days following the end of the applicable quarter. If we agree to honor a redemption request, the common shares to be redeemed will cease to accrue distributions or have voting rights as of the last day of the applicable quarter. We reserve the right to redeem shares pursuant to an exceptional redemption request outside of our quarterly redemption process.

 

We cannot guarantee that the funds set aside for the redemption plan will be sufficient to accommodate all requests made in any given time period. In the event our Manager determines, in its sole discretion, that we do not have sufficient funds available to redeem all of the common shares for which redemption requests have been submitted during any given quarter, such pending requests will be honored on a pro-rata basis, if at all, and priority will be given to exceptional redemptions. In the event that not all redemptions are being honored in a given quarter, the redemption requests not fully honored will have the remaining amount of such redemption requests considered on the next quarter in which redemptions are being honored. Accordingly, all unsatisfied redemption requests will be treated as requests for redemption on the next date on which redemptions are being honored, with redemptions processed pro-rata, if at all, and priority will be given to exceptional redemptions. If funds available for the redemption plan are not sufficient to accommodate all redemption requests, common shares will be redeemed on a pro-rata basis, if at all, and priority will be given to exceptional redemptions.

 

 

25 

 

 

We intend to limit common shareholders to one (1) redemption request outstanding at any given time, meaning that, if a common shareholder desires to request more or less shares be redeemed, such common shareholder must first withdraw the first redemption request, which may affect whether the request is considered in the Introductory Period or Post-Introductory Period. For investors who hold common shares with more than one record date, redemption requests will be applied to such common shares in the order in which they settled, on a last in first out basis – meaning, those common shares that have been continuously held for the shortest amount of time will be redeemed first. In addition, we intend to limit shareholders to redemption requests to the lesser of 5,000 common shares or $50,000 worth of common shares, which may affect whether the entirety of a redemption request will be considered to be in the Introductory Period or Post-Introductory Period.

 

In light of the SEC’s current guidance on redemption plans, we intend to limit redemptions in any calendar quarter to shares whose aggregate value (based on the redemption price per share in effect as of the first day of the last month of such calendar quarter) is 1.25% of the NAV of all of our outstanding shares as of the first day of the last month of such calendar quarter (e.g., March 1, June 1, September 1, or December 1), with excess capacity carried over to later calendar quarters in that calendar year. However, as we make a number of commercial real estate investments of varying terms and maturities, our Manager may elect to increase or decrease the amount of common shares available for redemption in any given quarter, as these commercial real estate assets are paid off or sold, but in no event will we redeem more than 5.00% of the common shares outstanding during any calendar year. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not obligated to redeem common shares under the redemption plan.

 

In addition, our Manager may, in its sole discretion, amend, suspend, or terminate the redemption plan at any time without prior notice, including to protect our operations and our non-redeemed shareholders, to prevent an undue burden on our liquidity, to preserve our status as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, following any material decrease in our NAV, or for any other reason. However, in the event that we suspend our redemption plan, we expect that we will reject any outstanding redemption requests and do not intend to accept any new redemption requests until after the next NAV adjustment. In the event that we amend, suspend or terminate our redemption plan, we will file an offering circular supplement and/or Form 1-U, as appropriate, and post such information on the Fundrise Platform to disclose such amendment. Our Manager may also, in its sole discretion, decline any particular redemption request if it believes such action is necessary to preserve our status as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes (for example, if a redemption request would cause a non-redeeming shareholder to violate the ownership limits in our operating agreement or if a redemption constitutes a “dividend equivalent redemption” that could give rise to a preferential dividend issue, to the extent applicable). Therefore, you may not have the opportunity to make a redemption request prior to any potential termination of our redemption plan.

 

Please refer to the section entitled “Description of Our Common Shares—Redemption Plan” for more information.

 

Liquidity Event

 

Subject to then existing market conditions, we may consider alternatives to our liquidation as a means for providing liquidity to our shareholders within approximately five to seven years from the first anniversary of the qualification of our initial offering (September 30, 2017). While we expect to seek a liquidity transaction in this time frame, there can be no assurance that a suitable transaction will be available or that market conditions for a transaction will be favorable during that time frame. Our Manager has the discretion to consider a liquidity transaction at any time if it determines such event to be in our best interests. A liquidity transaction could consist of a sale or partial sale of our assets, a sale or merger of our Company, a consolidation transaction with other companies managed by our Manager or its affiliates, a listing of our shares on a national securities exchange or a similar transaction. We do not have a stated term, as we believe setting a finite date for a possible, but uncertain future liquidity transaction may result in actions that are not necessarily in the best interest or within the expectations of our shareholders.

 

Voting Rights

 

Our common shareholders have voting rights only with respect to certain matters, primarily relating to amendments to our operating agreement that would adversely change the rights of the common shares, removal of our Manager for “cause”, and the dissolution of the issuer (only if the Manager has been removed for “cause”). Each outstanding common share entitles the holder to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of common shareholders. Our shareholders do not elect or vote on our Manager, and, unlike the holders of common shares in a corporation, have only limited voting rights on matters affecting our business, and therefore limited ability to influence decisions regarding our business. For additional information, see “Description of Our Common Shares—Voting Rights”.

 

Other Governance Matters

 

Other than the limited shareholder voting rights described above, our operating agreement vests most other decisions relating to our assets and to the business of our Company, including decisions relating to acquisitions, originations and dispositions, the engagement of asset managers, the issuance of securities in our Company including additional common shares, mergers, dispositions, roll-up transactions, and other decisions relating to our business, in our Manager. See “Management” for more information about the rights and responsibilities of our Manager.

 

 

26 

 

 

Investment Company Act Considerations

 

We intend to continue to conduct our operations so that neither we, nor any of our subsidiaries, is required to register as investment companies under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the Investment Company Act. Section 3(a)(1)(A) of the Investment Company Act defines an investment company as any issuer that is or holds itself out as being engaged primarily in the business of investing, reinvesting or trading in securities. Section 3(a)(1)(C) of the Investment Company Act defines an investment company as any issuer that is engaged or proposes to engage in the business of investing, reinvesting, owning, holding or trading in securities and owns or proposes to acquire investment securities having a value exceeding 40% of the value of the issuer’s total assets (exclusive of U.S. Government securities and cash items) on an unconsolidated basis, which we refer to as the 40% test. Excluded from the term “investment securities”, among other things, are U.S. Government securities and securities issued by majority-owned subsidiaries that are not themselves investment companies and are not relying on the exception from the definition of investment company set forth in Section 3(c)(1) or Section 3(c)(7) of the Investment Company Act. 

 

We anticipate that we will continue to hold real estate and real estate-related assets described below (i) directly, (ii) through wholly-owned subsidiaries, (iii) through majority-owned joint venture subsidiaries, and, (iv) to a lesser extent, through minority-owned joint venture subsidiaries.

 

We expect to use substantially all of the net proceeds from this offering (after paying or reimbursing organization and offering expenses) to invest in and manage a diverse portfolio of assets primarily consisting of multifamily rental properties and development projects through the acquisition of equity interests in such properties or debt, as well as commercial real estate debt securities and other real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of such properties.

 

We monitor our compliance with the 40% test and the holdings of our subsidiaries to ensure that each of our subsidiaries is in compliance with an applicable exemption or exclusion from registration as an investment company under the Investment Company Act.

 

The securities issued by any wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary that we may form and that are excluded from the definition of  “investment company” based on Section 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) of the Investment Company Act, together with any other investment securities we may own, may not have a value in excess of 40% of the value of our total assets on an unconsolidated basis.

 

The Investment Company Act defines a majority-owned subsidiary of a person as a company 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of which are owned by such person, or by another company which is a majority-owned subsidiary of such person. We treat companies in which we own at least a majority of the outstanding voting securities as majority-owned subsidiaries. The determination of whether an entity is a majority-owned subsidiary of our Company is made by us. We also treat subsidiaries of which we or our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is the manager (in a manager-managed entity) or managing member (in a member-managed entity) or in which our agreement or the agreement of our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is required for all major decisions affecting the subsidiaries (referred to herein as “Controlled Subsidiaries”), as majority-owned subsidiaries even though none of the interests issued by such Controlled Subsidiaries meets the definition of voting securities under the Investment Company Act. We reached our conclusion on the basis that the interests issued by the Controlled Subsidiaries are the functional equivalent of voting securities. We have not asked the SEC staff for concurrence of our analysis and it is possible that the SEC staff could disagree with any of our determinations. If the SEC staff were to disagree with our treatment of one or more companies as majority-owned subsidiaries, we would need to adjust our strategy and our assets. Any such adjustment in our strategy could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

We believe that neither we nor certain of our subsidiaries will be considered investment companies for purposes of Section 3(a)(1)(A) of the Investment Company Act because we and they will not engage primarily or hold themselves out as being primarily engaged in the business of investing, reinvesting or trading in securities. Rather, we and such subsidiaries will be primarily engaged in non-investment company businesses related to real estate. Consequently, we and our subsidiaries expect to be able to conduct our operations such that none will be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act.

 

Certain of our subsidiaries may also rely upon the exclusion from the definition of investment company under Section 3(c)(5)(C) of the Investment Company Act. Section 3(c)(5)(C), as interpreted by the staff of the SEC, requires an entity to invest at least 55% of its assets in “mortgages and other liens on and interests in real estate”, which we refer to as “qualifying real estate interests”, and at least 80% of its assets in qualifying real estate interests plus “real estate-related assets”.

 

 

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Qualification for exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act will limit our ability to make certain investments. To the extent that the SEC staff provides more specific guidance regarding any of the matters bearing upon such exclusions, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly. Any additional guidance from the SEC staff could provide additional flexibility to us, or it could further inhibit our ability to pursue the strategies we have chosen.

 

The loss of our exclusion from regulation pursuant to the Investment Company Act could require us to restructure our operations, sell certain of our assets or abstain from the purchase of certain assets, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. See “Risk Factors—Risks related to Our Organizational Structure—Maintenance of our Investment Company Act exemption imposes limits on our operations, which may adversely affect our operations”.

 

 

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RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in our common shares involves substantial risks. You should carefully consider the following risk factors in addition to the other information contained in this offering circular before purchasing shares. The occurrence of any of the following risks might cause you to lose a significant part of your investment. The risks and uncertainties discussed below are not the only ones we face, but do represent those risks and uncertainties that we believe are most significant to our business, operating results, prospects and financial condition. Some statements in this offering circular, including statements in the following risk factors, constitute forward-looking statements. Please refer to the section entitled “Statements Regarding Forward-Looking Information”.

 

Risks Related to an Investment in Fundrise East Coast Opportunistic REIT, LLC

 

We have a limited prior operating history, and the prior performance of our sponsor or other real estate investment opportunities sponsored by our sponsor may not predict our future results.

 

We have a limited operating history. You should not assume that our performance will be similar to the past performance of our sponsor or other real estate investment opportunities sponsored by our sponsor. Our limited operating history significantly increases the risk and uncertainty you face in making an investment in our shares.

 

Because no public trading market for your shares currently exists, it will be difficult for you to sell your shares and, if you are able to sell your shares, you will likely sell them at a substantial discount to the public offering price.

 

Our operating agreement does not require our Manager to seek shareholder approval to liquidate our assets by a specified date, nor does our operating agreement require our Manager to list our shares for trading on a national securities exchange by a specified date. There is no public market for our shares and we currently have no plans to list our shares on a stock exchange or other trading market. Until our shares are listed, if ever, you may not sell your shares unless the buyer meets the applicable suitability and minimum purchase standards. In addition, our operating agreement prohibits the ownership of more than 9.8% in value or number of our shares, whichever is more restrictive, or more than 9.8% in value or number of our common shares, whichever is more restrictive, unless exempted by our Manager, which may inhibit large investors from purchasing your shares. In its sole discretion, including to protect our operations and our non-redeemed shareholders, to prevent an undue burden on our liquidity or to preserve our status as a REIT, our Manager could amend, suspend or terminate our redemption plan without notice. Further, the redemption plan includes numerous restrictions that would limit your ability to sell your shares. We describe these restrictions in more detail under “Description of Our Common Shares —Redemption Plan”. Therefore, it will be difficult for you to redeem and/or sell your shares promptly or at all. If you are able to sell your shares, you would likely have to sell them at a substantial discount to their public offering price. It is also likely that your shares would not be accepted as the primary collateral for a loan. Because of the illiquid nature of our shares, you should purchase our shares only as a long-term investment and be prepared to hold them for an indefinite period of time.

 

If we are unable to find suitable investments, we may not be able to achieve our investment objectives or pay distributions.

 

Our ability to achieve our investment objectives and to pay distributions depends upon the performance of our Manager in the acquisition of our investments and the ability of our Manager to source investment opportunities for us. The more money we raise in this offering, the greater our challenge will be to invest all of the net offering proceeds on attractive terms. We cannot assure you that our Manager will be successful in obtaining suitable investments on financially attractive terms or that, if our Manager makes investments on our behalf, our objectives will be achieved. If we, through our Manager, are unable to find suitable investments promptly, we will hold the proceeds from this offering in an interest-bearing account or invest the proceeds in short-term assets in a manner that is consistent with our qualification as a REIT. If we would continue to be unsuccessful in locating suitable investments, we may ultimately decide to liquidate. In the event we are unable to timely locate suitable investments, we may be unable or limited in our ability to pay distributions and we may not be able to meet our investment objectives.

 

If we pay distributions from sources other than our cash flow from operations, we will have less funds available for investments and your overall return will be reduced.

 

Although our distribution policy is to use our cash flow from operations to make distributions, our organization documents permit us to pay distributions from any source, including offering proceeds, borrowings, or sales of assets. We have not placed a cap on the use of proceeds to fund distributions. During fiscal year 2019, our distributions have been funded from both cash flow from our real estate investments and offering proceeds with a majority of such distributions being funded from our cash flow provided by real estate investments. If we pay distributions from sources other than our cash flow from operations, we will have less cash available for investments, we may have to reduce our distribution rate, our NAV may be negatively impacted and stockholders’ overall return may be reduced.

 

 

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Future disruptions in the financial markets or deteriorating economic conditions could adversely impact the commercial real estate market as well as the market for equity-related and debt-related investments generally, which could hinder our ability to implement our business strategy and generate returns to you.

 

We intend to continue to originate and acquire a diversified portfolio of multifamily rental properties and development projects, with such investments taking the form of commercial real estate equity investments and commercial real estate loans, as well as other commercial real estate debt securities and other real estate-related assets. We may make our investments through majority-owned subsidiaries, some of which may have rights to receive preferred economic returns. Economic conditions greatly increase the risks of these investments (see “—Risks Related to Our Investments”). The success of our business is significantly related to general economic conditions and, accordingly, our business could be harmed by an economic slowdown and downturn in real estate asset values, property sales and leasing activities. Periods of economic slowdown or recession, significantly rising interest rates, declining employment levels, decreasing demand for real estate, declining real estate values, or the public perception that any of these events may occur, can reduce volumes for many of our business lines. These economic conditions could result in a general decline in acquisition, disposition and leasing activity, as well as a general decline in the value of real estate and in rents, which in turn would reduce revenue from property management fees and brokerage commissions derived from property sales, leases and mortgage brokerage as well as revenues associated with investment management and/or development activities. In addition, these conditions could lead to a decline in property sales prices as well as a decline in funds invested in existing commercial real estate assets and properties planned for development.

 

Future disruptions in the financial markets or deteriorating economic conditions may also impact the market for our investments and the volatility of our investments. The returns available to investors in our targeted investments are determined, in part, by: (i) the supply and demand for such investments and (ii) the existence of a market for such investments, which includes the ability to sell or finance such investments. During periods of volatility, the number of investors participating in the market may change at an accelerated pace. If either demand or liquidity increases, the cost of our targeted investments may increase. As a result, we may have fewer funds available to make distributions to investors.

 

During an economic downturn, it may also take longer for us to dispose of real estate investments or the selling prices may be lower than originally anticipated. As a result, the carrying value of our real estate investments may become impaired and we could record losses as a result of such impairment or we could experience reduced profitability related to declines in real estate values. Further, as a result of our target leverage, our exposure to adverse general economic conditions is heightened.

 

These negative general economic conditions could reduce the overall amount of sale and leasing activity in the commercial real estate industry, and hence the demand for our services. We are unable to predict the likely duration and severity of disruptions in financial markets and adverse economic conditions in the United States and other countries. Our revenues and profitability depend on the overall demand for our services from our clients. While it is possible that the increase in the number of distressed sales and resulting decrease in asset prices will eventually translate to greater market activity, an overall reduction in sales transaction volume could materially and adversely impact our business.

 

All of the factors described above could adversely impact our ability to implement our business strategy and make distributions to our investors and could decrease the value of an investment in us. In addition, in an extreme deterioration of our business, we could have insufficient liquidity to meet our debt service obligations when they come due in future years. If we fail to meet our payment or other obligations under our credit agreement, the lenders under the agreement will be entitled to proceed against the collateral granted to them to secure the debt owed.

 

We may suffer from delays in locating suitable investments, which could limit our ability to make distributions and lower the overall return on your investment.

 

We rely upon our Manager’s real estate and debt finance professionals, including Mr. Benjamin S. Miller, its Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, to identify suitable investments. Our sponsor and other Fundrise entities also rely on Mr. Miller for investment opportunities. To the extent that our Manager’s real estate and debt finance professionals face competing demands upon their time in instances when we have capital ready for investment, we may face delays in execution.

 

Additionally, the current market for properties that meet our investment objectives is highly competitive, as is the leasing market for such properties. The more shares we sell in this offering, the greater our challenge will be to invest all of the net offering proceeds on attractive terms. Except for investments that may be described in supplements to this offering circular prior to the date you subscribe for our shares, you will have no opportunity to evaluate the terms of transactions or other economic or financial data concerning our investments. You must rely entirely on the oversight and management ability of our Manager and the performance of any property manager. We cannot be sure that our Manager will be successful in obtaining suitable investments on financially attractive terms.

 

 

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We could also suffer from delays in locating suitable investments as a result of our reliance on our Manager at times when its officers, employees, or agents are simultaneously seeking to locate suitable investments for other Fundrise sponsored programs, some of which have investment objectives and employ investment strategies that are similar to ours. Furthermore, where we acquire properties prior to the start of construction or during the early stages of construction, it will typically take several months to complete construction and rent available space. Therefore, you could suffer delays in the receipt of distributions attributable to those particular properties.

 

Delays we encounter in the selection and origination of income-producing loans and other assets would likely limit our ability to pay distributions to our shareholders and lower their overall returns. Similar concerns arise when there are prepayments, maturities or sales of our investments. See “—Prepayments can adversely affect the yields on our investments” below.

 

You may be more likely to sustain a loss on your investment because our sponsor does not have as strong an economic incentive to avoid losses as do sponsors who have made significant equity investments in their companies.

 

Fundrise, L.P., an affiliate of our sponsor, and our sponsor have only invested approximately $100,000 in us through the purchase of 10,000 of our common shares at $10.00 per share. Therefore, if we are successful in raising enough proceeds to be able to reimburse our sponsor for our organization and offering expenses, our sponsor will have little exposure to loss in the value of our shares. Without this exposure, our investors may be at a greater risk of loss because our sponsor does not have as much to lose from a decrease in the value of our shares as do those sponsors who make more significant equity investments in their companies.

 

Because we are limited in the amount of funds we can raise, we will be limited in the number and type of investments we make and the value of your investment in us will fluctuate with the performance of the specific assets we acquire.

 

This offering is being made on a “best efforts” basis. Further, under Regulation A, we are only allowed to raise up to $50 million in any 12-month period (although we may raise capital in other ways). We expect the size of the investments that we make to be between $3.0 million to $8.0 million per asset. As a result, the amount of proceeds we raise in this offering may be substantially less than the amount we would need to achieve a diversified portfolio of multifamily rental properties and development project investments, even if we are successful in raising the maximum offering amount. If we are unable to raise substantial funds, we will make fewer investments resulting in less diversification in terms of the type, number and size of investments that we make. In that case, the likelihood that any single asset’s performance would adversely affect our profitability will increase. Your investment in our shares will be subject to greater risk to the extent that we lack a diversified portfolio of multifamily rental properties and development project investments. Further, we have certain fixed operating expenses, including certain expenses as a public reporting company, regardless of whether we are able to raise substantial funds in this offering. Our inability to raise substantial funds would increase our fixed operating expenses as a percentage of gross income, reducing our net income and limiting our ability to make distributions.

 

Any adverse changes in our sponsor’s financial health or our relationship with our sponsor or its affiliates could hinder our operating performance and the return on your investment.

 

We have engaged our Manager to manage our operations and our portfolio of commercial real estate loans, commercial real estate equity investments and other select real estate-related assets. Our Manager has no employees, and utilizes our sponsor’s personnel to perform services on its behalf for us. Our ability to achieve our investment objectives and to pay distributions is dependent upon the performance of our sponsor and its affiliates as well as our sponsor’s real estate and debt finance professionals in the identification and acquisition or origination of investments, the management of our assets and operation of our day-to-day activities. Any adverse changes in our sponsor’s financial condition or our relationship with our sponsor could hinder our Manager’s ability to successfully manage our operations and our portfolio of investments.

 

Our ability to implement our investment strategy is dependent, in part, upon our ability to successfully conduct this offering through the Fundrise Platform, which makes an investment in us more speculative.

 

We will conduct this offering primarily through the Fundrise Platform, which is owned by Fundrise, LLC. Only a limited number of real estate investment opportunities have been offered through the Fundrise Platform prior to this offering. Our sponsor has sponsored other real estate investment opportunities under other formats prior to this offering, but this is one of the initial REIT offerings being offered through the Fundrise Platform. The success of this offering, and our ability to implement our business strategy, is dependent upon our ability to sell our shares to investors through the Fundrise Platform. If we are not successful in selling our shares through the Fundrise Platform, our ability to raise proceeds through this offering will be limited and we may not have adequate capital to implement our investment strategy. If we are unsuccessful in implementing our investment strategy, you could lose all or a part of your investment.

 

 

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If we do not successfully implement a liquidity transaction, you may have to hold your investment for an indefinite period.

 

Although we presently intend to complete a transaction providing liquidity to shareholders within approximately five to seven years from the one-year anniversary of the initial qualification of this offering (September 30, 2017), our operating agreement does not require our Manager to pursue such a liquidity transaction. Market conditions and other factors could cause us to delay the listing of our shares on a national securities exchange or delay the commencement of a liquidation or other type of liquidity transaction, such as a merger or sale of assets, beyond approximately five to seven years from the one-year anniversary of the initial qualification of this offering (September 30, 2017). If our Manager does determine to pursue a liquidity transaction, we would be under no obligation to conclude the process within a set time. If we adopt a plan of liquidation, the timing of the sale of assets will depend on real estate and financial markets, economic conditions in areas in which properties are located, and the U.S. federal income tax effects on shareholders, that may prevail in the future. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to liquidate all assets. After we adopt a plan of liquidation, we would likely remain in existence until all our investments are liquidated. If we do not pursue a liquidity transaction, or delay such a transaction due to market conditions, your shares may continue to be illiquid and you may, for an indefinite period of time, be unable to convert your investment to cash easily and could suffer losses on your investment.

 

We may change our targeted investments and investment guidelines without shareholder consent.

 

Our Manager may change our targeted investments and investment guidelines at any time without the consent of our shareholders, which could result in our making investments that are different from, and possibly riskier than, the investments described in this offering circular. A change in our targeted investments or investment guidelines may increase our exposure to interest rate risk, default risk and real estate market fluctuations, all of which could adversely affect the value of our common shares and our ability to make distributions to you.

 

The market in which we participate is competitive and, if we do not compete effectively, our operating results could be harmed.

 

We compete with many other entities engaged in real estate investment activities, including individuals, corporations, bank and insurance company investment accounts, other REITs, private real estate funds, and other entities engaged in real estate investment activities as well as online real estate platforms that compete with the Fundrise Platform. This market is competitive and rapidly changing. We expect competition to persist and intensify in the future, which could harm our ability to increase volume on the Fundrise Platform.

 

Competition could result in reduced volumes, reduced fees or the failure of the Fundrise Platform to achieve or maintain more widespread market acceptance, any of which could harm our business. In addition, in the future we and the Fundrise Platform may experience new competition from more established internet companies possessing large, existing customer bases, substantial financial resources and established distribution channels. If any of these companies or any major financial institution decided to enter the online investment business, acquire one of our existing competitors or form a strategic alliance with one of our competitors, our ability to compete effectively could be significantly compromised and our operating results could be harmed.

 

Most of our current or potential competitors have significantly more financial, technical, marketing and other resources than we do and may be able to devote greater resources to the development, promotion, sale and support of their platforms and distribution channels. Larger real estate programs may enjoy significant competitive advantages that result from, among other things, a lower cost of capital and enhanced operating efficiencies. In addition, the number of entities and the amount of funds competing for suitable properties may increase. Any such increase would result in increased demand for these assets and therefore increased prices paid for them. If we pay higher prices for properties and other investments, our profitability will be reduced and you may experience a lower return on your investment.

 

Our potential competitors may also have longer operating histories, more extensive customer bases, greater brand recognition and broader customer relationships than we have. These competitors may be better able to develop new products, to respond quickly to new technologies and to undertake more extensive marketing campaigns. The online real estate investing industry is driven by constant innovation. If we or the Fundrise Platform are unable to compete with such companies and meet the need for innovation, the demand for the Fundrise Platform could stagnate or substantially decline.

 

We rely on third-party banks and on third-party computer hardware and software. If we are unable to continue utilizing these services, our business and ability to service the corresponding project loans and equity investments may be adversely affected.

 

We and the Fundrise Platform rely on third-party and FDIC-insured depository institutions to process our transactions, including payments of corresponding loans and equity investments, processing of subscriptions under this offering and distributions to our shareholders. Under the Automated Clearing House (ACH) rules, if we experience a high rate of reversed transactions (known as “chargebacks”), we may be subject to sanctions and potentially disqualified from using the system to process payments. The Fundrise Platform also relies on computer hardware purchased and software licensed from third parties. This purchased or licensed hardware and software may be physically located off-site, as is often the case with “cloud services”. This purchased or licensed hardware and software may not continue to be available on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. If the Fundrise Platform cannot continue to obtain such services elsewhere, or if it cannot transition to another processor quickly, our ability to process payments will suffer and your ability to receive distributions will be delayed or impaired.

 

 

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If our Manager fails to retain its key personnel, we may not be able to achieve our anticipated level of growth and our business could suffer.

 

Our future depends, in part, on our Manager’s ability to attract and retain key personnel. Our future also depends on the continued contributions of the executive officers and other key personnel of our Manager, each of whom would be difficult to replace. In particular, the Founder/Chief Executive Officer Benjamin S. Miller of our parent company and sponsor, Rise Companies Corp., who is the Chief Executive Officer of our Manager, is critical to the management of our business and operations and the development of our strategic direction. The loss of the services of Mr. Benjamin S. Miller or other executive officers or key personnel of our Manager and the process to replace any of our Manager’s key personnel would involve significant time and expense and may significantly delay or prevent the achievement of our business objectives.

 

Employee misconduct and unsubstantiated allegations against us and misconduct by employees of our sponsor could expose us to significant reputational harm.

 

We are vulnerable to reputational harm, as we operate in an industry where integrity and the confidence of our investors are of critical importance. If an employee of our sponsor or its affiliates were to engage in illegal or suspicious activities, or if unsubstantiated allegations are made against us or our sponsor by such employees, stockholders or others, our sponsor and we may suffer serious harm to our reputation (as a consequence of the negative perception resulting from such activities or allegations), financial position, relationships with key persons and companies in the real estate market, and our ability to attract new investors. Our business often requires that we deal with confidential information. If employees of our sponsor were to improperly use or disclose this information, we could suffer serious harm to our reputation, financial position and current and future business relationships.

 

It is not always possible to deter employee misconduct, and the precautions our sponsor takes to detect and prevent this activity may not be effective in all cases. Misconduct by our sponsor’s employees, or even unsubstantiated allegations of misconduct, could subject our sponsor and us to regulatory sanctions and result in an adverse effect on our reputation and our business.

 

If our techniques for managing risk are ineffective, we may be exposed to unanticipated losses.

 

In order to manage the significant risks inherent in our business, we must maintain effective policies, procedures and systems that enable us to identify, monitor and control our exposure to market, operational, legal and reputational risks. Our risk management methods may prove to be ineffective due to their design or implementation or as a result of the lack of adequate, accurate or timely information. If our risk management efforts are ineffective, we could suffer losses or face litigation, particularly from our clients, and sanctions or fines from regulators.

 

Our techniques for managing risks may not fully mitigate the risk exposure in all economic or market environments, or against all types of risk, including risks that we might fail to identify or anticipate. Any failures in our risk management techniques and strategies to accurately quantify such risk exposure could limit our ability to manage risks or to seek positive, risk-adjusted returns. In addition, any risk management failures could cause fund losses to be significantly greater than historical measures predict. Our more qualitative approach to managing those risks could prove insufficient, exposing us to unanticipated losses in our NAV and therefore a reduction in our revenues.

 

This offering is focused on attracting a large number of investors that plan on making relatively small investments. An inability to attract such investors may have an adverse effect on the success of our offering, and we may not raise adequate capital to implement our business strategy.

 

Our common shares are being offered and sold only to “qualified purchasers” (as defined in Regulation A). “Qualified purchasers” include: (i) “accredited investors” under Rule 501(a) of Regulation D (which, in the case of natural persons, (A) have an individual net worth, or joint net worth with the person’s spouse, that exceeds $1,000,000 at the time of the purchase, excluding the value of the primary residence of such person, or (B) earned income exceeding $200,000 in each of the two most recent years or joint income with a spouse exceeding $300,000 for those years and a reasonable expectation of the same income level in the current year) and (ii) all other investors so long as their investment in the particular issuer does not represent more than 10% of the greater of their annual income or net worth (for natural persons), or 10% of the greater of annual revenue or net assets at fiscal year-end (for non-natural persons). However, we intend to offer and sell our common shares only to those investors that are within the latter category (i.e., investors whose investment in our common shares does not represent more than 10% of the applicable amount), regardless of an investor’s status as an “accredited investor”. Therefore, our target investor base inherently consists of persons that may not have the high net worth or income that investors in traditional initial public offerings have, where the investor base is typically composed of “accredited investors”.

 

Our reliance on attracting investors that may not meet the net worth or income requirements of “accredited investors” carries certain risks that may not be present in traditional initial public offerings. For example, certain economic, geopolitical and social conditions may influence the investing habits and risk tolerance of these smaller investors to a greater extent than “accredited investors”, which may have an adverse effect on our ability to raise adequate capital to implement our business strategy. Additionally, our focus on investors that plan on making, or are able to make, relatively small investments requires a larger investor base in order to meet our annual goal of raising $50 million in our offering. We may have difficulties in attracting a large investor base, which may have an adverse effect on the success of this offering, and a larger investor base involves increased transaction costs, which will increase our expenses.

 

 

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We may engage in activities that produce UBTI.

 

An investment in us may not be suitable for tax-exempt U.S. investors, including IRAs. Tax-exempt U.S. investors should expect to recognize and be taxed on unrelated business taxable income (“UBTI”). If you are such a tax-exempt prospective investor, we strongly urge you to consult your own tax advisor with respect to the tax consequences to you of an investment in this offering.

 

Risks Related to our Sponsor and the Fundrise Platform

 

Our sponsor is a development stage company with limited operating history and no profits to date. As a company in the early stages of development, our sponsor faces increased risks, uncertainties, expenses and difficulties.

 

In order for us to be successful, the volume of investments and financings originated through the Fundrise Platform will need to increase, which will require our sponsor to increase its facilities, personnel and infrastructure to accommodate the greater obligations and demands on the Fundrise Platform. The Fundrise Platform is dependent upon the website to maintain current listings and transactions in real estate-related assets. Our sponsor also expects to constantly update its software and website, expand its customer support services and retain an appropriate number of employees to maintain the operations of the Fundrise Platform. If our business grows substantially, our sponsor may need to make significant new investments in personnel and infrastructure to support that growth. If our sponsor is unable to increase the capacity of the Fundrise Platform and maintain the necessary infrastructure, or if our sponsor is unable to make significant investments on a timely basis or at reasonable costs, you may experience delays in receipt of distributions on our common shares, periodic downtime of the Fundrise Platform or other disruptions to our business and operations.

 

Our sponsor will need to raise substantial additional capital to fund its operations, and if it fails to obtain additional funding, it may be unable to continue operations.

 

Prior to January 2017, our sponsor had funded substantially all of its operations with proceeds from private financings from individual investors. On January 31, 2017, our sponsor began an initial offering of shares of its class B common stock to the public. As of April 15, 2020, our sponsor had raised approximately $66.9 million through such equity offering. To continue the development of the Fundrise Platform, our sponsor will require substantial additional funds. To meet such financing requirements in the future, our sponsor may raise funds through equity offerings, debt financings or strategic alliances. Raising additional funds may involve agreements or covenants that restrict our sponsor’s business activities and options. Additional funding may not be available to it on favorable terms, or at all. If our sponsor is unable to obtain additional funds for the operation of the Fundrise Platform, it may be forced to reduce or terminate its operations, which may adversely affect our business and results of operations.

 

Our sponsor is currently incurring net losses and expects to continue incurring net losses in the future.

 

Our sponsor is currently incurring net losses and expects to continue incurring net losses in the future. Its failure to become profitable could impair the operations of the Fundrise Platform by limiting its access to working capital to operate the Fundrise Platform. In addition, our sponsor expects its operating expenses to increase in the future as it expands its operations. If our sponsor’s operating expenses exceed its expectations, its financial performance could be adversely affected. If its revenue does not grow to offset these increased expenses, our sponsor may never become profitable. In future periods, our sponsor may not have any revenue growth, or its revenue could decline.

 

If our sponsor were to enter bankruptcy proceedings, the operation of the Fundrise Platform and the activities with respect to our operations and business would be interrupted and subscription proceeds held in a segregated account may be subject to the bankruptcy.

 

If our sponsor were to enter bankruptcy proceedings or cease operations, we would be required to find other ways to meet obligations regarding our operations and business. Such alternatives could result in delays in the disbursement of distributions or the filing of reports or could require us to pay significant fees to another company that we engage to perform services for us.

 

 

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If the security of our investors’ confidential information stored in our sponsor’s systems is breached or otherwise subjected to unauthorized access, your secure information may be stolen.

 

The Fundrise Platform may store investors’ bank information and other personally-identifiable sensitive data. The Fundrise Platform is hosted in data centers that are compliant with payment card industry security standards and the website uses daily security monitoring services provided by Symantec Corporation. However, any accidental or willful security breach or other unauthorized access could cause your secure information to be stolen and used for criminal purposes, and you would be subject to increased risk of fraud or identity theft. Because techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or to sabotage systems change frequently and generally are not recognized until they are launched against a target, the Fundrise Platform and its third-party hosting facilities may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures. In addition, many states have enacted laws requiring companies to notify individuals of data security breaches involving their personal data. These mandatory disclosures regarding a security breach are costly to implement and often lead to widespread negative publicity, which may cause our investors and our partner real estate operators to lose confidence in the effectiveness of our data security measures. Any security breach, whether actual or perceived, would harm our reputation, resulting in the potential loss of investors and adverse effect on the value of your investment in us.

 

Any significant disruption in service on the Fundrise Platform or in its computer systems could reduce the attractiveness of the Fundrise Platform and result in a loss of users.

 

If a catastrophic event resulted in a platform outage and physical data loss, the Fundrise Platform’s ability to perform its functions would be adversely affected. The satisfactory performance, reliability, and availability of our sponsor’s technology and its underlying hosting services infrastructure are critical to our sponsor’s operations, level of customer service, reputation and ability to attract new users and retain existing users. Our sponsor’s hosting services infrastructure is provided by a third party hosting provider (the “Hosting Provider”). Our sponsor also maintains a backup system at a separate location that is owned and operated by a third party. The Hosting Provider does not guarantee that users’ access to the Fundrise Platform will be uninterrupted, error-free or secure. Our sponsor’s operations depend on the Hosting Provider’s ability to protect its and our sponsor’s systems in its facilities against damage or interruption from natural disasters, power or telecommunications failures, air quality, temperature, humidity and other environmental concerns, computer viruses or other attempts to harm our systems, criminal acts and similar events. If our sponsor’s arrangement with the Hosting Provider is terminated, or there is a lapse of service or damage to its facilities, our sponsor could experience interruptions in its service as well as delays and additional expense in arranging new facilities. Any interruptions or delays in our sponsor’s service, whether as a result of an error by the Hosting Provider or other third-party error, our sponsor’s own error, natural disasters or security breaches, whether accidental or willful, could harm our ability to perform any services for corresponding project investments or maintain accurate accounts, and could harm our sponsor’s relationships with users of the Fundrise Platform and our sponsor’s reputation. Additionally, in the event of damage or interruption, our sponsor’s insurance policies may not adequately compensate our sponsor for any losses that we may incur. Our sponsor’s disaster recovery plan has not been tested under actual disaster conditions, and it may not have sufficient capacity to recover all data and services in the event of an outage at a facility operated by the Hosting Provider. These factors could prevent us from processing or posting payments on the corresponding investments, damage our sponsor’s brand and reputation, divert our sponsor’s employees’ attention, and cause users to abandon the Fundrise Platform.

 

We do not own the Fundrise name, but were granted a license by our sponsor to use the Fundrise name. Use of the name by other parties or the termination of our license agreement may harm our business.

 

We have entered into a license agreement with our sponsor, pursuant to which our sponsor has granted us a non-exclusive, royalty-free license to use the name “Fundrise”. Under this agreement, we have a right to use the “Fundrise” name as long as our Manager continues to manage us. Our sponsor has retained the right to continue using the “Fundrise” name. Our sponsor is not precluded from licensing or transferring the ownership of the “Fundrise” name to third parties, some of whom may compete against us. Consequently, we will be unable to prevent any damage to the goodwill associated with our name that may occur as a result of the activities of our sponsor or others related to the use of our name. Furthermore, in the event the license agreement is terminated, we will be required to change our name and cease using the “Fundrise” name. Any of these events could disrupt our recognition in the market place, damage any goodwill we may have generated and otherwise harm our business.

 

Risks Related to Compliance and Regulation

 

We intend to offer our common shares pursuant to recent amendments to Regulation A promulgated pursuant to the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and we cannot be certain if the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to Tier 2 issuers will make our common shares less attractive to investors as compared to a traditional initial public offering.

 

As a Tier 2 issuer, we are subject to scaled disclosure and reporting requirements, which may make our common shares less attractive to investors as compared to a traditional initial public offering, which may make an investment in our common shares less attractive to investors who are accustomed to enhanced disclosure and more frequent financial reporting. In addition, given the relative lack of regulatory precedence regarding the recent amendments to Regulation A, there is a significant amount of regulatory uncertainty in regard to how the SEC or the individual state securities regulators will regulate both the offer and sale of our securities, as well as any ongoing compliance that we may be subject to. If our scaled disclosure and reporting requirements, or regulatory uncertainty regarding Regulation A, reduces the attractiveness of our common shares, we may be unable to raise the necessary funds necessary to commence operations, or to develop a diversified portfolio of multifamily rental properties and development project investments, which could severely affect the value of our common shares.

 

 

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Under Section 107 of the JOBS Act, we are permitted to use the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. This permits us to delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to use the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until the earlier of the date that we (i) are no longer an emerging growth company or (ii) affirmatively and irrevocably opt out of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B). By electing to extend the transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with all public accounting standards.

 

Our use of Form 1-A and our reliance on Regulation A for this offering may make it more difficult to raise capital as and when we need it, as compared to if we were conducting a traditional initial public offering on Form S-11.

 

Because of the exemptions from various reporting requirements provided to us under Regulation A and because we are only permitted to raise up to $50 million in any 12-month period under Regulation A (although we may raise capital in other ways), we may be less attractive to investors and it may be difficult for us to raise additional capital as and when we need it. Investors may be unable to compare our business with other companies in our industry if they believe that our financial accounting is not as transparent as other companies in our industry. If we are unable to raise additional capital as and when we need it, our financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

 

There may be deficiencies with our internal controls that require improvements, and if we are unable to adequately evaluate internal controls, we may be subject to sanctions.

 

As a Tier 2 issuer, we do not need to provide a report on the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting, and we are exempt from the auditor attestation requirements concerning any such report so long as we are a Tier 2 issuer. We are in the process of evaluating whether our internal control procedures are effective and therefore there is a greater likelihood of undiscovered errors in our internal controls or reported financial statements as compared to issuers that have conducted such evaluations.

 

Non-compliance with laws and regulations may impair our ability to arrange, service or otherwise manage our loans and other assets.

 

Failure to comply with the laws and regulatory requirements applicable to our business may, among other things, limit our, or a collection agency’s, ability to collect all or part of the payments on our investments. In addition, our non-compliance could subject us to damages, revocation of required licenses or other authorities, class action lawsuits, administrative enforcement actions, and civil and criminal liability, which may harm our business.

 

Some states, including California, require nonfinancial companies, such as Fundrise Lending, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Rise Companies Corp. (“Fundrise Lending”) that work with our Manager to originate loans and other real estate investments, to obtain a real estate or other license in order to make commercial loans on a regular basis. Fundrise Lending has a California Finance Lenders Law License with California’s Department of Business Oversight that satisfies the requirements in California. Fundrise Lending does not intend to finance loans in states where such licenses are required until it obtains the required license. Fundrise Lending may, in the future, affiliate itself with third parties such as financial institutions in order to be able to arrange loans in jurisdictions where it might otherwise be restricted.

 

Maintenance of our Investment Company Act exemption imposes limits on our operations, which may adversely affect our operations.

 

We intend to continue to conduct our operations so that neither we nor any of our subsidiaries is required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act. We anticipate that we will hold real estate and real estate-related assets described below (i) directly, (ii) through wholly-owned subsidiaries, (iii) through majority-owned joint venture subsidiaries, and, (iv) to a lesser extent, through minority-owned joint venture subsidiaries.

 

We expect to use substantially all of the net proceeds from this offering (after paying or reimbursing organization and offering expenses) to invest in and manage a diverse portfolio of assets primarily consisting of multifamily rental properties and development projects through the acquisition of equity interests in such properties or debt, as well as commercial real estate debt securities and other real estate-related assets, where the underlying assets primarily consist of such properties.

 

 

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In connection with the Section 3(a)(1)(C) analysis, the determination of whether an entity is a majority-owned subsidiary of our Company is made by us. The Investment Company Act defines a majority-owned subsidiary of a person as a company 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of which are owned by such person, or by another company which is a majority-owned subsidiary of such person. The Investment Company Act further defines voting security as any security presently entitling the owner or holder thereof to vote for the election of directors of a company. We treat companies in which we own at least a majority of the outstanding voting securities as majority-owned subsidiaries. We also treat subsidiaries of which we or our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is the manager (in a manager-managed entity) or managing member (in a member-managed entity) or in which our agreement or the agreement of our wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiary is required for all major decisions affecting the subsidiaries (referred to herein as “Controlled Subsidiaries”), as majority-owned subsidiaries even though none of the interests issued by such Controlled Subsidiaries meets the definition of voting securities under the Investment Company Act. We reached our conclusion on the basis that the interests issued by the Controlled Subsidiaries are the functional equivalent of voting securities. We have not asked the SEC staff for concurrence of our analysis, our treatment of such interests as voting securities, or whether the Controlled Subsidiaries, or any other of our subsidiaries, may be treated in the manner in which we intend, and it is possible that the SEC staff could disagree with any of our determinations. If the SEC staff were to disagree with our treatment of one or more companies as majority-owned subsidiaries, we would need to adjust our strategy and our assets. Any such adjustment in our strategy could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

Certain of our subsidiaries may rely on the exclusion provided by Section 3(c)(5)(C) under the Investment Company Act. Section 3(c)(5)(C) of the Investment Company Act is designed for entities “primarily engaged in the business of purchasing or otherwise acquiring mortgages and other liens on and interests in real estate”. This exclusion generally requires that at least 55% of the entity’s assets on an unconsolidated basis consist of qualifying real estate assets and at least 80% of the entity’s assets consist of qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets. These requirements limit the assets those subsidiaries can own and the timing of sales and purchases of those assets.

 

To classify the assets held by our subsidiaries as qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets, we rely on no-action letters and other guidance published by the SEC staff regarding those kinds of assets, as well as upon our analyses (in consultation with outside counsel) of guidance published with respect to other types of assets. There can be no assurance that the laws and regulations governing the Investment Company Act status of companies similar to ours, or the guidance from the SEC or its staff regarding the treatment of assets as qualifying real estate assets or real estate-related assets, will not change in a manner that adversely affects our operations. In fact, in August 2011, the SEC published a concept release in which it asked for comments on this exclusion from regulation. To the extent that the SEC staff provides more specific guidance regarding any of the matters bearing upon our exemption from the need to register or exclusion under the Investment Company Act, we may be required to adjust our strategy accordingly. Any additional guidance from the SEC staff could further inhibit our ability to pursue the strategies that we have chosen.

 

Furthermore, although we intend to monitor the assets of our subsidiaries regularly, there can be no assurance that our subsidiaries will be able to maintain their exclusion from registration. Any of the foregoing could require us to adjust our strategy, which could limit our ability to make certain investments or require us to sell assets in a manner, at a price or at a time that we otherwise would not have chosen. This could negatively affect the value of our common shares, the sustainability of our business model and our ability to make distributions.

 

Registration under the Investment Company Act would require us to comply with a variety of substantive requirements that impose, among other things:

 

limitations on capital structure;

 

restrictions on specified investments;

 

restrictions on leverage or senior securities;

 

restrictions on unsecured borrowings;

 

prohibitions on transactions with affiliates; and

 

compliance with reporting, record keeping, voting, proxy disclosure and other rules and regulations that would significantly increase our operating expenses.

 

If we were required to register as an investment company but failed to do so, we could be prohibited from engaging in our business, and criminal and civil actions could be brought against us.

 

 

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Registration with the SEC as an investment company would be costly, would subject us to a host of complex regulations and would divert attention from the conduct of our business, which could materially and adversely affect us. In addition, if we purchase or sell any real estate assets to avoid becoming an investment company under the Investment Company Act, our NAV, the amount of funds available for investment and our ability to pay distributions to our shareholders could be materially adversely affected.

 

We are not subject to the banking regulations of any state or federal regulatory agency.

 

We are not subject to the periodic examinations to which commercial banks and other thrift institutions are subject. Consequently, our financing decisions and our decisions regarding establishing loan loss reserves are not subject to periodic review by any governmental agency. Moreover, we are not subject to regulatory oversight relating to our capital, asset quality, management or compliance with laws.

 

Recent legislative and regulatory initiatives have imposed restrictions and requirements on financial institutions that could have an adverse effect on our business.

 

The financial industry is becoming more highly regulated. There has been, and may continue to be, a related increase in regulatory investigations of the trading and other investment activities of alternative investment funds. Such investigations may impose additional expenses on us, may require the attention of senior management of our Manager and may result in fines if we are deemed to have violated any regulations.

 

As Internet commerce develops, federal and state governments may adopt new laws to regulate Internet commerce, which may negatively affect our business.

 

As Internet commerce continues to evolve, increasing regulation by federal and state governments becomes more likely. Our and the Fundrise Platform’s business could be negatively affected by the application of existing laws and regulations or the enactment of new laws applicable to our business. The cost to comply with such laws or regulations could be significant and would increase our operating expenses, which could negatively impact our ability to acquire multifamily rental properties and development projects consisting of commercial real estate equity investments, commercial real estate loans and other real estate investments. In addition, federal and state governmental or regulatory agencies may decide to impose taxes on services provided over the Internet. These taxes could discourage the use of the Internet as a means of raising capital, which would adversely affect the viability of the Fundrise Platform.

 

Laws intended to prohibit money laundering may require Fundrise to disclose investor information to regulatory authorities.

 

The Uniting and Strengthening America By Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the “PATRIOT Act”) requires that financial institutions establish and maintain compliance programs to guard against money laundering activities, and requires the Secretary of the U.S. Treasury (“Treasury”) to prescribe regulations in connection with anti-money laundering policies of financial institutions. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”), an agency of the Treasury, has announced that it is likely that such regulations would subject certain pooled investment vehicles to enact anti-money laundering policies. It is possible that there could be promulgated legislation or regulations that would require Fundrise or its service providers to share information with governmental authorities with respect to prospective investors in connection with the establishment of anti-money laundering procedures. Such legislation and/or regulations could require us to implement additional restrictions on the transfer of our common shares to comply with such legislation and/or regulations. We reserve the right to request such information as is necessary to verify the identity of prospective shareholders and the source of the payment of subscription monies, or as is necessary to comply with any customer identification programs required by FinCEN and/or the SEC. In the event of delay or failure by a prospective shareholder to produce any information required for verification purposes, an application for, or transfer of, our common shares may be refused. We do not have the ability to reject a transfer of our common shares where all necessary information is provided and any other applicable transfer requirements, including those imposed under the transfer provisions of our operating agreement, are satisfied.

 

Risks Related to Conflicts of Interest

 

There are conflicts of interest between us, our Manager and its affiliates.

 

Our Manager’s executive officers, including our Manager’s Chief Executive Officer, Benjamin S. Miller, are principals in the Manager’s parent company, Rise Companies Corp., which provides asset management and other services to our Manager and us. Prevailing market rates are determined by Management based on industry standards and expectations of what Management would be able to negotiate with a third party on an arm’s length basis. All of the agreements and arrangements between such parties, including those relating to compensation, are not the result of arm’s length negotiations. Some of the conflicts inherent in our Company’s transactions with the Manager and its affiliates, and the limitations on such parties adopted to address these conflicts, are described below. Our Company, Manager and their affiliates try to balance our interests with their own. However, to the extent that such parties take actions that are more favorable to other entities than us, these actions could have negative impact on our financial performance and, consequently, on distributions to shareholders and the value of our common shares. We have adopted a conflicts of interest policy and certain conflicts will be reviewed by the Independent Representative (defined below). See “Conflicts of Interest—Certain Conflict Resolution Measures—Independent Representative” and “—Our Policies Relating to Conflicts of Interest”.

 

 

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Our Manager faces a conflict of interest because the asset management fee it receives for services performed for us is based on our NAV, which employees of our sponsor, the parent company of our Manager, are ultimately responsible for determining.

 

Our Manager, a wholly-owned subsidiary of our sponsor, is paid an asset management fee, which is based on our NAV as calculated by our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team. The calculation of our NAV involves certain subjective judgments with respect to estimating, for example, the value of our commercial real estate assets and investments and accruals of our operating revenues and expenses, and therefore, our NAV may not correspond to the realizable value upon a sale of those assets. Because the calculation of NAV involves subjective judgment, there can be no assurance that the estimates used by our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team to calculate our NAV, or the resulting NAV, will be identical to the estimates that would be used, or the NAV that would be calculated, by an independent consultant. In addition, our Manager may benefit by us retaining ownership of our assets at times when our shareholders may be better served by the sale or disposition of our assets in order to avoid a reduction in our NAV. Finally, the determination of our NAV is not based on, nor intended to comply with, fair value standards under GAAP, and our NAV may not be indicative of the price that we would receive for our assets at current market conditions.

 

The interests of the Manager, the principals and its other affiliates may conflict with your interests.

 

The operating agreement provides our Manager with broad powers and authority which may result in one or more conflicts of interest between your interests and those of the Manager, the principals and its other affiliates. This risk is increased by the Manager being controlled by Benjamin Miller, who is a principal in our sponsor and who participates, or expects to participate, directly or indirectly in other offerings by our sponsor and its affiliates. Potential conflicts of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

 

the Manager, the principals and/or its other affiliates are offering, and may continue to originate and offer, other real estate investment opportunities, including additional equity and debt offerings similar to this offering, primarily through the Fundrise Platform, and may make investments in real estate assets for their own respective accounts, whether or not competitive with our business;

 

 

the Manager, the principals and/or its other affiliates are not required to disgorge any profits or fees or other compensation they may receive from any other business they own separately from us, and you will not be entitled to receive or share in any of the profits return fees or compensation from any other business owned and operated by the Manager, the principals and/or its other affiliates for their own benefit;

 

 

we may engage the Manager or affiliates of the Manager to perform services at prevailing market rates. Prevailing market rates are determined by the Manager based on industry standards and expectations of what the Manager would be able to negotiate with third party on an arm’s length basis; and

 

 

the Manager, the principals and/or its other affiliates are not required to devote all of their time and efforts to our affairs.

 

We have agreed to limit remedies available to us and our shareholders for actions by our Manager that might otherwise constitute a breach of duty.

 

Our Manager maintains a contractual, as opposed to a fiduciary relationship, with us and our shareholders. Accordingly, we and our shareholders only have recourse and are able to seek remedies against our Manager to the extent it breaches its obligations pursuant to our operating agreement. Furthermore, we have agreed to limit the liability of our Manager and to indemnify our Manager against certain liabilities. These provisions are detrimental to shareholders because they restrict the remedies available to them for actions that without those limitations might constitute breaches of duty, including fiduciary duties. By purchasing our common shares, you will be treated as having consented to the provisions set forth in the operating agreement. In addition, we may choose not to enforce, or to enforce less vigorously, our rights under the operating agreement because of our desire to maintain our ongoing relationship with our Manager.

 

 

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Risks Related to Our Investments

 

Our real estate and real estate-related assets are subject to the risks typically associated with real estate.

 

Our real estate and real estate-related assets are subject to the risks typically associated with real estate. The value of real estate may be adversely affected by a number of risks, including:

 

 

public health crises, pandemics and epidemics, such as those caused by new strains of viruses such as H5N1 (avian flu), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and, most recently, the novel coronavirus (COVID-19);

 

 

natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes and floods;

 

 

acts of war or terrorism, including the consequences of terrorist attacks, such as those that occurred on September 11, 2001;

 

 

adverse changes in national and local economic and real estate conditions;

 

 

an oversupply of (or a reduction in demand for) space in the areas where particular properties are located and the attractiveness of particular properties to prospective tenants;

 

 

changes in governmental laws and regulations, fiscal policies and zoning ordinances and the related costs of compliance therewith and the potential for liability under applicable laws;

 

 

costs of remediation and liabilities associated with environmental conditions affecting properties; and

 

 

the potential for uninsured or underinsured property losses.

 

The value of each property is affected significantly by its ability to generate cash flow and net income, which in turn depends on the amount of rental or other income that can be generated net of expenses required to be incurred with respect to the property. Many expenditures associated with properties (such as operating expenses and capital expenditures) cannot be reduced when there is a reduction in income from the properties.

 

In addition, our commercial real estate loans and other debt-related assets will generally be directly or indirectly secured by a lien on real property that, upon the occurrence of a default on the loan, could result in our acquiring ownership of the property. We will not know whether the values of the properties ultimately securing our loans will remain at the levels existing on the dates of origination of those loans. If the values of the mortgaged properties drop, our risk will increase because of the lower value of the security associated with such loans. In this manner, real estate values could impact the values of our loan investments. Our investments in commercial real estate-related debt securities may be similarly affected by real estate property values.

 

These factors may have a material adverse effect on the value that we can realize from our assets.

 

The actual rents we receive for the properties in our portfolio may be less than estimated market rents, and we may experience a decline in realized rental rates from time to time, which could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flow.

 

As a result of potential factors, including competitive pricing pressure in our markets, a general economic downturn and the desirability of our properties compared to other properties in our markets, we may be unable to realize our estimated market rents across the properties in our portfolio. Depending on market rental rates at any given time as compared to expiring leases in our portfolio, from time to time rental rates for expiring leases may be higher than starting rental rates for new leases. If we are unable to obtain sufficient rental rates across our portfolio, then our ability to generate cash flow growth will be negatively impacted.

 

A concentration of our investments in residential property may leave our profitability vulnerable to a downturn or slowdown in the sector.

 

Our property portfolio is comprised primarily of multifamily rental properties and development projects. As a result, we are subject to risks inherent in investments in such types of property. Because our investments are primarily in the residential sector, the potential effects on our revenue and profits resulting from a downturn or slowdown in the residential sector could be more pronounced than if we had more fully diversified our investments.

 

Our reliance on short-term leases may intensify the effects of declining market rents.

 

We expect substantially all of our apartment leases will continue to be for a term of one year or less. Because these leases generally permit the residents to leave at the end of the lease term without penalty, our rental revenues may be impacted by declines in market rents more quickly than if our leases were for longer terms.

 

 

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Increased competition, including increased affordability of single-family homes, could limit our ability to attract or retain residents, or increase or maintain rents.

 

Any apartment communities we may acquire will most likely compete with numerous housing alternatives in attracting residents, including single-family homes, as well as owner occupied single- and multifamily homes available to rent. Competitive housing in a particular area and the increasing affordability of owner occupied single- and multifamily homes available to rent or buy caused by declining mortgage interest rates and government programs to promote home ownership could adversely affect our ability to attract or retain our residents, or increase or maintain rents.

 

The retail component of our residential properties may expose us to the unique risks of owning retail properties.

 

Some of our residential properties may have a retail component. The retail space at our properties primarily serves as an additional amenity for our residents. The long-term nature of our retail leases and the characteristics of our expected tenants (the majority of which may be small, local businesses) may subject us to certain risks. We may not be able to lease new space for rents that are consistent with our projections or for market rates. Also, when leases for our existing retail space expire, the terms of reletting, including the cost of allowances and concessions to tenants, may be less favorable than the current lease terms.

 

In addition, our properties compete with other properties with retail space. The presence of competitive alternatives may affect our ability to lease space and the level of rents we can obtain. If our retail tenants experience financial distress or bankruptcy, they may fail to comply with their contractual obligations, seek concessions in order to continue operations or cease their operations which could adversely impact our results of operations and financial condition.

 

The geographic concentration of our investments in a limited number of regions may make our business vulnerable to adverse conditions in such regions. As a result, our investments may lose value and we may experience losses.

 

We invest primarily in real estate and real estate-related assets located primarily in a limited number of geographic locations or secured by a single property or properties in a limited number of geographic locations, specifically, in the states of Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, as well as the MSAs of Washington, DC and Philadelphia, PA. Investing in a limited number of regions carries the risks associated with significant geographical concentration. Geographic concentration of properties exposes our projects to adverse conditions in the areas where the properties are located, including general economic downturns, increased competition, real estate conditions, terrorist attacks, potential impacts from labor disputes, earthquakes and wildfires, and other natural disasters occurring in such markets. Such major, localized events in our target investment areas could adversely affect our business and revenues, which would adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

We may not be able to rebuild our existing properties to their existing specifications if we experience a substantial or comprehensive loss of such properties.

 

In the event that we experience a substantial or comprehensive loss of one of our properties, we may not be able to rebuild such property to its existing specifications. Further, reconstruction or improvement of such a property would likely require significant upgrades to meet zoning and building code requirements. Environmental and legal restrictions could also restrict the rebuilding of our properties.

 

Properties that have significant vacancies could be difficult to sell, which could diminish the return on these properties.

 

A property may incur vacancies either by the expiration of tenant leases or the continued default of tenants under their leases. If vacancies continue for a long period of time, we may suffer reduced revenues resulting in less cash available for distribution to our shareholders. In addition, the resale value of the property could be diminished because the market value of our properties will depend principally upon the value of the cash flow generated by the leases associated with that property. Such a reduction in the resale value of a property could also reduce the value of our shareholders’ investment.

 

Further, a decline in general economic conditions in the markets in which our investments are located or in the U.S. generally could lead to an increase in tenant defaults, lower rental rates and less demand for commercial real estate space in those markets. As a result of these trends, we may be more inclined to provide leasing incentives to our tenants in order to compete in a more competitive leasing environment. Such trends may result in reduced revenue and lower resale value of properties, which may reduce your return.

 

We depend on tenants for our revenue, and lease defaults or terminations could reduce our net income and limit our ability to make distributions to our shareholders.

 

The success of our investments materially depends on the financial stability of our tenants. A default or termination by a tenant on its lease payments to us would cause us to lose the revenue associated with such lease and require us to find an alternative source of revenue to meet mortgage payments and prevent a foreclosure, if the property is subject to a mortgage. In the event of a tenant default or bankruptcy, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment and re-leasing our property. If a tenant defaults on or terminates a lease, we may be unable to lease the property for the rent previously received or sell the property without incurring a loss. These events could cause us to reduce the amount of distributions to you.

 

 

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To the extent we acquire retail properties, our revenue will be significantly impacted by the success and economic viability of our retail anchor tenants. Our reliance on a single tenant or significant tenants in certain buildings may decrease our ability to lease vacated space and adversely affect the returns on our shareholders’ investment.

 

In the retail sector, a tenant occupying all or a large portion of the gross leasable area of a retail center, commonly referred to as an anchor tenant, may become insolvent, may suffer a downturn in business and default on or terminate its lease, or may decide not to renew its lease. Any of these events would result in a reduction or cessation in rental payments to us from that tenant and would adversely affect our financial condition. A lease termination by an anchor tenant could result in lease terminations or reductions in rent by other tenants whose leases may permit cancellation or rent reduction if an anchor tenant’s lease is terminated. In such event, we may be unable to re-lease the vacated space. Similarly, the leases of some anchor tenants may permit the anchor tenant to transfer its lease to another retailer. The transfer to a new anchor tenant could cause customer traffic in the retail center to decrease and thereby reduce the income generated by that retail center. A lease transfer to a new anchor tenant could also allow other tenants, under the terms of their respective leases, to make reduced rental payments or to terminate their leases. In the event that we are unable to re-lease the vacated space to a new anchor tenant, we may incur additional expenses in order to renovate and subdivide the space to be able to re-lease the space to more than one tenant.

 

Potential development and construction delays and resultant increased costs and risks may hinder our operating results and decrease our net income.

 

From time to time we may acquire unimproved real property or properties that are under development or construction. Investments in such properties are subject to the uncertainties associated with the development and construction of real property, including those related to re-zoning land for development, environmental concerns of governmental entities and/or community groups and our builders’ ability to build in conformity with plans, specifications, budgeted costs and timetables. If a builder fails to perform, we may resort to legal action to rescind the purchase or the construction contract or to compel performance. A builder’s performance may also be affected or delayed by conditions beyond the builder’s control. Delays in completing construction could also give tenants the right to terminate preconstruction leases. We may incur additional risks when we make periodic progress payments or other advances to builders before they complete construction. These and other factors can result in increased costs of a project or loss of our investment. In addition, we are subject to normal lease-up risks relating to newly constructed projects. We also must rely on rental income and expense projections and estimates of the fair market value of property upon completion of construction when agreeing upon a purchase price at the time we acquire the property. If our projections are inaccurate, we may pay too much for a property, and the return on our investment could suffer. In addition, to the extent we make or acquire loans to finance construction or renovation projects, risks of cost overruns and non-completion of the construction or renovation of the properties underlying loans we make or acquire may materially adversely affect our investment.

 

Actions of any joint venture partners that we may have in the future could reduce the returns on joint venture investments and decrease our shareholders’ overall return.

 

We may enter into joint ventures to acquire properties and other assets. We may also purchase and develop properties in joint ventures or in partnerships, co-tenancies or other co-ownership arrangements. Such investments may involve risks not otherwise present with other methods of investment, including, for example, the following risks:

 

 

that our co-venturer, co-tenant or partner in an investment could become insolvent or bankrupt;

 

 

that such co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may at any time have economic or business interests or goals that are or that become inconsistent with our business interests or goals;

 

 

that such co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may be in a position to take action contrary to our instructions or requests or contrary to our policies or objectives; or

 

 

that disputes between us and our co-venturer, co-tenant or partner may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase our expenses and prevent our officers and directors from focusing their time and effort on our operations.

 

Any of the above might subject a property to liabilities in excess of those contemplated and thus reduce our returns on that investment and the value of your investment.

 

 

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Costs imposed pursuant to governmental laws and regulations may reduce our net income and the cash available for distributions to our shareholders.

 

Real property and the operations conducted on real property are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to protection of the environment and human health. We could be subject to liability in the form of fines, penalties or damages for noncompliance with these laws and regulations. These laws and regulations generally govern wastewater discharges, air emissions, the operation and removal of underground and above-ground storage tanks, the use, storage, treatment, transportation and disposal of solid and hazardous materials, the remediation of contamination associated with the release or disposal of solid and hazardous materials, the presence of toxic building materials and other health and safety-related concerns.

 

Some of these laws and regulations may impose joint and several liability on the tenants, owners or operators of real property for the costs to investigate or remediate contaminated properties, regardless of fault, whether the contamination occurred prior to purchase, or whether the acts causing the contamination were legal. Activities of our tenants, the condition of properties at the time we buy them, operations in the vicinity of our properties, such as the presence of underground storage tanks, or activities of unrelated third parties may affect our properties.

 

The presence of hazardous substances, or the failure to properly manage or remediate these substances, may hinder our ability to sell, rent or pledge such property as collateral for future borrowings. Any material expenditures, fines, penalties or damages we must pay will reduce our ability to make distributions and may reduce the value of your investment.

 

The costs of defending against claims of environmental liability, of complying with environmental regulatory requirements, of remediating any contaminated property or of paying personal injury or other damage claims could reduce the amounts available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

Under various federal, state and local environmental laws, ordinances and regulations, a current or previous real property owner or operator may be liable for the cost of removing or remediating hazardous or toxic substances on, under or in such property. These costs could be substantial. Such laws often impose liability whether or not the owner or operator knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of such hazardous or toxic substances. Environmental laws also may impose liens on property or restrictions on the manner in which property may be used or businesses may be operated, and these restrictions may require substantial expenditures or prevent us from entering into leases with prospective tenants that may be impacted by such laws. Environmental laws provide for sanctions for noncompliance and may be enforced by governmental agencies or, in certain circumstances, by private parties. Certain environmental laws and common law principles could be used to impose liability for the release of and exposure to hazardous substances, including asbestos-containing materials and lead-based paint. Third parties may seek recovery from real property owners or operators for personal injury or property damage associated with exposure to released hazardous substances and governments may seek recovery for natural resource damage. The costs of defending against claims of environmental liability, of complying with environmental regulatory requirements, of remediating any contaminated property, or of paying personal injury, property damage or natural resource damage claims could reduce the amounts available for distribution to you.

 

We continue to expect that all of our properties will be subject to Phase I environmental assessments at the time they are acquired; however, such assessments may not provide complete environmental histories due, for example, to limited available information about prior operations at the properties or other gaps in information at the time we acquire the property. A Phase I environmental assessment is an initial environmental investigation to identify potential environmental liabilities associated with the current and past uses of a given property. If any of our properties were found to contain hazardous or toxic substances after our acquisition, the value of our investment could decrease below the amount paid for such investment. In addition, real estate-related investments in which we invest may be secured by properties with recognized environmental conditions. Where we are secured creditors, we will attempt to acquire contractual agreements, including environmental indemnities, that protect us from losses arising out of environmental problems in the event the property is transferred by foreclosure or bankruptcy; however, no assurances can be given that such indemnities would fully protect us from responsibility for costs associated with addressing any environmental problems related to such properties.

 

Costs associated with complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act may decrease cash available for distributions.

 

Our properties may be subject to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended, or the ADA. Under the ADA, all places of public accommodation are required to comply with federal requirements related to access and use by disabled persons. The ADA has separate compliance requirements for “public accommodations” and “commercial facilities” that generally require that buildings and services be made accessible and available to people with disabilities. The ADA’s requirements could require removal of access barriers and could result in the imposition of injunctive relief, monetary penalties or, in some cases, an award of damages. Any funds used for ADA compliance will reduce our net income and the amount of cash available for distributions to you.

 

 

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Uninsured losses relating to real property or excessively expensive premiums for insurance coverage could reduce our cash flows and the return on our shareholders’ investment.

 

There are types of losses, generally catastrophic in nature, such as losses due to wars, acts of terrorism, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, pollution or environmental matters, that are uninsurable or not economically insurable, or may be insured subject to limitations, such as large deductibles or co-payments. Insurance risks associated with potential acts of terrorism could sharply increase the premiums we pay for coverage against property and casualty claims. Additionally, mortgage lenders in some cases insist that commercial property owners purchase coverage against terrorism as a condition for providing mortgage loans. Such insurance policies may not be available at reasonable costs, if at all, which could inhibit our ability to finance or refinance our properties. In such instances, we may be required to provide other financial support, either through financial assurances or self-insurance, to cover potential losses. We may not have adequate coverage for such losses. If any of our properties incurs a casualty loss that is not fully insured, the value of our assets will be reduced by any such uninsured loss, which may reduce the value of your investment. In addition, other than any working capital reserve or other reserves we may establish, we have no source of funding to repair or reconstruct any uninsured property. Also, to the extent we must pay unexpectedly large amounts for insurance, we could suffer reduced earnings that would result in lower distributions to you.

 

In addition, insurance may not cover all potential losses on properties underlying mortgage loans that we may originate or acquire, which may impair our security and harm the value of our assets. We require that each of the borrowers under our mortgage loan investments obtain comprehensive insurance covering the mortgaged property, including liability, fire and extended coverage. However, there are certain types of losses, generally of a catastrophic nature, such as earthquakes, floods and hurricanes that may be uninsurable or not economically insurable. We may not require borrowers to obtain terrorism insurance if it is deemed commercially unreasonable. Inflation, changes in building codes and ordinances, environmental considerations, and other factors also might make it infeasible to use insurance proceeds to replace a property if it is damaged or destroyed. Under such circumstances, the insurance proceeds, if any, might not be adequate to restore the economic value of the mortgaged property, which might impair our security and decrease the value of the property.

 

The commercial real estate loans we originate and invest in could be subject to delinquency, foreclosure and loss, which could result in losses to us.

 

Commercial real estate loans are secured by multifamily or commercial property and are subject to risks of delinquency and foreclosure. The ability of a borrower to repay a loan secured by an income-producing property typically is dependent primarily upon the successful operation of such property rather than upon the existence of independent income or assets of the borrower. If the net operating income of the property is reduced, the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired. Net operating income of an income-producing property can be affected by, among other things: tenant mix, success of tenant businesses, property management decisions, property location and condition, competition from comparable types of properties, changes in laws that increase operating expenses or limit rents that may be charged, any need to address environmental contamination at the property, the occurrence of any uninsured casualty at the property, changes in national, regional or local economic conditions and/or specific industry segments, declines in regional or local real estate values, declines in regional or local rental or occupancy rates, increases in interest rates, real estate tax rates and other operating expenses, changes in governmental rules, regulations and fiscal policies, including environmental legislation, natural disasters, terrorism, social unrest and civil disturbances. In addition, to the extent we originate or acquire adjustable rate mortgage loans, such loans may contribute to higher delinquency rates because borrowers with adjustable rate mortgage loans may be exposed to increased monthly payments if the related mortgage interest rate adjusts upward from the initial fixed rate.

 

In the event of any default under a mortgage loan held directly by us, we will bear a risk of loss of principal to the extent of any deficiency between the value of the collateral and the principal and accrued interest of the mortgage loan, which could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow from operations. We expect that many of the commercial real estate loans that we originate will be fully or substantially non-recourse. In the event of a default by a borrower on a non-recourse loan, we will only have recourse to the underlying asset (including any escrowed funds and reserves) collateralizing the loan. If a borrower defaults on one of our commercial real estate loans and the underlying asset collateralizing the commercial real estate loan is insufficient to satisfy the outstanding balance of the commercial real estate loan, we may suffer a loss of principal or interest. In addition, even if we have recourse to a borrower’s assets, we may not have full recourse to such assets in the event of a borrower bankruptcy.

 

Foreclosure of a mortgage loan can be an expensive and lengthy process that could have a substantial negative effect on our anticipated return on the foreclosed mortgage loan. In the event of the bankruptcy of a mortgage loan borrower, the mortgage loan to such borrower will be deemed to be secured only to the extent of the value of the mortgaged property at the time of bankruptcy (as determined by the bankruptcy court), and the lien securing the mortgage loan will be subject to the avoidance powers of the bankruptcy trustee or debtor-in-possession to the extent the lien is unenforceable under state law. The resulting time delay could reduce the value of our investment in the defaulted mortgage loans, impede our ability to foreclose on or sell the mortgaged property or to obtain proceeds sufficient to repay all amounts due to us on the mortgage loan.

 

Our investments in subordinated commercial real estate loans may be subject to losses.

 

We may acquire or originate subordinated commercial real estate loans. In the event a borrower defaults on a subordinated loan and lacks sufficient assets to satisfy our loan, we may suffer a loss of principal or interest. In the event a borrower declares bankruptcy, we may not have full recourse to the assets of the borrower, or the assets of the borrower may not be sufficient to satisfy the loan. If a borrower defaults on our loan or on debt senior to our loan, or in the event of a borrower bankruptcy, our loan will be satisfied only after the senior debt is paid in full. Where debt senior to our loan exists, the presence of intercreditor arrangements may limit our ability to amend our loan documents, assign our loans, accept prepayments, exercise our remedies (through “standstill periods”), and control decisions made in bankruptcy proceedings relating to borrowers.

 

 

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The mezzanine loans in which we may invest involve greater risks of loss than senior loans secured by the same properties.

 

We may invest in mezzanine loans that take the form of subordinated loans secured by a pledge of the ownership interests of either the entity owning the real property or an entity that owns (directly or indirectly) the interest in the entity owning the real property. These types of investments may involve a higher degree of risk than long-term senior mortgage lending secured by income-producing real property because the investment may become unsecured as a result of foreclosure by the senior lender. In the event of a bankruptcy of the entity providing the pledge of its ownership interests as security, we may not have full recourse to the assets of such entity, or the assets of the entity may not be sufficient to satisfy our mezzanine loan. If a borrower defaults on our mezzanine loan or debt senior to our loan, or in the event of a borrower bankruptcy, our mezzanine loan will be satisfied only after the senior debt. As a result, we may not recover some or all of our investment. In addition, mezzanine loans may have higher loan-to-value ratios than conventional mortgage loans, resulting in less equity in the real property and increasing the risk of loss of principal.

 

Majority-owned subsidiaries we may invest in will be subject to specific risks relating to the particular subsidiary.

 

We may invest in majority-owned subsidiaries owning real estate where we are entitled to receive a preferred economic return. Such investments may be subordinate to debt financing. These investments involve special risks relating to the particular subsidiary, including the financial condition and business outlook of the subsidiary. To the extent these investments are subordinate to debt financing, they will also be subject to risks of (i) limited liquidity in the secondary trading market, (ii) substantial market price volatility resulting from changes in prevailing interest rates, (iii) subordination to the prior claims of banks and other senior lenders to the issuer, (iv) the operation of mandatory sinking fund or call or redemption provisions during periods of declining interest rates that could cause the subsidiary to reinvest any redemption proceeds in lower yielding assets, (v) the possibility that earnings of the subsidiary may be insufficient to meet any distribution obligations and (vi) the declining creditworthiness and potential for insolvency of the subsidiary during periods of rising interest rates and economic downturn. As a result, we may not recover some or all of our capital, which could result in losses.

 

Investments in non-conforming or non-investment grade rated loans involve greater risk of loss.

 

Some of our debt investments, if any, may not conform to conventional loan standards applied by traditional lenders and either will not be rated or will be rated as non-investment grade by the rating agencies. The non-investment grade ratings for these assets typically result from the overall leverage of the loans, the lack of a strong operating history for the properties underlying the loans, the borrowers’ credit history, the properties’ underlying cash flow or other factors. As a result, these investments may have a higher risk of default and loss than investment grade rated assets. Any loss we incur may be significant and may reduce distributions to our shareholders and adversely affect the value of our common shares.

 

Risks of cost overruns and non-completion of the construction or renovation of the properties underlying loans we make or acquire may materially adversely affect our investment.

 

The renovation, refurbishment or expansion by a borrower under a mortgaged or leveraged property involves risks of cost overruns and non-completion. Costs of construction or improvements to bring a property up to standards established for the market position intended for that property may exceed original estimates, possibly making a project uneconomical. Other risks may include environmental risks and construction, rehabilitation and subsequent leasing of the property not being completed on schedule. If such construction or renovation is not completed in a timely manner, or if it costs more than expected, the borrower may experience a prolonged impairment of net operating income and may not be able to make payments on our investment.

 

We may invest in CMBS, which are subject to several types of risks that may adversely impact our performance.

 

Commercial mortgage-backed securities, or CMBS, are bonds that evidence interests in, or are secured by, a single commercial mortgage loan or a pool of commercial mortgage loans. Accordingly, the mortgage-backed securities we may invest in are subject to all the risks of the underlying mortgage loans, including the risks of prepayment or default.

 

In a rising interest rate environment, the value of CMBS may be adversely affected when repayments on underlying mortgage loans do not occur as anticipated, resulting in the extension of the security’s effective maturity and the related increase in interest rate sensitivity of a longer-term instrument. The prices of lower credit quality securities are generally less sensitive to interest rate changes than more highly rated assets but more sensitive to adverse economic downturns or individual issuer developments. A projection of an economic downturn, for example, could cause a decline in the price of lower credit quality securities because the ability of obligors of mortgages underlying CMBS to make principal and interest payments or to refinance may be impaired. In this case, existing credit support in the securitization structure may be insufficient to protect us against loss of our principal on these securities. The value of CMBS also may change due to shifts in the market’s perception of issuers and regulatory or tax changes adversely affecting the mortgage securities markets as a whole. In addition, CMBS are subject to the credit risk associated with the performance of the underlying mortgage properties.

 

 

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CMBS are also subject to several risks created through the securitization process. Certain subordinate CMBS are paid interest only to the extent that there are funds available to make payments. To the extent the collateral pool includes a large percentage of delinquent loans, there is a risk that interest payment on subordinate CMBS will not be fully paid. Subordinate securities of CMBS are also subject to greater risk than those CMBS that are more highly rated.

 

We may not control the special servicing of the mortgage loans included in the CMBS in which we may invest and, in such cases, the special servicer may take actions that could adversely affect our interests.

 

With respect to each series of CMBS in which we may invest, overall control over the special servicing of the related underlying mortgage loans may be held by a directing certificate holder, which is appointed by the holders of the most subordinate class of CMBS in such series. We may acquire classes of existing series of CMBS where we will not have the right to appoint the directing certificate holder. In connection with the servicing of the specially serviced mortgage loans, the related special servicer may, at the direction of the directing certificate holder, take actions that could adversely affect our interests.

 

We may invest in CDOs and such investments may involve significant risks.

 

We may invest in CDOs. CDOs are multiple class debt securities, or bonds, secured by pools of assets, such as mortgage-backed securities (“B-Notes”), mezzanine loans, REIT debt and credit default swaps. Like typical securities structures, in a CDO, the assets are pledged to a trustee for the benefit of the holders of the bonds. Like CMBS, CDOs are affected by payments, defaults, delinquencies and losses on the underlying commercial real estate loans. CDOs often have reinvestment periods that typically last for five years during which proceeds from the sale of a collateral asset may be invested in substitute collateral. Upon termination of the reinvestment period, the static pool functions very similarly to a CMBS securitization where repayment of principal allows for redemption of bonds sequentially. To the extent we invest in the equity securities of a CDO, we will be entitled to all of the income generated by the CDO after the CDO pays all of the interest due on the senior debt securities and its expenses. However, there will be little or no income or principal available to the CDO equity if defaults or losses on the underlying collateral exceed a certain amount. In that event, the value of our investment in any equity class of a CDO could decrease substantially. In addition, the equity securities of CDOs are generally illiquid and often must be held by a REIT and because they represent a leveraged investment in the CDO’s assets, the value of the equity securities will generally have greater fluctuations than the values of the underlying collateral.

 

Investments that are not United States government insured involve risk of loss.

 

We may originate and acquire uninsured loans and assets as part of our investment strategy. Such loans and assets may include mortgage loans, mezzanine loans and bridge loans. While holding such interests, we are subject to risks of borrower defaults, bankruptcies, fraud, losses and special hazard losses that are not covered by standard hazard insurance. In the event of any default under loans, we bear the risk of loss of principal and nonpayment of interest and fees to the extent of any deficiency between the value of the collateral and the principal amount of the loan. To the extent we suffer such losses with respect to our investments in such loans, the value of the Company and the value of our common shares may be adversely affected.

 

Adjustable rate mortgage loans may entail greater risks of default to lenders than fixed rate mortgage loans.

 

Adjustable rate mortgage loans may contribute to higher delinquency rates. Borrowers with adjustable rate mortgage loans may be exposed to increased monthly payments if the related mortgage interest rate adjusts upward from the initial fixed rate or a low introductory rate, as applicable, in effect during the initial period of the mortgage loan to the rate computed in accordance with the applicable index and margin. This increase in borrowers’ monthly payments, together with any increase in prevailing market interest rates, after the initial fixed rate period, may result in significantly increased monthly payments for borrowers with adjustable rate mortgage loans, which may make it more difficult for the borrowers to repay the loan or could increase the risk of default of their obligations under the loan.

 

Changes in interest rates and/or credit spreads could negatively affect the value of our investments, which could result in reduced earnings or losses and negatively affect the cash available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

We may invest in fixed-rate debt investments with fixed distribution amounts. Under a normal yield curve, an investment in these instruments will decline in value if long-term interest rates increase or if credit spreads widen. We may also invest in floating-rate debt investments, for which decreases in interest rates or narrowing of credit spreads will have a negative effect on value and interest income. Even though a loan or other debt investment may be performing in accordance with its loan agreement and the underlying collateral has not changed, the economic value of the loan may be negatively impacted by the incremental interest foregone from the changes in interest rates or credit spreads. Declines in market value may ultimately reduce earnings or result in losses to us, which may negatively affect cash available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

 

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Prepayments can adversely affect the yields on any debt investments we may make.

 

Prepayments on debt instruments, where permitted under the debt documents, are influenced by changes in current interest rates and a variety of economic, geographic and other factors beyond our control, and consequently, such prepayment rates cannot be predicted with certainty. If we are unable to invest the proceeds of such prepayments received, the yield on our portfolio will decline. In addition, we may acquire assets at a discount or premium and if the asset does not repay when expected, our anticipated yield may be impacted. Under certain interest rate and prepayment scenarios we may fail to recoup fully our cost of acquisition of certain investments.

 

Hedging against interest rate exposure may adversely affect our earnings, limit our gains or result in losses, which could adversely affect cash available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

We may enter into interest rate swap agreements or pursue other interest rate hedging strategies. Our hedging activity, if any, will continue to vary in scope based on the level of interest rates, the type of portfolio investments held, and other changing market conditions. Interest rate hedging may fail to protect or could adversely affect us because, among other things:

 

 

interest rate hedging can be expensive, particularly during periods of rising and volatile interest rates;

 

 

available interest rate hedging may not correspond directly with the interest rate risk for which protection is sought;

 

 

the duration of the hedge may not match the duration of the related liability or asset;

 

 

our hedging opportunities may be limited by the treatment of income from hedging transactions under the rules determining REIT qualification;

 

 

the credit quality of the party owing money on the hedge may be downgraded to such an extent that it impairs our ability to sell or assign our side of the hedging transaction;

 

 

the party owing money in the hedging transaction may default on its obligation to pay; and

 

 

we may purchase a hedge that turns out not to be necessary, i.e., a hedge that is out of the money.

 

Any hedging activity we engage in may adversely affect our earnings, which could adversely affect cash available for distribution to our shareholders. Therefore, while we may enter into such transactions to seek to reduce interest rate risks, unanticipated changes in interest rates may result in poorer overall investment performance than if we had not engaged in any such hedging transactions. In addition, the degree of correlation between price movements of the instruments used in a hedging strategy and price movements in the portfolio positions being hedged or liabilities being hedged may vary materially. Moreover, for a variety of reasons, we may not seek to establish a perfect correlation between such hedging instruments and the portfolio holdings being hedged. Any such imperfect correlation may prevent us from achieving the intended hedge and expose us to risk of loss.

 

Many of our investments are illiquid and we may not be able to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic and other conditions.

 

Many factors that are beyond our control affect the real estate market and could affect our ability to sell properties and other investments for the price, on the terms or within the time frame that we desire. These factors include general economic conditions, the availability of financing, interest rates and other factors, including supply and demand. Because real estate investments are relatively illiquid, we have a limited ability to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic or other conditions. Further, before we can sell a property on the terms we want, it may be necessary to expend funds to correct defects or to make improvements. However, we can give no assurance that we will have the funds available to correct such defects or to make such improvements. Moreover, the senior mortgage loans, subordinated loans, mezzanine loans and other loans and investments we may originate or purchase will be particularly illiquid investments due to their short life and the greater difficulty of recoupment in the event of a borrower’s default. In addition, some of the commercial real estate-related securities that we may purchase may be traded in private, unregistered transactions and may therefore be subject to restrictions on resale or otherwise have no established trading market. As a result, we continue to expect that many of our investments will be illiquid, and if we are required to liquidate all or a portion of our portfolio quickly, we may realize significantly less than the value at which we have previously recorded our investments and our ability to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic and other conditions may be relatively limited, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

 

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Declines in the market values of our investments may adversely affect periodic reported results of operations and credit availability, which may reduce earnings and, in turn, cash available for distribution to our shareholders.

 

Some of our assets may be classified for accounting purposes as “available-for-sale”. These investments are carried at estimated fair value and temporary changes in the market values of those assets will be directly charged or credited to shareholders’ equity without impacting net income on the income statement. Moreover, if we determine that a decline in the estimated fair value of an available-for-sale security falls below its amortized value and is not temporary, we will recognize a loss on that security on the income statement, which will reduce our earnings in the period recognized.

 

A decline in the market value of our assets may adversely affect us particularly in instances where we have borrowed money based on the market value of those assets. If the market value of those assets declines, the lender may require us to post additional collateral to support the loan. If we were unable to post the additional collateral, we may have to sell assets at a time when we might not otherwise choose to do so. A reduction in credit available may reduce our earnings and, in turn, cash available for distribution to shareholders.

 

Further, credit facility providers may require us to maintain a certain amount of cash reserves or to set aside unlevered assets sufficient to maintain a specified liquidity position, which would allow us to satisfy our collateral obligations. As a result, we may not be able to leverage our assets as fully as we would choose, which could reduce our return on equity. In the event that we are unable to meet these contractual obligations, our financial condition could deteriorate rapidly.

 

Market values of our investments may decline for a number of reasons, such as changes in prevailing market rates, increases in defaults, increases in voluntary prepayments for those investments that we have that are subject to prepayment risk, widening of credit spreads and downgrades of ratings of the securities by ratings agencies.

 

Some of our portfolio investments are carried at estimated fair value as determined by us and, as a result, there may be uncertainty as to the value of these investments.

 

Some of our portfolio investments are in the form of securities that are recorded at fair value but that have limited liquidity or are not publicly traded. The fair value of securities and other investments that have limited liquidity or are not publicly traded may not be readily determinable. We estimate the fair value of these investments on a quarterly basis. Because such valuations are inherently uncertain, may fluctuate over short periods of time and may be based on numerous estimates, our determinations of fair value may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these securities existed. The value of our common shares could be adversely affected if our determinations regarding the fair value of these investments are materially higher than the values that we ultimately realize upon their disposal.

 

Competition with third parties in acquiring properties and other investments may reduce our profitability and the return on your investment.

 

We have significant competition with respect to our acquisition of properties, originating loans, and other investments with many other companies, including other REITs, insurance companies, commercial banks, private investment funds, hedge funds, specialty finance companies, online investment platforms and other investors, many of which have greater resources than us. We may not be able to compete successfully for investments. In addition, the number of entities and the amount of funds competing for suitable investments may increase. If we acquire properties and other investments at higher prices or originate loans on more generous terms than our competitors and/or by using less-than-ideal capital structures, our returns will be lower and the value of our assets may not increase or may decrease significantly below the amount we paid for such assets. If such events occur, you may experience a lower return on your investment.

 

A prolonged economic slowdown, a lengthy or severe recession or declining real estate values could harm our operations.

 

Many of our investments are susceptible to economic slowdowns or recessions, which could lead to financial losses in our investments and a decrease in revenues, net income and assets. An economic slowdown or recession, in addition to other non-economic factors such as an excess supply of properties, could have a material negative impact on the values of both commercial real estate and residential real estate properties. Declining real estate values will likely reduce our level of new mortgage loan originations, since borrowers often use increases in the value of their existing properties to support the purchase or investment in additional properties. Borrowers may also be less able to pay principal and interest on our loans if the real estate economy weakens. Further, declining real estate values significantly increase the likelihood that we will incur losses on our loans in the event of default because the value of our collateral may be insufficient to cover our cost on the loan. Any sustained period of increased payment delinquencies, foreclosures or losses could adversely affect both our net interest income from loans in our portfolio as well as our ability to originate, sell and securitize loans, which would significantly harm our revenues, results of operations, financial condition, business prospects and our ability to make distributions to you.

 

 

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If we sell a property by providing financing to the purchaser, we will bear the risk of default by the purchaser, which could delay or reduce the distributions available to our shareholders.

 

If we decide to sell any of our properties, we intend to use our best efforts to sell them for cash; however, in some instances, we may sell our properties by providing financing to purchasers. When we provide financing to a purchaser, we will bear the risk that the purchaser may default, which could reduce our cash distributions to shareholders. Even in the absence of a purchaser default, the distribution of the proceeds of the sale to our shareholders, or the reinvestment of the proceeds in other assets, will be delayed until the promissory note or other property we may accept upon a sale are actually paid, sold, refinanced or otherwise disposed.

 

Insurance may not cover all potential losses on the mortgaged properties, which may impair our security and harm the value of our assets.

 

We require that each of the borrowers under our mortgage loan investments obtain comprehensive insurance covering the mortgaged property, including liability, fire and extended coverage. However, there are certain types of losses, generally of a catastrophic nature, such as earthquakes, floods and hurricanes that may be uninsurable or not economically insurable. We may not require borrowers to obtain terrorism insurance if it is deemed commercially unreasonable. Inflation, changes in building codes and ordinances, environmental considerations, and other factors also might make it infeasible to use insurance proceeds to replace a property if it is damaged or destroyed. Under such circumstances, the insurance proceeds, if any, might not be adequate to restore the economic value of the mortgaged property, which might impair our security and decrease the value of the property.

 

With respect to mortgaged properties, options and other purchase rights may affect value or hinder recovery.

 

A borrower under certain mortgage loans may give its tenants or another person a right of first refusal or an option to purchase all or a portion of the related mortgaged property. These rights may impede the lender’s ability to sell the related mortgaged property at foreclosure or may adversely affect the value or marketability of the property.

 

If we overestimate the value or income-producing ability or incorrectly price the risks of our investments, we may experience losses.

 

Analysis of the value or income-producing ability of a commercial property is highly subjective and may be subject to error. Our Manager values our potential investments based on yields and risks, taking into account estimated future losses on the commercial real estate loans and the mortgaged property included in the securitization’s pools or select commercial real estate equity investments, and the estimated impact of these losses on expected future cash flows and returns. In the event that we underestimate the risks relative to the price we pay for a particular investment, we may experience losses with respect to such investment.

 

A borrower’s form of entity may cause special risks or hinder our recovery.

 

Since most of the borrowers for our commercial real estate loan investments are legal entities rather than individuals, our risk of loss may be greater than those of mortgage loans made to individuals. Unlike individuals involved in bankruptcies, most of the entities generally do not have personal assets and creditworthiness at stake. The terms of the mortgage loans generally require that the borrowers covenant to be single-purpose entities, although in some instances the borrowers are not required to observe all covenants and conditions that typically are required in order for them to be viewed under standard rating agency criteria as “single-purpose entities”. Borrowers’ organizational documents or the terms of the mortgage loans may limit their activities to the ownership of only the related mortgaged property or properties and limit the borrowers’ ability to incur additional indebtedness. These provisions are designed to mitigate the possibility that the borrowers’ financial condition would be adversely impacted by factors unrelated to the mortgaged property and the mortgage loan in the pool.

 

The bankruptcy of a borrower, or a general partner or managing member of a borrower, may impair the ability of the lender to enforce its rights and remedies under the related mortgage. Borrowers that are not single-purpose entities structured to limit the possibility of becoming insolvent or bankrupt, may be more likely to become insolvent or the subject of a voluntary or involuntary bankruptcy proceeding because the borrowers may be (i) operating entities with a business distinct from the operation of the mortgaged property with the associated liabilities and risks of operating an ongoing business or (ii) individuals that have personal liabilities unrelated to the property.

 

We are exposed to environmental liabilities with respect to properties to which we take title.

 

In the course of our business, we may take title to real estate, and, if we do take title, we could be subject to environmental liabilities with respect to these properties. In such a circumstance, we may be held liable to a governmental entity or to third parties for property damage, personal injury, and investigation and clean-up costs incurred by these parties in connection with environmental contamination, or may be required to investigate or clean up hazardous or toxic substances, or chemical releases, at a property. The costs associated with investigation or remediation activities could be substantial. If we ever become subject to significant environmental liabilities, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

 

 

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Risks Relating to Economic Conditions

 

Economic recessions or downturns may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Economic recessions or downturns may result in a prolonged period of market illiquidity, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Unfavorable economic conditions also could reduce investments on the Fundrise Platform by investors and engagement by real estate operators. Periods of economic slowdown or recession, significantly rising interest rates, declining employment levels, decreasing demand for real estate, or the public perception that any of these events may occur, have resulted in and could continue to result in a general decline in acquisition, disposition and leasing activity, as well as a general decline in the value of real estate and in rents. These events could adversely affect our demand among investors, which will impact our results of operations.

 

During an economic downturn, it may also take longer for us to dispose of real estate investments, or the disposition prices may be lower than originally anticipated. As a result, the carrying value of such real estate investments may become impaired and we could record losses as a result of such impairment or could experience reduced profitability related to declines in real estate values. These events could adversely affect our performance and, in turn, our business, and negatively impact our results of operations.

 

Negative general economic conditions could continue to reduce the overall amount of sale and leasing activity in the commercial real estate industry, and hence the demand for our securities, which may in turn adversely affect our revenues. We are unable to predict the likely duration and severity of the current disruption in financial markets and adverse economic conditions in the United States and other countries.

 

Further downgrades of the U.S. credit rating, impending automatic spending cuts or a government shutdown could negatively impact our liquidity, financial condition and earnings.

 

Recent U.S. debt ceiling and budget deficit concerns have increased the possibility of additional credit rating downgrades and economic slowdowns, or a recession in the United States. Although U.S. lawmakers passed legislation to raise the federal debt ceiling on multiple occasions, ratings agencies have lowered or threatened to lower the long-term sovereign credit rating on the United States. The impact of this or any further downgrades to the U.S. government’s sovereign credit rating or its perceived creditworthiness could adversely affect the United States and global financial markets and economic conditions. With the improvement of the U.S. economy, the Federal Reserve may continue to raise interest rates, which would increase borrowing costs and may negatively impact our ability to access the debt markets on favorable terms. In addition, disagreement over the federal budget has caused the U.S. federal government to essentially shut down for periods of time. Continued adverse political and economic conditions could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Global economic, political and market conditions and economic uncertainty caused by the recent outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The current worldwide financial market situation, various social and political tensions in the United States and around the world, and the recent public health crisis caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), may continue to contribute to increased market volatility, may have long-term effects on the United States and worldwide financial markets, and may cause further economic uncertainties or deterioration in the United States and worldwide. Economic uncertainty can have a negative impact on our business through changing spreads, structures and purchase multiples, as well as the overall supply of investment capital. Since 2010, several European Union, or EU, countries, including Greece, Ireland, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, have faced budget issues, some of which may have negative long-term effects for the economies of those countries and other EU countries. Additionally, the precise details and the resulting impact of the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the EU, commonly referred to as “Brexit”, are impossible to ascertain at this point. The effect on the United Kingdom’s economy will likely depend on the nature of trade relations with the EU following its exit, a matter to be negotiated. The decision may cause increased volatility and have a significant adverse impact on world financial markets, other international trade agreements, and the United Kingdom and European economies, as well as the broader global economy for some time. Further, there is continued concern about national-level support for the Euro and the accompanying coordination of fiscal and wage policy among European Economic and Monetary Union member countries. In addition, the fiscal policy of foreign nations, such as China, may have a severe impact on the worldwide and United States financial markets. Finally, public health crises, pandemics and epidemics, such as those caused by new strains of viruses such as H5N1 (avian flu), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and, most recently, the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), are expected to increase as international travel continues to rise and could adversely impact our business by interrupting business, supply chains and transactional activities, disrupting travel, and negatively impacting local, national or global economies. We do not know how long the financial markets will continue to be affected by these events and cannot predict the effects of these or similar events in the future on the United States economy and securities markets or on our investments. As a result of these factors, there can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully monitor developments and manage our investments in a manner consistent with achieving our investment objectives.

 

 

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The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and measures intended to prevent its spread could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused, and is likely to continue to cause, severe economic, market and other disruptions worldwide. We cannot assure you that conditions in the bank lending, capital and other financial markets will not continue to deteriorate as a result of the pandemic, or that our access to capital and other sources of funding will not become constrained, which could adversely affect the availability and terms of future borrowings, renewals or refinancings. In addition, the deterioration of global economic conditions as a result of the pandemic may ultimately decrease occupancy levels and pricing across our portfolio and may cause one or more of our tenants to be unable to meet their rent obligations to us in full, or at all, or to otherwise seek modifications of such obligations. In addition, governmental authorities may enact laws that will prevent us from taking action against tenants who do not pay rent.

 

The extent of the COVID-19 pandemic’s effect on our operational and financial performance will depend on future developments, including the duration, spread and intensity of the outbreak, all of which are uncertain and difficult to predict. Due to the speed with which the situation is developing, we are not able at this time to estimate the effect of these factors on our business, but the adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows could be material.

 

Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure

 

Our shareholders do not elect or vote on our Manager and have limited ability to influence decisions regarding our business.

 

Our operating agreement provides that the assets, affairs and business of our Company are managed under the direction of our Manager. Our shareholders do not elect or vote on our Manager, and, unlike the holders of common shares in a corporation, have only limited voting rights on matters affecting our business, and therefore limited ability to influence decisions regarding our business. In addition, our operating agreement provides that the Manager generally operates in a manner that is appropriate to maintain our REIT status, which may further limit decisions regarding our business.

 

Our common shareholders have limited voting rights and may be bound by either a majority or supermajority vote.

 

Our common shareholders have voting rights only with respect to certain matters, primarily relating to amendments to our operating agreement that would adversely change the rights of the common shares, removal of our Manager for “cause”, and the dissolution of the issuer (only if the Manager has been removed for “cause”). Each outstanding common share entitles the holder to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of common shareholders. Generally, matters to be voted on by our shareholders must be approved by a majority of the votes cast by all common shares present in person or represented by proxy, although the vote to remove the Manager for “cause” requires a two-thirds vote. If any vote occurs, you will be bound by the majority or supermajority vote, as applicable, even if you did not vote with the majority or supermajority.

 

As a non-listed company conducting an exempt offering pursuant to Regulation A, we are not subject to a number of corporate governance requirements, including the requirements for a board of directors or independent board committees.

 

As a non-listed company conducting an exempt offering pursuant to Regulation A, we are not subject to a number of corporate governance requirements that an issuer conducting an offering on Form S-11 or listing on a national stock exchange would be. Accordingly, while we have retained an Independent Representative (as defined below) to review certain conflicts of interest, we do not have a board of directors, nor are we required to have (i) a board of directors of which a majority consists of “independent” directors under the listing standards of a national stock exchange, (ii) an audit committee composed entirely of independent directors and a written audit committee charter meeting a national stock exchange’s requirements, (iii) a nominating/corporate governance committee composed entirely of independent directors and a written nominating/corporate governance committee charter meeting a national stock exchange’s requirements, (iv) a compensation committee composed entirely of independent directors and a written compensation committee charter meeting the requirements of a national stock exchange, and (v) independent audits of our internal controls. Accordingly, you may not have the same protections afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to all of the corporate governance requirements of a national stock exchange.

 

As our sponsor establishes additional REIT offerings and other Fundrise Platform investment opportunities in the future, there may be conflicts of interests among the various REIT offerings and other programs, which may result in opportunities that would benefit our Company being allocated to the other offerings.

 

 

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Our sponsor has in the past, and expects to continue in the future, to establish and sponsor additional REIT offerings and other programs, and to continue to offer investment opportunities primarily through the Fundrise Platform, including offerings that will acquire or invest in commercial real estate equity investments, commercial real estate loans, and other select real estate-related assets. Our sponsor has previously organized, as of the date of this offering circular, the following similar programs (eREITs® and eFundsTM):

 

 

The Income eREIT®, Income eREIT® II, Income eREIT® III, Income eREIT® 2019, Income eREIT® V, and Income eREIT® VI, which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate investments through the acquisition of commercial real estate loans;

 

 

The Growth eREIT®, Growth eREIT® II, Growth eREIT® III, Growth eREIT® 2019, Growth eREIT® V, and Growth eREIT® VIwhich were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties;

 

 

● 

The Balanced eREIT® I, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in commercial real estate properties and development projects, as well as commercial real estate loans and commercial real estate debt securities;

 

 

The West Coast eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Los Angeles, CA, San Francisco, CA, San Diego, CA, Seattle, WA, and Portland, OR metropolitan statistical areas;

 

 

The Heartland eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Houston, TX, Dallas, TX, Austin, TX, Chicago, IL, and Denver, CO metropolitan statistical areas;

 

 

The LA Homes eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Los Angeles, CA metropolitan statistical area;

 

 

The DC Homes eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Washington, DC metropolitan statistical area;

 

 

The National eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the metropolitan statistical areas in which our sponsor is not currently sponsoring another regionally or locally focused eFundTM, or to otherwise acquire assets that other eFundsTM are not currently focused on; and

 

 

Fundrise Opportunity Fund, LP, which is a private placement that was formed to acquire properties located in “qualified opportunity zones” as designated under the TCJA.

 

These additional Fundrise Platform investment opportunities may have investment criteria that compete with us. If a sale, financing, investment or other business opportunity would be suitable for more than one investment opportunity, our sponsor and its officers and directors will allocate it using their business judgment. Any allocation of this type may involve the consideration of a number of factors that our sponsor and its officers and directors determine to be relevant. Except under any policies that may be adopted by our Manager or sponsor, no Fundrise Platform investment opportunity (including us) will have any duty, responsibility or obligation to refrain from:

 

 

engaging in the same or similar activities or lines of business as any other Fundrise Platform investment opportunity;

 

 

doing business with any potential or actual tenant, lender, purchaser, supplier, customer or competitor of any Fundrise Platform investment opportunity;

 

 

engaging in, or refraining from, any other activities whatsoever relating to any of the potential or actual tenants, lenders, purchasers, suppliers or customers of any Fundrise Platform investment opportunity;

 

 

establishing material commercial relationships with another Fundrise Platform investment opportunity; or

 

 

making operational and financial decisions that could be considered to be detrimental to another Fundrise Platform investment opportunity.

 

 

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In addition, any decisions by our sponsor or Manager to renew, extend, modify or terminate an agreement or arrangement, or enter into similar agreements or arrangements in the future, may benefit one Fundrise Platform investment opportunity more than another or limit or impair the ability of any Fundrise Platform investment opportunity to pursue business opportunities. In addition, third parties may require as a condition to their arrangements or agreements with or related to any one particular Fundrise Platform investment opportunity that such arrangements or agreements include or not include another Fundrise Platform investment opportunity, as the case may be. Any of these decisions may benefit one Fundrise Platform investment opportunity more than another.

 

The conflicts of interest policies we have adopted may not adequately address all of the conflicts of interest that may arise with respect to our activities and are subject to change or suspension.

 

In order to avoid any actual or perceived conflicts of interest among the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities and with our Manager’s directors, officers and affiliates, we have adopted a conflicts of interest policy to specifically address some of the conflicts relating to our activities. There is no assurance that these policies will be adequate to address all of the conflicts that may arise or will address such conflicts in a manner that is favorable to our Company. Our Manager may modify, suspend or rescind the policies set forth in the conflicts policy, including any resolution implementing the provisions of the conflicts policy, in each case, without a vote of our shareholders.

 

Certain provisions of our operating agreement and Delaware law could hinder, delay or prevent a change of control of our Company.

 

Certain provisions of our operating agreement and Delaware law could have the effect of discouraging, delaying or preventing transactions that involve an actual or threatened change of control of our Company. These provisions include the following:

 

 

Authorization of additional shares, issuances of authorized shares and classification of shares without shareholder approval. Our operating agreement authorizes us to issue additional shares or other securities of our Company for the consideration and on the terms and conditions established by our Manager without the approval of our shareholders. In particular, our Manager is authorized to provide for the issuance of an unlimited amount of one or more classes or series of our shares, including preferred shares, and to fix the number of shares, the relative powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions applicable to each class or series thereof by resolution authorizing the issuance of such class or series. Our ability to issue additional shares and other securities could render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control over our Company by means of a tender offer, merger or otherwise.

 

 

Delaware Business Combination Statute—Section 203. Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law (“DGCL”), which restricts certain business combinations with interested shareholders in certain situations, does not apply to limited liability companies unless they elect to utilize it. Our operating agreement does not currently elect to have Section 203 of the DGCL apply to us. In general, this statute prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a business combination with an interested shareholder for a period of three years after the date of the transaction by which that person became an interested shareholder, unless the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner. For purposes of Section 203, a business combination includes a merger, asset sale or other transaction resulting in a financial benefit to the interested shareholder, and an interested shareholder is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns, or within three years prior did own, 15% or more of voting shares. Our Manager may elect to amend our operating agreement at any time to have Section 203 apply to us.

 

 

Ownership limitations. To assist us in qualifying as a REIT, our operating agreement, subject to certain exceptions, provides that generally no person may own, or be deemed to own by virtue of the attribution provisions of the Code, either more than 9.8% in value or in number of our common shares, whichever is more restrictive, or more than 9.8% in value or in number of our shares, whichever is more restrictive. Accordingly, no person may own, or be deemed to own, more than 9.8% in value or in number of our shares, whichever is more restrictive. The ownership limits could have the effect of discouraging a takeover or other transaction in which shareholders might receive a premium for their shares over the then prevailing market price or which holders might believe to be otherwise in their best interests. Furthermore, we will reject any investor’s subscription in whole or in part if we determine that such subscription would violate such ownership limits.

 

 

Exclusive authority of our Manager to amend our operating agreement. Our operating agreement provides that our Manager has the exclusive power to adopt, alter or repeal any provision of the operating agreement, unless such amendment would adversely change the rights of the common shares. Thus, our shareholders generally may not effect changes to our operating agreement.

 

 

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You are limited in your ability to sell your common shares pursuant to our redemption plan. You may not be able to sell any of your common shares back to us, and if you do sell your shares, you may not receive the price you paid upon subscription.

 

Our redemption plan may provide you with an opportunity to have your common shares redeemed by us. We anticipate that our common shares may be redeemed by us on a quarterly basis, within 21 days following the end of the quarter when a redemption request was made. However, our redemption plan contains certain restrictions and limitations, including those relating to the number of our common shares that we can redeem at any given time and limiting the redemption price. Specifically, we intend to limit the number of shares to be redeemed during any calendar year to no more than 5.0% of our common shares outstanding (or 1.25% per calendar quarter, with excess capacity carried over to later calendar quarters in that calendar year). However, as we make a number of commercial real estate investments of varying terms and maturities, our Manager may elect to increase or decrease the amount of common shares available for redemption in any given month or quarter, as these commercial real estate assets are paid off or sold, so long as, in the aggregate, we do not redeem more than 5.00% in any calendar year.

 

In addition, pursuant to our redemption plan, a shareholder may only (a) have one outstanding redemption request at any given time and (b) request that we redeem up to the lesser of 5,000 shares or $50,000 worth of shares per each redemption request.

 

Finally, our Manager reserves the right to reject any redemption request for any reason or no reason or to amend or terminate the redemption plan (including during the Introductory Period) without prior notice. Therefore, you may not have the opportunity to make a redemption request prior to a potential termination of the redemption plan and you may not be able to sell any of your common shares back to us pursuant to the redemption plan. Moreover, if you do sell your common shares back to us pursuant to the redemption plan, you will not receive the same price you paid for the common shares being redeemed other than during your Introductory Period. See “Description of Our Common Shares —Redemption Plan”.

 

Investors should note that effective as of March 31, 2020 for certain of our sponsor’s offerings qualified under Regulation A (including ours), our Manager has determined to (i) suspend the processing and payment of redemptions under the redemption plans until further notice, and (ii) delay the consideration and processing of all outstanding redemption requests until further notice. Our Manager intends to reinstate the processing and payment of redemptions under these redemption plan as soon as business prudence allows, but can make no assurances as to when such redemptions will resume. As of the date of this offering circular, of the sponsor’s 20 programs with redemption plans, 16 have suspended the processing and payment of redemptions, including ours.

 

The offering price of our shares was not established on an independent basis; the actual value of your investment may be substantially less than what you pay. When determining the estimated value of our shares, the value of our shares has been and will be based upon a number of assumptions that may not be accurate or complete.

 

Our Manager established the initial offering price of our shares on an arbitrary basis. Because the offering price is not based upon any independent valuation, the offering price may not be indicative of the proceeds that you would receive upon liquidation. Further, the offering price may be significantly more than the price at which the shares would trade if they were to be listed on an exchange or actively traded by broker-dealers.

 

The per share purchase price for this offering is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of each fiscal quarter (or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter), and will equal the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share. Our Manager will adjust our per share purchase price as of the date the new NAV is announced, not the date of such NAV, and investors will pay the most recent publicly announced purchase price as of the date of their subscription. Estimates of our NAV per share are based on available information and judgment. Therefore, actual values and results could differ from our estimates and that difference could be significant. This approach to valuing our shares may bear little relationship and will likely exceed what you might receive for your shares if you tried to sell them or if we liquidated our portfolio. In addition, the price you pay for your shares in this offering may be more or less than shareholders who acquire their shares in the future.

 

Your interest in us will be diluted if we issue additional shares, which could reduce the overall value of your investment.

 

Potential investors in this offering do not have preemptive rights to any shares we issue in the future. Under our operating agreement, we have authority to issue an unlimited number of additional common shares or other securities, although, under Regulation A, we are only allowed to sell up to $50 million of our shares in any 12-month period (although we may raise capital in other ways). In particular, our Manager is authorized, subject to the restrictions of Regulation A and other applicable securities laws, to provide for the issuance of an unlimited amount of one or more classes or series of shares in our Company, including preferred shares, and to fix the number of shares, the relative powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions applicable to each class or series thereof by resolution authorizing the issuance of such class or series, without shareholder approval. After your purchase in this offering, our Manager may elect to (i) sell additional shares in this or future public offerings, (ii) issue equity interests in private offerings, or (iii) issue shares to our Manager, or its successors or assigns, in payment of an outstanding fee obligation. To the extent we issue additional equity interests after your purchase in this offering, your percentage ownership interest in us will be diluted. In addition, depending upon the terms and pricing of any additional offerings and the value of our investments, you may also experience dilution in the book value and fair value of your shares.

 

 

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By purchasing shares in this offering, you are bound by the arbitration provision contained in our subscription agreement which limit your ability to bring class action lawsuits or seek remedy on a class basis, including with respect to securities law claims.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, investors agree to be bound by the arbitration provision contained in our subscription agreement (the “Arbitration Provision”). Such Arbitration Provision applies to claims under the U.S. federal securities laws and to all claims that are related to the Company, including with respect to this offering, our holdings, our common shares, our ongoing operations and the management of our investments, among other matters and limit the ability of investors to bring class action lawsuits or similarly seek remedy on a class basis.

 

By agreeing to be subject to the Arbitration Provision, you are severely limiting your rights to seek redress against us in court. For example, you may not be able to pursue litigation for any claim in state or federal courts against us, our Manager, our sponsor, or their respective directors or officers, including with respect to securities law claims, and any awards or remedies determined by the arbitrators may not be appealed. In addition, arbitration rules generally limit discovery, which could impede your ability to bring or sustain claims, and the ability to collect attorneys’ fees or other damages may be limited in the arbitration, which may discourage attorneys from agreeing to represent parties wishing to commence such a proceeding.

 

Specifically, the Arbitration Provision provides that either party may, at its sole election, require that the sole and exclusive forum and remedy for resolution of a claim be final and binding arbitration. We have not determined whether we will exercise our right to demand arbitration but reserve the right to make that determination on a case by case basis as claims arise. In this regard, the Arbitration Provision is similar to a binding arbitration provision as we are likely to invoke the Arbitration Provision to the fullest extent permissible. 

 

Any arbitration brought pursuant to the Arbitration Provision must be conducted in the State of Virginia, in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The term “Claim” as used in the Arbitration Provision is very broad and includes any past, present, or future claim, dispute, or controversy involving you (or persons claiming through or connected with you), on the one hand, and us (or persons claiming through or connected with us), on the other hand, relating to or arising out of your subscription agreement, the Fundrise Platform, and/or the activities or relationships that involve, lead to, or result from any of the foregoing, including (except an individual Claim that you may bring in Small Claims Court or an equivalent court, if any, so long as the Claim is pending only in that court) the validity or enforceability of the Arbitration Provision, any part thereof, or the entire subscription agreement. Claims are subject to arbitration regardless of whether they arise from contract; tort (intentional or otherwise); a constitution, statute, common law, or principles of equity; or otherwise. Claims include (without limitation) matters arising as initial claims, counter-claims, cross-claims, third-party claims, or otherwise. The scope of the Arbitration Provision is to be given the broadest possible interpretation that will permit it to be enforceable. Based on discussions with and research performed by the Company’s counsel, we believe that the Arbitration Provision is enforceable under federal law, the laws of the State of Delaware, the laws of Washington, D.C., or under any other applicable laws or regulations. However, the issue of enforceability is not free from doubt and to the extent that one or more of the provisions in our subscription agreement with respect to the Arbitration Provision or otherwise requiring you to waive certain rights were to be found by a court to be unenforceable, we would abide by such decision.

 

Further, potential investors should consider that our subscription agreement restricts the ability of our shareholders to bring class action lawsuits or to similarly seek remedy on a class basis, unless otherwise consented to by us. These restrictions on the ability to bring a class action lawsuit are likely to result in increased costs, both in terms of time and money, to individual investors who wish to pursue claims against us.

 

BY AGREEING TO BE SUBJECT TO THE ARBITRATION PROVISION, INVESTORS WILL NOT BE DEEMED TO WAIVE THE COMPANY’S COMPLIANCE WITH THE FEDERAL SECURITIES LAWS AND THE RULES AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED THEREUNDER.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, you are bound by the provisions contained in our subscription agreement that require you to waive your rights to request to review and obtain information relating to the Company, including, but not limited to, names and contact information of our shareholders.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, investors agree to be bound by the provisions contained in our subscription agreement  (the “Waiver Provision”). The Waiver Provision limits the ability of our shareholders to make a request to review and obtain information relating to and maintained by the Company and Fundrise, including, but not limited to, names and contact information of our shareholders, information listed in Section 18-305 of the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act, as amended, and any other information deemed to be confidential by the Manager in its sole discretion.

 

Through the Company’s required public filing disclosures, periodic reports and obligation to provide annual reports and tax information to its shareholders, much of the information listed in Section 18-305 of the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act will be available to shareholders notwithstanding the Waiver Provision. While the intent of the Waiver Provision is to protect your personally identifiable information from being disclosed pursuant to Section 18-305, by agreeing to be subject to the Waiver Provision, you are severely limiting your right to seek access to the personally identifiable information of other shareholders, such as names, addresses and other information about shareholders and the Company that the Manager deems to be confidential. As a result, the Waiver Provision could impede your ability to communicate with other shareholders, and such provisions, on their own, or together with the effect of the Arbitration Provision, may impede your ability to bring or sustain claims against the Company, including under applicable securities laws.

 

 

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Based on discussions with and research performed by the Company’s counsel, we believe that the Waiver Provision is enforceable under federal law, the laws of the State of Delaware, the laws of Washington, D.C., or under any other applicable laws or regulations. However, the issue of enforceability is not free from doubt and to the extent that one or more of the provisions in our subscription agreement with respect to the Waiver Provision were to be found by a court to be unenforceable, we would abide by such decision.

 

BY AGREEING TO BE SUBJECT TO THE WAIVER PROVISION, INVESTORS WILL NOT BE DEEMED TO WAIVE THE COMPANY’S COMPLIANCE WITH THE FEDERAL SECURITIES LAWS AND THE RULES AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED THEREUNDER.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, you are bound by the jury waiver provisions contained in our subscription agreement, which require you to waive your right to a trial by a jury for those matters that are not otherwise subject to the arbitration provisions, including with respect to securities law claims.

 

By purchasing shares in this offering, investors agree to be bound by the jury waiver provisions contained in our subscription agreement and our bylaws. Such jury waiver provisions apply to claims under the U.S. federal securities laws and to all claims that are related to the company, including with respect to this offering, our shares, our holdings, our ongoing operations and the management of our investments, among other matters, and means that you are waiving your rights to a trial by jury with respect to such claims.

 

Based on discussions with and research performed by our counsel, we believe that the jury waiver provisions are enforceable under federal law, the laws of the State of Delaware, the laws of the Washington, D.C., or under any other applicable laws or regulations. However, the issue of enforceability is not free from doubt and to the extent that one or more of the provisions in our subscription agreement or our bylaws with respect to the jury waiver provisions were to be found by a court to be unenforceable, we would abide by such decision.

 

BY AGREEING TO BE SUBJECT TO THE JURY WAIVER PROVISIONS, INVESTORS WILL NOT BE DEEMED TO WAIVE THE COMPANY’S COMPLIANCE WITH THE FEDERAL SECURITIES LAWS AND THE RULES AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED THEREUNDER.

 

Risks Related to Our Status as a REIT

 

Failure to qualify as a REIT would cause us to be taxed as a regular corporation, which would substantially reduce funds available for distributions to our shareholders.

 

We believe that our organization, prior and proposed ownership and method of operation have enabled us, and will continue to enable us, to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT. However, we cannot assure you that we will continue to qualify as such. This is because qualification as a REIT involves the application of highly technical and complex provisions of the Code as to which there are only limited judicial and administrative interpretations and involves the determination of facts and circumstances not entirely within our control. Future legislation, new regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions may significantly change the tax laws or the application of the tax laws with respect to qualification as a REIT or the U.S. federal income tax consequences of such qualification.

 

If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we will face serious tax consequences that will substantially reduce the funds available for distributions to our shareholders because:

 

 

we would not be allowed a deduction for dividends paid to shareholders in computing our taxable income and would be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates;

 

 

we could be subject to the U.S. federal alternative minimum tax (although, under the TCJA, the corporate alternative minimum tax has been repealed for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017) and possibly increased state and local taxes; and

 

 

unless we are entitled to relief under certain U.S. federal income tax laws, we could not re-elect REIT status until the fifth calendar year after the year in which we failed to qualify as a REIT.

 

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In addition, if we fail to qualify as a REIT, we will no longer be required to make distributions. As a result of all these factors, our failure to qualify as a REIT could impair our ability to expand our business and raise capital, and it would adversely affect the value of our common shares. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations” for a discussion of certain U.S. federal income tax considerations relating to us and our common shares.

 

Even if we continue to qualify as a REIT, we may owe other taxes that will reduce our cash flows.

 

Even if we continue to qualify for taxation as a REIT, we may be subject to certain U.S. federal, state and local taxes on our income and assets, on taxable income that we do not distribute to our shareholders, on net income from certain “prohibited transactions”, and on income from some activities conducted as a result of a foreclosure, and state or local income, property and transfer taxes. For example, to the extent we satisfy the 90% distribution requirement but distribute less than 100% of our REIT taxable income, we will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on our undistributed taxable income and gains. We also will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax if the actual amount that we distribute to our shareholders in a calendar year is less than a minimum amount specified under the Code. As another example, we are subject to a 100% “prohibited transaction” tax on any gain from a sale of property that is characterized as held for sale, rather than investment, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, unless we comply with a statutory safe harbor or earn the gain through a taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”). Further, any TRS that we establish will be subject to regular corporate U.S. federal, state and local taxes. Any of these taxes would decrease cash available for distribution to shareholders.

 

REIT distribution requirements could adversely affect our liquidity and may force us to borrow funds during unfavorable market conditions.

 

In order to maintain our REIT status and to meet the REIT distribution requirements, we may need to borrow funds on a short-term basis or sell assets, even if the then-prevailing market conditions are not favorable for these borrowings or sales. In addition, we may need to reserve cash (including proceeds from this offering) to satisfy our REIT distribution requirements, even though there are attractive investment opportunities that may be available. To qualify as a REIT, we generally must distribute to our shareholders at least 90% of our net taxable income each year, excluding capital gains. In addition, we will be subject to corporate income tax to the extent we distribute less than 100% of our taxable income including any net capital gain. We intend to make distributions to our shareholders to comply with the requirements of the Code for REITs and to minimize or eliminate our corporate income tax obligation to the extent consistent with our business objectives. Our cash flows from operations may be insufficient to fund required distributions, for example as a result of differences in timing between the actual receipt of income and the recognition of income for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the effect of non-deductible capital expenditures, limitations on interest expense and net operating loss deductibility, the creation of reserves or required debt service or amortization payments. To the extent we invest in debt instruments, we generally will be required to accrue income from mortgage loans, mortgage backed securities, and other types of debt instruments currently over the term of the asset, even if we do not receive the cash payments corresponding to such income until later periods. Thus, all or a part of the anticipated increase in yield on the loans we hold that are attributable to deferred interest, exit fees and/or equity participation features generally must be accrued currently notwithstanding that the corresponding cash payment is deferred or uncertain. The insufficiency of our cash flows to cover our distribution requirements could have an adverse impact on our ability to raise short- and long-term debt or sell equity securities in order to fund distributions required to maintain our REIT status. In addition, we will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax on the amount, if any, by which distributions paid by us in any calendar year are less than the sum of 85% of our ordinary income, 95% of our capital gain net income and 100% of our undistributed income from prior years. To address and/or mitigate some of these issues, we may make taxable distributions that are in part paid in cash and in part paid in our common shares. In such cases our shareholders may have tax liabilities from such distributions in excess of the cash they receive. The treatment of such taxable share distributions is not clear, and it is possible the taxable share distribution will not count towards our distribution requirement, in which case adverse consequences could apply.

 

If we fail to invest a sufficient amount of the net proceeds from selling our common shares in real estate assets within one year from the receipt of the proceeds, we could fail to qualify as a REIT.

 

Temporary investment of the net proceeds from sales of our common shares in short-term securities and income from such investment generally will allow us to satisfy various REIT income and asset requirements, but only during the one-year period beginning on the date we receive the net proceeds. If we are unable to invest a sufficient amount of the net proceeds from sales of our common shares in qualifying real estate assets within such one-year period, we could fail to satisfy one or more of the gross income or asset tests and/or we could be limited to investing all or a portion of any remaining funds in cash or cash equivalents. If we fail to satisfy any such income or asset test, unless we are entitled to relief under certain provisions of the Code, we could fail to qualify as a REIT. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”.

 

If we form a TRS, our overall tax liability could increase.

 

Any TRS we form will be subject to U.S. federal, state and local income tax on its taxable income. Accordingly, although our ownership of any TRSs may allow us to participate in the operating income from certain activities that we could not participate in without violating the REIT income tests requirements of the Code or incurring the 100% tax on gains from prohibited transactions, the TRS through which we earn such operating income or gain will be fully subject to corporate income tax. The after-tax net income of any TRS would be available for distribution to us; however, any dividends received by us from our domestic TRSs will only be qualifying income for the 95% gross income test, not the 75% gross income test.

 

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You may be restricted from acquiring, transferring or redeeming certain amounts of our common shares.

 

In order to maintain our REIT qualification, among other requirements, no more than 50% in value of our outstanding shares may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals, as defined in the Code to include certain kinds of entities, during the last half of any taxable year, other than the first year for which a REIT election is made. To assist us in qualifying as a REIT, our operating agreement contains an aggregate share ownership limit and a common shares ownership limit. Generally, any of our shares owned by affiliated owners will be added together for purposes of the aggregate share ownership limit, and any common shares owned by affiliated owners will be added together for purposes of the common shares ownership limit.

 

If anyone attempts to transfer or own shares in a way that would violate the aggregate share ownership limit or the common shares ownership limit (or would prevent us from continuing to qualify as a REIT), unless such ownership limits have been waived by our Manager, those shares instead will be deemed transferred to a trust for the benefit of a charitable beneficiary and will be either redeemed by us or sold to a person whose ownership of the shares will not violate the aggregate share ownership limit or the common shares ownership limit and will not prevent us from qualifying as a REIT. If this transfer to a trust fails to prevent such a violation or our disqualification as a REIT, then the initial intended transfer or ownership will be null and void from the outset. Anyone who acquires or owns shares in violation of the aggregate share ownership limit or the common shares ownership limit, unless such ownership limit or limits have been waived by our Manager, or the other restrictions on transfer or ownership in our operating agreement, bears the risk of a financial loss when the shares are redeemed or sold, if the NAV of our shares falls between the date of purchase and the date of redemption or sale.

 

Our limits on ownership of our shares also may require us to decline redemption requests that would cause other shareholders to exceed such ownership limits. In addition, in order to comply with certain of the distribution requirements applicable to REITs we will decline to honor any redemption request that we believe is a “dividend equivalent” redemption as discussed in “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations—Taxation of Taxable U.S. Shareholders—Redemptions of Common Shares”.

 

The failure of a mezzanine loan to qualify as a real estate asset could adversely affect our ability to qualify as a REIT.

 

We may acquire mezzanine loans, for which the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) has provided a safe harbor but not rules of substantive law. Pursuant to the safe harbor, if a mezzanine loan meets certain requirements, it will be treated by the IRS as a real estate asset for purposes of the REIT asset tests, and interest derived from the mezzanine loan will be treated as qualifying mortgage interest for purposes of the 75% gross income test. To the extent that any of our mezzanine loans do not meet all of the requirements for reliance on the safe harbor, such loans may not be real estate assets and could adversely affect our REIT status.

 

We intend to make certain other investments through subsidiaries (with rights to receive preferred economic returns) and may invest in “kickers” with respect to certain investments that we determine to hold outside of a TRS. The character of such investments for REIT purposes may depend on the assets and operations of the issuer, which we generally will not control. Thus, no assurance can be given that any such issuer will not operate in a manner that causes us to fail an income or asset test requirement. In addition, the proper treatment of certain investments, including investments through subsidiaries (with rights to receive preferred economic returns) and “kickers”, for U.S. federal income tax purposes is unclear. If the IRS were to successfully challenge our characterization of an investment, it could adversely affect our REIT status.

 

Complying with REIT requirements may limit our ability to hedge effectively and may cause us to incur tax liabilities.

 

The REIT provisions of the Code substantially limit our ability to hedge our liabilities. Generally, income from a hedging transaction we enter into to manage risk of interest rate changes with respect to borrowings made or to be made to acquire or carry real estate assets or to offset certain other positions does not constitute “gross income” for purposes of the 75% or 95% gross income tests, provided certain circumstances are satisfied. To the extent that we enter into other types of hedging transactions, the income from those transactions is likely to be treated as non-qualifying income for purposes of both of the gross income tests. As a result of these rules, we may need to limit our use of advantageous hedging techniques or implement those hedges through a TRS. This could increase the cost of our hedging activities because our TRS would be subject to tax on income or gains resulting from hedges entered into by it or expose us to greater risks associated with changes in interest rates than we would otherwise want to bear. In addition, losses in our TRSs will generally not provide any tax benefit, except for being carried forward for use against future taxable income in the TRSs.

 

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Our qualification as a REIT and avoidance of 100% tax may depend on the characterization of loans that we make as debt for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

 

For U.S. federal income tax purposes, the IRS or a court may treat a loan with sufficient equity characteristics as equity for tax purposes. We may obtain equity participation rights with respect to our loans, and we may make loans with relatively high loan-to-value ratios and/or high yields, which are among the features that can cause a loan to be treated as equity for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Although we have and intend to continue to structure each of our loans so that the loan should be respected as debt for U.S. federal income tax purposes, it is possible that the IRS or a court could disagree and seek to recharacterize the loan as equity. Recharacterization of one of our loans as equity for U.S. federal income tax purposes generally would require us to include our share of the gross assets and gross income of the borrower in our REIT asset and income tests. Inclusion of such items could jeopardize our REIT status. Moreover, to the extent our borrowers hold their assets as dealer property or inventory, if we are treated as holding equity in a borrower for U.S. federal income tax purposes, our share of gains from sales by the borrower would be subject to the 100% tax on prohibited transactions (except to the extent earned through a TRS).

 

The failure of a loan to qualify as an obligation secured by a mortgage on real property within the meaning of the REIT rules could adversely affect our ability to qualify as a REIT.

 

We may make investments in loans whose qualification as a real estate mortgage loan for REIT purposes is uncertain or which are treated in part as qualifying mortgage loans and in part as unsecured loans. The failure of a loan that we treated as a qualifying mortgage loan to qualify as such for REIT purposes could cause us to fail one or more of the REIT income or asset tests, and thereby cause us to fail to qualify as a REIT unless certain relief provisions also apply.

 

In general, interest income accrued on a loan that is secured by real property and personal property during a taxable year constitutes qualifying mortgage interest in its entirety for purposes of the 75% gross income test only if the loan is secured by a mortgage on real property with a value (at the time we committed to acquire the loan) at least equal to the highest outstanding principal amount of the loan during such taxable year. In the case of loans to improve or develop real property, the value of the real property collateral when we commit to acquire a loan is deemed to include the reasonably estimated cost of the improvements or developments (other than personal property) which will secure the loan and which will be constructed from the proceeds of the loan. Subject to an exemption discussed in “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations – Gross Income Tests – Interest Income”, if the outstanding principal balance of a mortgage loan during the taxable year exceeds the deemed value of the real property securing the loan at the time we committed to acquire the loan, a portion of the interest accrued during the year will not be qualifying mortgage interest for the 75% gross income test and a portion of such loan likely will not be a qualifying real estate asset. In that case, we could earn income that is not qualifying for the 75% gross income test and be treated as holding a non-real estate investment in whole or part, which could result in our failure to qualify as a REIT. However, a mortgage loan secured by both real property and personal property will be treated as a wholly qualifying real estate asset and all interest will be qualifying income for purposes of the 75% gross income test if the fair market value of such personal property does not exceed 15% of the total fair market value of all such property, even if the real property collateral value is less than the outstanding principal balance of the loan.

 

The “taxable mortgage pool” rules may increase the taxes that we or our shareholders may incur, and may limit the manner in which we effect future securitizations.

 

Any borrowings incurred by us could result in the creation of taxable mortgage pools for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Except as provided below, we generally would not be adversely affected by the characterization as a taxable mortgage pool so long as we own 100% of the equity interests in a taxable mortgage pool. Certain categories of shareholders, however, such as non-U.S. shareholders eligible for treaty or other benefits, shareholders with net operating losses, and certain U.S. tax-exempt shareholders that are subject to unrelated business income tax, could be subject to increased taxes on a portion of their dividend income from us that is attributable to the taxable mortgage pool. In addition, to the extent that our shares are owned by tax-exempt “disqualified organizations”, such as certain government-related entities and charitable remainder trusts that are not subject to tax on unrelated business income, we may incur a corporate level tax on a portion of our income from the taxable mortgage pool. In that case, we may reduce the amount of our distributions to any disqualified organization whose share ownership gave rise to the tax. Moreover, we would be precluded from selling equity interests in these securitizations to outside investors, or selling any debt securities issued in connection with these securitizations that might be considered to be equity interests for U.S. federal income tax purposes. These limitations may prevent us from using certain techniques to maximize our returns from securitization transactions.

 

The ability of our Manager to revoke our REIT qualification without shareholder approval may cause adverse consequences to our shareholders.

 

Our operating agreement provides that our Manager may revoke or otherwise terminate our REIT election, without the approval of our shareholders, if it determines that it is no longer in our best interest to continue to qualify as a REIT. If we cease to be a REIT, we will not be allowed a deduction for dividends paid to shareholders in computing our taxable income and will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates, as well as state and local taxes, which may have adverse consequences on our total return to our shareholders.

 

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We may be subject to a 100% penalty tax on any prohibited transactions that we enter into, or may be required to forego certain otherwise beneficial opportunities in order to avoid the penalty tax on prohibited transactions.

 

If we are found to have held, acquired or developed property primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business, we may be subject to a 100% “prohibited transactions” tax under U.S. federal tax laws on the gain from disposition of the property unless (i) the disposition qualifies for a safe harbor exception for properties that have been held by us for at least two years (generally for the production of rental income) and that satisfy certain additional requirements or (ii) the disposition is made through a TRS and, therefore, is subject to corporate U.S. federal income tax.

 

Under existing law, whether property is held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business is a question of fact that depends on all the facts and circumstances. Our opportunistic business strategy may include investments that risk being characterized as investments in properties held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business. We intend to continue to comply with the statutory safe harbor when selling properties (or when our joint ventures sell properties) outside of our TRSs that we believe might reasonably be characterized as held for sale, but compliance with the safe harbor may not always be practical. Moreover, because the determination of whether property is held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business is a question of fact that depends on all the facts and circumstances, the IRS might disagree with our characterization of sales outside the safe harbor. Thus, we may be subject to the 100% penalty tax on the gain from dispositions of property.

 

Additionally, we could be subject to this tax if we were to dispose of or securitize loans (or portions thereof) in a manner that was treated as a sale of the loans for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Therefore, in order to avoid the prohibited transactions tax, we may choose not to engage in certain sales of loans at the REIT level (and may conduct such sales through a TRS), and may limit the structures we utilize for any securitization transactions, even though the sales or structures might otherwise be beneficial to us.

 

The potential application of the prohibited transactions tax could cause us to forego potential dispositions of other property or to forego other opportunities that might otherwise be attractive to us, or to hold investments or undertake such dispositions or other opportunities through a TRS, which would generally result in corporate income taxes being incurred.

 

Our ability to provide certain services to our tenants may be limited by the REIT rules, or may have to be provided through a TRS.

 

As a REIT, we generally cannot hold interests in rental property where tenants receive services other than services that are customarily provided by landlords, nor can we derive income from a third party that provides such services. If services to tenants at properties in which we hold an interest are limited to customary services, those properties may be disadvantaged as compared to other properties that can be operated without the same restrictions. However, we can provide such non-customary services to tenants or share in the revenue from such services if we do so through a TRS, though income earned through the TRS will be subject to corporate income taxes.

 

We may be subject to adverse tax consequences if certain sale-leaseback transactions are not characterized by the IRS as “true leases”.

 

We may purchase investments in real estate properties and lease them back to the sellers of such properties. In the event the IRS does not characterize such leases as “true leases”, we could be subject to certain adverse tax consequences, including an inability to deduct depreciation expense and cost recovery relating to such property, and under certain circumstances, we could fail to qualify as a REIT as a result.

 

Legislative or regulatory action related to federal income tax laws could adversely affect our shareholders and/or our business.

 

On December 22, 2017, the TCJA was enacted. The TCJA makes major changes to the Code, including a number of provisions of the Code that affect the taxation of REITs and their stockholders. Among the changes made by the TCJA are (i) permanently reducing the generally applicable corporate tax rate, (ii) generally reducing the tax rate applicable to individuals and other non-corporate taxpayers for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2026, (iii) eliminating or modifying certain previously allowed deductions (including substantially limiting interest deductibility and, for individuals, the deduction for non-business state and local taxes), and (iv) for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2026, providing for preferential rates of taxation through a deduction of up to 20% (subject to certain limitations) on most ordinary REIT dividends and certain trade or business income of non-corporate taxpayers. The TCJA also imposes new limitations on the deduction of net operating losses, which may result in us having to make additional taxable distributions to our stockholders in order to comply with REIT distribution requirements or avoid taxes on retained income and gains. The effect of the significant changes made by the TCJA is highly uncertain, and administrative guidance will be required in order to fully evaluate the effect of many provisions. The effect of any technical corrections with respect to the TCJA could have an adverse effect on us or our shareholders. Investors should consult their tax advisors regarding the implications of the TCJA on their investment in our common shares.

 

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In addition, in recent years, numerous legislative, judicial and administrative changes have been made to the federal income tax laws applicable to investments in REITs and similar entities. Additional changes to tax laws and regulations are likely to continue to occur in the future, and we cannot assure our shareholders that any such changes will not adversely affect the taxation of a shareholder or will not have an adverse effect on an investment in our common shares. Shareholders are urged to consult with their own tax advisors with respect to the potential effect that the TCJA or other legislative, regulatory or administrative developments and proposals could have on their investment in our shares.

 

A portion of our distributions may be treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes, which could reduce the basis of a shareholder’s investment in our common shares and may trigger taxable gain.

 

A portion of our distributions may be treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As a general matter, a portion of our distributions will be treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes if the aggregate amount of our distributions for a year exceeds our current and accumulated earnings and profits for that year. To the extent that a distribution is treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes, it will reduce a holder’s adjusted tax basis in the holder’s shares, and to the extent that it exceeds the holder’s adjusted tax basis will be treated as gain resulting from a sale or exchange of such shares. See “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”.

 

Our Manager and its affiliates have limited experience managing a portfolio of assets owned by a REIT.

 

REITs are subject to numerous complex requirements in order to maintain their REIT status, including income and asset composition tests. Our Manager and its affiliates have limited experience managing a portfolio in the manner intended to comply with such requirements. To the extent our Manager and its affiliates manage us in a manner that causes us to fail to qualify as a REIT, it could adversely affect the value of our common shares.

 

Property taxes could increase due to property tax rate changes or reassessment, which could impact our cash flow.

 

Even if we qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we generally will be required to pay state and local taxes on our properties. The real property taxes on our properties may increase as property tax rates change or as our properties are assessed or reassessed by taxing authorities. If the property taxes we pay increase, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, per share trading price of our common shares and our ability to satisfy our principal and interest obligations and to make distributions to our shareholders could be adversely affected.

 

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STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

 

We make statements in this offering circular that are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. The words “believe”, “estimate”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “intend”, “plan”, “seek”, “may”, and similar expressions or statements regarding future periods are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements, or industry results, to differ materially from any predictions of future results, performance or achievements that we express or imply in this offering circular or in the information incorporated by reference into this offering circular.

 

The forward-looking statements included in this offering circular are based upon our current expectations, plans, estimates, assumptions and beliefs that involve numerous risks and uncertainties. Assumptions relating to the foregoing involve judgments with respect to, among other things, future economic, competitive and market conditions and future business decisions, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict accurately and many of which are beyond our control. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, our actual results and performance could differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. Factors which could have a material adverse effect on our operations and future prospects include, but are not limited to:

 

 

our ability to effectively deploy the proceeds raised in this offering;

 

 

our ability to attract and retain members to the Fundrise Platform;

 

 

risks associated with breaches of our data security;

 

 

public health crises, pandemics and epidemics, such as those caused by new strains of viruses such as H5N1 (avian flu), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and, most recently, the novel coronavirus (COVID-19);

 

 

changes in economic conditions generally and the real estate and securities markets specifically;

 

 

limited ability to dispose of assets because of the relative illiquidity of real estate investments;

 

 

intense competition in the real estate market that may limit our ability to attract or retain tenants or re-lease space;

 

 

defaults on or non-renewal of leases by tenants;

 

 

increased interest rates and operating costs;

 

 

our failure to obtain necessary outside financing;

 

decreased rental rates or increased vacancy rates;

 

the risk associated with potential breach or expiration of a ground lease, if any;

 

difficulties in identifying properties to complete, and consummating, real estate acquisitions, developments, joint ventures and dispositions;

 

our failure to successfully operate acquired properties and operations;

 

exposure to liability relating to environmental and health and safety matters;

 

changes in real estate and zoning laws and increases in real property tax rates;

 

our failure to maintain our status as a REIT;

 

failure of acquisitions to yield anticipated results;

 

risks associated with derivatives or hedging activity;

 

our level of debt and the terms and limitations imposed on us by our debt agreements;

 

the need to invest additional equity in connection with debt refinancings as a result of reduced asset values;

 

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our ability to retain our executive officers and other key personnel of our advisor, our property manager and their affiliates;

 

expected rates of return provided to investors;

 

the ability of our sponsor and its affiliates to source, originate and service our loans and other assets, and the quality and performance of these assets;

 

our ability to retain and hire competent employees and appropriately staff our operations;

 

legislative or regulatory changes impacting our business or our assets (including changes to the laws governing the taxation of REITs and the SEC guidance related to Regulation A or the JOBS Act);

 

changes in business conditions and the market value of our assets, including changes in interest rates, prepayment risk, operator or borrower defaults or bankruptcy, and generally the increased risk of loss if our investments fail to perform as expected;

 

our ability to implement effective conflicts of interest policies and procedures among the various real estate investment opportunities sponsored by our sponsor;

 

our ability to access sources of liquidity when we have the need to fund redemptions of common shares in excess of the proceeds from the sales of our common shares in our continuous offering and the consequential risk that we may not have the resources to satisfy redemption requests;

 

natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes and floods;

 

acts of war or terrorism, including the consequences of terrorist attacks, such as those that occurred on September 11, 2001;

 

our compliance with applicable local, state and federal laws, including the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the “Advisers Act”), the Investment Company Act and other laws; and

 

changes to GAAP.

 

Any of the assumptions underlying forward-looking statements could be inaccurate. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included in this offering circular. All forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this offering circular and the risk that actual results will differ materially from the expectations expressed in this offering circular will increase with the passage of time. Except as otherwise required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date of this offering circular, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or any other reason. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included in this offering circular, including, without limitation, the risks described under “Risk Factors”, the inclusion of such forward-looking statements should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the objectives and plans set forth in this offering circular will be achieved.

 

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ESTIMATED USE OF PROCEEDS

 

The table below sets forth our estimated use of proceeds from this offering, assuming we sell in this offering $13,748,012 in common shares, which represents the value of shares available to be offered as of the date of this offering circular out of the rolling 12-month maximum offering amount of $50 million in our common shares. Our price per share is currently $11.24. The price per share is adjusted by our Manager at the beginning of each fiscal quarter (or as soon as commercially reasonable thereafter), and will equal the greater of (i) $10.00 per share or (ii) NAV per share.

 

Through April 15, 2020, our ongoing offering has raised an aggregate of approximately $102.5 million in capital pursuant to Regulation A. We expect to use substantially all of the net proceeds from this offering (after paying or reimbursing organization and offering expenses) to invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate loans, commercial real estate and other real estate-related assets. We expect that any expenses or fees payable to our Manager for its services in connection with managing our daily affairs, including but not limited to, the selection and acquisition or origination of our investments, will be paid from cash flow from operations. If such fees and expenses are not paid from cash flow (or waived) they will reduce the cash available for investment and distribution and will directly impact our NAV. See “Management Compensation” for more details regarding the fees that will be paid to our Manager and its affiliates. Many of the amounts set forth in the table below represent our Manager’s best estimate since they cannot be precisely calculated at this time.

 

We may not be able to promptly invest the net proceeds of this offering in multifamily rental properties and development projects and real estate related assets. In the interim, we may invest in short-term, highly liquid or other authorized investments, subject to the requirements for qualification as a REIT. Such short-term investments will not earn as high of a return as we expect to earn on our real estate-related investments.

 

Maximum
Offering

Amount(1)

Gross Offering Proceeds $ 13,748,012
Less:
Organization and Offering Expenses(2)(3) $ 45,000
Net Proceeds from this Offering $ 13,703,012
Estimated Amount Available for Investments(4) $ 13,703,012

 

(1) This is a “best efforts” offering, which means we are only required to use our best efforts to sell our common shares offered in this offering.
(2) Investors do not pay upfront selling commissions in connection with the purchase of our common shares. We reimburse our Manager for organization and offering costs, which are expected to be approximately $45,000. Reimbursement payments are made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this and our prior offering; provided, however, our Manager has agreed to a limitation that no reimbursement may be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full. As of December 31, 2019, approximately $962,000 in organization and offering costs had been incurred by our Manager in connection with our prior offering, and $962,000 reimbursed to our Manager in connection with our prior offering. See “Management Compensation” for a description of additional fees and expenses that we pay our Manager.
(3) Amount reflected is an estimate. Includes all expenses to be paid by us in connection with the qualification of the common shares offered in this offering circular, and the marketing and distribution of shares, including, without limitation, expenses for printing, engraving and amending offering statements or supplementing offering circulars, mailing and distributing costs, telephones, internet and other telecommunications costs, all advertising and marketing expenses, charges of experts and fees, expenses and taxes related to the filing, registration and qualification of the sale of shares under federal and state laws, including taxes and fees and accountants’ and attorneys’ fees. See “Plan of Distribution”.
(4) Amount available for investment includes amounts owed to affiliates of our sponsor in connection with financing the purchase price of certain of our investments.

 

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MANAGEMENT

 

Our Manager

 

We operate under the direction of our Manager, which is responsible for directing the management of our business and affairs, managing our day-to-day affairs, and implementing our investment strategy. Our Manager has established an investment committee that makes decisions with respect to all acquisitions and dispositions. See “—Investment Committee of our Manager” below. The Manager and its officers and directors are not required to devote all of their time to our business and are only required to devote such time to our affairs as their duties require.

 

We follow investment guidelines adopted by our Manager and the investment and borrowing policies set forth in this offering circular unless they are modified by our Manager. Our Manager may establish further written policies on investments and borrowings and monitors our administrative procedures, investment operations and performance to ensure that the policies are fulfilled. Our Manager may change our investment objectives at any time without approval of our shareholders.

 

Our Manager performs its duties and responsibilities pursuant to our operating agreement. Our Manager maintains a contractual, as opposed to a fiduciary relationship, with us and our shareholders. Furthermore, we have agreed to limit the liability of our Manager and to indemnify our Manager against certain liabilities.

 

Experience of our Management Team

 

As of December 31, 2019, our sponsor facilitated or originated approximately 316 real estate assets through the various Fundrise Platform investment opportunities with aggregate purchase prices of approximately $4.9 billion, excluding 3 World Trade Center (we exclude this asset because while the amount of equity invested in the project was similar to other investments made by our sponsor, the aggregate purchase price of 3 World Trade Center was much greater relative to our sponsor’s other investments, and would greatly inflate the aggregate purchase price of the other assets disclosed). Of the $4.9 billion aggregate real estate purchase prices, our sponsor offered through the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities approximately $1.1 billion, consisting of approximately $371 million of commercial real estate loan assets, $290 million of investments in commercial real estate (primarily through majority-owned subsidiaries with rights to receive preferred economic returns), and $488 million of commercial real estate common equity investments, including direct equity purchases. The portfolios included in the Fundrise Platform investment opportunities are diversified by investment size, security type, property type and geographic region. As a result of the depth and thoroughness of its underwriting process, the extensive investing experience of its management team and its strong performance record in managing a diverse portfolio of assets, we believe our sponsor has earned a reputation as a leading real estate manager, which has allowed it to access funding from a broad base of investors.

 

Responsibilities of our Manager

 

The responsibilities of our Manager include:

 

Investment Advisory, Origination and Acquisition Services

 

approve and oversee our overall investment strategy, which consists of elements such as investment selection criteria, diversification strategies and asset disposition strategies;
 
serve as our investment and financial manager with respect to sourcing, underwriting, acquiring, financing, originating, servicing, investing in and managing a diversified portfolio of multifamily rental properties and development projects, including commercial real estate equity, commercial real estate loans, and other real estate-related assets;
 
adopt and periodically review our investment guidelines;
 
structure the terms and conditions of our acquisitions, sales and joint ventures;
 
enter into leases and service contracts for the properties and other investments;
 
approve and oversee our debt financing strategies;
 
approve joint ventures, limited partnerships and other such relationships with third parties;
 
approve any potential liquidity transaction;

 

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obtain market research and economic and statistical data in connection with our investments and investment objectives and policies;
 
oversee and conduct the due diligence process related to prospective investments;
 
prepare reports regarding prospective investments that include recommendations and supporting documentation necessary for our Manager’s investment committee to evaluate the proposed investments; and
 
negotiate and execute approved investments and other transactions.

 

Offering Services

 

the development of this offering, including the determination of its specific terms;
 
preparation and approval of all marketing materials to be used by us relating to this offering;
 
the negotiation and coordination of the receipt, collection, processing and acceptance of subscription agreements, commissions, and other administrative support functions;
 
creation and implementation of various technology and electronic communications related to this offering; and
 
all other services related to this offering.

 

Asset Management Services

 

investigate, select, and, on our behalf, engage and conduct business with such persons as our Manager deems necessary to the proper performance of its obligations under our operating agreement, including but not limited to consultants, accountants, lenders, technical managers, attorneys, corporate fiduciaries, escrow agents, depositaries, custodians, agents for collection, insurers, insurance agents, developers, construction companies and any and all persons acting in any other capacity deemed by our Manager necessary or desirable for the performance of any of the services under our operating agreement;
 
  monitor applicable markets and obtain reports (which may be prepared by our Manager or its affiliates) where appropriate, concerning the value of our investments;
 
monitor and evaluate the performance of our investments, provide daily management services to us and perform and supervise the various management and operational functions related to our investments;

 

  formulate and oversee the implementation of strategies for the administration, promotion, management, operation, maintenance, improvement, financing and refinancing, marketing, leasing and disposition of investments on an overall portfolio basis; and

 

coordinate and manage relationships between us and any joint venture partners.

 

Accounting and Other Administrative Services

 

manage and perform the various administrative functions necessary for our day-to-day operations;

 

provide or arrange for administrative services, legal services, office space, office furnishings, personnel and other overhead items necessary and incidental to our business and operations;

 

provide financial and operational planning services and portfolio management functions;

 

maintain accounting data and any other information concerning our activities as will be required to prepare and to file all periodic financial reports and returns required to be filed with the SEC and any other regulatory agency, including annual financial statements;

 

maintain all appropriate company books and records;

 

oversee tax and compliance services and risk management services and coordinate with appropriate third parties, including independent accountants and other consultants, on related tax matters;

 

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make, change, and revoke such tax elections on behalf of our Company as the Manager deems appropriate, including, without limitation, (i) making an election be treated as a REIT or to revoke such status and (ii) making an election to be classified as an association taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes;

 

supervise the performance of such ministerial and administrative functions as may be necessary in connection with our daily operations;

 

provide us with all necessary cash management services;

 

manage and coordinate with the transfer agent, if any, the process of making distributions and payments to shareholders;

 

evaluate and obtain adequate insurance coverage based upon risk management determinations;

 

provide timely updates related to the overall regulatory environment affecting us, as well as managing compliance with regulatory matters;

 

evaluate our corporate governance structure and appropriate policies and procedures related thereto; and

 

oversee all reporting, record keeping, internal controls and similar matters in a manner to allow us to comply with applicable law.

 

Shareholder Services

 

determine our distribution policy and authorizing distributions from time to time;

 

approve amounts available for redemptions of our common shares;

 

manage communications with our shareholders, including answering phone calls, preparing and sending written and electronic reports and other communications; and

 

establish technology infrastructure to assist in providing shareholder support and services.

 

Financing Services

 

identify and evaluate potential financing and refinancing sources, engaging a third party broker if necessary;

 

negotiate terms of, arrange and execute financing agreements;

 

manage relationships between us and our lenders, if any; and

 

monitor and oversee the service of our debt facilities and other financings, if any.

 

Disposition Services

 

evaluate and approve potential asset dispositions, sales or liquidity transactions; and

 

structure and negotiate the terms and conditions of transactions pursuant to which our assets may be sold.

 

Allocation of Investment Opportunities

 

For more information regarding the factors that our Manager’s investment committee may consider in allocating investment opportunities among our additional similar programs (eREITs®), please see “Conflicts of Interest – Our Affiliates’ Interests in Other Fundrise Entities – Allocation of Investment Opportunities”.

 

Shared Services Agreement

 

Our Manager has entered into a shared services agreement with Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor, effective as of September 30, 2016. Pursuant to this agreement, our Manager is provided with access to, among other things, our sponsor’s portfolio management, asset valuation, risk management and asset management services as well as administration services addressing legal, compliance, investor relations and information technologies necessary for the performance by our Manager of its duties under the operating agreement in exchange for a fee representing our Manager’s allocable cost for these services. The fee paid by our Manager pursuant to the shared services agreement does not constitute a reimbursable expense under our operating agreement. However, under the shared services agreement, our sponsor is entitled to receive reimbursement of expenses incurred on behalf of us or our Manager that we are required to pay to our Manager under our operating agreement.

 

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Executive Officers of our Manager

 

As of the date of this offering circular, the executive officers of our Manager and their positions and offices are as follows:

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position

Benjamin S. Miller

 

43

 

Chief Executive Officer and Interim Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Brandon T. Jenkins

 

34

 

Chief Operating Officer

Bjorn J. Hall

 

39

 

General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and Secretary

 

Benjamin S. Miller currently serves as Chief Executive Officer of our Manager and has served as Chief Executive Officer and a Director of our sponsor since its inception on March 14, 2012. As of the date of this offering circular, Mr. Miller is also serving as Interim Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of our Manager. Prior to Rise Companies Corp., Mr. Miller had been a Managing Partner of the real estate company WestMill Capital Partners from October 2010 to June 2012, and before that, was President of Western Development Corporation one of the largest mixed-use real estate companies in the Washington, DC metro area, from April 2006 to October 2010, after joining the company in early 2005 as its Chief Operating Officer. From 2003 until 2005, Mr. Miller was an Associate and part of the founding team of Democracy Alliance, a progressive investment collaborative. In 2001, Mr. Miller co-founded and was a Managing Partner of US Nordic Ventures, a private equity and operating company that works with Scandinavian green building firms to penetrate the U.S. market. Mr. Miller has a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Pennsylvania.

 

Brandon T. Jenkins currently serves as Chief Operating Officer of our Manager and has served in such capacities with the sponsor since February of 2014, prior to which time he served as Head of Product Development and Director of Real Estate which he continues to do currently. Additionally, Mr. Jenkins has served as Director of Real Estate for WestMill Capital Partners since March of 2011. Previously, Mr. Jenkins spent two and a half years as an investment advisor and sales broker at Marcus & Millichap, the largest real estate investment sales brokerage in the country. Prior to his time in brokerage, Mr. Jenkins also worked for Westfield Corporation, a leading shopping center owner. Mr. Jenkins earned his Bachelor of Arts in Public Policy and Economics from Duke University.

 

Bjorn J. Hall currently serves as the General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and Secretary of our Manager and has served in such capacities with our sponsor since February 2014. Prior to joining our sponsor in February 2014, Mr. Hall was a counsel at the law firm of O’Melveny & Myers LLP, where he was a member of the Corporate Finance and Securities Group. Mr. Hall has a Bachelor of Arts from the University of North Dakota and received a J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center.

 

Investment Committee of our Manager

 

The investment committee of our Manager is a standing committee, established to assist our Manager in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities by (1) considering and approving of each investment made by us, (2) establishing our investment guidelines and overseeing our investments, and the investment activity of other accounts and funds held for our benefit, and  (3) overseeing the investment activities of certain of our subsidiaries. The investment committee consists of at least three members, including our sponsor’s Chief Executive Officer, our sponsor’s Chief Operating Officer, and a third member chosen unanimously by the other two members of the investment committee, who will serve until such time as such investment committee member resigns or is replaced. The initial investment committee is comprised of Mr. Benjamin Miller (our sponsor’s Chief Executive Officer), Mr. Brandon Jenkins (our sponsor’s Chief Operating Officer), and Mr. Alex King Davidson (our sponsor’s SVP of Real Estate). In the event that two or more members of the investment committee are interested parties in a transaction, the Independent Representative (defined below) will be required to approve the transaction. See “Conflicts of Interest—Certain Conflict Resolution Measures—Our Policies Relating to Conflicts of Interest”.

 

Compensation of Executive Officers

 

We do not currently have any employees nor do we currently intend to hire any employees who will be compensated directly by us. Each of the executive officers of our sponsor also serves as an executive officer of our Manager. Each of these individuals receives compensation for his or her services, including services performed for us on behalf of our Manager, from our sponsor. As executive officers of our Manager, these individuals serve to manage our day-to-day affairs, oversee the review, selection and recommendation of investment opportunities, service acquired investments and monitor the performance of these investments to ensure that they are consistent with our investment objectives. Although we indirectly bear some of the costs of the compensation paid to these individuals through fees we pay to our Manager, we have not paid, and do not intend to pay, any compensation directly to these individuals.

 

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Limited Liability and Indemnification of our Manager and Others

 

Subject to certain limitations, our operating agreement limits the liability of our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholder and affiliates, for monetary damages and provides that we will indemnify and pay or reimburse reasonable expenses in advance of final disposition of a proceeding to our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholder and affiliates.

 

Our operating agreement provides that to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholders and affiliates are not liable to us. In addition, pursuant to our operating agreement, we have agreed to indemnify our Manager, its officers and directors, our sponsor and our sponsor’s shareholders and affiliates, to the fullest extent permitted by law, against all expenses and liabilities (including judgments, fines, penalties, interest, amounts paid in settlement with the approval of our Company and attorney’s fees and disbursements) arising from the performance of any of their obligations or duties in connection with their service to us or the operating agreement, including in connection with any civil, criminal, administrative, investigative or other action, suit or proceeding to which any such person may hereafter be made party by reason of being or having been the Manager or one of our Manager’s directors or officers.

 

Insofar as the foregoing provisions permit indemnification of directors, officers or persons controlling us for liability arising under the Securities Act, we have been informed that, in the opinion of the SEC, this indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.

 

Term and Removal of the Manager

 

Our operating agreement provides that our Manager will serve as our manager for an indefinite term, but that our Manager may be removed by us, or may choose to withdraw as manager, under certain circumstances.

 

Our shareholders may only remove our Manager at any time with 30 days prior written notice for “cause”, following the affirmative vote of two-thirds of our shareholders. If the Manager is removed for “cause”, the Members will have the power to elect a replacement Manager upon the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of our common shares. “Cause” is defined as:

 

 

our Manager’s continued breach of any material provision of the operating agreement following a period of 30 days after written notice thereof (or 45 days after written notice of such breach if our Manager, under certain circumstances, has taken steps to cure such breach within 30 days of the written notice);

 

 

the commencement of any proceeding relating to the bankruptcy or insolvency of our Manager, including an order for relief in an involuntary bankruptcy case or our Manager authorizing or filing a voluntary bankruptcy petition;

 

 

our Manager committing fraud against us, misappropriating or embezzling our funds, or acting, or failing to act, in a manner constituting bad faith, willful misconduct, gross negligence or reckless disregard in the performance of its duties under the operating agreement; provided, however, that if any of these actions is caused by an employee, personnel and/or officer of our Manager or one of its affiliates and our Manager (or such affiliate) takes all necessary and appropriate action against such person and cures the damage caused by such actions within 30 days of our Manager’s actual knowledge of its commission or omission, then our Manager may not be removed; or

 

 

the dissolution of our Manager.

 

Unsatisfactory financial performance of the Company does not constitute “cause” under the operating agreement.

 

Our Manager may assign its rights under our operating agreement in its entirety or delegate certain of its duties under the operating agreement to any of its affiliates, including pursuant to the shared services agreement described above under “—Shared Services Agreement” without the approval of our shareholders so long as our Manager remains liable for any such affiliate’s performance, and if such assignment or delegation does not require our approval under the Advisers Act.

 

Our Manager may withdraw as our Manager if we become required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act, with such withdrawal deemed to occur immediately before such event.

 

In the event of the removal or withdrawal of our Manager, our Manager will cooperate with us and take all reasonable steps to assist in making an orderly transition of the management function. Our Manager will determine whether any succeeding manager possesses sufficient qualifications to perform the management function.

 

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Holdings of our Common Shares

 

Fundrise, L.P., an affiliate of our sponsor, previously purchased 9,500 common shares from us at $10.00 per share (for net proceeds to us of $95,000) in a private placement on the date the initial offering statement was declared “qualified” by the SEC. Our sponsor also previously acquired 500 common shares at a price equal to the initial offering price in connection with our formation, for net proceeds to us of $5,000.

 

Fundrise Platform

 

We will conduct this offering primarily on the Fundrise Platform, which will host this offering in connection with the distribution of the common shares offered pursuant to this offering circular. The Fundrise Platform is owned and operated by Fundrise, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Rise Companies Corp., our sponsor. We will not pay Fundrise, LLC, the owner of the Fundrise Platform, any sales commissions or other remuneration for hosting this offering on the Fundrise Platform. The Fundrise Platform has previously hosted private and public offerings of other affiliates of the sponsor under similar arrangements.

 

License Agreement

 

We have entered into a license agreement with our sponsor, pursuant to which our sponsor granted us a non-exclusive, royalty free license to use the name “Fundrise”. Other than with respect to this license, we have no legal right to use the “Fundrise” name. In the event that our Manager ceases to manage us, we would be required to change our name to eliminate the use of “Fundrise”.

 

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MANAGEMENT COMPENSATION

 

Our Manager and its affiliates receive fees and expense reimbursements for services relating to this offering and the investment and management of our assets. The items of compensation are summarized in the following table. Neither our Manager nor its affiliates receive any selling commissions or dealer manager fees in connection with the offer and sale of our common shares.

 

Form of Compensation and Recipient Determination of Amount Estimated Amount
 
Organization and Offering Stage
 
Reimbursement of Offering Expenses — Manager (1) Our Manager pays organization and offering expenses on our behalf in connection with the offering of our shares. We reimburse our Manager for these costs and future organization and offering costs it may incur on our behalf.   Our organization and offering expenses paid by the Manager, as of December 31, 2019, were approximately $962,000. We expect to incur an additional $45,000 in expenses in connection with the continuation of this offering.
 
Acquisition and Development Stage
 
Acquisition / Origination Fee — Manager or its Affiliate (2) Up to 2.00% of any amounts funded by us, our sponsor or affiliates of our sponsor to acquire or originate commercial real estate loans or the amount invested in the case of joint venture equity investments, excluding any acquisition and origination expenses and any debt attributable to such investments. We are not entitled to this fee.

Paid by the co-investors, joint-venture or borrower at closing.

 

Actual amounts are dependent upon the total equity and debt capital we raise; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 
Reimbursement of Acquisition / Origination Expenses — Manager We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred in connection with the selection, acquisition or origination of an investment, to the extent not reimbursed by the borrower, whether or not we ultimately acquire or originate the investment. Actual amounts are dependent upon the offering proceeds we raise (and any leverage we employ); we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

Operational Stage
 
Asset Management Fee — Manager (3) Quarterly asset management fee currently equal to an annualized rate of 0.85%, which is based on our NAV at the end of each prior quarter. This rate is determined by our Manager in its sole discretion, but cannot exceed an annualized rate of 1.00%. The amount of the asset management fee may vary from time to time, and we will publicly report any changes in the asset management fee. Our Manager may, in its sole discretion, waive its asset management fee, in whole or in part. The Manager will forfeit any portion of the asset management fee that is waived. Actual amounts are dependent upon the offering proceeds we raise (and any leverage we employ) and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.
 
Reimbursement of Special Servicing Expenses – Manager or Other Party (3) We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with the special servicing of non-performing assets. Whether an asset is deemed to be non-performing is in the sole discretion of our Manager.  Actual amounts are dependent upon the occurrence of an asset becoming non-performing, the original value of such asset, and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.
 
Reimbursement of Other Operating Expenses — Manager

We reimburse our Manager for out-of-pocket expenses paid to third parties in connection with providing services to us. This does not include the Manager’s overhead, employee costs borne by the Manager, utilities or technology costs.

 

The expense reimbursements that we pay to our Manager also include expenses incurred by our sponsor in the performance of services under the shared services agreement between our Manager and our sponsor, including any increases in insurance attributable to the management or operation of our Company.

Actual amounts are dependent upon the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

Liquidation/Listing Stage
 
Equity Liquidation Expenses – Manager

We reimburse our Manager for actual expenses incurred on our behalf in connection with the liquidation of equity investments in real estate. Whether to liquidate an equity investment in real estate is in the sole discretion of our Manager.

Actual amounts are dependent upon the liquidation of a real estate asset, and the results of our operations; we cannot determine these amounts at the present time.

 

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(1)

We have and will continue to reimburse our Manager, without interest, for these organization and offering costs incurred both before and after such date. Reimbursement payments will be made in monthly installments, but the aggregate monthly amount reimbursed can never exceed 0.50% of the aggregate gross offering proceeds from this offering; provided, however, no reimbursement shall be made which, as a result of the reimbursement, would cause the net asset value to be less than $10.00 per share. If the sum of the total unreimbursed amount of such organization and offering costs, plus new costs incurred since the last reimbursement payment, exceeds the reimbursement limit described above for the applicable monthly installment, the excess will be eligible for reimbursement in subsequent months (subject to the 0.50% limit), calculated on an accumulated basis, until our Manager has been reimbursed in full. As of December 31, 2019, approximately $962,000 in organization and offering costs have been incurred by our Manager, and approximately $962,000 reimbursed to our Manager in connection with our prior offering.

 

(2)

The acquisition/origination fee paid to our Manager by co-investors or borrowers is a percentage of the purchase price of an investment or the amount funded by us to acquire or originate a loan.

 

(3)

Our Manager in its sole discretion may defer or waive any fee payable to it under the operating agreement. All or any portion of any deferred fees will be deferred without interest and paid when the Manager determines.

 

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PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS 

 

The following table sets forth the approximate beneficial ownership of our common shares as of the date of this offering circular for each person or group that holds more than 5% of our common shares, for each director and executive officer of our Manager and for the directors and executive officers of our Manager as a group. To our knowledge, each person that beneficially owns our common shares has sole voting and disposition power with regard to such shares.

 

Unless otherwise indicated below, each person or entity has an address in care of our principal executive offices at 11 Dupont Circle NW, 9th FL, Washington, D.C. 20036.

 

Number of
Shares
Beneficially
Percent of
Name of Beneficial Owner(1) Owned All Shares
Benjamin S. Miller 503 *
Brandon T. Jenkins 8 *
Bjorn J. Hall 151 *
All directors and executive officers of our Manager as a group (3 persons) 662 *

 

* Represents less than 1% of our outstanding common shares.

 

(1)

Under SEC rules, a person is deemed to be a “beneficial owner” of a security if that person has or shares “voting power”, which includes the power to dispose of or to direct the disposition of such security. A person also is deemed to be a beneficial owner of any securities which that person has a right to acquire within 60 days. Under these rules, more than one person may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of the same securities and a person may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of securities as to which he or she has no economic or pecuniary interest.

 

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CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

 

We are subject to various conflicts of interest arising out of our relationship with our Manager and its affiliates. We discuss these conflicts below and conclude this section with a discussion of the corporate governance measures we have adopted to mitigate some of the risks posed by these conflicts.

 

Our Affiliates’ Interests in Other Fundrise Entities

 

General

 

The officers and directors of our Manager and the key real estate and debt finance professionals of our sponsor who perform services for us on behalf of our Manager are also officers, directors, managers, and/or key professionals of our sponsor and other Fundrise entities. These persons have legal obligations with respect to those entities that are similar to their obligations to us. In the future, these persons and other affiliates of our sponsor may organize other real estate-related or debt-related programs and acquire for their own account real estate-related investments that may be suitable for us. In addition, our sponsor may grant equity interests in our Manager to certain management personnel performing services for our Manager.

 

Payment of Certain Fees and Expenses of our Manager

 

Our Manager is a wholly-owned subsidiary of our sponsor. We pay fees and expenses to our Manager, and its affiliates, including our sponsor, that were not determined on an arm’s length basis. The asset management fee paid to our Manager is based on our NAV, which is calculated by our sponsor’s internal accountants and asset management team. Our Manager may benefit by us retaining ownership of our assets at times when our shareholders may be better served by the sale or disposition of our assets in order to avoid a reduction in our NAV.

 

Allocation of Investment Opportunities

 

We rely on our Manager’s executive officers and our sponsor’s key real estate and debt finance professionals who act on behalf of our Manager to identify suitable investments. Our sponsor and other Fundrise entities also rely on these same key real estate and debt finance professionals. Our sponsor has in the past, and expects to continue in the future, to offer other Fundrise Platform investment opportunities primarily through the Fundrise Platform, including offerings that acquire or invest in commercial real estate equity investments, including multifamily properties, commercial real estate loans, and other select real estate-related assets. Our sponsor has previously organized, as of the date of this offering circular, the following similar programs (eREITs® and eFundsTM):

 

The Income eREIT®, Income eREIT® II, Income eREIT® III, Income eREIT® 2019, Income eREIT® V, and Income eREIT® VI, which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate investments through the acquisition of commercial real estate loans;

 

The Growth eREIT®, Growth eREIT® II, Growth eREIT® III, Growth eREIT® 2019, Growth eREIT® V, and Growth eREIT® VI, which were formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio of commercial real estate properties;

 

The Balanced eREIT® I, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in commercial real estate properties and development projects, as well as commercial real estate loans and commercial real estate debt securities;

 

The West Coast eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Los Angeles, CA, San Francisco, CA, San Diego, CA, Seattle, WA, and Portland, OR metropolitan statistical areas;

 

The Heartland eREIT®, which was formed to originate, invest in and manage a diversified portfolio primarily consisting of investments in multifamily rental properties and development projects located primarily in the Houston, TX, Dallas, TX, Austin, TX, Chicago, IL, and Denver, CO metropolitan statistical areas;

 

The LA Homes eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Los Angeles, CA metropolitan statistical area;

 

The DC Homes eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the Washington, DC metropolitan statistical area;

 

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The National eFundTM, which was formed to acquire property for the development of for-sale housing in the metropolitan statistical areas in which our sponsor is not currently sponsoring another regionally or locally focused eFundTM, or to otherwise acquire assets that other eFundsTM are not currently focused on; and